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Corrigendum to: Hospital Readmissions After Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza Hospitalization.

David M Dobrzynski, Danielle N Ndi, Yuwei Zhu, Tiffanie Markus, William Schaffner, H Keipp Talbot,

J. Infect. Dis. (The Journal of infectious diseases)
[2020, :]

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Risk Factors for Intensive Care Unit Admission and In-hospital Mortality among Hospitalized Adults Identified through the U.S. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)-Associated Hospitalization Surveillance Network (COVID-NET).

Lindsay Kim, Shikha Garg, Alissa O'Halloran, Michael Whitaker, Huong Pham, Evan J Anderson, Isaac Armistead, Nancy M Bennett, Laurie Billing, Kathryn Como-Sabetti, Mary Hill, Sue Kim, Maya L Monroe, Alison Muse, Arthur L Reingold, William Schaffner, Melissa Sutton, H Keipp Talbot, Salina M Torres, Kimberly Yousey-Hindes, Rachel Holstein, Charisse Cummings, Lynette Brammer, Aron J Hall, Alicia M Fry, Gayle E Langley,

BACKGROUND:Currently, the United States has the largest number of reported coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases and deaths globally. Using a geographically diverse surveillance network, we describe risk factors for severe outcomes among adults hospitalized with COVID-19. METHODS:We analyzed data from 2,491 adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 during March 1-May 2, ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, :]

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Clinical characteristics and adverse clinical outcomes of invasive Haemophilus influenzae serotype a cases - United States, 2011-2015.

Catherine H Bozio, Amy Blain, Karen Edge, Monica M Farley, Lee H Harrison, Tasha Poissant, William Schaffner, Tara Scheuer, Salina Torres, Lori Triden, Elizabeth Briere, Sara E Oliver,

BACKGROUND:Incidence of invasive disease due to H. influenzae serotype a (Hia) increased an average of 13% annually from 2002-2015. We described clinical characteristics and adverse clinical outcomes of U.S. invasive Hia cases detected through multi-state surveillance during 2011-2015. METHODS:Medical record data were abstracted for cases reported in eight jurisdictions conducting ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, :]

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Epidemiology of Invasive Haemophilus influenzae Serotype a Disease-United States, 2008-2017.

Heidi M Soeters, Sara E Oliver, Ian D Plumb, Amy E Blain, Tammy Zulz, Brenna C Simons, Meghan Barnes, Monica M Farley, Lee H Harrison, Ruth Lynfield, Stephanie Massay, Joseph McLaughlin, Alison G Muse, Susan Petit, William Schaffner, Ann Thomas, Salina Torres, James Watt, Tracy Pondo, Melissa J Whaley, Fang Hu, Xin Wang, Elizabeth C Briere, Michael G Bruce,

BACKGROUND:Haemophilus influenzae serotype a (Hia) can cause invasive disease similar to serotype b; no Hia vaccine is available. We describe the epidemiology of invasive Hia disease in the United States overall and specifically in Alaska during 2008-2017. METHODS:Active population- and laboratory-based surveillance for invasive Hia disease was conducted through Active ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, :]

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Hospital Readmissions After Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza Hospitalization.

David M Dobrzynski, Danielle N Ndi, Yuwei Zhu, Tiffanie Markus, William Schaffner, H Keipp Talbot,

BACKGROUND:Influenza infection causes substantial morbidity and mortality. However, little is known about hospital readmissions after an influenza hospitalization. The aim of our study was to characterize frequency of hospital readmissions among patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza. METHODS:We conducted a retrospective study using Tennessee Emerging Infections Program Influenza Surveillance data from ... Read more >>

J. Infect. Dis. (The Journal of infectious diseases)
[2020, 222(4):583-589]

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Interim Analysis of Risk Factors for Severe Outcomes among a Cohort of Hospitalized Adults Identified through the U.S. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)-Associated Hospitalization Surveillance Network (COVID-NET)

Lindsay Kim, Shikha Garg, Alissa O'Halloran, Michael Whitaker, Huong Pham, Evan Anderson, Isaac Armistead, Nancy Bennett, Laurie Billing, Kathryn Como-Sabetti, Mary Hill, Sue Kim, Maya Monroe, Alison Muse, Arthur Reingold, William Schaffner, Melissa Sutton, Keipp Talbot, Salina Torres, Kimberly Yousey-Hindes, Rachel Holstein, Charisse Cummings, Lynette Brammer, Aron Hall, Alicia Fry, Gayle Langley,

Background: As of May 15, 2020, the United States has reported the greatest number of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases and deaths globally. Objective: To describe risk factors for severe outcomes among adults hospitalized with COVID-19. Design: Cohort study of patients identified through the Coronavirus Disease 2019-Associated Hospitalization Surveillance Network. ... Read more >>

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Outcomes of Immunocompromised Adults Hospitalized With Laboratory-confirmed Influenza in the United States, 2011-2015.

Jennifer P Collins, Angela P Campbell, Kyle Openo, Monica M Farley, Charisse Nitura Cummings, Mary Hill, William Schaffner, Mary Lou Lindegren, Ann Thomas, Laurie Billing, Nancy Bennett, Nancy Spina, Marisa Bargsten, Ruth Lynfield, Seth Eckel, Patricia Ryan, Kimberly Yousey-Hindes, Rachel Herlihy, Pam Daily Kirley, Shikha Garg, Evan J Anderson,

BACKGROUND:Hospitalized immunocompromised (IC) adults with influenza may have worse outcomes than hospitalized non-IC adults. METHODS:We identified adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza during 2011-2015 seasons through CDC's Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Network. IC patients had human immunodefiency virus (HIV)/AIDS, cancer, stem cell or organ transplantation, nonsteroid immunosuppressive therapy, immunoglobulin deficiency, asplenia, and/or ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, 70(10):2121-2130]

Cited: 4 times

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Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Patients Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed Coronavirus Disease 2019 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-30, 2020.

Shikha Garg, Lindsay Kim, Michael Whitaker, Alissa O'Halloran, Charisse Cummings, Rachel Holstein, Mila Prill, Shua J Chai, Pam D Kirley, Nisha B Alden, Breanna Kawasaki, Kimberly Yousey-Hindes, Linda Niccolai, Evan J Anderson, Kyle P Openo, Andrew Weigel, Maya L Monroe, Patricia Ryan, Justin Henderson, Sue Kim, Kathy Como-Sabetti, Ruth Lynfield, Daniel Sosin, Salina Torres, Alison Muse, Nancy M Bennett, Laurie Billing, Melissa Sutton, Nicole West, William Schaffner, H Keipp Talbot, Clarissa Aquino, Andrea George, Alicia Budd, Lynnette Brammer, Gayle Langley, Aron J Hall, Alicia Fry,

Since SARS-CoV-2, the novel coronavirus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), was first detected in December 2019 (1), approximately 1.3 million cases have been reported worldwide (2), including approximately 330,000 in the United States (3). To conduct population-based surveillance for laboratory-confirmed COVID-19-associated hospitalizations in the United States, the COVID-19-Associated Hospitalization ... Read more >>

MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. (MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report)
[2020, 69(15):458-464]

Cited: 52 times

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Public Health Importance of Invasive Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus Infections: Surveillance in 8 US Counties, 2016.

Kelly A Jackson, Runa H Gokhale, Joelle Nadle, Susan M Ray, Ghinwa Dumyati, William Schaffner, David C Ham, Shelley S Magill, Ruth Lynfield, Isaac See,

BACKGROUND:Public health and infection control prevention and surveillance efforts in the United States have primarily focused on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). We describe the public health importance of methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) in selected communities. METHODS:We analyzed Emerging Infections Program surveillance data for invasive S. aureus (SA) infections (isolated from ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, 70(6):1021-1028]

Cited: 1 time

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Respiratory and Nonrespiratory Diagnoses Associated With Influenza in Hospitalized Adults.

Eric J Chow, Melissa A Rolfes, Alissa O'Halloran, Nisha B Alden, Evan J Anderson, Nancy M Bennett, Laurie Billing, Elizabeth Dufort, Pam D Kirley, Andrea George, Lourdes Irizarry, Sue Kim, Ruth Lynfield, Patricia Ryan, William Schaffner, H Keipp Talbot, Ann Thomas, Kimberly Yousey-Hindes, Carrie Reed, Shikha Garg,

Importance:Seasonal influenza virus infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and may be associated with respiratory and nonrespiratory diagnoses. Objective:To examine the respiratory and nonrespiratory diagnoses reported for adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza between 2010 and 2018 in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants:This cross-sectional study used ... Read more >>

JAMA Netw Open (JAMA network open)
[2020, 3(3):e201323]

Cited: 1 time

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Freedom, Measles, and Freedom from Measles.

Anne A Gershon, Kathryn Edwards, Walter Orenstein, William Schaffner,

N. Engl. J. Med. (The New England journal of medicine)
[2020, 382(11):983-985]

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Burden of Candidemia in the United States, 2017.

Sharon V Tsay, Yi Mu, Sabrina Williams, Erin Epson, Joelle Nadle, Wendy M Bamberg, Devra M Barter, Helen L Johnston, Monica M Farley, Sasha Harb, Stepy Thomas, Lindsay A Bonner, Lee H Harrison, Rosemary Hollick, Kaytlynn Marceaux, Rajal K Mody, Brittany Pattee, Sarah Shrum Davis, Erin C Phipps, Brenda L Tesini, Anita B Gellert, Alexia Y Zhang, William Schaffner, Sherry Hillis, Danielle Ndi, Caroline R Graber, Brendan R Jackson, Tom Chiller, Shelley Magill, Snigdha Vallabhaneni,

BACKGROUND:Candidemia is a common healthcare-associated bloodstream infection with high morbidity and mortality. There are no current estimates of candidemia burden in the United States. METHODS:In 2017, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducted active population-based surveillance for candidemia through the Emerging Infections Program (EIP) in 45 counties in ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, :]

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Evaluating Household Transmission of Invasive Group A Streptococcus Disease in the United States Using Population-based Surveillance Data, 2013-2016.

Tolulope Adebanjo, Mirasol Apostol, Nisha Alden, Susan Petit, Amy Tunali, Salina Torres, Rosemary Hollick, Austin Bell, Alison Muse, Tasha Poissant, William Schaffner, Chris A Van Beneden,

Using population-based surveillance data, we quantified the secondary invasive group A Streptococcus disease risk among household contacts. The disease risk in the 30 days postexposure to an index-case patient was highest among individuals aged ≥65 years, versus the annual background incidence of all ages. ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, 70(7):1478-1481]

Cited: 1 time

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Cost-Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Vaccination Policies and Uptake Programs in US Older Populations.

Angela R Wateska, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Chyongchiou J Lin, Lee H Harrison, William Schaffner, Richard K Zimmerman, Kenneth J Smith,

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Recently revised vaccination recommendations for US adults, aged 65 years and older, include both 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), with PCV13 now recommended for immunocompetent older people based on shared decision making. The public health impact and cost-effectiveness of this recommendation or of pneumococcal vaccine ... Read more >>

J Am Geriatr Soc (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society)
[2020, 68(6):1271-1278]

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Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Breakthrough Infections: 2001-2016.

Tolulope A Adebanjo, Tracy Pondo, David Yankey, Holly A Hill, Ryan Gierke, Mirasol Apostol, Meghan Barnes, Susan Petit, Monica Farley, Lee H Harrison, Corinne Holtzman, Joan Baumbach, Nancy Bennett, Suzanne McGuire, Ann Thomas, William Schaffner, Bernard Beall, Cynthia G Whitney, Tamara Pilishvili,

BACKGROUND:Most countries use 3-dose pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) schedules; a 4-dose (3 primary and 1 booster) schedule is licensed for US infants. We evaluated the invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) breakthrough infection incidence in children receiving 2 vs 3 primary PCV doses with and without booster doses (2 + 1 vs 3 ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2020, 145(3):]

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Spatial and temporal clustering of patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza in the United States.

Chantel Sloan, Rameela Chandrasekhar, Edward Mitchel, Danielle Ndi, Lisa Miller, Ann Thomas, Nancy M Bennett, Shua Chai, Melanie Spencer, Seth Eckel, Nancy Spina, Maya Monroe, Evan J Anderson, Ruth Lynfield, Kimberly Yousey-Hindes, Marisa Bargsten, Shelley Zansky, Krista Lung, Monica Schroeder, Charisse N Cummings, Shikha Garg, William Schaffner, Mary Lou Lindegren,

BACKGROUND:Timing of influenza spread across the United States is dependent on factors including local and national travel patterns and climate. Local epidemic intensity may be influenced by social, economic and demographic patterns. Data are needed to better explain how local socioeconomic factors influence both the timing and intensity of influenza ... Read more >>

Epidemics (Epidemics)
[2020, 31:100387]

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Cost-Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Vaccination and Uptake Improvement Programs in Underserved and General Population Adults Aged < 65 Years.

Angela R Wateska, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Chyongchiou J Lin, Lee H Harrison, William Schaffner, Richard K Zimmerman, Kenneth J Smith,

In US adults aged < 65 years, pneumococcal vaccination is recommended when high-risk conditions are present, but vaccine uptake is low. Additionally, there are race-based differences in illness risk and vaccination rates. The cost-effectiveness of programs to improve vaccine uptake or of alternative vaccination policies to increase protection is unclear. A decision analysis ... Read more >>

J Community Health (Journal of community health)
[2020, 45(1):111-120]

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Characteristics of Intracranial Group A Streptococcal Infections in US Children, 1997-2014.

Ruth Link-Gelles, Karrie-Ann Toews, William Schaffner, Kathryn M Edwards, Carolyn Wright, Bernard Beall, Brenda Barnes, Brenda Jewell, Lee H Harrison, Pam D Kirley, Lauren Lorentzson, Deborah Aragon, Susan Petit, Joseph Bareta, Nancy L Spina, Paul R Cieslak, Chris Van Beneden,

BACKGROUND:Few data on intracranial group A Streptococcus (GAS) infection in children are available. Here, we describe the demographic, clinical, and diagnostic characteristics of 91 children with intracranial GAS infection. METHODS:Cases of intracranial GAS infection in persons ≤18 years of age reported between 1997 and 2014 were identified by the Centers ... Read more >>

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc (Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society)
[2020, 9(1):30-35]

Cited: 1 time

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Pneumococcal Vaccination in Adults Aged ≥65 Years: Cost-Effectiveness and Health Impact in U.S. Populations.

Angela R Wateska, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Chyongchiou J Lin, Lee H Harrison, William Schaffner, Richard K Zimmerman, Kenneth J Smith,

INTRODUCTION:Recommending both the conjugate and polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccines to all U.S. seniors may have little public health impact and be economically unreasonable. Public health impact and cost-effectiveness of using both vaccines in all adults aged ≥65 years were estimated compared with an alternative strategy (omitting pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the ... Read more >>

Am J Prev Med (American journal of preventive medicine)
[2020, 58(4):487-495]

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Trends in Incidence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bloodstream Infections Differ by Strain Type and Healthcare Exposure, United States, 2005-2013.

Isaac See, Yi Mu, Valerie Albrecht, Maria Karlsson, Ghinwa Dumyati, Dwight J Hardy, Mackenzie Koeck, Ruth Lynfield, Joelle Nadle, Susan M Ray, William Schaffner, Alexander J Kallen,

BACKGROUND:Previous reports suggested that US methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain epidemiology has changed since the rise of USA300 MRSA. We describe invasive MRSA trends by strain type. METHODS:Data came from 5 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Emerging Infections Program sites conducting population-based surveillance and collecting isolates for invasive MRSA ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, 70(1):19-25]

Cited: 2 times

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Data Behind Vaccine Hesitancy and Latest Updates on Vaccines in the Pipeline—2019 Annual Conference on Vaccinology Research, April 3–5, 2019.

William Schaffner, H. Keipp B. Talbot, Marla Dalton,

Emerging Infect. Dis. (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2020, 26(1):]

Cited: 0 times

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Clinical Features and Outcomes of Immunocompromised Children Hospitalized With Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza in the United States, 2011-2015.

Jennifer P Collins, Angela P Campbell, Kyle Openo, Monica M Farley, Charisse Nitura Cummings, Pam Daily Kirley, Rachel Herlihy, Kimberly Yousey-Hindes, Maya L Monroe, Macey Ladisky, Ruth Lynfield, Joan Baumbach, Nancy Spina, Nancy Bennett, Laurie Billing, Ann Thomas, William Schaffner, Andrea Price, Shikha Garg, Evan J Anderson,

BACKGROUND:Existing data on the clinical features and outcomes of immunocompromised children with influenza are limited. METHODS:Data from the 2011-2012 through 2014-2015 influenza seasons were collected as part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Network (FluSurv-NET). We compared clinical features and outcomes between immunocompromised and ... Read more >>

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc (Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society)
[2019, 8(6):539-549]

Cited: 2 times

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The Changing Epidemiology of Candidemia in the United States: Injection Drug Use as an Increasingly Common Risk Factor - Active Surveillance in Selected Sites, United States, 2014-17.

Alexia Y Zhang, Sarah Shrum, Sabrina Williams, Sarah Petnic, Joelle Nadle, Helen Johnston, Devra Barter, Brittany VonBank, Lindsay Bonner, Rosemary Hollick, Kaytlynn Marceaux, Lee Harrison, William Schaffner, Brenda L Tesini, Monica M Farley, Rebecca A Pierce, Erin Phipps, Rajal K Mody, Tom M Chiller, Brendan R Jackson, Snigdha Vallabhaneni,

BACKGROUND:Injection drug use (IDU) is a known, but infrequent risk factor on candidemia, however, the opioid epidemic and increases in IDU may be changing the epidemiology of candidemia. METHODS:Active population-based surveillance for candidemia was conducted in selected US counties. Cases of candidemia were categorized as IDU cases if IDU was ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2019, :]

Cited: 1 time

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Effects of Influenza Vaccination in the United States During the 2017-2018 Influenza Season.

Melissa A Rolfes, Brendan Flannery, Jessie R Chung, Alissa O'Halloran, Shikha Garg, Edward A Belongia, Manjusha Gaglani, Richard K Zimmerman, Michael L Jackson, Arnold S Monto, Nisha B Alden, Evan Anderson, Nancy M Bennett, Laurie Billing, Seth Eckel, Pam Daily Kirley, Ruth Lynfield, Maya L Monroe, Melanie Spencer, Nancy Spina, H Keipp Talbot, Ann Thomas, Salina M Torres, Kimberly Yousey-Hindes, James A Singleton, Manish Patel, Carrie Reed, Alicia M Fry, ,

BACKGROUND:The severity of the 2017-2018 influenza season in the United States was high, with influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominating. Here, we report influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) and estimate the number of vaccine-prevented influenza-associated illnesses, medical visits, hospitalizations, and deaths for the 2017-2018 influenza season. METHODS:We used national age-specific estimates of 2017-2018 ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2019, 69(11):1845-1853]

Cited: 13 times

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94. Pneumonia Severity Scores Poorly Predict Severe Outcomes Among Adults Hospitalized with Influenza.

Joshua Doyle, Shikha Garg, Alissa O’Halloran, Lauren Beacham, Charisse N Cummings, Rachel Herlihy, Kim Yousey-Hindes, Evan J Anderson, Maya Monroe, Sue Kim, Ruth Lynfield, Lourdes Irizarry, Nancy Spina, Nancy M Bennett, Mary Hill, Carrie Reed, William Schaffner, Keipp Talbot, Wesley Self, Derek Williams,

AbstractBackgroundInfluenza can lead to severe outcomes among adults hospitalized with influenza, and causes substantial annual morbidity and mortality. We evaluated the performance of validated pneumonia severity indices in predicting severe influenza-associated outcomes.MethodsWe conducted a multicenter study within CDC’s Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Network (FluSurv-NET) which included adults (≥ 18 years) hospitalized ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2019, 6(Suppl 2):S8-S8]

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