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Author Stacy M Holzbauer

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Association between Socioeconomic Status and Incidence of Community-Associated Clostridioides difficile Infection - United States, 2014-2015.

Kimberly A Skrobarcek, Yi Mu, Jennifer Ahern, Elizabeth Basiliere, Zintars G Beldavs, Geoffrey Brousseau, Ghinwa Dumyati, Scott Fridkin, Stacy M Holzbauer, Helen Johnston, Marion A Kainer, James Meek, Valerie L S Ocampo, Erin Parker, Rebecca Perlmutter, Erin C Phipps, Lisa Winston, Alice Guh,

We evaluated the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and community-associated Clostridioides difficile infection (CA-CDI) incidence across 2474 census tracts in 10 states. Highly correlated community-level SES variables were transformed into distinct factors using factor analysis. We found low SES communities were associated with higher CA-CDI incidence. ... Read more >>

Clin Infect Dis (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2021, :]

Cited: 0 times

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Evaluation of viral co-infections among patients with community-associated Clostridioides difficile infection.

Lauren Korhonen, Jessica Cohen, Nicole Gregoricus, Monica M Farley, Rebecca Perlmutter, Stacy M Holzbauer, Ghinwa Dumyati, Zintars Beldavs, Ashley Paulick, Jan Vinjé, Brandi M Limbago, Fernanda C Lessa, Alice Y Guh,

We assessed viral co-infections in 155 patients with community-associated Clostridioides difficile infection in five U.S. sites during December 2012-February 2013. Eighteen patients (12%) tested positive for norovirus (n = 10), adenovirus (n = 4), rotavirus (n = 3), or sapovirus (n = 1). Co-infected patients were more likely than non-co-infected ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2020, 15(10):e0240549]

Cited: 0 times

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Hospitalizations and Deaths Associated with EVALI.

Angela K Werner, Emilia H Koumans, Kevin Chatham-Stephens, Phillip P Salvatore, Christina Armatas, Paul Byers, Charles R Clark, Isaac Ghinai, Stacy M Holzbauer, Kristen A Navarette, Melissa L Danielson, Sascha Ellington, Erin D Moritz, Emily E Petersen, Emily A Kiernan, Grant T Baldwin, Peter Briss, Christopher M Jones, Brian A King, Vikram Krishnasamy, Dale A Rose, Sarah Reagan-Steiner, ,

<h4>Background</h4>As of January 7, 2020, a total of 2558 hospitalized patients with nonfatal cases and 60 patients with fatal cases of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) had been reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).<h4>Methods</h4>In a national study, we compared the characteristics of patients ... Read more >>

N Engl J Med (The New England journal of medicine)
[2020, 382(17):1589-1598]

Cited: 21 times

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Trends in U.S. Burden of Clostridioides difficile Infection and Outcomes.

Alice Y Guh, Yi Mu, Lisa G Winston, Helen Johnston, Danyel Olson, Monica M Farley, Lucy E Wilson, Stacy M Holzbauer, Erin C Phipps, Ghinwa K Dumyati, Zintars G Beldavs, Marion A Kainer, Maria Karlsson, Dale N Gerding, L Clifford McDonald, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Efforts to prevent <i>Clostridioides difficile</i> infection continue to expand across the health care spectrum in the United States. Whether these efforts are reducing the national burden of <i>C. difficile</i> infection is unclear.<h4>Methods</h4>The Emerging Infections Program identified cases of <i>C. difficile</i> infection (stool specimens positive for <i>C. difficile</i> in a person ... Read more >>

N Engl J Med (The New England journal of medicine)
[2020, 382(14):1320-1330]

Cited: 56 times

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Treatment of Clostridioides difficile Infection and Non-compliance with Treatment Guidelines in Adults in 10 US Geographical Locations, 2013-2015.

Shannon A Novosad, Yi Mu, Lisa G Winston, Helen Johnston, Elizabeth Basiliere, Danyel M Olson, Monica M Farley, Andrew Revis, Lucy Wilson, Rebecca Perlmutter, Stacy M Holzbauer, Tory Whitten, Erin C Phipps, Ghinwa K Dumyati, Zintars G Beldavs, Valerie L S Ocampo, Corinne M Davis, Marion Kainer, Dale N Gerding, Alice Y Guh,

<h4>Background</h4>Infectious Diseases Society of America/Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (IDSA/SHEA) guidelines describe recommended therapy for Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI).<h4>Objective</h4>To describe CDI treatment and, among those with severe CDI, determine predictors of adherence to the 2010 IDSA/SHEA treatment guidelines.<h4>Design</h4>We analyzed 2013-2015 CDI treatment data collected through the Centers for Disease ... Read more >>

J Gen Intern Med (Journal of general internal medicine)
[2020, 35(2):412-419]

Cited: 1 time

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Seroprevalence of Brucella canis antibodies in dogs entering a Minnesota humane society, Minnesota, 2016-2017.

Tory V Whitten, Graham Brayshaw, Devi Patnayak, Julio Alvarez, Christina M Larson, Margaret Root Kustritz, Stacy M Holzbauer, Jerry Torrison, Joni M Scheftel,

<h4>Background</h4>Canine brucellosis, caused by the bacterium Brucella canis, is a zoonotic and largely reproductive disease of dogs. The disease is a recognized problem in canine breeding populations, and the risk to individuals assisting with birthing is well described. Prior to 2015, all cases of canine brucellosis reported to the Minnesota ... Read more >>

Prev Vet Med (Preventive veterinary medicine)
[2019, 168:90-94]

Cited: 1 time

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Combating antibiotic resistance: a survey on the antibiotic-prescribing habits of dentists.

Sara Tomczyk, Tory Whitten, Stacy M Holzbauer, Ruth Lynfield,

Adherence to clinical guidelines is recommended to promote appropriate antibiotic use in dentistry and address concerns about increasing antibiotic resistance. Guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis before invasive dental procedures were updated in 2007 and 2015. In an effort to inform antibiotic stewardship efforts, a study was undertaken to assess the knowledge ... Read more >>

Gen Dent (General dentistry)
[2018, 66(5):61-68]

Cited: 1 time

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Trends in incidence of long-term-care facility onset Clostridium difficile infections in 10 US geographic locations during 2011-2015.

Alice Y Guh, Yi Mu, James Baggs, Lisa G Winston, Wendy Bamberg, Carol Lyons, Monica M Farley, Lucy E Wilson, Stacy M Holzbauer, Erin C Phipps, Zintars G Beldavs, Marion A Kainer, Maria Karlsson, Dale N Gerding, Ghinwa Dumyati,

During 2011-2015, the adjusted long-term-care facility onset Clostridium difficile infection incidence rate in persons aged ≥65 years decreased annually by 17.45% (95% confidence interval, 14.53%-20.43%) across 10 US sites. A concomitant decline in inpatient fluoroquinolone use and the C difficile epidemic strain NAP1/027 among persons aged ≥65 years may have ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2018, 46(7):840-842]

Cited: 8 times

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Risk Factors for Community-Associated Clostridium difficile Infection in Adults: A Case-Control Study.

Alice Y Guh, Susan Hocevar Adkins, Qunna Li, Sandra N Bulens, Monica M Farley, Zirka Smith, Stacy M Holzbauer, Tory Whitten, Erin C Phipps, Emily B Hancock, Ghinwa Dumyati, Cathleen Concannon, Marion A Kainer, Brenda Rue, Carol Lyons, Danyel M Olson, Lucy Wilson, Rebecca Perlmutter, Lisa G Winston, Erin Parker, Wendy Bamberg, Zintars G Beldavs, Valerie Ocampo, Maria Karlsson, Dale N Gerding, L Clifford McDonald,

Background:An increasing proportion of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in the United States are community-associated (CA). We conducted a case-control study to identify CA-CDI risk factors. Methods:We enrolled participants from 10 US sites during October 2014-March 2015. Case patients were defined as persons age ≥18 years with a positive C. difficile ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2017, 4(4):ofx171]

Cited: 16 times

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Burden of Nursing Home-Onset Clostridium difficile Infection in the United States: Estimates of Incidence and Patient Outcomes.

Jennifer C Hunter, Yi Mu, Ghinwa K Dumyati, Monica M Farley, Lisa G Winston, Helen L Johnston, James I Meek, Rebecca Perlmutter, Stacy M Holzbauer, Zintars G Beldavs, Erin C Phipps, John R Dunn, Jessica A Cohen, Johannetsy Avillan, Nimalie D Stone, Dale N Gerding, L Clifford McDonald, Fernanda C Lessa,

Background.  Approximately 4 million Americans receive nursing home (NH) care annually. Nursing home residents commonly have risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), including advanced age and antibiotic exposures. We estimated national incidence of NH-onset (NHO) CDI and patient outcomes. Methods.  We identified NHO-CDI cases from population-based surveillance of 10 ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2016, 3(1):ofv196]

Cited: 21 times

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Survey of occupational hazards in Minnesota veterinary practices in 2012.

Heather N Fowler, Stacy M Holzbauer, Kirk E Smith, Joni M Scheftel,

<h4>Objective</h4>To identify the scope of occupational hazards encountered by veterinary personnel and compare hazard exposures between veterinarians and technicians working in small and large animal practices.<h4>Design</h4>Cross-sectional survey.<h4>Population</h4>Licensed veterinarians and veterinary staff in Minnesota.<h4>Procedures</h4>A survey of Minnesota veterinary personnel was conducted between February 1 and December 1, 2012. Adult veterinary personnel ... Read more >>

J Am Vet Med Assoc (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association)
[2016, 248(2):207-218]

Cited: 12 times

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Risk factors for suicide, attitudes toward mental illness, and practice-related stressors among US veterinarians.

Randall J Nett, Tracy K Witte, Stacy M Holzbauer, Brigid L Elchos, Enzo R Campagnolo, Karl J Musgrave, Kris K Carter, Katie M Kurkjian, Cole F Vanicek, Daniel R O'Leary, Kerry R Pride, Renee H Funk,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the prevalence of suicide risk factors, attitudes toward mental illness, and practice-related stressors among US veterinarians.<h4>Design</h4>Cross-sectional survey.<h4>Sample</h4>11,627 US veterinarians.<h4>Procedures</h4>Between July 1 and October 20, 2014, a Web-based questionnaire was made available through the Veterinary Information Network (VIN), VIN News Service, JAVMA News, and email messages to US veterinarians ... Read more >>

J Am Vet Med Assoc (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association)
[2015, 247(8):945-955]

Cited: 31 times

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Burden of Clostridium difficile infection in the United States.

Fernanda C Lessa, Yi Mu, Wendy M Bamberg, Zintars G Beldavs, Ghinwa K Dumyati, John R Dunn, Monica M Farley, Stacy M Holzbauer, James I Meek, Erin C Phipps, Lucy E Wilson, Lisa G Winston, Jessica A Cohen, Brandi M Limbago, Scott K Fridkin, Dale N Gerding, L Clifford McDonald,

<h4>Background</h4>The magnitude and scope of Clostridium difficile infection in the United States continue to evolve.<h4>Methods</h4>In 2011, we performed active population- and laboratory-based surveillance across 10 geographic areas in the United States to identify cases of C. difficile infection (stool specimens positive for C. difficile on either toxin or molecular assay ... Read more >>

N Engl J Med (The New England journal of medicine)
[2015, 372(9):825-834]

Cited: 988 times

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Determinants of Clostridium difficile Infection Incidence Across Diverse United States Geographic Locations.

Fernanda C Lessa, Yi Mu, Lisa G Winston, Ghinwa K Dumyati, Monica M Farley, Zintars G Beldavs, Kelly Kast, Stacy M Holzbauer, James I Meek, Jessica Cohen, L Clifford McDonald, Scott K Fridkin,

<h4>Background</h4>Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is no longer restricted to hospital settings, and population-based incidence measures are needed. Understanding the determinants of CDI incidence will allow for more meaningful comparisons of rates and accurate national estimates.<h4>Methods</h4>Data from active population- and laboratory-based CDI surveillance in 7 US states were used to identify ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2014, 1(2):ofu048]

Cited: 12 times

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Outbreak of Trichinella spiralis infections associated with a wild boar hunted at a game farm in Iowa.

Stacy M Holzbauer, William A Agger, Rebecca L Hall, Gary M Johnson, David Schmitt, Ann Garvey, Henry S Bishop, Hilda Rivera, Marcos E de Almeida, Dolores Hill, Bert E Stromberg, Ruth Lynfield, Kirk E Smith,

<h4>Background</h4>Rates of trichinellosis have declined significantly in the United States due to improved pork production practices and public awareness of the danger of eating raw or undercooked pork. In April 2011, the Minnesota Department of Health received a report of presumptive trichinellosis in a 50-year-old man with a history of ... Read more >>

Clin Infect Dis (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2014, 59(12):1750-1756]

Cited: 12 times

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Clostridium difficile infection among children across diverse US geographic locations.

Joyanna M Wendt, Jessica A Cohen, Yi Mu, Ghinwa K Dumyati, John R Dunn, Stacy M Holzbauer, Lisa G Winston, Helen L Johnston, James I Meek, Monica M Farley, Lucy E Wilson, Erin C Phipps, Zintars G Beldavs, Dale N Gerding, L Clifford McDonald, Carolyn V Gould, Fernanda C Lessa,

<h4>Objective</h4>Little is known about the epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) among children, particularly children ≤3 years of age in whom colonization is common but pathogenicity uncertain. We sought to describe pediatric CDI incidence, clinical presentation, and outcomes across age groups.<h4>Methods</h4>Data from an active population- and laboratory-based CDI surveillance in ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2014, 133(4):651-658]

Cited: 50 times

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Epidemiology of community-associated Clostridium difficile infection, 2009 through 2011.

Amit S Chitnis, Stacy M Holzbauer, Ruth M Belflower, Lisa G Winston, Wendy M Bamberg, Carol Lyons, Monica M Farley, Ghinwa K Dumyati, Lucy E Wilson, Zintars G Beldavs, John R Dunn, L Hannah Gould, Duncan R MacCannell, Dale N Gerding, L Clifford McDonald, Fernanda C Lessa,

<h4>Importance</h4>Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has been increasingly reported among healthy individuals in the community. Recent data suggest that community-associated CDI represents one-third of all C difficile cases. The epidemiology and potential sources of C difficile in the community are not fully understood.<h4>Objectives</h4>To determine epidemiological and clinical characteristics of community-associated CDI ... Read more >>

JAMA Intern Med (JAMA internal medicine)
[2013, 173(14):1359-1367]

Cited: 206 times

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Death due to community-associated Clostridium difficile in a woman receiving prolonged antibiotic therapy for suspected lyme disease.

Stacy M Holzbauer, Melissa M Kemperman, Ruth Lynfield,

Clin Infect Dis (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2010, 51(3):369-370]

Cited: 17 times

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Epidemiologic investigation of immune-mediated polyradiculoneuropathy among abattoir workers exposed to porcine brain.

Stacy M Holzbauer, Aaron S DeVries, James J Sejvar, Christine H Lees, Jennifer Adjemian, Jennifer H McQuiston, Carlota Medus, Catherine A Lexau, Julie R Harris, Sergio E Recuenco, Ermias D Belay, James F Howell, Bryan F Buss, Mady Hornig, John D Gibbins, Scott E Brueck, Kirk E Smith, Richard N Danila, W Ian Lipkin, Daniel H Lachance, P James B Dyck, Ruth Lynfield,

<h4>Background</h4>In October 2007, a cluster of patients experiencing a novel polyradiculoneuropathy was identified at a pork abattoir (Plant A). Patients worked in the primary carcass processing area (warm room); the majority processed severed heads (head-table). An investigation was initiated to determine risk factors for illness.<h4>Methods and results</h4>Symptoms of the reported ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2010, 5(3):e9782]

Cited: 9 times

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National outbreak of Acanthamoeba keratitis associated with use of a contact lens solution, United States.

Jennifer R Verani, Suchita A Lorick, Jonathan S Yoder, Michael J Beach, Christopher R Braden, Jacquelin M Roberts, Craig S Conover, Sue Chen, Kateesha A McConnell, Douglas C Chang, Benjamin J Park, Dan B Jones, Govinda S Visvesvara, Sharon L Roy, ,

An outbreak of Acanthamoeba keratitis, a rare, potentially blinding, corneal infection, was detected in the United States in 2007; cases had been increasing since 2004. A case-control study was conducted to investigate the outbreak. We interviewed 105 case-patients from 30 states and 184 controls matched geographically and by contact lens ... Read more >>

Emerg Infect Dis (Emerging infectious diseases)
[2009, 15(8):1236-1242]

Cited: 85 times

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