Full Text Journal Articles by
Author S Fleming

Advertisement

Find full text journal articles






Explaining distortions in metacognition with an attractor network model of decision uncertainty.

Nadim A A Atiya, Quentin J M Huys, Raymond J Dolan, Stephen M Fleming,

Metacognition is the ability to reflect on, and evaluate, our cognition and behaviour. Distortions in metacognition are common in mental health disorders, though the neural underpinnings of such dysfunction are unknown. One reason for this is that models of key components of metacognition, such as decision confidence, are generally specified ... Read more >>

PLoS Comput Biol (PLoS computational biology)
[2021, 17(7):e1009201]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



F1-taught orthopaedic teaching programme for students (FOTS).

Prakrit Raj Kumar, Yousuf Hashmi, William Beedham, Ranya Vardini Kumar, Simon Fleming,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted students learning, with the time off resulting in students 'de-skilling', increasing concerns for upcoming observed structured clinical examinations. Foundation Year 1 (F1) doctors (F1s), despite being expected to teach, rarely receive formal preparation, with COVID-19 exacerbating opportunities to practice. As such, a national orthopaedic teaching ... Read more >>

Postgrad Med J (Postgraduate medical journal)
[2021, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Advertisement

Advancing Physician Assistant Faculty Development: A New Model.

Karen L Gordes, Shani Fleming, James F Cawley, Violet Kulo,

<h4>Purpose</h4>The purpose of this article is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of an innovative physician assistant (PA) faculty development model.<h4>Methods</h4>The Maryland Physician Assistant Leadership and Learning Academy's (PALLA's) executive team developed a 10-month fellowship designed to build a skilled faculty pipeline. The fellowship framework was grounded in the ... Read more >>

J Physician Assist Educ (The journal of physician assistant education : the official journal of the Physician Assistant Education Association)
[2021, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Computations of confidence are modulated by mentalizing ability

Elisa van der Plas, David Mason, Lucy Anne Livingston, Jillian Craigie, Francesca Happé, Stephen Fleming,

<p>Do people have privileged and direct access to their own minds, or do we infer our own thoughts and feelings indirectly, as we would infer the mental states of others? In this study we shed light on this question by examining how mentalizing ability—the set of processes involved in understanding ... Read more >>

()
[, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Can party balloons replace autoinflation balloons to treat glue ear? A technical comparison.

Katherine Marshall, Rafael Perera, Paul Glasziou, Susannah Fleming,

<h4>Background</h4>Autoinflation balloons are used to treat patients with otitis media with effusion (OME) to help avoid surgery.<h4>Aim</h4>To compare the ability of party balloons with Otovent balloons to produce sufficient pressure for a Valsalva manoeuvre.<h4>Design & setting</h4>Pressure testing was used to determine the number of times each balloon could produce pressures ... Read more >>

BJGP Open (BJGP open)
[2021, 5(3):]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Fundamental constraints on distinguishing reality from imagination

Nadine Dijkstra, Stephen Fleming,

<p>In order to function in complex environments, humans have evolved to move beyond stimulus-triggered responses to guide behaviour via offline simulations, such as imagination and planning. Contemporary generative models of brain function propose that imagination relies on similar neural machinery to that engaged by veridical perception, a hypothesis supported by ... Read more >>

()
[, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Young Domestic Pigs (Sus scrofa) Can Perform Pavlovian Eyeblink Conditioning.

Henk-Jan Boele, Sangyun Joung, Joanne E Fil, Austin T Mudd, Stephen A Fleming, Sebastiaan K E Koekkoek, Ryan N Dilger,

<b>Introduction</b>: Pigs have been an increasingly popular preclinical model in nutritional neuroscience, as their anatomy, physiology, and nutrition requirements are highly comparable to those of humans. Eyeblink conditioning is one of the most well-validated behavioral paradigms in neuroscience to study underlying mechanisms of learning and memory formation in the cerebellum. ... Read more >>

Front Behav Neurosci (Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience)
[2021, 15:690019]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Acoustilytix™: A Web-Based Automated Ultrasonic Vocalization Scoring Platform.

Catherine B Ashley, Ryan D Snyder, James E Shepherd, Catalina Cervantes, Nitish Mittal, Sheila Fleming, Jaxon Bailey, Maisie D Nievera, Sharmin Islam Souleimanova, Bill Nyaoga, Lauren Lichtenfeld, Alicia R Chen, W Todd Maddox, Christine L Duvauchelle,

Ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) are known to reflect emotional processing, brain neurochemistry, and brain function. Collecting and processing USV data is manual, time-intensive, and costly, creating a significant bottleneck by limiting researchers' ability to employ fully effective and nuanced experimental designs and serving as a barrier to entry for other researchers. ... Read more >>

Brain Sci (Brain sciences)
[2021, 11(7):]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Metacognition in Functional Cognitive Disorder

Rohan Bhome, Andrew McWilliams, Gary Price, Norman Poole, Robert Howard, Stephen Fleming, Jonathan Huntley,

Functional cognitive disorder (FCD) is common but underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Metacognition, an individual’s ability to reflect on and monitor cognitive processes, is likely to be relevant. Local metacognition refers to an ability to estimate confidence in cognitive performance on a moment-to-moment basis, whereas global metacognition refers to long-run ... Read more >>

()
[, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Metacognitive asymmetries in visual perception.

Matan Mazor, Rani Moran, Stephen M Fleming,

People have better metacognitive sensitivity for decisions about the presence compared to the absence of objects. However, it is not only objects themselves that can be present or absent, but also parts of objects and other visual features. Asymmetries in visual search indicate that a disadvantage for representing absence may ... Read more >>

Neurosci Conscious (Neuroscience of consciousness)
[2021, 2021(1):niab005]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Query mandates in prescription drug monitoring programs reduce opioid use among commercially insured patients with cancer.

Tham Thi Le, Sean P Fleming, Aida Kuzucan, Anna Dizik, Linda Simoni-Wastila,

<h4>Background</h4>Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) have been shown to reduce opioid use in the general and noncancer populations. However, evidence of PDMP impacts on patients with cancer remains limited.<h4>Objective</h4>The aim of the study was to examine the impact of PDMP mandates on individual-level opioid use among patients with cancer.<h4>Methods</h4>This is ... Read more >>

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) (Journal of the American Pharmacists Association : JAPhA)
[2021, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Dissociating the neural correlates of subjective visibility from those of decision confidence

Matan Mazor, Nadine Dijkstra, Stephen Fleming,

A key goal of consciousness science is identifying neural signatures of being aware vs. unaware of simple stimuli. This is often investigated in the context of near-threshold detection, with reports of stimulus awareness being linked to heightened activation in a frontoparietal network. However, due to the fact that reports of ... Read more >>

()
[, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Interhospital and interindividual variability in secondary prevention: a comparison of outpatients with a history of chronic coronary syndrome versus outpatients with a history of acute coronary syndrome (the iASPIRE Study).

James Mg Curneen, Conor Judge, Bryan Traynor, Anthony Buckley, Lavanya Saiva, Laura Murphy, Donal Murray, Sean Fleming, Peter Kearney, Ross T Murphy, Godfrey Aleong, Thomas J Kiernan, James O'Neill, David Moore, Bridog Nicaodhabhui, John Birrane, Patricia Hall, James Crowley, Irene Gibson, Catriona S Jennings, David Wood, Kornelia Kotseva, John William McEvoy,

<h4>Background</h4>Studying variability in the care provided to secondary prevention coronary heart disease (CHD) outpatients can identify interventions to improve their outcomes.<h4>Methods</h4>We studied outpatients who had an index CHD event in the preceding 6-24 months. Eligible CHD events included acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary revascularisation for stable chronic coronary syndrome ... Read more >>

Open Heart (Open heart)
[2021, 8(1):]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



The Dunning-Kruger effect revisited.

Matan Mazor, Stephen M Fleming,

Nat Hum Behav (Nature human behaviour)
[2021, 5(6):677-678]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Frequency of Renal Monitoring - Creatinine and Cystatin C (FORM-2C): an observational cohort study of patients with reduced eGFR in primary care.

Susannah Fleming, Rafael Perera-Salazar, Kathryn S Taylor, Louise Jones, Fd Richard Hobbs, Tim James, Chris A O'Callaghan, Brian Shine, Jan Y Verbakel, Richard Stevens, Clare Bankhead,

<h4>Background</h4>Monitoring is the mainstay of chronic kidney disease management in primary care; however, there is little evidence about the best way to do this.<h4>Aim</h4>To compare the effectiveness of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) derived from serum creatinine and serum cystatin C to predict renal function decline among those with a ... Read more >>

Br J Gen Pract (The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners)
[2021, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



A Bayesian inference model for metamemory.

Xiao Hu, Jun Zheng, Ningxin Su, Tian Fan, Chunliang Yang, Yue Yin, Stephen M Fleming, Liang Luo,

The dual-basis theory of metamemory suggests that people evaluate their memory performance based on both processing experience during the memory process and their prior beliefs about overall memory ability. However, few studies have proposed a formal computational model to quantitatively characterize how processing experience and prior beliefs are integrated during ... Read more >>

Psychol Rev (Psychological review)
[2021, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Developing a Reference Framework for Typical Development in the Young Pig

Vinh Vu, Ryan Dilger, Sharon M. Donovan, Qian Li, Gabriele Gross, Lauren Brink, Stephen Fleming,

Abstract <h4>Objectives</h4> The majority of infants in the US do not receive exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months of age, highlighting the necessity of infant formula. The artificially reared piglet is a common model utilized to support substantiation of novel bioactive components in milk or infant formula. However, it is currently unclear to ... Read more >>

Curr Dev Nutr (Current developments in nutrition)
[2021, 5(Suppl 2):546-546]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Golden Vaterite as a Mesoscopic Metamaterial for Biophotonic Applications.

Roman E Noskov, Andrey Machnev, Ivan I Shishkin, Marina V Novoselova, Alexey V Gayer, Alexander A Ezhov, Evgeny A Shirshin, Sergei V German, Ivan D Rukhlenko, Simon Fleming, Boris N Khlebtsov, Dmitry A Gorin, Pavel Ginzburg,

Mesoscopic photonic systems with tailored optical responses have great potential to open new frontiers in implantable biomedical devices. However, biocompatibility is typically a problem, as engineering of optical properties often calls for using toxic compounds and chemicals, unsuitable for in vivo applications. Here, a unique approach to biofriendly delivery of ... Read more >>

Adv Mater (Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.))
[2021, 33(25):e2008484]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



A physician assistant entry-level doctoral degree: more harm than good?

Violet Kulo, Shani Fleming, Karen L Gordes, Hyun-Jin Jun, James F Cawley, Gerald Kayingo,

<h4>Background</h4>As most health professions in the United States have adopted clinical or practice doctorates, there has been an ongoing debate on whether physician assistants (PAs) should transition from a master's to a doctorate as the terminal degree. The authors examined perceived risks, benefits and impact of transitioning to an entry-level ... Read more >>

BMC Med Educ (BMC medical education)
[2021, 21(1):274]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Perceptual reality monitoring: Neural mechanisms dissociating imagination from reality

Nadine Dijkstra, Peter Kok, Stephen Fleming,

<p>There is increasing evidence that imagination relies on similar neural mechanisms as externally triggered perception. This overlap presents a challenge for perceptual reality monitoring: deciding what is real and what is imagined. Here, we explore how perceptual reality monitoring might be implemented in the brain. We first describe sensory and ... Read more >>

()
[, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Extraction and Dissection of the Domesticated Pig Brain.

Stephen A Fleming, Supida Monaikul, Austin T Mudd, Reeba Jacob, Ryan N Dilger,

Use of the pig as a preclinical and translatable animal model has been well-documented and accepted by research fields investigating cardiovascular systems, gastrointestinal systems, and nutrition, and the pig is increasingly being used as a large animal model in neuroscience. Furthermore, the pig is an accepted model to study neurodevelopment ... Read more >>

J Vis Exp (Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE)
[2021, (170):]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Millennial Leaders: Ready or Not, Here They Come.

Robert M T Staruch, Simon Fleming, Ebba Lindqvist, Vimal Gokani,

Plast Reconstr Surg (Plastic and reconstructive surgery)
[2021, 147(5):909e-913e]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



COVID-19 tissue atlases reveal SARS-CoV-2 pathology and cellular targets.

Toni M Delorey, Carly G K Ziegler, Graham Heimberg, Rachelly Normand, Yiming Yang, Åsa Segerstolpe, Domenic Abbondanza, Stephen J Fleming, Ayshwarya Subramanian, Daniel T Montoro, Karthik A Jagadeesh, Kushal K Dey, Pritha Sen, Michal Slyper, Yered H Pita-Juárez, Devan Phillips, Jana Biermann, Zohar Bloom-Ackermann, Nikolaos Barkas, Andrea Ganna, James Gomez, Johannes C Melms, Igor Katsyv, Erica Normandin, Pourya Naderi, Yury V Popov, Siddharth S Raju, Sebastian Niezen, Linus T-Y Tsai, Katherine J Siddle, Malika Sud, Victoria M Tran, Shamsudheen K Vellarikkal, Yiping Wang, Liat Amir-Zilberstein, Deepak S Atri, Joseph Beechem, Olga R Brook, Jonathan Chen, Prajan Divakar, Phylicia Dorceus, Jesse M Engreitz, Adam Essene, Donna M Fitzgerald, Robin Fropf, Steven Gazal, Joshua Gould, John Grzyb, Tyler Harvey, Jonathan Hecht, Tyler Hether, Judit Jané-Valbuena, Michael Leney-Greene, Hui Ma, Cristin McCabe, Daniel E McLoughlin, Eric M Miller, Christoph Muus, Mari Niemi, Robert Padera, Liuliu Pan, Deepti Pant, Carmel Pe'er, Jenna Pfiffner-Borges, Christopher J Pinto, Jacob Plaisted, Jason Reeves, Marty Ross, Melissa Rudy, Erroll H Rueckert, Michelle Siciliano, Alexander Sturm, Ellen Todres, Avinash Waghray, Sarah Warren, Shuting Zhang, Daniel R Zollinger, Lisa Cosimi, Rajat M Gupta, Nir Hacohen, Hanina Hibshoosh, Winston Hide, Alkes L Price, Jayaraj Rajagopal, Purushothama Rao Tata, Stefan Riedel, Gyongyi Szabo, Timothy L Tickle, Patrick T Ellinor, Deborah Hung, Pardis C Sabeti, Richard Novak, Robert Rogers, Donald E Ingber, Z Gordon Jiang, Dejan Juric, Mehrtash Babadi, Samouil L Farhi, Benjamin Izar, James R Stone, Ioannis S Vlachos, Isaac H Solomon, Orr Ashenberg, Caroline B M Porter, Bo Li, Alex K Shalek, Alexandra-Chloé Villani, Orit Rozenblatt-Rosen, Aviv Regev,

COVID-19, which is caused by SARS-CoV-2, can result in acute respiratory distress syndrome and multiple organ failure<sup>1-4</sup>, but little is known about its pathophysiology. Here we generated single-cell atlases of 24 lung, 16 kidney, 16 liver and 19 heart autopsy tissue samples and spatial atlases of 14 lung samples from donors who ... Read more >>

Nature (Nature)
[2021, 595(7865):107-113]

Cited: 4 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Mistaking imagination for reality: Congruent mental imagery leads to more liberal perceptual detection.

Nadine Dijkstra, Matan Mazor, Peter Kok, Stephen Fleming,

Visual experiences can be triggered externally, by signals coming from the outside world during perception; or internally, by signals from memory during mental imagery. Imagery and perception activate similar neural codes in sensory areas, suggesting that they might sometimes be confused. In the current study, we investigated whether imagery influences ... Read more >>

Cognition (Cognition)
[2021, 212:104719]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



A Novel Model of Acquired Hydrocephalus for Evaluation of Neurosurgical Treatments

James (Pat) Mcallister, Michael Talcott, Albert Isaacs, Leandro Castaneyra-Ruiz, Sarah Zwick, Alexis Hartman, Maria Garcia-Bonilla, Ryan Dilger, Stephen Fleming, Rebecca Golden, Diego Morales, Carolyn Harris, David Limbrick,

<h4>Background: </h4> Many animal models have been used to study the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus; most of these have been rodent models whose lissencephalic cerebral cortex may not respond to ventriculomegaly in ways similar to gyrencephalic species and whose size is not amenable to evaluation of clinically-relevant neurosurgical treatments. Fewer models ... Read more >>

()
[, :]

Cited: 0 times

View full text PDF listing >>



Advertisement

Disclaimer
1.0754 s