Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Simon Thornley

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Danish mask study: masks, media, fact checkers, and the interpretation of scientific evidence.

Simon Thornley, Michael D Jackson, Gerhard Sundborn,

BMJ (BMJ (Clinical research ed.))
[2020, 371:m4919]

Cited: 0 times

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Chasing elimination through lockdowns is stamping out livelihoods and lives [includes Addendum].

Gerhard Sundborn, Simon Thornley, Michael Jackson, Grant Morris, Mark Blackham, Grant Schofield, Richard Doehring, Ronald Goedeke, Ananish Chaudhuri,

J Prim Health Care (Journal of primary health care)
[2020, 12(4):298-301]

Cited: 0 times

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Should countries aim for elimination in the covid-19 pandemic?

Andrew Lee, Simon Thornley, Arthur J Morris, Gerhard Sundborn,

BMJ (BMJ (Clinical research ed.))
[2020, 370:m3410]

Cited: 0 times

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What factors are associated with early childhood dental caries? A longitudinal study of the Growing Up in New Zealand cohort.

Simon Thornley, Katie Bach, Amy Bird, Rachel Farrar, Sarah Bronte, Bathsheba Turton, Polly Atatoa Carr, Jacinta Fa'alili-Fidow, Susan Morton, Cameron Grant,

<h4>Background</h4>The relative importance of different strategies to prevent dental caries is not known.<h4>Aim</h4>We explored the relationship between oral health behaviours, diet, and the incidence of dental caries.<h4>Design</h4>We conducted a study of children participating in the 'Growing Up in New Zealand' cohort. Exposures were oral health behaviours, a food frequency questionnaire, ... Read more >>

Int J Paediatr Dent (International journal of paediatric dentistry)
[2020, :]

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Nutrition guidelines for dental care vs the evidence: is there a disconnect?

Sarah Hancock, Caryn Zinn, Grant Schofield, Simon Thornley,

Dental caries is the most common chronic childhood disease in New Zealand. Concurrently, obesity and related chronic metabolic diseases are the most challenging public health problems of modern times. There is considerable evidence that a common dietary behaviour-high frequency consumption of sugar- and starch-containing foods-is the principal aetiological factor for ... Read more >>

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2020, 133(1509):65-72]

Cited: 0 times

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How strong is the relationship between scabies and acute rheumatic fever? An analysis of neighbourhood factors.

Simon Thornley, Ron King, Roger Marshall, Amanda Oakley, Gerhard Sundborn, Jay Harrower, Edwin Reynolds, Mark Arbuckle, Richard J Johnson,

AIM:Recent studies have linked scabies with acute rheumatic fever (ARF). We explored the relationship, by neighbourhood, between permethrin dispensing as an indicator of scabies prevalence and ARF cases over the same period. METHODS:Incident cases of ARF notified to public health between September 2015 and June 2018 and the annual incidence ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2020, 56(4):600-606]

Cited: 0 times

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How reliable is the statistical evidence for limiting saturated fat intake? A fresh look at the influential Hooper meta-analysis.

Simon Thornley, Grant Schofield, Caryn Zinn, George Henderson,

<h4>Background</h4>Evidence from meta-analyses has been influential in deciding whether or not limiting saturated fat intake reduces the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Recently, random effects analyses have been criticised for exaggerating the influence of publication bias and an alternative proposed which obviates this issue: 'inverse-variance heterogeneity'.<h4>Aims</h4>We re-analysed the influential Hooper meta-analysis ... Read more >>

Intern Med J (Internal medicine journal)
[2019, 49(11):1418-1424]

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I was truly addicted to sugar: A consumer-focused classification system of behaviour change strategies for sugar reduction.

Simone N Rodda, Natalia Booth, Matthew Brittain, Jessica McKean, Simon Thornley,

The reduction of free sugars has been identified as a priority issue internationally. A range of public health initiatives have been recommended, including the provision of information and support for sugar reduction. To inform these approaches, it is important to know what people actually do in real world settings to ... Read more >>

Appetite (Appetite)
[2020, 144:104456]

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Are Liquid Sugars Different from Solid Sugar in Their Ability to Cause Metabolic Syndrome?

Gerhard Sundborn, Simon Thornley, Tony R Merriman, Bodo Lang, Christopher King, Miguel A Lanaspa, Richard J Johnson,

<h4>Objective</h4>Intake of sugary drinks, especially soft drinks, carries increased risk for obesity and diabetes. This article reviews whether sugary drinks carry different risks for metabolic syndrome compared with foods that contain natural or added sugars.<h4>Methods</h4>A narrative review was performed to evaluate differences between liquid and solid sugars in their ability ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2019, 27(6):879-887]

Cited: 4 times

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Invasive pneumococcal disease and serotype emergence in the Auckland region during the vaccine era 2009-16.

Nick Eichler, Edwin Reynolds, Catherine Jackson, Simon Thornley, Julia Peters,

INTRODUCTION There is a deficit of knowledge in New Zealand as the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease varies significantly between countries. AIM Time trends and sociodemographic characteristics of cases of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in the Auckland region are reviewed after the introduction of a conjugate vaccination, to provide evidence ... Read more >>

J Prim Health Care (Journal of primary health care)
[2019, 11(1):24-31]

Cited: 0 times

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Association of sun and UV exposure with blood pressure and cardiovascular disease: A systematic review.

Robert Scragg, Juma Rahman, Simon Thornley,

<h4>Background</h4>Ecological studies show that sun or ultraviolet (UV) exposure have inverse associations with blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although sunlight is the primary source of vitamin D, recent meta-analyses of clinical trials have not reported a beneficial effect from vitamin D supplementation on BP or CVD. Sunlight may ... Read more >>

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol (The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology)
[2019, 187:68-75]

Cited: 3 times

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Is impetigo a missed opportunity for scabies treatment?

Simon Thornley, Gerhard Sundborn, Mark Arbuckle, Belinda Loring, Maryann Heather, Edwin Reynolds,

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2018, 131(1481):78-81]

Cited: 1 time

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Meta-analysis in Research on Nutrition.

Simon Thornley, George Henderson, Grant Schofield,

JAMA (JAMA)
[2018, 319(10):1050]

Cited: 0 times

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Scabies is strongly associated with acute rheumatic fever in a cohort study of Auckland children.

Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall, Paul Jarrett, Gerhard Sundborn, Edwin Reynolds, Grant Schofield,

AIM:This study sought to determine whether scabies infection is associated with acute rheumatic fever (ARF) or chronic rheumatic heart disease (CRHD). METHODS:A cohort study was undertaken using health records of children aged 3-12 years attending an oral health service for the first time. Subjects were then linked to hospital diagnoses ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2018, 54(6):625-632]

Cited: 10 times

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Inequalities in dental caries experience among 4-year-old New Zealand children.

Nichola Shackleton, Jonathan M Broadbent, Simon Thornley, Barry J Milne, Sue Crengle, Daniel J Exeter,

OBJECTIVES:To investigate ethnic-specific deprivation gradients in early childhood dental caries experience considering different domains of deprivation. METHODS:We used cross-sectional near whole population-level data on 318 321 four-year-olds attending the "B4 School check," a national health and development check in New Zealand, across 6 fiscal years (2010/2011 to 2015/2016). The "lift ... Read more >>

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol (Community dentistry and oral epidemiology)
[2018, 46(3):288-296]

Cited: 5 times

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Policy brief: a sugary drink tax for New Zealand and 10,000-strong petition snubbed by Minister of Health and National Government.

Gerhard Sundborn, Simon Thornley, Rob Beaglehole, Niki Bezzant,

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2017, 130(1462):114-116]

Cited: 2 times

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New Zealand infants weaned onto a high sugar diet from four months old: better health or better business? Part II.

Gerhard Sundborn, Simon James Thornley, John Malcolm, Caryn Zinn, Bodo Lang, Richard Johnson,

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2017, 130(1457):86-88]

Cited: 0 times

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Low uptake of maternal vaccination in notified pertussis cases aged less than 20 weeks.

Gary Reynolds, Nicola Grant, Simon Thornley, Michael Hale,

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2017, 130(1449):72-74]

Cited: 2 times

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Low sugar nutrition policies and dental caries: A study of primary schools in South Auckland.

Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall, Gary Reynolds, Pauline Koopu, Gerhard Sundborn, Grant Schofield,

<h4>Aim</h4>The study assessed whether a healthy food policy implemented in one school, Yendarra Primary, situated in a socio-economically deprived area of South Auckland, had improved student oral health by comparing dental caries levels with students of similar schools in the same region with no such policy.<h4>Methods</h4>Records of caries of the ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2017, 53(5):494-499]

Cited: 8 times

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Sugar, dental caries and the incidence of acute rheumatic fever: a cohort study of Māori and Pacific children.

Simon Thornley, Roger J Marshall, Katie Bach, Pauline Koopu, Gary Reynolds, Gerhard Sundborn, Win Le Shwe Sin Ei,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine whether dental caries, as an indicator of cumulative exposure to sugar, is associated with the incidence of acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart disease, in Māori and Pacific children aged 5 and 6 years at their first dental visit.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>A cohort study was undertaken which linked school ... Read more >>

J Epidemiol Community Health (Journal of epidemiology and community health)
[2017, 71(4):364-370]

Cited: 5 times

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Lack of housing, hospital treatment and premature mortality: a cohort study of people in Counties Manukau district.

Simon Thornley, Roger Marshall,

<h4>Aim</h4>We considered risk factors for mortality in people admitted to Counties Manukau inpatient facilities, who were also identified by medical staff to have insufficient housing.<h4>Method</h4>A cohort study of people aged 15 to 75 years admitted to Counties Manukau inpatient facilities were selected between 2002 and 2014, with ICD-10 codes for ... Read more >>

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2016, 129(1440):84-93]

Cited: 0 times

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Very low-carbohydrate diets in the management of diabetes revisited.

Grant Martin Schofield, George Henderson, Simon Thornley,

Humans can derive energy from carbohydrate, fat, or protein. The metabolism of carbohydrate requires by far the highest secretion of insulin. The central pathology of diabetes is the inability to maintain euglycaemia because of a deficiency in either the action or secretion of insulin. That is, because of either insulin ... Read more >>

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2016, 129(1432):67-74]

Cited: 1 time

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New Zealand's growing thirst for a sugar-sweetened beverage tax.

Gerhard Sundborn, Simon Thornley, Bodo Lang, Rob Beaglehole,

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2015, 128(1422):80-82]

Cited: 1 time

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Chewing the saturated fat: how many more negative studies do we need?

Simon Thornley, George Henderson, Grant Schofield,

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2015, 128(1421):80-81]

Cited: 0 times

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Analysis of the Auckland 2014 measles outbreak indicates that adolescents and young adults could benefit from catch-up vaccination.

Gary Reynolds, Cassandra Dias, Simon Thornley, Ronald King, Anne Morrison, Angela Matson, Richard Hoskins,

<h4>Aim</h4>To analyse the epidemiology, serology and vaccine effectiveness in a recent New Zealand measles outbreak that started in Auckland, from December, 2013 to June, 2014, to guide further preventive measures.<h4>Method</h4>Cases had a clinically compatible illness, which was either confirmed by PCR or serology, or were linked to a laboratory confirmed ... Read more >>

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2015, 128(1422):53-62]

Cited: 1 time

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