Full Text Journal Articles by
Author S Cunningham

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Longitudinal assessment of lung clearance index to monitor disease progression in children and adults with cystic fibrosis.

Alex R Horsley, John Belcher, Katie Bayfield, Brooke Bianco, Steve Cunningham, Catherine Fullwood, Andrew Jones, Anna Shawcross, Jaclyn A Smith, Anirban Maitra, Francis J Gilchrist,

<h4>Background</h4>Lung clearance index (LCI) is a valuable research tool in cystic fibrosis (CF) but clinical application has been limited by technical challenges and uncertainty about how to interpret longitudinal change. In order to help inform clinical practice, this study aimed to assess feasibility, repeatability and longitudinal LCI change in children ... Read more >>

Thorax (Thorax)
[2021, :]

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Examination of Sleep and Obesity in Children and Adolescents in the United States.

Puneet Kaur Chehal, Livvy Shafer, Solveig Argeseanu Cunningham,

<h4>Purpose</h4>This study contributes to the growing literature on the association between sleep and obesity by examining the associations between hours of sleep, consistency of bedtime, and obesity among children in the US.<h4>Design</h4>Analysis of a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized children from the 2016-17 National Survey of Children's Health.<h4>Setting</h4>US, national.<h4>Subjects</h4>Children ages ... Read more >>

Am J Health Promot (American journal of health promotion : AJHP)
[2021, :8901171211029189]

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Systematic review and meta-analysis of depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation among Ph.D. students.

Emily N Satinsky, Tomoki Kimura, Mathew V Kiang, Rediet Abebe, Scott Cunningham, Hedwig Lee, Xiaofei Lin, Cindy H Liu, Igor Rudan, Srijan Sen, Mark Tomlinson, Miranda Yaver, Alexander C Tsai,

University administrators and mental health clinicians have raised concerns about depression and anxiety among Ph.D. students, yet no study has systematically synthesized the available evidence in this area. After searching the literature for studies reporting on depression, anxiety, and/or suicidal ideation among Ph.D. students, we included 32 articles. Among 16 ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2021, 11(1):14370]

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Association of High Screen-Time Use With School-age Cognitive, Executive Function, and Behavior Outcomes in Extremely Preterm Children.

Betty R Vohr, Elisabeth C McGowan, Carla Bann, Abhik Das, Rosemary Higgins, Susan Hintz, ,

<h4>Importance</h4>Both preterm birth and increased screen time are known to be associated with an increase in risk of developmental and behavioral sequelae. The association between high screen time or a television or computer in the bedroom in early school age and adverse cognitive, executive function, language, and behavior outcomes of ... Read more >>

JAMA Pediatr (JAMA pediatrics)
[2021, :]

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Intraoperative bile duct cultures in patients undergoing pancreatic head resection: Prospective comparison of bile duct swab versus bile duct aspiration.

Jennifer A Yonkus, Roberto Alva-Ruiz, Amro M Abdelrahman, Susan E Horsman, Scott A Cunningham, Travis E Grotz, Rory L Smoot, Sean P Cleary, David M Nagorney, Michael L Kendrick, Mark J Truty,

<h4>Background</h4>Postoperative surgical site infection is a major source of morbidity after pancreatic head resections, and data suggest bacterobilia as a leading cause. Some centers use intraoperative bile duct cultures to guide postoperative antimicrobial prophylaxis. This prospective study evaluates culture differences between traditional bile duct swab versus bile duct aspiration intraoperative ... Read more >>

Surgery (Surgery)
[2021, :]

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Dehydration risk is associated with reduced nest attendance and hatching success in a cooperatively breeding bird, the southern pied babbler Turdoides bicolor.

Amanda R Bourne, Amanda R Ridley, Andrew E McKechnie, Claire N Spottiswoode, Susan J Cunningham,

High air temperatures have measurable negative impacts on reproduction in wild animal populations, including during incubation in birds. Understanding the mechanisms driving these impacts requires comprehensive knowledge of animal physiology and behaviour under natural conditions. We used a novel combination of a non-invasive doubly labelled water (DLW) technique, nest temperature ... Read more >>

Conserv Physiol (Conservation physiology)
[2021, 9(1):coab043]

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Cortisol reactivity to stress predicts behavioral responsivity to reward moderation by sex, depression, and anhedonia.

Simone Cunningham, Raegan Mazurka, Katherine E Wynne-Edwards, Roumen V Milev, Diego A Pizzagalli, Sidney Kennedy, Kate L Harkness,

Depression is associated with blunted reactivity to acute stress, as well as blunted responsivity to rewards. However, the extent to which responses to stress are associated with responses to reward in individuals meeting criteria for a depressive disorder is unknown. The goal of this study was to examine the relation ... Read more >>

J Affect Disord (Journal of affective disorders)
[2021, 293:1-8]

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Association of Family Nutrition and Physical Activity with Preschooler's Working Memory: A Cross-Sectional Study among Mexican Children.

Liliana Aguayo, Maria Pineros-Leano, Rifat B Alam, Rosalba Aguirre-Pereyra, Andiara Schwingel, Solveig A Cunningham,

Healthy eating and active lifestyles are associated with children's healthy weight and cognitive development. This study examines whether family behaviors relevant for nutrition and activity levels are associated with children's working memory, independent of their weight status. A convenience sample of child-caregiver dyads (<i>n</i> = 85 dyads) were recruited from ... Read more >>

Children (Basel) (Children (Basel, Switzerland))
[2021, 8(6):]

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Cord-Blood-Derived Professional Antigen-Presenting Cells: Functions and Applications in Current and Prospective Cell Therapies.

Sarah Cunningham, Holger Hackstein,

Human umbilical cord blood (UCB) represents a valuable source of hematopoietic stem cells, particularly for patients lacking a matching donor. UCB provides practical advantages, including a lower risk of graft-versus-host-disease and permissive human leukocyte antigen mismatching. These advantageous properties have so far been applied for stem cell, mesenchymal stromal cell, ... Read more >>

Int J Mol Sci (International journal of molecular sciences)
[2021, 22(11):]

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Does Place Matter? Dietary Change Among Immigrants to the US

Rebecca Jones, Regine Haardoerfer, Fernando Riosmena, Solveig Cunningham,

Abstract <h4>Objectives</h4> On average, U.S. immigrants experience increases in body mass during their time in the country. These changes are related to important shifts in diet post immigration but could also continue to be influenced by sending-area environments. We assess the level of variance in dietary change that is attributable ... Read more >>

Curr Dev Nutr (Current developments in nutrition)
[2021, 5(Suppl 2):1045-1045]

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Correction to: A national evaluation of the Irish public health counselling in primary care service- examination of initial effectiveness data.

Charles Brand, Fiona Ward, Niamh MacDonagh, Sharon Cunningham, Ladislav Timulak,

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2021, 21(1):283]

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Comparative Transcriptomic Analysis of Staphylococcus aureus Associated with Periprosthetic Joint Infection under in Vivo and in Vitro Conditions.

Thao Le Masters, Stephen Johnson, Patricio R Jeraldo, Kerryl E Greenwood-Quaintance, Scott A Cunningham, Matthew P Abdel, Nicholas Chia, Robin Patel,

Transcriptomic analysis can provide insight as to how Staphylococcus aureus adapts to the environmental niche of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), a challenging clinical infection. Here, in vivo RNA expression of eight S. aureus PJIs was compared with expression of the corresponding isolates in planktonic culture using a total RNA-sequencing approach. Expression ... Read more >>

J Mol Diagn (The Journal of molecular diagnostics : JMD)
[2021, 23(8):986-999]

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Development of evaluative and incidental self-reference effects in childhood.

Jacqui Hutchison, Josephine Ross, Sheila J Cunningham,

The self-reference effect (SRE) is the memory enhancement associated with information linked to self. Unlike 4- to 6-year-olds, adults show stronger memory enhancement when self-processing is "evaluative" (eSRE) than when self-processing is "incidental" (iSRE). Here, the developmental change from shallow to rich self-processing was programmatically explored. In Study 1, 6- ... Read more >>

J Exp Child Psychol (Journal of experimental child psychology)
[2021, 210:105197]

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Global partnerships in nursing - A qualitative study in lessons for success.

Dawn A Morley, Sheila Cunningham,

Global nursing partnerships can develop cultural competence and standardisation across international nurse education programmes. Issues of context, cultural awareness and modes of engagement can influence the success of international collaboration. The 'Supporting Internationalisation of Traineeships in the Healthcare Sector' project, funded from 2017, brought together nine international partners from Finland, ... Read more >>

Nurse Educ Pract (Nurse education in practice)
[2021, 54:103069]

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The Association of Family Eating Behaviors With Children's Cognitive Functioning: A Cross-Sectional Study Among 3–6-Year-Old Mexican Children

Liliana Aguayo, Rifat B Alam, Andiara Schwingel, Solveig Cunningham, Maria Piñeros-Leaño,

Abstract <h4>Objectives</h4> Little is known about the association of family eating behaviors with young children's cognitive development, particularly among non-White populations. The objective of this study is to determine if healthier family eating behaviors are associated with young Mexican children's cognitive functioning. <h4>Methods</h4> We used cross-sectional data from a convenience ... Read more >>

Curr Dev Nutr (Current developments in nutrition)
[2021, 5(Suppl 2):888-888]

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Changes in International Students’ Dietary Habits, Physical Activity and BMI During Their First Year After Relocating to the U.S.

Zainab Rabeeah, Nida Shaikh, Solveig Cunningham,

Abstract <h4>Objectives</h4> To identify changes in diet, physical activity and BMI after 3–6 months of relocation among international students in Georgia, USA. <h4>Methods</h4> Data were collected from 74 international students attending 2 urban universities in the Southeast. Students were interviewed within 10 days of arrival in the U.S and again ... Read more >>

Curr Dev Nutr (Current developments in nutrition)
[2021, 5(Suppl 2):680-680]

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Subpolar North Atlantic western boundary density anomalies and the Meridional Overturning Circulation.

F Li, M S Lozier, S Bacon, A S Bower, S A Cunningham, M F de Jong, B deYoung, N Fraser, N Fried, G Han, N P Holliday, J Holte, L Houpert, M E Inall, W E Johns, S Jones, C Johnson, J Karstensen, I A Le Bras, P Lherminier, X Lin, H Mercier, M Oltmanns, A Pacini, T Petit, R S Pickart, D Rayner, F Straneo, V Thierry, M Visbeck, I Yashayaev, C Zhou,

Changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, which have the potential to drive societally-important climate impacts, have traditionally been linked to the strength of deep water formation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Yet there is neither clear observational evidence nor agreement among models about how changes in deep water formation influence overturning. ... Read more >>

Nat Commun (Nature communications)
[2021, 12(1):3002]

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The international focus-A neglected curriculum in global undergraduate nursing.

Dawn A Morley, Sheila Cunningham,

International learning in undergraduate global nurse education is recognised for promoting essential cultural competence. This can be addressed both at university; through the increasing use of collaborative technology and in practice, where the impact of international placements has promoted cultural sensitivity and outward student mobility. The authors debate the barriers ... Read more >>

Nurse Educ Pract (Nurse education in practice)
[2021, 54:103101]

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Hot days are associated with short-term adrenocortical responses in a southern African arid-zone passerine bird.

Lesedi L Moagi, Amanda R Bourne, Susan J Cunningham, Raymond Jansen, Celiwe A Ngcamphalala, André Ganswindt, Amanda R Ridley, Andrew E McKechnie,

Relatively little effort has been directed towards elucidating the role of physiological stress pathways in mediating avian responses to global heating. For free-ranging southern pied babblers, Turdoides bicolor, daily maximum air temperatures (Tmax) between ∼35 and ∼40°C result in reduced foraging efficiency, loss of body mass and compromised breeding success. ... Read more >>

J Exp Biol (The Journal of experimental biology)
[2021, 224(10):]

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Corrigendum to: A Randomized Comparative Trial of Targeted Steroid Injection via Epidural Catheter vs Standard Transforaminal Epidural Injection for the Treatment of Unilateral Cervical Radicular Pain: Six-Month Results.

Zachary L McCormick, Aaron Conger, Beau P Sperry, Masaru Teramoto, Russell Petersen, Fabio Salazar, Shellie Cunningham, A Michael Henrie, Erica Bisson, Richard Kendall,

Pain Med (Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.))
[2021, :]

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Non-invasive bladder function measures in healthy, asymptomatic female children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Melanie R Meister, Jincheng Zhou, Haitao Chu, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Sheila Gahagan, D Yvette LaCoursiere, Elizabeth R Mueller, Peter Scal, Laura Simon, Ann E Stapleton, Carolyn R T Stoll, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Amanda Berry, Jean F Wyman, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common in children and adolescents. Non-invasive tests evaluating bladder function are generally preferred over invasive tests, yet few studies have explored the range of normative values for these tests in healthy, asymptomatic children.<h4>Objective</h4>To define normative reference ranges for non-invasive tests of bladder function in ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Urol (Journal of pediatric urology)
[2021, :]

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Ratings of Physician Communication by Caregivers of Hospitalized Children With and Without Autism.

Kathleen Campbell, Sean Cunningham, Allison Neeley, Paul C Young, Gregory Stoddard, Bryan Stone, Paul S Carbone,

<h4>Background and objectives</h4>To investigate caregivers' perceptions of physician communication and hospital ratings for hospitalized children with and without autism and assess associations between perceived quality of physician communication and overall ratings of the hospital.<h4>Methods</h4>We studied survey data from caregivers of 543 patients with autism compared with a 2:1 matched control ... Read more >>

Hosp Pediatr (Hospital pediatrics)
[2021, 11(6):547-553]

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Study Pre-protocol for “BronchStart - The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Timing, Age and Severity of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Emergency Presentations; a Multi-Centre Prospective Observational Cohort Study”

Thomas Williams, Mark Lyttle, Steve Cunningham, Ian Sinha, Olivia Swann, Abigail Maxwell-Hodkinson, Damian Roland, ,

Background : Bronchiolitis (most frequently caused by respiratory syncytial virus; RSV) is a common winter disease predominantly affecting children under one year of age. It is a common reason for presentations to an emergency department (ED) and frequently results in hospital admission, contributing to paediatric units approaching or exceeding capacity ... Read more >>

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One-year results from a randomized comparative trial of targeted steroid injection via epidural catheter versus standard transforaminal epidural injection for the treatment of unilateral cervical radicular pain.

Aaron Conger, Richard W Kendall, Beau P Sperry, Russell Petersen, Fabio Salazar, Shellie Cunningham, A Michael Henrie, Erica F Bisson, Masaru Teramoto, Zachary L McCormick,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of catheter-directed cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injection with triamcinolone compared with cervical transforaminal steroid injection with dexamethasone for the treatment of refractory unilateral radicular pain.<h4>Design</h4>Prospective, randomized, comparative trial.<h4>Methods</h4>The primary outcome was the proportion of participants with ≥50% Numeric Rating ... Read more >>

Reg Anesth Pain Med (Regional anesthesia and pain medicine)
[2021, :]

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Study protocol of the Edinburgh and Lothian Virus Intervention Study in Kids: a randomised controlled trial of hypertonic saline nose drops in children with upper respiratory tract infections (ELVIS Kids).

Sandeep Ramalingam, Catriona Graham, Katherine Oatey, Phillip Rayson, Andrew Stoddart, Aziz Sheikh, Steve Cunningham, ,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Edinburgh and Lothians' Viral Intervention Study Kids is a parallel, open-label, randomised controlled trial of hypertonic saline (HS) nose drops (~2.6% sodium chloride) vs standard care in children <7 years of age with symptoms of an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI).<h4>Methods and analysis</h4>Children are recruited prior to URTI or within ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2021, 11(5):e049964]

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