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Bell Palsy

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Bell's Palsy: A Prospective Study.

Ahmed Hassan Kamil Mustafa, Ahmed Mohammed Suleiman,

Background Bell's palsy is an acute idiopathic facial nerve paralysis of sudden onset. It is the most common cause of lower motor neuron facial nerve paralysis with an annual incidence of 15–30 per 100,000 population. The objective of this work is to study the grade of the attack and the ... Read more >>

(International Journal of Dentistry)
[2020, 2020:]

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Complete and Fast Recovery from Idiopathic Facial Paralysis Using Laser-Photobiomodulation.

João Paulo Colesanti Tanganeli, Simone Saldanha Ignácio de Oliveira, Tamiris da Silva, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Lara Jansiski Motta, Sandra Kalil Bussadori,

Idiopathic facial paralysis, also known as Bell's palsy, exerts a negative effect on the quality of life. Although the prognosis is good in the majority of cases, a significant percentage of affected individuals may have sequelae that can negatively affect their lives. The use of therapeutic measures as early as ... Read more >>

Case Rep Dent (Case reports in dentistry)
[2020, 2020:9867693]

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Concentrations of Serum Cyclophilin A in Patients With Bell Palsy.

Berat Demir, Burak Kersin, Farida Gojayeva, Ahmet Arman, Adem Binnetoglu,

BACKGROUND:Cyclophilin A (CyPA) is the responder protein to stimuli that cause inflammation. To date, no association among CyPA and Bell palsy has been reported. METHODS:The concentrations of Serum CyPA were measured in 90 healthy participants and 92 patients with Bell palsy. Serum samples of patients and the control group were ... Read more >>

J Craniofac Surg (The Journal of craniofacial surgery)
[2020, :]

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The association between Bell's palsy and rheumatoid arthritis: A longitudinal study.

Sang-Yeon Lee, Jae-Sung Lim, Dong Jun Oh, Bumjung Park, Il-Seok Park, Hyo Geun Choi,

This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between Bell's palsy and rheumatoid arthritis in a national sample cohort from Korea.Data were collected for individuals ≥20 years old from 2002 to 2013 in the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort. We extracted data for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (n = ... Read more >>

Medicine (Baltimore) (Medicine)
[2020, 99(12):e19568]

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Intra- and Interrater Reliability of Infrared Image Analysis of Facial Acupoints in Individuals with Facial Paralysis.

Xulong Liu, Jinghui Feng, Jingmin Luan, Chenxi Dong, Hefei Fu, Zhenying Wu,

Infrared thermography (IRT), as a noncontact tool for temperature measurement, is widely applied in the study of acupuncture modernization. The aim of this study was to assess the intra- and interrater reliability of infrared image analysis of facial acupoints of subjects with facial paralysis and determine the factors influencing the ... Read more >>

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM)
[2020, 2020:9079037]

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Efficacy of electrotherapy in Bell's palsy treatment: A systematic review.

Elena Guadalupe Burelo-Peregrino, Marisol Salas-Magaña, Pedro Iván Arias-Vázquez, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zarate, Deysi Yadira Bermudez-Ocaña, María Lilia López-Narváez, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Isela Esther Juárez-Rojop,

BACKGROUND:Up to now there is not enough evidence that supports the use of electrotherapy in the treatment of Bell's palsy. OBJECTIVE:Through a systematic review, we aimed to verify whether the use of electrotherapy is effective for treating Bell's palsy or peripheral paralysis. METHODS:Publications were searched in PubMed, EBSCO and Web ... Read more >>

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil (Journal of back and musculoskeletal rehabilitation)
[2020, :]

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Bell's palsy and obesity, alcohol consumption and smoking: A nested case-control study using a national health screening cohort.

So Young Kim, Dong Jun Oh, Bumjung Park, Hyo Geun Choi,

The aim of this study was to investigate the association of body mass index (BMI), alcohol consumption, and smoking status with the occurrence of Bell's palsy. The Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort of a ≥ 40-year-old population from 2000-2003 was used. A total of 5,632 Bell's palsy participants were matched ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):4248]

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Variations in the morphology of stylomastoid foramen: A possible solution to the conundrum of unexplained cases of Bell's palsy.

S K Ghosh, R K Narayan,

BACKGROUND:Stylomastoid foramen is the terminal part of facial canal and is the exit gateway for facial nerve from skull base. We hypothesized that anatomical variations of this foramen could be a risk factor for the injury of facial nerve resulting in unilateral facial nerve paralysis or Bell's palsy. Hence the ... Read more >>

Folia Morphol. (Warsz) (Folia morphologica)
[2020, :]

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Beyond Botox: Contemporary Management of Nonflaccid Facial Palsy.

Matthew Q Miller, Tessa A Hadlock,

Many transient facial nerve insults, including Bell's palsy, Ramsay Hunt syndrome, Lyme-associated facial paralysis, and temporal bone fractures, ultimately lead to nonflaccid facial palsy (NFFP). NFFP is associated with significant functional, aesthetic, psychological, and social impairments. However, algorithms for comprehensive management of this entity are not well developed and are ... Read more >>

Facial Plast Surg Aesthet Med (Facial plastic surgery & aesthetic medicine)
[2020, 22(2):65-70]

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PROGNOSTIC ROLE OF HOMEOSTASIS MODEL ASSESSMENT and ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST IN NON-DIABETIC PATIENTS WITH BELL'S PALSY.

Tuğba Karagöz, Ömer Bayir, Emel Çadalli Tatar, Erman Çakal, Ali Özdek, Kemal Keseroğlu, Mustafa Şahin, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz,

AIM:We aimed to reveal the incidence and predictive role of insulin resistance and distorted oral glucose tolerance test in non-diabetic patients with Bell's Palsy (BP). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Eighty-six patients with BP and 28 control subjects; all with normal blood glucose levels and no history of diabetes, were enrolled in the ... Read more >>

Turk J Med Sci (Turkish journal of medical sciences)
[2020, :]

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Neuromuscular electrical stimulation and shortwave diathermy in unrecovered Bell palsy: A randomized controlled study.

Nicola Marotta, Andrea Demeco, Maria Teresa Inzitari, Maria Giovanna Caruso, Antonio Ammendolia,

BACKGROUND:Unrecovered Bell palsy is difficult to treat, because until now in literature there is not a gold standard. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and shortwave diathermy (SWD) therapy for chronic Bell palsy. METHODS:After 5 months of conventional therapy, this 2-arm randomized controlled trial ... Read more >>

Medicine (Baltimore) (Medicine)
[2020, 99(8):e19152]

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[Early treatment of suspension moxibustion for Bell's palsy in acute stage].

De-Hua Li, Ji Li, Xiao-Qi Ye, Qian Peng,

OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy of early treatment of suspension moxibustion for Bell's palsy and its influence on the prognosis, and to explore whether the early treatment of suspension moxibustion has non-inferiority effect to hormone treatment and whether suspension moxibustion combined with hormone treatment has the synergistic effect. METHODS:A total of ... Read more >>

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu (Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion)
[2020, 40(2):123-128]

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Potential Confounding Factors May Influence the Association Between Configurations of the Vertebrobasilar System and the Incidence of Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Canal Paresis.

Ayako Maruyama, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Taro Fujikawa, Ayane Makabe, Taku Ito, Takamori Takeda, Takeshi Tsutsumi,

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the impact of configurations of the vertebrobasilar system on the incidence of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) and canal paresis (CP). STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective case review. SETTING:Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS:Two hundred and forty-eight consecutive patients diagnosed with ISSNHL and 152 patients with unilateral CP of an uncertain cause ... Read more >>

Otol. Neurotol. (Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology)
[2020, :]

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Sydney Facial Nerve Clinic: experience of a multidisciplinary team.

Raymond Hayler, Jonathan Clark, Glen Croxson, Susan Coulson, Gazi Hussain, Quan Ngo, Sydney Ch'ng, Tsu-Hui Hubert Low,

BACKGROUND:The Sydney Facial Nerve Clinic (SFNC) is a multidisciplinary clinic established in 2015, consisting of surgeons (otolaryngologists, head and neck and plastics/reconstructive), physiotherapists and speech pathologists. METHODS:We reviewed patients who attended the SFNC in the first 3 years and who had their symptoms recorded using the Facial Disability Index, and clinical ... Read more >>

ANZ J Surg (ANZ journal of surgery)
[2020, :]

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Evaluation of Factors Associated With Favorable Outcomes in Adults With Bell Palsy.

Myung Chul Yoo, Yunsoo Soh, Jinmann Chon, Jong Ha Lee, Junyang Jung, Sung Su Kim, Myung-Won You, Jae Yong Byun, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo,

Importance:Identification of the factors associated with improved facial nerve function after treatment of Bell palsy is important to provide patients with early and effective treatment. Objective:To identify factors that are associated with improved treatment outcomes in patients with Bell palsy. Design, Setting, and Participants:This retrospective cohort study included 1364 patients ... Read more >>

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery)
[2020, :]

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The mortality burden attributable to nontrauma fracture for privately insured adults with epilepsy.

Daniel G Whitney, Sarah Bell, Nancy A McNamara, Edward A Hurvitz,

OBJECTIVE:Individuals with epilepsy have poor bone development and preservation throughout the lifespan and are vulnerable to nontrauma fracture (NTFx) and post-NTFx complications. However, no studies have examined the contribution of NTFx to mortality among adults with epilepsy. The objective was to determine whether NTFx is a risk factor for mortality ... Read more >>

Epilepsia (Epilepsia)
[2020, :]

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Nerve Integrity Monitor Responses to Direct Facial Nerve Stimulation During Facial Nerve Decompression Surgery Can Predict Postoperative Outcomes.

Tatsuya Yamagishi, Shinsuke Ohshima, Chihiro Yagi, Meiko Kitazawa, Yoriko Nonomura, Shuji Izumi, Yuka Morita, Kuniyuki Takahashi, Arata Horii,

OBJECTIVE:To test whether the threshold of nerve integrity monitor (NIM) responses during facial nerve decompression surgery can predict the postoperative outcome. STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective study. SETTING:University hospital. PATIENTS:Twenty peripheral facial palsy patients who underwent transmastoid decompression surgery. INTERVENTION:During decompression surgery, thresholds of NIM responses were measured via direct facial nerve stimulation ... Read more >>

Otol. Neurotol. (Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology)
[2020, :]

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Suprazygomatic Aponeurotic McLaughlin Myoplasty: Facial Reanimation Made Simpler!

Sunil Choudhary, Soumya Khanna, Raghav Mantri, Prateek Arora,

BACKGROUND:Suprazygomatic aponeurotic McLaughlin (SAM) myoplasty technique for facial reanimation is based on the classical McLauglin's lengthening temporalis myoplasty with a series of new modifications. A comprehensive review of previously described other orthodromic temporalis myoplasty techniques is also included to give a succinct comparison. METHODS:Twelve adult patients of facial palsy underwent ... Read more >>

Ann Plast Surg (Annals of plastic surgery)
[2020, :]

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Acute Rheumatic Fever: A Disease of the Past?

Robert L Myette,

Introduction. Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a manifestation of the nonsuppurative sequelae of Streptococcus pyogenes infection. Herein, two cases of ARF are presented to highlight that this disease is present in urban cities, can be diagnosed in otherwise healthy children, and that its diagnosis may be challenging, or marred with ... Read more >>

Case Rep Infect Dis (Case reports in infectious diseases)
[2020, 2020:1470697]

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Etiology and therapy of delayed facial paralysis after middle ear surgery.

Jonas Eckermann, Jens Eduard Meyer, Thomas Guenzel,

PURPOSE:This review focuses on the etiology, incidence and therapy of delayed paralysis of the facial nerve (DFP) after different types of middle ear surgery. METHODS:Retrospective review of studies published in English from 1970 until 2019 reporting DFP after tympanoplasty, tympanomastoid surgery, stapedotomy and stapedectomy. The search used the databases of ... Read more >>

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
[2020, 277(4):965-974]

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Isolated peripheral-type facial palsy due to contralateral precentral gyrus cavernoma hemorrhage.

Benjamin Hebant, Clément Richard, Patrick Ahtoy, Flora Gillard, Evelyne Guegan-Massardier,

Facial palsy is a condition frequently encountered in neurological daily practice. Typically, telling apart peripheral facial palsy (PFP) from central facial palsy is easy, and depends on the presence of the upper face involvement. However weakness of eye closure can be seen also in cases of central facial palsies, making ... Read more >>

J Clin Neurosci (Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia)
[2020, 72:452-453]

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Pregnancy Does Not Increase the Risk of Bell's Palsy: A National Cohort Study.

Hyo Geun Choi, Sung Kwang Hong, Su-Kyoung Park, Hyung-Jong Kim, Jiwon Chang,

OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of Bell's palsy between women during pregnancy or postpartum periods and non-pregnant/non-postpartum women (controls). METHODS:Using the national cohort from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, pregnant/postpartum participants (63,264) and control participants (126,528) were matched in a 1:2 ratio ... Read more >>

Otol. Neurotol. (Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology)
[2020, 41(1):e111-e117]

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Misdiagnosing Bell's palsy as acute stroke.

Robert Elkeles,

Clin Med (Lond) (Clinical medicine (London, England))
[2020, 20(1):120]

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The Utility of Facial Nerve Ultrasonography in Bell's Palsy.

Seol-Hee Baek, Yoo Hwan Kim, Ye-Ji Kwon, Joo Hye Sung, Myeong Hun Son, Jung Hun Lee, Byung-Jo Kim,

OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to investigate the utility of facial nerve ultrasonography in the functional and structural assessment of early-stage Bell's palsy and the prognostic value of facial nerve ultrasonography in Bell's palsy. STUDY DESIGN:Prospective longitudinal study. SETTING:Single center, a university-affiliated neurology clinic. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:Patients with unilateral Bell's palsy who ... Read more >>

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery)
[2020, 162(2):186-192]

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Response.

Isuru Induruwa, Negin Holland, Rosalind Gregory, Kayvan Khadjooi,

Clin Med (Lond) (Clinical medicine (London, England))
[2020, 20(1):120]

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