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How do people with rheumatoid arthritis experience participation in a smoking cessation trial: a qualitative study.

Ida Kristiane Roelsgaard, Thordis Thomsen, Mikkel Østergaard, Anne Grete Semb, Lena Andersen, Bente Appel Esbensen,

Purpose: The aim of this study was to gain more knowledge on how people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experienced participation in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) testing the effect of a smoking cessation intervention since this intervention have not been tested on an RA population beforeMethods: We conducted a qualitative ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1725997]

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Barriers and facilitators to care-seeking among survivors of gender-based violence in the Dadaab refugee complex.

Sheru Muuo, Stella Kagwiria Muthuri, Martin Kavao Mutua, Alys McAlpine, Loraine J Bacchus, Hope Ogego, Martin Bangha, Mazeda Hossain, Chimaraoke Izugbara,

In humanitarian settings, timely access to care is essential for survivors of gender-based violence (GBV). Despite the existence of GBV support services, challenges still exist in maximising benefits for survivors. This study aimed to understand the characteristics of violence against women and explore barriers and facilitators to care-seeking for GBV ... Read more >>

Sex Reprod Health Matters (Sexual and reproductive health matters)
[2020, 28(1):1722404]

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Maternal hypothermia from environmental exposure in the third trimester.

Margot Rosenthal, Vanessa Poliquin, Adelicia Yu,

A primigravida at 32 weeks gestation developed hypothermia after prolonged exposure to the elements at -30.0°C. Her core temperature dropped to 29.8°C with associated foetal bradycardia. Passive rewarming was undertaken with forced warm air blankets and warmed IV fluids. The foetal heart rate normalised once normothermia was achieved. Serial foetal ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1710894]

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Implementation and evaluation of a self-directed learning activity for first-year medical students.

Molly Hill, Megan Peters, Michelle Salvaggio, Jay Vinnedge, Alix Darden,

Background: It is critical that medical students develop self-directed, life-long learning skills to navigate medical school successfully and to become competent healthcare professionals. Moreover, the Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME), the USA medical school accrediting body, requires activities designed to help students develop self-directed learning (SDL) skills in the ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1717780]

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Health care utilisation changes among Alaska Native adults after participation in an indigenous community programme to address adverse life experiences: a propensity score-matched analysis.

Lily Ray, Bobbi Outten, Katherine Gottlieb,

The aim of this study was to investigate whether participation in Family Wellness Warriors Initiative (FWWI), an Alaska Native program that addresses adverse life experiences, is associated with changes in health care utilisation. The study method was a propensity score-matched cohort analysis using retrospective electronic health record data from Southcentral ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1705048]

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Ketofol performance to reduce postoperative emergence agitation in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy.

Idress Ali, Murad Alahdal, Haifa Xia, Arafa S El Moughrabi, Huang Shiqian, Shanglong Yao,

Background: Emergence agitation is a reformed state of mindfulness, which starts with a sudden form of anesthesia and progresses through the early repossession age. Thus, the purpose of this study is to evaluate 1:3 ketofol performance on children 3-15 years old undergoing adenotonsillectomy.Methods: A total of 60 children aged 3-15 ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1688450]

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Clostridioides difficile infection in the Asia-Pacific region.

Deirdre A Collins, Kyung Mok Sohn, Yuan Wu, Kentaro Ouchi, Yoshikazu Ishii, Briony Elliott, Thomas V Riley, Kazuhiro Tateda, ,

Clostridioides difficile causes healthcare-related diarrhoea in high-income countries. Highly resistant spores persist in healthcare facilities, primarily infecting patients who have recently received antimicrobials. C. difficile infection (CDI) has been studied in detail in North America and Europe; however, the epidemiology of CDI elsewhere, including the Asia-Pacific region, is largely unknown. ... Read more >>

Emerg Microbes Infect (Emerging microbes & infections)
[2020, 9(1):42-52]

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The value of assessing case difficulty and its effect on endodontic iatrogenic errors: a retrospective cross-sectional study.

Ruaa A Alamoudi, Afrah H Alharbi, Ghada A Farie, Omar Fahim,

The American Association of Endodontists (AAE) released a case difficulty assessment form to help general dentists and students treat cases within their expertise or refer advanced cases to reduce the risk of iatrogenic errors. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of iatrogenic complications after the use ... Read more >>

Libyan J Med (The Libyan journal of medicine)
[2020, 15(1):1688916]

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Dancing in the In-Between: Hypnosis, Transitional Space, and Therapeutic Action.

Elgan L Baker, Eric B Spiegel,

This article develops the idea that hypnosis is an interactive phenomenon occurring in a relational matrix. A tripartite model for explicating this relational matrix is presented, which includes a discussion of transference, contemporary relationship factors, and the interaction of these to produce a sense of therapeutic alliance. These relationship factors ... Read more >>

Am J Clin Hypn (The American journal of clinical hypnosis)
[2020, 62(1-2):31-59]

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Impact of continuing medical education for primary healthcare providers in Malaysia on diabetes knowledge, attitudes, skills and clinical practices.

Shiang Cheng Lim, Feisul Idzwan Mustapha, Jens Aagaard-Hansen, Michael Calopietro, Tahir Aris, Ulla Bjerre-Christensen,

Background: Continuing Medical Education (CME) is a cornerstone of improving competencies and ensuring high-quality patient care by nurses and physicians. The Ministry of Health (MOH) Malaysia collaborated with Steno Diabetes Centre to improve diabetes-related competencies of general physicians and nurses working in primary care through a six-month training programme called ... Read more >>

Med Educ Online (Medical education online)
[2020, 25(1):1710330]

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Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome: epidemiology and comorbidities.

Mary Grace Baker, Anna Nowak-Wegrzyn,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:First described in the mid 20th century, it was just in the last decade that diagnostic and treatment guidelines for food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) were established. Awareness of the diagnosis is improving, and epidemiologic data are emerging. RECENT FINDINGS:Recent studies suggest that FPIES may affect as many ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol (Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology)
[2020, 20(2):168-174]

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An Emotion Recognition-Awareness Vulnerability Hypothesis for Depression in Adolescence: A Systematic Review.

Alex C Nyquist, Aaron M Luebbe,

In this systematic review, we examined the evidence for an adolescent emotion recognition-awareness vulnerability to depression. The current review provided a qualitative synthesis of the emotion recognition (26 studies) and emotion awareness (38 studies) literatures for adolescent depression and was grounded within the framework of affective social competence (Halberstadt et ... Read more >>

Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev (Clinical child and family psychology review)
[2020, 23(1):27-53]

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Impaired Awareness of Problem and Pathological Gambling: A Review.

Parita Shah, Lena Quilty, Julia Kim, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Philip Gerretsen,

Although well-recognized and clinically relevant, impaired awareness of problem and pathological gambling (IAPPG) is a poorly understood phenomenon that contributes to treatment denial and negative clinical and social outcomes. In this study, we aimed to conduct a systematic review of the measures available to assess problem gambling awareness, evaluate their ... Read more >>

J Gambl Stud (Journal of gambling studies)
[2020, 36(1):39-50]

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Consumers' Awareness and Trust Toward Food Safety News on Social Media in Malaysia.

Jan Mei Soon,

ABSTRACT:Social media offers numerous advantages for personal users and organizations to communicate, socialize, and market their products. When used correctly, social media is an effective tool to communicate and to share food safety news and good practices. However, there have been reports of fake food safety news shared via social ... Read more >>

J. Food Prot. (Journal of food protection)
[2020, 83(3):452-459]

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A novel method for observing proportional group awareness and consensus of items arising from list-generating questioning.

Ravi Jandhyala,

Background: Current healthcare professional consensus-generating methodologies work by forcing consensus, which risks corrupting original opinions and often fails to assess prior expert knowledge awareness. Experience gained with a novel method in a progressive life-long rare disease, X-linked hypophosphataemia, which addresses these risks is presented here.Methods: Four case-studies are reported, presenting ... Read more >>

Curr Med Res Opin (Current medical research and opinion)
[2020, :1]

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An examination of radon awareness, risk communication, and radon risk reduction in a Hispanic community.

Chrysan Cronin, Michael Trush, William Bellamy, James Russell, Paul Locke,

Purpose: Radiation risk communication is a critical component of radiation protection and the public's understanding of radiation risks and benefits. Risk communication becomes even more complicated when considering cultural and language differences. In the US, many diverse communities face risk communication challenges. We obtained radon testing data to evaluate patterns ... Read more >>

Int. J. Radiat. Biol. (International journal of radiation biology)
[2020, :1-11]

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Character and child factors contribute to character recognition development among good and poor Chinese readers from grade 1 to 6.

Connie Qun Guan, Scott H Fraundorf, Charles A Perfetti,

In light of the dramatic growth of Chinese learners worldwide and a need for a cross-linguistic research on Chinese literacy development, this study investigated (a) the effects of character properties (i.e., orthographic consistency and transparency) on character acquisition, and (b) the effects of individual learner differences (i.e., orthographic awareness and ... Read more >>

Ann Dyslexia (Annals of dyslexia)
[2020, :]

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Psychodermatology in Balkans: Knowledge, awareness and practice patterns of dermatologists in Albania.

Mohammad Jafferany, Ekleva Jorgaqi,

To find out the practice patterns, awareness and knowledge about Psychodermatology in Albanian dermatologists. A survey questionnaire was sent to Albanian dermatologists by mail and distributed during a regional dermatology conference. The dermatologists were requested to provide information on demographic variables, level of training, referral patterns, degree of comfort in ... Read more >>

Dermatol Ther (Dermatologic therapy)
[2020, :e13286]

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The role of syringe exchange programs and sexual identity in awareness of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for male persons who inject drugs.

Suzan M Walters, Bethany Coston, Alan Neaigus, Alexis V Rivera, Lila Starbuck, Valentina Ramirez, Kathleen H Reilly, Sarah L Braunstein,

BACKGROUND:Male persons who inject drugs (male PWID) are at heightened risk for HIV, particularly if they also have sex with men. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could aid in HIV prevention for this population, but PrEP awareness within different sexual identities among male PWID is not well-understood. We report factors associated with ... Read more >>

Int. J. Drug Policy (The International journal on drug policy)
[2020, 77:102671]

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Glaucoma care and follow-up in sub-Saharan Africa: Is there a need for modification of counselling practices to improve awareness, knowledge and treatment acceptance profiles? A prospective cross-sectional study.

Nkechi Judith Uche, Nnenma N Udeh, Chimdi M Chuka-Okosa, Nkiru N Kizor-Akaraiwe, Enoch O Uche,

BACKGROUND:Blindness from glaucoma is prevalent in parts of Africa. Lack of awareness, late diagnosis, poor acceptance and compliance to treatment as well as unorthodox care practices are among many contributing factors. Strategies that improve glaucoma awareness and treatment acceptance are required to resolve this trend. PURPOSE:To evaluate the influence of ... Read more >>

Int Ophthalmol (International ophthalmology)
[2020, :]

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Awareness, perceptions and practices regarding cancer-related malnutrition and sarcopenia: a survey of cancer clinicians.

Nicole Kiss, Judy Bauer, Anna Boltong, Teresa Brown, Liz Isenring, Jenelle Loeliger, Belinda Steer, Merran Findlay,

PURPOSE:Cancer-related malnutrition and sarcopenia have severe negative consequences including reduced survival and reduced ability to complete treatment. This study aimed to determine the awareness, perceptions and practices of Australian oncology clinicians regarding malnutrition and sarcopenia in people with cancer. METHODS:A national cross-sectional survey of Australian cancer clinicians was undertaken between ... Read more >>

Support Care Cancer (Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer)
[2020, :]

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Tuning in to Teens: Investigating moderators of program effects and mechanisms of change of an emotion focused group parenting program.

Christiane E Kehoe, Sophie S Havighurst, Ann E Harley,

In recent years emotion socialization theory (Eisenberg, Cumberland, & Spinrad, 1998) has begun to be used in parenting interventions, allowing an important and effective method for testing the theory. The current study is one such example, and examined moderators of program effects and mechanisms of change in an emotion-focused group ... Read more >>

Dev Psychol (Developmental psychology)
[2020, 56(3):623-637]

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Understanding Contemplators' Knowledge and Awareness of the Physical Activity Guidelines.

Katrina L Piercy, Frances Bevington, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Sandra Williams Hilfiker, Sean Arayasirikul, Elizabeth Y Barnett,

BACKGROUND:The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion completed research to understand factors that could encourage Americans to follow the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, second edition, released in 2018. This study describes survey research assessing demographic characteristics that might be related to knowledge and awareness of the guidelines. METHODS:An ... Read more >>

J Phys Act Health (Journal of physical activity & health)
[2020, :1-8]

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Personal and Clinical Factors Associated with Older Drivers' Self-Awareness of Driving Performance.

Yu-Ting Chen, Isabelle Gélinas, Barbara Mazer, Anita Myers, Brenda Vrkljan, Sjaan Koppel, Judith L Charlton, Shawn C Marshall,

Most older adults perceive themselves as good drivers; however, their perception may not be accurate, and could negatively affect their driving safety. This study examined the accuracy of older drivers' self-awareness of driving ability in their everyday driving environment by determining the concordance between the perceived (assessed by the Perceived ... Read more >>

Can J Aging (Canadian journal on aging = La revue canadienne du vieillissement)
[2020, :1-15]

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Food allergy in adults in Europe: what can we learn from geographical differences?

Todor A Popov, Tihomir B Mustakov, Tanya Z Kralimarkova,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:The aim of this article is to characterize the present state-of-the-art on the topic of food allergies across Europe. RECENT FINDINGS:A systematic review and metaanalysis on the epidemiology of food allergy in Europe have been performed by the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Guidelines Group of the European Academy ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol (Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology)
[2020, 20(2):215-220]

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