Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Ruth M Carrico

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Socioeconomic Position and the Incidence, Severity, and Clinical Outcomes of Hospitalized Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia.

Timothy L Wiemken, Ruth M Carrico, Stephen P Furmanek, Brian E Guinn, William A Mattingly, Paula Peyrani, Julio A Ramirez,

OBJECTIVES:The influence of socioeconomic disparities on adults with pneumonia is not well understood. The objective of our study was to evaluate the relationship between community-level socioeconomic position, as measured by an area deprivation index, and the incidence, severity, and outcomes among adults with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS:This was an ancillary ... Read more >>

Public Health Rep (Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974))
[2020, 135(3):364-371]

Cited: 0 times

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Infection prevention and control core practices: A roadmap for nursing practice.

Ruth M Carrico, Hudson Garrett, Dawn Balcom, Janet Burton Glowicz,

The CDC continues to stress the urgent issue of increasing microbial resistance. The organization recently joined forces with the American Nurses Association to bring awareness to this issue through an approach that prevents inappropriate antibiotic use and stresses infection prevention. ... Read more >>

Nurse Pract (The Nurse practitioner)
[2019, 44(3):50-55]

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Response to the letter to the editor regarding "Ultrasound probe use and reprocessing: Results from a national survey among U.S. infection preventionists".

Ruth M Carrico,

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2019, 47(1):112-114]

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Infection Prevention and Control Core Practices: A Roadmap for Nursing Practice.

Ruth M Carrico, Hudson Garrett, Dawn Balcom, Janet Burton Glowicz,

In 2017, the CDC released a set of Core Practices focusing on infection prevention and control relevant for care delivered in all settings. These eight Core Practices address foundational elements of practice and should be embedded into every aspect of nursing care and part of every nurse's professional development plan. ... Read more >>

Nursing (Nursing)
[2018, 48(8):28-29]

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Effectiveness of 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Against Hospitalization for Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Older US Adults: A Test-Negative Design.

John M McLaughlin, Qin Jiang, Raul E Isturiz, Heather L Sings, David L Swerdlow, Bradford D Gessner, Ruth M Carrico, Paula Peyrani, Timothy L Wiemken, William A Mattingly, Julio A Ramirez, Luis Jodar,

Background:Following universal recommendation for use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in US adults aged ā‰„65 years in September 2014, we conducted the first real-world evaluation of PCV13 vaccine effectiveness (VE) against hospitalized vaccine-type community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in this population. Methods:Using a test-negative design, we identified cases and controls from ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2018, 67(10):1498-1506]

Cited: 10 times

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Infection prevention and control core practices: A roadmap for nursing practice.

Ruth M Carrico, Hudson Garrett, Dawn Balcom, Janet Burton Glowicz,

Nursing (Nursing)
[2018, 48(8):22-28]

Cited: 0 times

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Ultrasound probe use and reprocessing: Results from a national survey among U.S. infection preventionists.

Ruth M Carrico, Stephen Furmanek, Connor English,

BACKGROUND:Improper infection prevention practice associated with ultrasound probe use has been linked to increased infection risk, outbreaks, and death. Although guidelines for reprocessing and use of probes exist, it is unclear how extensively these have been adopted in practice. METHODS:Infection preventionists from U.S. health care facilities were surveyed (Nā€‰=ā€‰358). The ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2018, 46(8):913-920]

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Googling your hand hygiene data: Using Google Forms, Google Sheets, and R to collect and automate analysis of hand hygiene compliance monitoring.

Timothy L Wiemken, Stephen P Furmanek, William A Mattingly, Janet Haas, Julio A Ramirez, Ruth M Carrico,

BACKGROUND:Hand hygiene is one of the most important interventions in the quest to eliminate healthcare-associated infections, and rates in healthcare facilities are markedly low. Since hand hygiene observation and feedback are critical to improve adherence, we created an easy-to-use, platform-independent hand hygiene data collection process and an automated, on-demand reporting ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2018, 46(6):617-619]

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Adults Hospitalized With Pneumonia in the United States: Incidence, Epidemiology, and Mortality.

Julio A Ramirez, Timothy L Wiemken, Paula Peyrani, Forest W Arnold, Robert Kelley, William A Mattingly, Raul Nakamatsu, Senen Pena, Brian E Guinn, Stephen P Furmanek, Annuradha K Persaud, Anupama Raghuram, Francisco Fernandez, Leslie Beavin, Rahel Bosson, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Jose Bordon, Claudia Valdivieso, Joann Schulte, Ruth M Carrico, ,

Understanding the burden of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is critical to allocate resources for prevention, management, and research. The objectives of this study were to define incidence, epidemiology, and mortality of adult patients hospitalized with CAP in the city of Louisville, and to estimate burden of CAP in the US adult ... Read more >>

Clin. Infect. Dis. (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2017, 65(11):1806-1812]

Cited: 32 times

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Methods for computational disease surveillance in infection prevention and control: Statistical process control versus Twitter's anomaly and breakout detection algorithms.

Timothy L Wiemken, Stephen P Furmanek, William A Mattingly, Marc-Oliver Wright, Annuradha K Persaud, Brian E Guinn, Ruth M Carrico, Forest W Arnold, Julio A Ramirez,

BACKGROUND:Although not all health care-associated infections (HAIs) are preventable, reducing HAIs through targeted intervention is key to a successful infection prevention program. To identify areas in need of targeted intervention, robust statistical methods must be used when analyzing surveillance data. The objective of this study was to compare and contrast ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2018, 46(2):124-132]

Cited: 0 times

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Postsplenectomy vaccination guideline adherence: Opportunities for improvement.

Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Jodi Wojcik, Kimberly Broughton-Miller, Karina Pentecost, Michelle Frisbie, Stanley Kotey, Deborah Niyongabo, Matthew Benns, Anupama Raghuram, M Cynthia Logsdon,

Patients undergoing splenectomy for trauma are at life-long risk for rapidly progressive septicemia. The purpose of this study was to investigate long-term patient understanding and follow-up with recommendations regarding their asplenia.Patients undergoing splenectomy for trauma January 2010-December 2014 were analyzed. Medical records were reviewed and telephone follow-up interviews were conducted ... Read more >>

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract (Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners)
[2017, 29(10):612-617]

Cited: 2 times

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Infection prevention and control and the refugee population: Experiences from the University of Louisville Global Health Center.

Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez,

During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2017, 45(6):673-676]

Cited: 2 times

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The Role of the Nurse in the Care of Refugees: Experiences from the University of Louisville Global Health Program.

Dawn Balcom, Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Montray Smith, Sarah Van Heiden, Renecca A Ford, Karen Mutsch, Rahel S Bosson,

Ky Nurse (Kentucky nurse)
[2017, 65(1):6-7]

Cited: 0 times

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Process control charts in infection prevention: Make it simple to make it happen.

Timothy L Wiemken, Stephen P Furmanek, Ruth M Carrico, William A Mattingly, Annuradha K Persaud, Brian E Guinn, Robert R Kelley, Julio A Ramirez,

Quality improvement is central to Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) programs. Challenges may occur when applying quality improvement methodologies like process control charts, often due to the limited exposure of typical IPs. Because of this, our team created an open-source database with a process control chart generator for IPC programs. ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2017, 45(3):216-221]

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Disinfectant sprays versus wipes: Applications in behavioral health.

Timothy L Wiemken, Whitney Powell, Ruth M Carrico, William A Mattingly, Robert R Kelley, Stephen P Furmanek, Debra Johnson, Julio A Ramirez,

We evaluated the utility and usability of a spray and a wipe-based cleaner/disinfectant in a behavioral health setting where health care providers institute cleaning and disinfection procedures. The spray-based version resulted in significantly lower adenosine triphosphate readings after use compared with the wipe version. Staff surveys indicated that users preferred ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2016, 44(12):1698-1699]

Cited: 0 times

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Understanding why low-risk patients accept vaccines: a socio-behavioral approach.

Timothy L Wiemken, Ruth M Carrico, Robert R Kelley, Laura E Binford, Paula Peyrani, Kimbal D Ford, Verna Welch, Julio A Ramirez,

Vaccines are one of the most important public health interventions. Understanding factors associated with vaccine acceptance is critical. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the impact of the three constructs of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) on the intention to be vaccinated among healthy individuals being seen ... Read more >>

BMC Res Notes (BMC research notes)
[2015, 8:813]

Cited: 0 times

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Efficacy of a novel skin antiseptic against carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.

Timothy L Wiemken, Robert R Kelley, Ruth M Carrico, Laura E Binford, Brian E Guinn, William A Mattingly, Paula Peyrani, Julio A Ramirez,

Infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are increasing on a global scale. Because of the need for CRE transmission prevention and control, we sought to evaluate the efficacy of a silver-based skin antiseptic against these organisms. Using a human skin analog, a third party laboratory conducted efficacy testing. The results ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2015, 43(4):380-382]

Cited: 2 times

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The effectiveness of the polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine for the prevention of hospitalizations due to Streptococcus pneumoniae community-acquired pneumonia in the elderly differs between the sexes: results from the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) international cohort study.

Timothy L Wiemken, Ruth M Carrico, Sabra L Klein, Colleen B Jonsson, Paula Peyrani, Robert R Kelley, Stefano Aliberti, Francesco Blasi, Ricardo Fernandez-Gonzalez, Gustavo Lopardo, Julio A Ramirez, ,

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) to prevent hospitalizations due to Streptococcus pneumoniae community-acquired pneumonia (SpCAP) is controversial. Recent literature suggests that vaccine effectiveness may be influenced by sex. In this study, we define the effectiveness of prior PPV23 vaccination for the prevention of hospitalizations due ... Read more >>

Vaccine (Vaccine)
[2014, 32(19):2198-2203]

Cited: 23 times

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The value of ready-to-use disinfectant wipes: compliance, employee time, and costs.

Timothy L Wiemken, Daniel R Curran, Emily B Pacholski, Robert R Kelley, Rehab R Abdelfattah, Ruth M Carrico, Julio A Ramirez,

Cleaning and disinfection practices of environmental surfaces are critical interventions for reducing health care-associated infections. We studied the value of ready-to-use cleaning and disinfection wipes compared with the traditional towel and bucket method. When using ready-to-use wipes, we found compliance to be significantly higher, a more rapid cleaning and disinfection ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2014, 42(3):329-330]

Cited: 8 times

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Evaluation of the effectiveness of improved hydrogen peroxide in the operating room.

Timothy L Wiemken, Daniel R Curran, Robert R Kelley, Emily B Pacholski, Ruth M Carrico, Paula Peyrani, M S S Khan, Julio A Ramirez,

The aim of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 1-step, ready-to-use improved hydrogen peroxide (IHP) cleaner and disinfectant for between-case use in the operating room. We found high cleaning efficacy (84%-96%) and a high compliance rate with the IHP (84%). With good surface compatibility, low toxicity, rapid ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2014, 42(9):1004-1005]

Cited: 2 times

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Tobacco cessation treatment education for dental students using standardized patients.

Jacqueline A Singleton, Ruth M Carrico, John A Myers, David A Scott, Richard W Wilson, Celeste T Worth,

The use of standardized patients (SPs) shows promise in tobacco cessation treatment (TCT) training by providing a simulated clinical environment for dental students to practice counseling skills with individuals trained to portray patients. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in attitudes, perceptions, and ... Read more >>

J Dent Educ (Journal of dental education)
[2014, 78(6):895-905]

Cited: 9 times

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A single genotype of Acinetobacter baumannii expresses multiple antibiotic susceptibility phenotypes.

Timothy L Wiemken, Daniel Curran, Robert R Kelley, Mohammad S S Khan, Ruth M Carrico, Emily B Pacholski, Julio A Ramirez,

It is common practice to define a bacterium with unequal antibiotic susceptibility phenotypes as a different genotype. Here, we describe the utility of this practice for Acinetobacter baumannii. We determined antibiotic susceptibility for 19 clinical isolates of A baumannii. Repetitive sequence polymerase chain reaction method was used to determine genotypes. ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2014, 42(5):556-558]

Cited: 1 time

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The role of infection prevention conferences to build and maintain knowledge-sharing networks: a longitudinal evaluation.

Timothy L Wiemken, Robert R Kelley, Emily B Pacholski, Kelly W Carrico, Paula Peyrani, Ruth M Carrico, Julio A Ramirez,

Well-connected knowledge-sharing networks (KSNs) of infection preventionists are vital to the profession. Face-to-face networking during conferences is considered critical to build and maintain KSNs; however, this has never been formally studied. We used a pre-post survey design to evaluate the effect of a regional infection prevention meeting on the KSNs. ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2014, 42(2):209-211]

Cited: 0 times

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Public reporting of health care-associated surveillance data: recommendations from the healthcare infection control practices advisory committee.

Thomas R Talbot, Dale W Bratzler, Ruth M Carrico, Daniel J Diekema, Mary K Hayden, Susan S Huang, Deborah S Yokoe, Neil O Fishman, ,

Health care-associated infection (HAI) rates are used as measures of a health care facility's quality of patient care. Recently, these outcomes have been used to publicly rank quality efforts and determine facility reimbursement. The value of comparing HAI rates among health care facilities is limited by many factors inherent to ... Read more >>

Ann. Intern. Med. (Annals of internal medicine)
[2013, 159(9):631-635]

Cited: 25 times

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Monitoring of health care personnel employee and occupational health immunization program practices in the United States.

Ruth M Carrico, Nikka Sorrells, Kelly Westhusing, Timothy Wiemken,

Recent studies have identified concerns with various elements of health care personnel immunization programs, including the handling and management of the vaccine. The purpose of this study was to assess monitoring processes that support evaluation of the care of vaccines in health care settings. An 11-question survey instrument was developed ... Read more >>

Am J Infect Control (American journal of infection control)
[2014, 42(1):66-68]

Cited: 0 times

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