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Discriminant validity of the alternative model of personality disorder.

Gillian A McCabe, Thomas A Widiger,

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-5 Section III alternative model of personality disorder (AMPD) was developed to rectify some of the failings of the DSM-IV personality disorders, including a lack of compelling discriminant validity. The primary purpose of the current study was to provide a direct comparison ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2020, :]

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The distinction between symptoms and traits in the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP).

Colin G DeYoung, Michael Chmielewski, Lee Anna Clark, David M Condon, Roman Kotov, Robert F Krueger, Donald R Lynam, Kristian E Markon, Joshua D Miller, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt, Douglas B Samuel, Martin Sellbom, Susan C South, Katherine M Thomas, David Watson, Ashley L Watts, Thomas A Widiger, Aidan G C Wright, ,

The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) is an empirically and quantitatively derived dimensional classification system designed to describe the features of psychopathology and, ultimately, to replace categorical nosologies. Among the constructs that HiTOP organizes are "symptom components" and "maladaptive traits," but past HiTOP publications have not fully explicated the distinction ... Read more >>

J Pers (Journal of personality)
[2020, :]

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The Development of the Informant Five-Factor Borderline Inventory.

Jiwon Min, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt, Thomas A Widiger,

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is one of the most studied personality disorders and is associated with significant outcomes such as suicide. Although BPD is represented in DSM-5 as a categorical diagnosis, it may be better characterized dimensionally, such as from the perspective of the five-factor model of general personality (FFM). ... Read more >>

Assessment (Assessment)
[2020, :1073191120959763]

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Criterion A Scales: Convergent, Discriminant, and Structural Relationships.

Gillian A McCabe, Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger,

The alternative model of personality disorder was created to address the apparent failings of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth edition-text revision personality disorder diagnostic categories and consists of Criterion A (i.e., personality functioning) and Criterion B (i.e., pathological personality traits). There are now four alternative measures of the ... Read more >>

Assessment (Assessment)
[2020, :1073191120947160]

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The Alternative Model of Personality Disorders (AMPD) from the Perspective of the Five-Factor Model.

Thomas A Widiger, Gillian A McCabe,

The fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders(DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Washington: American Psychiatric Association; 2013) includes an Alternative Model of Personality Disorders (AMPD). The AMPD includes two components: the Criterion A level ... Read more >>

Psychopathology (Psychopathology)
[2020, 53(3-4):149-156]

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Personality Disorders in the ICD-11: Spanish Validation of the PiCD and the SASPD in a Mixed Community and Clinical Sample.

Fernando Gutiérrez, Anton Aluja, José Ruiz, Luis F García, Miguel Gárriz, Alfonso Gutiérrez-Zotes, David Gallardo-Pujol, Maria V Navarro-Haro, Miquel Alabèrnia-Segura, Joan Ignasi Mestre-Pintó, Marta Torrens, Josep M Peri, Bárbara Sureda, Joaquim Soler, Juan Carlos Pascual, Gemma Vall, Natalia Calvo, Marc Ferrer, Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger,

The International Classification of Diseases-11th revision (ICD-11) classification of personality disorders is the official diagnostic system that is used all over the world, and it has recently been renewed. However, as yet very few data are available on its performance. This study examines the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD), which ... Read more >>

Assessment (Assessment)
[2020, :1073191120936357]

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Validity and utility of Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP): I. Psychosis superspectrum.

Roman Kotov, Katherine G Jonas, William T Carpenter, Michael N Dretsch, Nicholas R Eaton, Miriam K Forbes, Kelsie T Forbush, Kelsey Hobbs, Ulrich Reininghaus, Tim Slade, Susan C South, Matthew Sunderland, Monika A Waszczuk, Thomas A Widiger, Aidan G C Wright, David H Zald, Robert F Krueger, David Watson, ,

The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) is a scientific effort to address shortcomings of traditional mental disorder diagnoses, which suffer from arbitrary boundaries between psychopathology and normality, frequent disorder co-occurrence, heterogeneity within disorders, and diagnostic instability. This paper synthesizes evidence on the validity and utility of the thought disorder and ... Read more >>

World Psychiatry (World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA))
[2020, 19(2):151-172]

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Obtaining and losing the bipolarity of the five-factor model through factor analysis.

Cristina Crego, Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger,

The predominant model of general personality structure is arguably the 5-factor model (FFM), consisting of the 5 broad domains of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. A FFM of personality disorder (FFMPD) has proposed maladaptive variants at both poles of the FFM. The purpose of the current study was to ... Read more >>

Personal Disord (Personality disorders)
[2020, 11(2):119-130]

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Assessment of the ICD-11 dimensional trait model: An introduction to the special section.

R Michael Bagby, Thomas A Widiger,

The 11th edition of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11; World Health Organization, 2018) is scheduled to include a major shift in the classification of personality disorders. All (but one) of the ICD-10 categorical personality disorder syndromes will be deleted from the ICD-11, replaced by a five-domain ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2020, 32(1):1-7]

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Difficulties with the conceptualization and assessment of Criterion A in the DSM-5 alternative model of personality disorder: A reply to Morey (2019).

Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Thomas A Widiger, Michael L Crowe, Joshua D Miller,

The DSM-5 introduced an alternative model of personality disorders that is predicated on the presence of personality dysfunction (Criterion A) and pathological personality traits (Criterion B). Recently, a member of the DSM-5 Personality and Personality Disorder Work Group-Morey-published a measure of Criterion A. Our study (Sleep, Lynam, Widiger, Crowe, & ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2019, 31(10):1200-1205]

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The Five Factor Model of personality structure: an update.

Thomas A Widiger, Cristina Crego,

(World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA))
[2019, 18(3):271-272]

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An evaluation of DSM-5 Section III personality disorder Criterion A (impairment) in accounting for psychopathology.

Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Thomas A Widiger, Michael L Crowe, Joshua D Miller,

An alternative diagnostic model of personality disorders (AMPD) was introduced in DSM-5 that diagnoses PDs based on the presence of personality impairment (Criterion A) and pathological personality traits (Criterion B). Research examining Criterion A has been limited to date, due to the lack of a specific measure to assess it; ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2019, 31(10):1181-1191]

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A comprehensive comparison of the ICD-11 and DSM-5 section III personality disorder models.

Gillian A McCabe, Thomas A Widiger,

The ICD-11 model of personality disorder consists of a level of severity, 5 trait domains, and a borderline pattern qualifier. Level of severity is assessed by the Standardized Assessment of Severity of Personality Disorder (SASPD; Olajide et al., 2018), the trait model by the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD; Oltmanns ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2020, 32(1):72-84]

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The convergent, discriminant, and structural relationship of the DAPP-BQ and SNAP with the ICD-11, DSM-5, and FFM trait models.

Cristina Crego, Thomas A Widiger,

The predominant maladaptive trait models are now provided by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Section III, assessed by the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5; Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2012), and the International Classification of Diseases-11th Revision (ICD-11; assessed by the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2020, 32(1):18-28]

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The Five-Factor Personality Inventory for ICD-11: A facet-level assessment of the ICD-11 trait model.

Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger,

The International Classification of Diseases-11th edition (ICD-11) includes a dimensional model of personality disorder assessing five domains of maladaptive personality. To avoid unnecessary complexity, the ICD-11 model includes assessment of personality traits only at the domain level. A measure exists to assess the domains of the ICD-11 model (the Personality ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2020, 32(1):60-71]

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Introduction.

Tyrone D Cannon, Thomas Widiger,

Annu Rev Clin Psychol (Annual review of clinical psychology)
[2019, 15:i-iv]

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Considering the research: Commentary on "The trait-type dialectic: Construct validity, clinical utility, and the diagnostic process".

Thomas A Widiger,

Comments on an article by Bornstein (see record 2018-27549-001). Dr. Bornstein represents well the perspective of a prominent faction within the personality disorder field with regard to the dimensional- categorical debate, but Widiger would respectfully suggest that this perspective may not represent sufficiently well the relevant empirical research. As Dr. ... Read more >>

Personal Disord (Personality disorders)
[2019, 10(3):215-219]

Cited: 1 time

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Mental health professionals' perceived clinical utility of the ICD-10 vs. ICD-11 classification of personality disorders.

Signe Joost Hansen, Sune Christensen, Mickey T Kongerslev, Michael B First, Thomas A Widiger, Erik Simonsen, Bo Bach,

AIM:The ICD-11 classification of personality disorders (PDs) has adopted a dimensional approach which includes three levels of severity (mild, moderate and severe) with the option of specifying five trait qualifiers (negative affectivity, detachment, dissociality, disinhibition and anankastia) and one borderline pattern qualifier. This study examined mental health professionals' perceived clinical ... Read more >>

Personal Ment Health (Personality and mental health)
[2019, 13(2):84-95]

Cited: 2 times

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The bipolarity of normal and abnormal personality structure: Implications for assessment.

Thomas A Widiger, Cristina Crego,

The predominant model of general personality structure is arguably the Five Factor Model (FFM), consisting of the 5 broad domains of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. A hypothesis of long-standing interest has been that personality disorders can be understood as extreme and/or maladaptive variants of the domains and facets ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2019, 31(4):420-431]

Cited: 1 time

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The time has come for dimensional personality disorder diagnosis.

Christopher J Hopwood, Roman Kotov, Robert F Krueger, David Watson, Thomas A Widiger, Robert R Althoff, Emily B Ansell, Bo Bach, R Michael Bagby, Mark A Blais, Marina A Bornovalova, Michael Chmielewski, David C Cicero, Christopher Conway, Barbara De Clercq, Filip De Fruyt, Anna R Docherty, Nicholas R Eaton, John F Edens, Miriam K Forbes, Kelsie T Forbush, Michael P Hengartner, Masha Y Ivanova, Daniel Leising, W John Livesley, Mark R Lukowitsky, Donald R Lynam, Kristian E Markon, Joshua D Miller, Leslie C Morey, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt, J Hans Ormel, Christopher J Patrick, Aaron L Pincus, Camilo Ruggero, Douglas B Samuel, Martin Sellbom, Tim Slade, Jennifer L Tackett, Katherine M Thomas, Timothy J Trull, David D Vachon, Irwin D Waldman, Monika A Waszczuk, Mark H Waugh, Aidan G C Wright, Mathew M Yalch, David H Zald, Johannes Zimmermann,

Personal Ment Health (Personality and mental health)
[2018, 12(1):82-86]

Cited: 13 times

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Testing the structure and process of personality using ambulatory assessment data: An overview of within-person and person-specific techniques.

Joeri Hofmans, Barbara De Clercq, Peter Kuppens, Lize Verbeke, Thomas A Widiger,

In the present article, we discuss the potential of ambulatory assessment for an idiographic study of the structure and process of personality. To this end, we first review important methodological issues related to the design and implementation of an ambulatory assessment study in the personality domain, including methods of ambulatory ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2019, 31(4):432-443]

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Commentary on "The Challenge of Transforming the Diagnostic System of Personality Disorders".

Christopher J Hopwood, Robert F Krueger, David Watson, Thomas A Widiger, Robert R Althoff, Emily B Ansell, Bo Bach, R Michael Bagby, Mark A Blais, Marina A Bornovalova, Michael Chmielewski, David C Cicero, Christopher Conway, Barbara De Clerq, Filip De Fruyt, Anna R Docherty, Nicholas R Eaton, John F Edens, Miriam K Forbes, Kelsie T Forbush, Michael P Hengartner, Masha Y Ivanova, Daniel Leising, Mark R Lukowitsky, Donald R Lynam, Kristian E Markon, Joshua D Miller, Leslie C Morey, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt, Johan Ormel, Christopher J Patrick, Aaron L Pincus, Camilo Ruggero, Douglas B Samuel, Martin Sellbom, Jennifer L Tackett, Katherine M Thomas, Timothy J Trull, David D Vachon, Irwin D Waldman, Monika A Waszczuk, Mark H Waugh, Aidan G C Wright, Mathew M Yalch, David H Zald, Johannes Zimmermann,

J. Pers. Disord. (Journal of personality disorders)
[2019, :1-4]

Cited: 1 time

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Evaluating the assessment of the ICD-11 personality disorder diagnostic system.

Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger,

Proposed for the ICD-11 is a dimensional model of personality disorder that, if approved, would be a paradigm shift in the conceptualization of personality disorder. The proposal consists of a general severity rating, 5 maladaptive personality trait domains, and a borderline pattern qualifier. The general severity rating can be assessed ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2019, 31(5):674-684]

Cited: 1 time

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Progress in achieving quantitative classification of psychopathology.

Robert F Krueger, Roman Kotov, David Watson, Miriam K Forbes, Nicholas R Eaton, Camilo J Ruggero, Leonard J Simms, Thomas A Widiger, Thomas M Achenbach, Bo Bach, R Michael Bagby, Marina A Bornovalova, William T Carpenter, Michael Chmielewski, David C Cicero, Lee Anna Clark, Christopher Conway, Barbara DeClercq, Colin G DeYoung, Anna R Docherty, Laura E Drislane, Michael B First, Kelsie T Forbush, Michael Hallquist, John D Haltigan, Christopher J Hopwood, Masha Y Ivanova, Katherine G Jonas, Robert D Latzman, Kristian E Markon, Joshua D Miller, Leslie C Morey, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt, Johan Ormel, Praveetha Patalay, Christopher J Patrick, Aaron L Pincus, Darrel A Regier, Ulrich Reininghaus, Leslie A Rescorla, Douglas B Samuel, Martin Sellbom, Alexander J Shackman, Andrew Skodol, Tim Slade, Susan C South, Matthew Sunderland, Jennifer L Tackett, Noah C Venables, Irwin D Waldman, Monika A Waszczuk, Mark H Waugh, Aidan G C Wright, David H Zald, Johannes Zimmermann,

Shortcomings of approaches to classifying psychopathology based on expert consensus have given rise to contemporary efforts to classify psychopathology quantitatively. In this paper, we review progress in achieving a quantitative and empirical classification of psychopathology. A substantial empirical literature indicates that psychopathology is generally more dimensional than categorical. When the ... Read more >>

(World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA))
[2018, 17(3):282-293]

Cited: 41 times

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Maladaptive Variants of Adaptive Traits and Bloated Specific Factors.

Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger,

The five-factor model of personality disorder (FFMPD) hypothesizes that the traditionally adaptive five-factor model (FFM) poles (e.g., agreeableness) include maladaptive variants. However, "bloated specific factors" (BSFs), which are artifactual factors that emerge when a specific facet of a broader construct is over-represented, complicate research on the maladaptive variants. Twenty-five sets ... Read more >>

J Res Pers (Journal of research in personality)
[2018, 76:177-185]

Cited: 1 time

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