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Author Scott H Norwood

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An Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma multicenter trial examining prehospital procedures in penetrating trauma patients.

Sharven Taghavi, Zoe Maher, Amy J Goldberg, Grace Chang, Michelle Mendiola, Christofer Anderson, Scott Ninokawa, Leah C Tatebe, Patrick Maluso, Shariq Raza, Jane J Keating, Sigrid Burruss, Matthew Reeves, Lauren E Coleman, David V Shatz, Anna Goldenberg-Sandau, Apoorva Bhupathi, M Chance Spalding, Aimee LaRiccia, Emily Bird, Matthew R Noorbakhsh, James Babowice, Marsha C Nelson, Lewis E Jacobson, Jamie Williams, Michael Vella, Kate Dellonte, Thomas Z Hayward, Emma Holler, Mark J Lieser, John D Berne, Dalier R Mederos, Reza Askari, Barbara U Okafor, Elliott R Haut, Eric W Etchill, Raymond Fang, Samantha L Roche, Laura Whittenburg, Andrew C Bernard, James M Haan, Kelly L Lightwine, Scott H Norwood, Jason Murry, Mark A Gamber, Matthew M Carrick, Nikolay Bugaev, Antony Tatar, Juan Duchesne, Danielle Tatum,

<h4>Background</h4>Prehospital procedures (PHP) by emergency medical services (EMS) are performed regularly in penetrating trauma patients despite previous studies demonstrating no benefit. We sought to examine the influence of PHPs on outcomes in penetrating trauma patients in urban locations where transport to trauma center is not prolonged. We hypothesized that patients ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2021, 91(1):130-140]

Cited: 2 times

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A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled pilot trial of anticoagulation in low-risk traumatic brain injury: The Delayed Versus Early Enoxaparin Prophylaxis I (DEEP I) study.

Herb A Phelan, Steven E Wolf, Scott H Norwood, Kim Aldy, Scott C Brakenridge, Alexander L Eastman, Christopher J Madden, Paul A Nakonezny, Lisa Yang, David P Chason, Gary M Arbique, John Berne, Joseph P Minei,

<h4>Background</h4>Our group has created an algorithm for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis after traumatic brain injury (TBI), which stratifies patients into low, moderate, and high risk for spontaneous injury progression and tailors a prophylaxis regimen to each arm. We present the results of the Delayed Versus Early Enoxaparin Prophylaxis I study, a ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2012, 73(6):1434-1441]

Cited: 31 times

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Ventilator-associated pneumonia rates at major trauma centers compared with a national benchmark: a multi-institutional study of the AAST.

Christopher P Michetti, Samir M Fakhry, Pamela L Ferguson, Alan Cook, Forrest O Moore, Ronald Gross, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates reported by the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) are used as a benchmark and quality measure, yet different rates are reported from many trauma centers. This multi-institutional study was undertaken to elucidate VAP rates at major trauma centers.<h4>Methods</h4>VAP rate/1,000 ventilator days, diagnostic methods, institutional, and aggregate ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2012, 72(5):1165-1173]

Cited: 24 times

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Is low-molecular-weight heparin safe for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients with traumatic brain injury? A Western Trauma Association multicenter study.

Michael E Kwiatt, Mitul S Patel, Steven E Ross, Mary T Lachant, Heather G MacNew, M Gage Ochsner, Scott H Norwood, LaDonna Speier, Rosemary Kozar, Jonathan A Gerber, Susan Rowell, Sheetal Krishnakumar, David H Livingston, George Manis, James M Haan,

<h4>Background</h4>Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant risk in trauma patients. Although low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is effective in VTE prophylaxis, its use for patients with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of LMWH for VTE prophylaxis in blunt intracranial injury.<h4>Methods</h4>We conducted ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2012, 73(3):625-628]

Cited: 22 times

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TBI risk stratification at presentation: a prospective study of the incidence and timing of radiographic worsening in the Parkland Protocol.

Herb A Phelan, Alexander L Eastman, Christopher J Madden, Kim Aldy, John D Berne, Scott H Norwood, William W Scott, Ira H Bernstein, Jeffrey Pruitt, Gordon Butler, Lowery Rogers, Joseph P Minei,

<h4>Background</h4>We have created a theoretical algorithm for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis after traumatic brain injury (TBI) known as the Parkland Protocol, which stratifies patients into low-, medium-, and high-risk categories for spontaneous progression of hemorrhage. This prospective study characterizes the incidence and timing of radiographic progression of the TBI patterns in ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2012, 73(2 Suppl 1):S122-7]

Cited: 7 times

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Management of pediatric occult pneumothorax in blunt trauma: a subgroup analysis of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma multicenter prospective observational study.

David M Notrica, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Forrest O Moore, Pamela W Goslar, Raul Coimbra, George Velmahos, Lily R Stevens, Scott R Petersen, Carlos V R Brown, Kelli H Foulkrod, Thomas B Coopwood, Lawrence Lottenberg, Herb A Phelan, Brandon Bruns, John P Sherck, Scott H Norwood, Stephen L Barnes, Marc R Matthews, William S Hoff, Marc A Demoya, Vishal Bansal, Charles K C Hu, Riyad C Karmy-Jones, Fausto Vinces, Jenessa Hill, Karl Pembaur, James M Haan,

<h4>Background</h4>Occult pneumothorax (OPTX) represents air within the pleural space not visible on conventional chest radiographs. Increased use of computed tomography has led to a rise in the detection of OPTX. Optimal management remains undefined.<h4>Methods</h4>A pediatric subgroup analysis (age <18 years) from a multicenter, observational study evaluating OPTX management. Data analyzed ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Surg (Journal of pediatric surgery)
[2012, 47(3):467-472]

Cited: 8 times

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Blunt traumatic occult pneumothorax: is observation safe?--results of a prospective, AAST multicenter study.

Forrest O Moore, Pamela W Goslar, Raul Coimbra, George Velmahos, Carlos V R Brown, Thomas B Coopwood, Lawrence Lottenberg, Herb A Phelan, Brandon R Bruns, John P Sherck, Scott H Norwood, Stephen L Barnes, Marc R Matthews, William S Hoff, Marc A de Moya, Vishal Bansal, Charles K C Hu, Riyad C Karmy-Jones, Fausto Vinces, Karl Pembaur, David M Notrica, James M Haan,

<h4>Background</h4>An occult pneumothorax (OPTX) is found incidentally in 2% to 10% of all blunt trauma patients. Indications for intervention remain controversial. We sought to determine which factors predicted failed observation in blunt trauma patients.<h4>Methods</h4>A prospective, observational, multicenter study was undertaken to identify patients with OPTX. Successfully observed patients and patients ... Read more >>

J Trauma (The Journal of trauma)
[2011, 70(5):1019-23; discussion 1023-5]

Cited: 31 times

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A multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors for blunt cerebrovascular injury.

John D Berne, Alan Cook, Stephen A Rowe, Scott H Norwood,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The diagnosis of blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) has improved with widespread adaptation of screening protocols and more accurate multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT-A) angiography. The population at risk and for whom screening is indicated is still controversial. To help determine which blunt trauma patients would best benefit from screening we performed ... Read more >>

J Vasc Surg (Journal of vascular surgery)
[2010, 51(1):57-64]

Cited: 40 times

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Blunt vertebral artery injuries in the era of computed tomographic angiographic screening: incidence and outcomes from 8,292 patients.

John D Berne, Scott H Norwood,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Blunt injuries to the vertebral artery (BVI) are rare. Recent improvements in the multidetector computer tomography (MDCT) technology and increased use of screening protocols have led to a greater number of these injuries identified. Well-defined treatment recommendations are still lacking, and it is unclear whether screening and treatment lead to ... Read more >>

J Trauma (The Journal of trauma)
[2009, 67(6):1333-1338]

Cited: 26 times

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Clinical clearance of the cervical spine in blunt trauma patients younger than 3 years: a multi-center study of the american association for the surgery of trauma.

Rafael Pieretti-Vanmarcke, George C Velmahos, Michael L Nance, Saleem Islam, Richard A Falcone, Paul W Wales, Rebeccah L Brown, Barbara A Gaines, Christine McKenna, Forrest O Moore, Pamela W Goslar, Kenji Inaba, Galinos Barmparas, Eric R Scaife, Ryan R Metzger, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Jeffrey S Upperman, Joaquin Estrada, David A Lanning, Sara K Rasmussen, Paul D Danielson, Michael P Hirsh, Heitor F X Consani, Steven Stylianos, Candace Pineda, Scott H Norwood, Steven W Bruch, Robert Drongowski, Robert D Barraco, Michael D Pasquale, Farheen Hussain, Erwin F Hirsch, P Daniel McNeely, Mary E Fallat, David S Foley, Joseph A Iocono, Heather M Bennett, Kenneth Waxman, Kelly Kam, Lisa Bakhos, Laurie Petrovick, Yuchiao Chang, Peter T Masiakos,

<h4>Background</h4>Cervical spine clearance in the very young child is challenging. Radiographic imaging to diagnose cervical spine injuries (CSI) even in the absence of clinical findings is common, raising concerns about radiation exposure and imaging-related complications. We examined whether simple clinical criteria can be used to safely rule out CSI in ... Read more >>

J Trauma (The Journal of trauma)
[2009, 67(3):543-9; discussion 549-50]

Cited: 29 times

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A fatal case of posttraumatic gastric mucormycosis.

John D Berne, David H Villarreal, Thomas M McGovern, Stephen A Rowe, Forrest O Moore, Scott H Norwood,

J Trauma (The Journal of trauma)
[2009, 66(3):933-935]

Cited: 4 times

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An evaluation of multidetector computed tomography in detecting pancreatic injury: results of a multicenter AAST study.

Herb A Phelan, George C Velmahos, Gregory J Jurkovich, Randall S Friese, Joseph P Minei, Jay A Menaker, Allan Philp, Heather L Evans, Martin L Gunn, Alexander L Eastman, Susan E Rowell, Carrie E Allison, Ronald L Barbosa, Scott H Norwood, Malek Tabbara, Christopher J Dente, Matthew M Carrick, Matthew J Wall, Jim Feeney, Patrick J O'Neill, Gujjarappa Srinivas, Carlos V R Brown, Andrew C Reifsnyder, Moustafa O Hassan, Scott Albert, Jose L Pascual, Michelle Strong, Forrest O Moore, David A Spain, Mary-Anne Purtill, Byard Edwards, Jason Strauss, Rodney M Durham, Juan C Duchesne, Patrick Greiffenstein, C Clay Cothren,

<h4>Background</h4>Efforts to determine the suitability of low-grade pancreatic injuries for nonoperative management have been hindered by the inaccuracy of older computed tomography (CT) technology for detecting pancreatic injury (PI). This retrospective, multicenter American Association for the Surgery of Trauma-sponsored trial examined the sensitivity of newer 16- and 64-multidetector CT (MDCT) ... Read more >>

J Trauma (The Journal of trauma)
[2009, 66(3):641-6; discussion 646-7]

Cited: 36 times

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Early venous thromboembolism prophylaxis with enoxaparin in patients with blunt traumatic brain injury.

Scott H Norwood, John D Berne, Stephen A Rowe, David H Villarreal, Jon T Ledlie,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine the safety of early enoxaparin for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in patients with blunt traumatic brain injury (TBI).<h4>Methods</h4>Prospective observational study of patients with TBI who received enoxaparin within 48 hours after admission. Brain computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained at the time of admission, at 24 hours, and ... Read more >>

J Trauma (The Journal of trauma)
[2008, 65(5):1021-6; discussion 1026-7]

Cited: 38 times

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Intravascular lipoma of the right innominate vein in a trauma patient.

Forrest O Moore, Scott R Petersen, Scott H Norwood,

J Am Coll Surg (Journal of the American College of Surgeons)
[2008, 207(1):139]

Cited: 3 times

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Off-pump coronary artery bypass is an alternative to conventional cardiopulmonary bypass when repair of traumatic coronary artery injuries is indicated.

Forrest O Moore, John D Berne, William F Turner, David H Villarreal, Thomas McGovern, Stephen A Rowe, Scott H Norwood,

Coronary artery injuries after penetrating cardiac trauma are rare. The standard approach to these injuries has traditionally been coronary artery ligation. When cardiac perfusion is profoundly compromised, cardiopulmonary bypass has been used to facilitate revascularization, although with serious morbidity. We report a case of traumatic left anterior descending coronary artery ... Read more >>

Am Surg (The American surgeon)
[2007, 73(3):296-298]

Cited: 3 times

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Sixteen-slice multi-detector computed tomographic angiography improves the accuracy of screening for blunt cerebrovascular injury.

John D Berne, Kurt S Reuland, David H Villarreal, Thomas M McGovern, Stephen A Rowe, Scott H Norwood,

<h4>Background</h4>Blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) are rare but potentially devastating injuries, particularly if the diagnosis is delayed. Only four-vessel cerebral angiography (FVCA) has been shown to be adequately sensitive and specific as a screening tool for BCVI but is resource-intensive and invasive. Computed tomography (CT) angiography has emerged as a possible ... Read more >>

J Trauma (The Journal of trauma)
[2006, 60(6):1204-9; discussion 1209-10]

Cited: 73 times

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Helical computed tomographic angiography: an excellent screening test for blunt cerebrovascular injury.

John D Berne, Scott H Norwood, Clyde E McAuley, David H Villareal,

<h4>Background</h4>Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) carries a high morbidity and mortality, especially when diagnosis is delayed. Recent studies have shown that increased recognition of these injuries is achieved with prompt screening, allowing for early treatment and better outcome. Controversy still exists, however, on the best screening test. This study was used ... Read more >>

J Trauma (The Journal of trauma)
[2004, 57(1):11-7; discussion 17-9]

Cited: 71 times

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Prospective evaluation of the safety of enoxaparin prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism in patients with intracranial hemorrhagic injuries.

Scott H Norwood, Clyde E McAuley, John D Berne, Van L Vallina, D Brent Kerns, Thomas W Grahm, Kevin Short, Jerry W McLarty,

<h4>Background</h4>Patients with traumatic intracranial hemorrhagic injuries (IHIs) are at high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). The safety of early anticoagulation for IHI has not been established.<h4>Hypothesis</h4>Enoxaparin can be safely administered to most patients with IHI for VTE prophylaxis.<h4>Setting</h4>Level I trauma center.<h4>Design</h4>Prospective, single-cohort, observational study.<h4>Patients and methods</h4>One hundred fifty (85%) of ... Read more >>

Arch Surg (Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960))
[2002, 137(6):696-701; discussion 701-2]

Cited: 62 times

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Erythromycin reduces delayed gastric emptying in critically ill trauma patients: a randomized, controlled trial.

John D Berne, Scott H Norwood, Clyde E McAuley, Van L Vallina, David Villareal, Jaye Weston, Jerry McClarty,

<h4>Background</h4>Early enteral feeding has been shown to be beneficial in improving outcome in critically injured trauma patients. Delayed gastric emptying occurs frequently in trauma patients, increasing the time to achieve nutritional goals, and limiting the benefit of early enteral feedings. Intravenous erythromycin is an effective agent for improving gastric motility ... Read more >>

J Trauma (The Journal of trauma)
[2002, 53(3):422-425]

Cited: 56 times

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