Full Text Journal Articles by
Author William A Grobman

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FIGO good practice recommendations on progestogens for prevention of preterm delivery.

Andrew Shennan, Natalie Suff, Joe Leigh Simpson, Bo Jacobsson, Ben W Mol, William A Grobman, ,

Women at high risk of preterm birth (either a previous spontaneous preterm birth and/or sonographic short cervix) with a singleton gestation should be offered daily vaginal progesterone or weekly 17-OHPC treatment to prevent preterm birth. Benefit is most significant in those with prior history of preterm birth and a short ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):16-18]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on the use of pessary for reducing the frequency and improving outcomes of preterm birth.

William A Grobman, Jane Norman, Bo Jacobsson, ,

A pessary is a device made of synthetic material that is placed in the vagina and has been used for prevention of preterm birth. It has been suggested that a potential mechanism of the pessary is alteration of the cervico-uterine angle to a more posterior position, which reduces cervical compression ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):23-25]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on cervical cerclage for prevention of preterm birth.

Andrew Shennan, Lisa Story, Bo Jacobsson, William A Grobman, ,

Cervical cerclage is an intervention which when given to the right women can prevent preterm birth and second-trimester fetal losses. A history-indicated cerclage should be offered to women who have had three or more preterm deliveries and/or mid-trimester losses. An ultrasound-indicated cerclage should be offered to women with a cervical ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):19-22]

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FIGO good practice recommendations on reduction of preterm birth in pregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technologies.

Ben W Mol, Bo Jacobsson, William A Grobman, Kelle Moley, ,

FIGO (the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) supports assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to achieve pregnancy and supports their availability in all nations. However, the increased frequency of preterm birth must be taken into account. Therefore, before in vitro fertilization (IVF) is started, other approaches, including expectant management, should be ... Read more >>

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, 155(1):13-15]

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Timing of Perinatal Mental Health Needs: Data to Inform Policy.

Ms Allie Sakowicz, Ms Emma C Allen, Ms Aishwarya Nugooru, William A Grobman, Emily S Miller,

<h4>Background</h4>Policies pertaining to perinatal health care should be informed by medical needs. The windows of standard obstetric care and mandated Medicaid coverage eligibility typically end around 8 weeks postpartum even though women may have perinatal health concerns, including suicidal ideation, that are identified beyond this time period.<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the timing ... Read more >>

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM (American journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM)
[2021, :100482]

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Association of Health Literacy Among Nulliparous Individuals and Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes.

Lynn M Yee, Robert Silver, David M Haas, Samuel Parry, Brian M Mercer, Deborah A Wing, Uma Reddy, George R Saade, Hyagriv Simhan, William A Grobman,

<h4>Importance</h4>Health literacy is considered an important social determinant of health that may underlie many health disparities, but it is unclear whether inadequate health literacy among pregnant individuals is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the association between maternal health literacy and maternal and neonatal outcomes among nulliparous individuals.<h4>Design, ... Read more >>

JAMA Netw Open (JAMA network open)
[2021, 4(9):e2122576]

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Healthy dietary patterns and common pregnancy complications: a prospective and longitudinal study.

Mengying Li, Jagteshwar Grewal, Stefanie N Hinkle, Samrawit F Yisahak, William A Grobman, Roger B Newman, Daniel W Skupski, Edward K Chien, Deborah A Wing, Katherine L Grantz, Cuilin Zhang,

<h4>Background</h4>Adherence to alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI), alternate Mediterranean diet (AMED), and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) has been linked to lower risks of chronic diseases. However, their associations with common pregnancy complications are unclear.<h4>Objectives</h4>This study investigates the associations of AHEI, AMED, and DASH during periconception and pregnancy with ... Read more >>

Am J Clin Nutr (The American journal of clinical nutrition)
[2021, 114(3):1229-1237]

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Enhancing information and choice after prior cesarean.

William A Grobman,

Am J Obstet Gynecol (American journal of obstetrics and gynecology)
[2021, :]

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A Multivariable Predictive Model for Success of External Cephalic Version.

Carly M Dahl, Yue Zhang, Janice X Ong, Chen Yeh, Moeun Son, Emily S Miller, Archana Roy, William A Grobman,

<h4>Objective</h4>To create a prediction model for external cephalic version (ECV) success using objective patient characteristics.<h4>Methods</h4>This retrospective study included pregnant individuals of at least 18 years of age with a nonanomalous, singleton gestation who underwent an ECV attempt between 2006 and 2016 at a single quaternary care hospital. Variables assessed included ... Read more >>

Obstet Gynecol (Obstetrics and gynecology)
[2021, 138(3):426-433]

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Marijuana use, fetal growth, and uterine artery Dopplers.

Ann M Bruno, Nathan R Blue, Amanda A Allshouse, David M Haas, Anthony L Shanks, William A Grobman, Hyagriv Simhan, Uma M Reddy, Robert M Silver, Torri D Metz,

<h4>Objective</h4>Marijuana (MJ) use is associated with adverse effects on fetal growth. We aimed to investigate the timing of suboptimal fetal growth onset in MJ-exposed pregnancies. In addition, we aimed to explore the relationship between MJ-exposure and both abnormal uterine artery (UtA) Doppler parameters and small for gestational age (SGA).<h4>Study design</h4>This ... Read more >>

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med (The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians)
[2021, :1-8]

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Trends in Prepregnancy Obesity and Association With Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in the United States, 2013 to 2018.

Michael C Wang, Priya M Freaney, Amanda M Perak, Philip Greenland, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, William A Grobman, Sadiya S Khan,

Background The prevalence of obesity in the population has increased in parallel with increasing rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs). Quantifying contemporary trends in prepregnancy obesity and associations with interrelated APOs (preterm birth, low birth weight, and pregnancy-associated hypertension) together and individually can inform prevention strategies to optimize cardiometabolic health ... Read more >>

J Am Heart Assoc (Journal of the American Heart Association)
[2021, 10(17):e020717]

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Gestational Diabetes and Overweight/Obesity: Analysis of Nulliparous Women in the U.S., 2011-2019.

Michael C Wang, Nilay S Shah, Lucia C Petito, Erica P Gunderson, William A Grobman, Matthew J O'Brien, Sadiya S Khan,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The rates of gestational diabetes mellitus are increasing in parallel with the rates of overweight and obesity. This analysis examines nationwide trends in the population-attributable fraction for gestational diabetes mellitus associated with prepregnancy overweight and obesity.<h4>Methods</h4>A serial, cross-sectional study was performed using U.S. population-based birth data files maintained by the ... Read more >>

Am J Prev Med (American journal of preventive medicine)
[2021, :]

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The association between the COVID-19 pandemic and postpartum care provision.

Allie Sakowicz, Chloe N Matovina, Sidney K Imeroni, Maya Daiter, Olivia Barry, William A Grobman, Emily S Miller,

<h4>Background</h4>The COVID-19 pandemic led to a rapid transformation in the healthcare system to mitigate viral exposure. In the perinatal context, one change included altering the prenatal visit cadence and increasing the utilization of telehealth methods. Whether this approach had inadvertent negative implications for postpartum care, including postpartum depression screening and ... Read more >>

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM (American journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM)
[2021, 3(6):100460]

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Trends in Gestational Diabetes at First Live Birth by Race and Ethnicity in the US, 2011-2019.

Nilay S Shah, Michael C Wang, Priya M Freaney, Amanda M Perak, Mercedes R Carnethon, Namratha R Kandula, Erica P Gunderson, Kai McKeever Bullard, William A Grobman, Matthew J O'Brien, Sadiya S Khan,

<h4>Importance</h4>Gestational diabetes is associated with adverse maternal and offspring outcomes.<h4>Objective</h4>To determine whether rates of gestational diabetes among individuals at first live birth changed from 2011 to 2019 and how these rates differ by race and ethnicity in the US.<h4>Design, setting, and participants</h4>Serial cross-sectional analysis using National Center for Health Statistics ... Read more >>

JAMA (JAMA)
[2021, 326(7):660-669]

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Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Nulliparous Participants Undergoing Labor Induction by Cervical Ripening Method.

Maria Andrikopoulou, Elisa T Bushman, Madeline M Rice, William A Grobman, Uma M Reddy, Robert M Silver, Yasser Y El-Sayed, Dwight J Rouse, George R Saade, John M Thorp, Suneet P Chauhan, Maged M Costantine, Edward K Chien, Brian M Casey, Sindhu K Srinivas, Geeta K Swamy, Hyagriv N Simhan, ,

<h4>Objective</h4> This study aimed to evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes by method of cervical ripening for labor induction among low-risk nulliparous individuals.<h4>Study design</h4> This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized trial of labor induction at 39 weeks versus expectant management in low-risk nulliparous participants. Participants undergoing cervical ripening for labor ... Read more >>

Am J Perinatol (American journal of perinatology)
[2021, :]

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Association of pre-pregnancy cardiovascular risk factor burden with adverse maternal and offspring outcomes.

Michael C Wang, Priya M Freaney, Amanda M Perak, Norrina B Allen, Philip Greenland, William A Grobman, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Sadiya S Khan,

Eur J Prev Cardiol (European journal of preventive cardiology)
[2021, :]

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Role of community engagement in maternal health in rural Pakistan: Findings from the CLIP randomized trial.

Zahra Hoodbhoy, Sana Sadiq Sheikh, Rahat Qureshi, Javed Memon, Farrukh Raza, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Sumedha Sharma, Beth A Payne, Laura A Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Community-based strategies to promote maternal health can help raise awareness of pregnancy danger signs and preparations for emergencies. The objective of this study was to assess change in birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) and pregnant women's knowledge about pre-eclampsia as part of community engagement (CE) activities in rural Pakistan ... Read more >>

J Glob Health (Journal of global health)
[2021, 11:04045]

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Provider Perspectives on Barriers and Facilitators to Postpartum Care for Low-Income Individuals.

Rachel S Ruderman, Emma C Dahl, Brittney R Williams, Ka'Derricka Davis, Joe M Feinglass, William A Grobman, Michelle A Kominiarek, Lynn M Yee,

<b><i>Background:</i></b> Recent paradigm shifts in postpartum care have conceptualized the "fourth trimester" as a critical transitional period requiring tailored, ongoing health care. However, this concept presents challenges for providers, especially in low-resource settings. Our objective was to understand providers' perspectives on challenges in postpartum care to highlight strategies for optimizing ... Read more >>

Womens Health Rep (New Rochelle) (Women's health reports (New Rochelle, N.Y.))
[2021, 2(1):254-262]

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Trends in prepregnancy cardiovascular health in the United States, 2011-2019.

Michael C Wang, Priya M Freaney, Amanda M Perak, Norrina B Allen, Philip Greenland, William A Grobman, Siobhan M Phillips, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Sadiya S Khan,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate contemporary patterns in prepregnancy cardiovascular health (CVH) in the United States (US).<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted a serial, cross-sectional study of National Center for Health Statistics Natality Data representing all live births in the US from 2011 to 2019. We assigned 1 point for each of four ideal prepregnancy metrics (nonsmoking ... Read more >>

Am J Prev Cardiol (American journal of preventive cardiology)
[2021, 7:100229]

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Trajectories of antenatal depression and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Emily S Miller, George R Saade, Hyagriv N Simhan, Catherine Monk, David M Haas, Robert M Silver, Brian M Mercer, Samuel Parry, Deborah A Wing, Uma M Reddy, William A Grobman,

<h4>Background</h4>Antenatal depression affects approximately 1 of 7 pregnancies, with an increasing prevalence across gestation. Data regarding the associations between antenatal depression and adverse pregnancy outcomes yielded conflicting results. However, previous studies evaluated the cross-sectional prevalence of depression at various time points and not the depressive symptom trajectory across gestation.<h4>Objective</h4>This study ... Read more >>

Am J Obstet Gynecol (American journal of obstetrics and gynecology)
[2021, :]

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Racial differences across pregnancy in maternal pro-inflammatory immune responsivity and its regulation by glucocorticoids.

Lauren E Gyllenhammer, Sonja Entringer, Claudia Buss, Hyagriv N Simhan, William A Grobman, Ann E Borders, Pathik D Wadhwa,

<h4>Background</h4>The distribution of adverse pregnancy, birth and subsequent child developmental and health outcomes in the U.S. is characterized by pronounced racial (particularly Black-white) disparities. In this context, chronic stress exposure represents a variable of considerable importance, and the immune/inflammatory system represents a leading candidate biological pathway of interest. Previous pregnancy ... Read more >>

Psychoneuroendocrinology (Psychoneuroendocrinology)
[2021, 131:105333]

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Associations of the Neighborhood Built Environment with Gestational Weight Gain.

William A Grobman, Emma G Crenshaw, Derek J Marsh, Rebecca B McNeil, Victoria L Pemberton, David M Haas, Michelle Debbink, Brian M Mercer, Samuel Parry, Uma Reddy, George Saade, Hyagriv Simhan, Farhana Mukhtar, Deborah A Wing, Kiarri N Kershaw, ,

<h4>Objective</h4> This study aimed to determine whether specific factors of the built environment related to physical activity and diet are associated with inadequate and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG).<h4>Study design</h4> This analysis is based on data from the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-To-Be, a prospective cohort of nulliparous women who were ... Read more >>

Am J Perinatol (American journal of perinatology)
[2021, :]

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Interpregnancy Interval and Severe Maternal Morbidity in Iowa, 2009 to 2014.

Cara Jane Bergo, Arden Handler, Stacie Geller, William A Grobman, Saria Awadalla, Kristin Rankin,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Maternal mortality and morbidity rates have risen significantly, yet little research has focused on how severe maternal morbidity (SMM) is associated with future reproductive health, such as birth spacing or the likelihood of subsequent SMM. This study focuses on the risk of SMM recurrence and the association of interpregnancy intervals ... Read more >>

Womens Health Issues (Women's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health)
[2021, 31(5):503-509]

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High-Dose Compared With Standard-Dose Oxytocin Regimens to Augment Labor in Nulliparous Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Moeun Son, Archana Roy, Bethany T Stetson, Nancy Tunney Grady, Mary Clare Vanecko, Nicole Bond, Kate Swanson, William A Grobman, Emily S Miller, Alan M Peaceman,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate whether a high-dose oxytocin regimen reduces the risk for primary cesarean birth and other obstetric morbidities when compared with standard dosing.<h4>Methods</h4>In a double-blind randomized clinical trial of nulliparous women at or beyond 36 weeks of gestation who were undergoing augmentation of labor, participants were assigned to high-dose (initial ... Read more >>

Obstet Gynecol (Obstetrics and gynecology)
[2021, 137(6):991-998]

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Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Adverse Perinatal Outcomes at Term.

Jacqueline G Parchem, Madeline Murguia Rice, William A Grobman, Jennifer L Bailit, Ronald J Wapner, Michelle P Debbink, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George R Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Jorge E Tolosa, ,

<h4>Objective</h4> This study aimed to evaluate whether racial and ethnic disparities in adverse perinatal outcomes exist at term.<h4>Study design</h4> We performed a secondary analysis of a multicenter observational study of 115,502 pregnant patients and their neonates (2008-2011). Singleton, nonanomalous pregnancies delivered from 37 to 41 weeks were included. Race and ethnicity were ... Read more >>

Am J Perinatol (American journal of perinatology)
[2021, :]

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