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Benign Neonatal Sleep Myoclonus

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Association Between Peer Victimization and Parasomnias in Children: Searching for Relational Moderators.

François Bilodeau, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Sylvana M Côté, Richard E Tremblay, Dominique Petit, Jacques Montplaisir, Michel Boivin,

This cross-sectional study examined the moderating role of support from three key figures (mothers, teachers, friends) in the association between peer victimization and parasomnias in childhood. The sample consisted of 1150 children aged 8 years who attended elementary school. Controlling for potential confounders, hierarchical multiple regressions revealed that peer victimization was ... Read more >>

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev (Child psychiatry and human development)
[2020, 51(2):268-280]

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Cotard's Parasomnia: Le Délire de Negation that occur during the Sleep-Wake Dissociation?

Valentina Gnoni, Sean Higgins, Alexander David Nesbitt, Danielle Wasserman, Iain Duncan, Adam Birdseye, Laura Pérez-Carbonell, Panagis Drakatos, Michaelis Koutramanidis, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Guy Doron Leschziner, Ivana Rosenzweig,

None:Unpleasant dreamlike mentation can occur during NREM parasomnias, leading to associated panic attacks. The mentations are rarely remembered, and are likely underreported. However, they may lead to significant personal distress, and if not addressed, may contribute to poorer clinical outcomes. Cotard's 'Le Délire de Negation', are very rare nihilistic delusions, ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Cotard's Parasomnia: Le Délire de Negation that occur during the Sleep-Wake Dissociation?

Valentina Gnoni, Sean Higgins, Alexander David Nesbitt, Danielle Wasserman, Iain Duncan, Adam Birdseye, Laura Pérez-Carbonell, Panagis Drakatos, Michaelis Koutramanidis, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Guy Doron Leschziner, Ivana Rosenzweig,

None:Unpleasant dreamlike mentation can occur during NREM parasomnias, leading to associated panic attacks. The mentations are rarely remembered, and are likely underreported. However, they may lead to significant personal distress, and if not addressed, may contribute to poorer clinical outcomes. Cotard's 'Le Délire de Negation', are very rare nihilistic delusions, ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM : Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Abnormal things happening during sleep: parasomnias.

S Stieglitz, H J Heppner, N Netzer,

Parasomnias are characterized by abnormal experiences, dreams, movements and behavior during sleep. They may occur in the middle of the sleep during REM (rapid eye movement) or NREM (non-rapid eye movement), during falling asleep or waking up. Characteristically for REM behavior disorder is an increased muscle tone although usually REM ... Read more >>

Z Gerontol Geriatr (Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie)
[2020, 53(2):119-122]

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Posttraumatic stress disorder increases the odds of REM sleep behavior disorder and other parasomnias in Veterans with and without comorbid traumatic brain injury.

Jonathan E Elliott, Ryan A Opel, Dennis Pleshakov, Tara Rachakonda, Alexander Q Chau, Kristianna B Weymann, Miranda M Lim,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:To describe the crude prevalence of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Veterans, given potential relationships between TBI, PTSD, RBD, and neurodegeneration. METHODS:Veterans (n = 394; 94% male; 54.4 ± 15.5 years of age) were prospectively/cross-sectionally ... Read more >>

Sleep (Sleep)
[2020, 43(3):]

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Impact of sleep problems on daytime function in school life: a cross-sectional study involving Japanese university students.

Momoko Kayaba, Toshiko Matsushita, Minori Enomoto, Chieko Kanai, Noriko Katayama, Yuichi Inoue, Taeko Sasai-Sakuma,

BACKGROUND:The aims of this study were 1) to clarify the prevalence of sleep problems (insomnia, insufficient sleep, and delayed sleep-wake phase) among Japanese university students; 2) to examine sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, and sleep-related symptoms in each sleep problem; and 3) to evaluate the association between the above-mentioned sleep problems and ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2020, 20(1):371]

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Sleep Disturbance in Pediatric Intracranial Hypertension.

Alexandra B Kornbluh, Katherine Thompson, Gada Mcmahen, David L Rogers, Catherine O Jordan, Shawn C Aylward, Lenora M Lehwald,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:There is a well-established association between headache disorders and sleep disturbances in children, but it is unknown if sleep disturbance plays a role in pediatric intracranial hypertension. The objective of this study was to examine sleep issues related to pediatric intracranial hypertension. METHODS:Patients with intracranial hypertension who were followed ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Sleep Disturbance in Pediatric Intracranial Hypertension.

Alexandra B Kornbluh, Katherine Thompson, Gada Mcmahen, David L Rogers, Catherine O Jordan, Shawn C Aylward, Lenora M Lehwald,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:There is a well-established association between headache disorders and sleep disturbances in children, but it is unknown if sleep disturbance plays a role in pediatric intracranial hypertension. The objective of this study was to examine sleep issues related to pediatric intracranial hypertension. METHODS:Patients with intracranial hypertension who were followed ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, :]

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In vivo signatures of neurodegeneration in isolated rapid eye movement behaviour disorder.

Giulia Carli, Silvia P Caminiti, Andrea Galbiati, Sara Marelli, Francesca Casoni, Alessandro Padovani, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Daniela Perani,

BACKGROUND:Isolated REM behaviour disorder (iRBD) is a parasomnia, recently recognized as a risk factor for progression to Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy Body (DLB) and multiple system atrophy. Biomarker studies in iRBD are relevant due to lack of evidence in this condition. The identification of biomarkers able to predict progression ... Read more >>

Eur. J. Neurol. (European journal of neurology)
[2020, :]

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Behavioral Interventions for Sleep Disturbances in Children with Neurological and Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Natalie L Phillips, Teleri Moore, Arthur Teng, Naomi Brookes, Tonya M Palermo, Suncica Lah,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:Sleep disturbances are common and associated with negative functional and health consequences in children with neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders (NNDDs), and represent an important potential target for behavioral interventions. This systematic review examined the efficacy of behavioral sleep interventions (BSIs) for children with NNDDs and comorbid sleep disturbances. METHODS:A ... Read more >>

Sleep (Sleep)
[2020, :]

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Time to recognize trauma associated sleep disorder as a distinct parasomnia.

Vincent Mysliwiec, Matthew S Brock,

Sleep (Sleep)
[2020, 43(3):]

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A Case of Complex and Abnormal Behaviors at Night: The Role of the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit in Diagnosis.

Montserrat Diaz-Abad, Ana M Sanchez, Arif Kabir, John Konikkara,

Complex nocturnal behaviors associated with sleep have many potential causes, including parasomnias and epilepsy. Although the type of event and description can frequently lead to a diagnosis, sometimes it is challenging clinically to determine the cause of the behaviors, requiring a more in-depth investigation. We report the case of a ... Read more >>

Case Rep Neurol (Case reports in neurology)
[2020, 12(1):18-23]

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Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in subjects with sleep disorders.

Raffaele Nardone, Luca Sebastianelli, Viviana Versace, Francesco Brigo, Stefan Golaszewski, Elke Pucks-Faes, Leopold Saltuari, Eugen Trinka,

In this review, we aimed at identifying the studies that have employed repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with sleep disorders. Low-frequency (LF) rTMS stimulating the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) or the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) was found to be effective to reduce cortical hyperexcitability and improve the ... Read more >>

Sleep Med. (Sleep medicine)
[2020, :]

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Migraine and Sleep in Children: A Bidirectional Relationship.

Ivan M Pavkovic, Sanjeev V Kothare,

Migraine and sleep disorders in children exhibit a bidirectional relationship. This relationship is based on shared pathophysiology. Migraine involves activation of the trigeminal vascular system. Nociceptive neurons that innervate the dura release various vasoactive peptides. Calcitonin gene-related peptide is the most active of these peptides. Neural pathways that are involved ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Neurol. (Pediatric neurology)
[2020, :]

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Practice patterns of board-certified sleep medicine providers: A national analysis among older adult Medicare beneficiaries.

Emerson M Wickwire, Jennifer S Albrecht, Jennifer J Dorsch, Sairam Parthasarathy, Jacob Collen, Vincent F Capaldi, Abree Johnson, Aparna Vadlamani, Steven M Scharf,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:To examine the proportion of Medicare beneficiaries with sleep disorders who were evaluated by board-certified sleep medicine providers (BCSMPs). METHODS:Using a random 5% sample of Medicare administrative claims data (2007-2011), BCSMPs were identified by employing a novel cross-matching approach based on national provider identifiers (NPIs) available within the Medicare ... Read more >>

J Clin Sleep Med (Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Two Cases of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Comprising Partial Autoamputation of the Apex of the Tongue.

Takashi Moriya, Hitoshi Sato, Kenichi Takeda, Kaori Ikezaki, Ryogo Katada, Tatsuo Shirota,

The prevalence of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adults is lower than that in adolescents and it is more prevalent in patients with psychiatric disorders. Sleep disturbances such as nightmares are associated with NSSI after accounting for depression; thus, persons with major NSSI sometimes present at medical institutions during the night ... Read more >>

Case Rep Dent (Case reports in dentistry)
[2020, 2020:8691270]

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Update on nonpharmacological interventions in parasomnias.

Maria Ntafouli, Andrea Galbiati, Mary Gazea, Claudio L A Bassetti, Panagiotis Bargiotas,

Parasomnias are abnormal behaviors that occur during sleep and can be associated, in particular during adulthood, with impaired sleep quality, daytime dysfunction, and occasionally with violent and harmful nocturnal behaviors. In these cases, therapies are often considered. Longterm pharmacological treatments are not always well tolerated and often have limited efficacy. ... Read more >>

Postgrad Med (Postgraduate medicine)
[2020, 132(1):72-79]

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Movement disorders in patients with alternating hemiplegia: "Soft" and "stiff" at the same time.

Eleni Panagiotakaki, Diane Doummar, Erika Nogue, Nicolas Nagot, Gaetan Lesca, Florence Riant, Sophie Nicole, Charlene Delaygue, Marie Anne Barthez, Marie Cécile Nassogne, Anne Dusser, Louis Vallée, Thierry Billette, Marie Bourgeois, Christine Ioos, Cyril Gitiaux, Cécile Laroche, Mathieu Milh, Vincent Des Portes, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Agathe Roubertie, ,

OBJECTIVE:To assess nonparoxysmal movement disorders in ATP1A3 mutation-positive patients with alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC). METHODS:Twenty-eight patients underwent neurologic examination with particular focus on movement phenomenology by a specialist in movement disorders. Video recordings were reviewed by another movement disorders specialist and data were correlated with patients' characteristics. RESULTS:Ten patients ... Read more >>

Neurology (Neurology)
[2020, :]

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The rare association of rapid eye movement behavior disorder and Fahr's disease: A harbinger for neurodegeneration?

Biswa Ranjan Mishra, Santanu Nath, Shree Mishra, Jigyansa Ipsita Pattnaik, Rituparna Maiti,

Indian J Psychiatry (Indian journal of psychiatry)
[2020, 62(1):100-102]

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Impact of Sleep Disorder as a Risk Factor for Dementia in Men and Women.

Hye Jin Jee, Wonseok Shin, Ho Joong Jung, Baekgyu Kim, Bo Kyung Lee, Yi-Sook Jung,

Sleep is an essential physiological process, especially for proper brain function through the formation of new pathways and processing information and cognition. Therefore, when sleep is insufficient, this can result in pathophysiologic conditions. Sleep deficiency is a risk factor for various conditions, including dementia, diabetes, and obesity. Recent studies have ... Read more >>

Biomol Ther (Seoul) (Biomolecules & therapeutics)
[2020, 28(1):58-73]

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Gender differences in clinical findings and α-synucleiopathy-related markers in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder.

Noboru Takeuchi, Taeko Sasai-Sakuma, Yuichi Inoue,

BACKGROUND:Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a male-predominant parasomnia. Earlier clinical RBD patient studies showed gender differences of clinical symptoms and polysomnographic (PSG) findings. However, no previous investigated this issue by means of validated severity scales or by neuropsychological examination related to alpha-synucleinopathy. This study elucidates gender ... Read more >>

Sleep Med. (Sleep medicine)
[2020, 66:216-219]

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Diagnosis and management of nonrapid eye movement-parasomnias.

Panagis Drakatos, Guy Leschziner,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:Nonrapid eye movement (NREM) parasomnias are common sleep disorders that potentially have significant personal, social and forensic implications. They represent a unique opportunity in nature to explore the coexistence of sleep and wake-state in the human brain. RECENT FINDINGS:Neuroimaging and electroencephalography have advanced our understanding of NREM-parasomnia pathophysiology, ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Pulm Med (Current opinion in pulmonary medicine)
[2019, 25(6):629-635]

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Chronotypes and its association with psychological morbidity and childhood parasomnias.

Ng Syiao Wei, Samir Kumar Praharaj,

Background:The relationship between chronotypes and sleeping problems is not clear. The objective of the study was to identify the relative occurrence of chronotypes among college students and to explore adult psychological morbidity and childhood sleeping problems across chronotypes. Materials and Methods:One hundred and fifty undergraduate medical students were assigned into ... Read more >>

Indian J Psychiatry (Indian journal of psychiatry)
[2019, 61(6):598-604]

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Adrenergic reactions during N3 sleep arousals in sleepwalking and sleep terrors: The chicken or the egg?

Nahema Ledard, Emilie Artru, Patricia Colmenarez Sayago, Stefania Redolfi, Jean-Louis Golmard, Marisol Carrillo-Solano, Isabelle Arnulf,

To understand the mechanisms of N3 sleep interruptions in patients with sleepwalking episodes and/or sleep terrors (SW/ST), we evaluated whether autonomic reactions preceded or accompanied behavioural arousals from NREM sleep stage N3. In 20 adult patients with SW/ST and 20 matched controls without parasomnia, heart rate and pulse wave amplitude ... Read more >>

J Sleep Res (Journal of sleep research)
[2019, :e12946]

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RECURRENT SLEEP PARALYSIS - FEAR OF SLEEPING.

Daniela Figueiredo Ramos, Joana Magalhães, Paulo Santos, Jorge Vale, Maria Inês Santos,

OBJECTIVE:To report a case of recurrent isolated sleep paralysis (RISP), a benign parasomnia with worrisome and frightening sleep paralysis episodes. CASE:description: We describe a case of RISP in a sixteen-year-old girl who seeks medical attention for anxiety symptoms. The sleep paralysis and associated auditory and tactile hallucinations began three years ... Read more >>

Rev Paul Pediatr (Revista paulista de pediatria : orgao oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de Sao Paulo)
[2020, 38:e2018226]

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