Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Robin D Gleed

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Retrospective study of the prevalence of factors contributing to successful standing at first attempt in horses recovering from general anesthesia.

Cristina de Miguel Garcia, Luis Campoy, Stephen A Parry, Manuel Martin-Flores, Robin D Gleed,

<h4>Objective</h4>Several factors affect the quality of recovery from general anesthesia in horses. These can increase the likelihood of injury. Body and limb position during recovery may correlate with successful standing. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of and the factors associated with successful standing at the ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, :]

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The Canine Postamputation Pain (CAMPPAIN) initiative: a retrospective study and development of a diagnostic scale.

Jordyn M Boesch, Karina E Roinestad, Daniel J Lopez, Ashley K Newman, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed, Galina M Hayes,

<h4>Objective</h4>To develop a scale to diagnose and assess the severity of postamputation pain (PAP) in dogs.<h4>Study design</h4>Single-center retrospective study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of 66 dogs that underwent thoracic or pelvic limb amputation and 139 dogs that underwent tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) at a veterinary teaching hospital.<h4>Methods</h4>An online survey regarding postoperative behavioral ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, 48(6):861-870]

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Muscle tremors observed in white rhinoceroses immobilised with either etorphine-azaperone or etorphine-midazolam: An initial study.

Mary Nasr, Leith C R Meyer, Peter Buss, María C Fàbregas, Robin D Gleed, Jordyn M Boesch, Friederike Pohlin,

Etorphine-azaperone is the most commonly used drug combination for chemical immobilisation of free-ranging white rhinoceroses, but causes several profound physiological disturbances, including muscle tremors. The addition of benzodiazepine sedatives, such as midazolam, has been proposed to reduce the muscular rigidity and tremors in immobilised rhinoceroses. Twenty-three free-ranging, sub-adult white rhinoceros ... Read more >>

J S Afr Vet Assoc (Journal of the South African Veterinary Association)
[2021, 92(0):e1-e3]

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THE PULMONARY AND METABOLIC EFFECTS OF SUSPENSION BY THE FEET COMPARED WITH LATERAL RECUMBENCY IN IMMOBILIZED BLACK RHINOCEROSES (DICEROS BICORNIS) CAPTURED BY AERIAL DARTING.

Robin W Radcliffe, Mark Jago, Peter vdB Morkel, Estelle Morkel, Pierre du Preez, Piet Beytell, Birgit Kotting, Bakker Manuel, Jan Hendrik du Preez, Michele A Miller, Julia Felippe, Stephen A Parry, Robin D Gleed,

Aerial translocation of captured black rhinoceroses (Diceros bicornis) has been accomplished by suspending them by their feet. We expected this posture would compromise respiratory gas exchange more than would lateral recumbency. Because white rhinoceroses (Ceratotherium simum) immobilized with etorphine alone are hypermetabolic, with a high rate of carbon dioxide production ... Read more >>

J Wildl Dis (Journal of wildlife diseases)
[2021, 57(2):357-367]

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Questionnaire on the process of recovering horses from general anesthesia and associated personnel injury in equine practice.

Cristina de Miguel Garcia, Luis Campoy, Stephen Parry, Julia E Miller, Manuel Martin-Flores, Robin D Gleed,

<h4>Objective</h4>To collect data about the current practice of recovering horses from general anesthesia and recovery personnel safety.<h4>Study design</h4>Online survey.<h4>Methods</h4>An online questionnaire, including questions on general demographic data, recovery drugs, modality and characteristics of equine recovery and morbidity and mortality, was designed and distributed via e-mail to equine practitioners worldwide.<h4>Results</h4>Practitioners from ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, 48(2):223-229]

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Retrospective study on the use of lumbosacral epidural analgesia during caesarean section surgery in 182 dogs: Impact on blood pressure, analgesic use and delays.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Karen E Moy-Trigilio, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed,

<h4>Background</h4>We evaluated the use of lumbosacral epidural anaesthesia (LEA) in dogs undergoing caesarean section over 10 years.<h4>Methods</h4>Anaesthetic records were reviewed and divided into two treatment groups: LEA and control. Outcome variables identified a priori as potentially affected by LEA were compared between groups. Results are frequency or median (minimum-maximum).<h4>Results</h4>Ninety-five dogs ... Read more >>

Vet Rec (The Veterinary record)
[2021, 188(8):e134]

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Evaluation of an oscillometric blood pressure monitor in anesthetized dogs: Agreement with direct measurements and ability to detect hypotension.

Samantha Sedgwick, Augusto M Lorenzutti, Joaquin B Araos, Robin D Gleed, Manuel Martin-Flores,

We evaluated the agreement between oscillometric and direct blood pressure monitors in anesthetized dogs and evaluated the ability of the oscillometric method to detect MAP <60 mmHg. Forty client-owned dogs, three months to 14 years old, 4.6-50.2 kg, under general anesthesia were studied. Systolic (SAP), mean (MAP) and diastolic (DAP) arterial pressures were ... Read more >>

Res Vet Sci (Research in veterinary science)
[2021, 135:162-166]

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Retrospective investigation of an association between high-dose buprenorphine and perpetuation of post-anesthesia hyperthermia in cats following ovariohysterectomy.

Cheyenne J Cannarozzo, Pati Kirch, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed, Augusto M Lorenzutti, Manuel Martin-Flores,

<h4>Objectives</h4>We evaluated a potential association between the administration of high-dose buprenorphine and perpetuation of hyperthermia in cats following ovariohysterectomy (OVH). We hypothesized that buprenorphine 0.24 mg/kg subcutaneously (SC) would result in longer-lasting postoperative hyperthermia in cats vs a group receiving morphine 0.1 mg/kg SC.<h4>Methods</h4>Anesthetic records from cats admitted for OVH as part ... Read more >>

J Feline Med Surg (Journal of feline medicine and surgery)
[2021, 23(8):777-782]

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What hinders pulmonary gas exchange and changes distribution of ventilation in immobilized white rhinoceroses (Ceratotherium simum) in lateral recumbency?

Martina Mosing, Andreas D Waldmann, Muriel Sacks, Peter Buss, Jordyn M Boesch, Gareth E Zeiler, Giselle Hosgood, Robin D Gleed, Michele Miller, Leith C R Meyer, Stephan H Böhm,

This study used electrical impedance tomography (EIT) measurements of regional ventilation and perfusion to elucidate the reasons for severe gas exchange impairment reported in rhinoceroses during opioid-induced immobilization. EIT values were compared with standard monitoring parameters to establish a new monitoring tool for conservational immobilization and future treatment options. Six ... Read more >>

J Appl Physiol (1985) (Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985))
[2020, 129(5):1140-1149]

Cited: 2 times

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Evaluation of a regional nerve block with an experimental formulation of encapsulated lidocaine in sheep.

Erika A Militana, Luis Campoy, Manuel Martin-Flores, Robin D Gleed,

<h4>Objective</h4>To compare the duration of nociceptive and proprioceptive blockade from an experimental encapsulated lidocaine preparation with that of conventional lidocaine.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective, blinded, randomly assigned, crossover study.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of six adult Dorset ewes, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II, weighing 60.4 ± 18.0 kg (mean ± standard deviation).<h4>Methods</h4>Under ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2020, 47(6):819-825]

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Thermal radiofrequency ablation of the saphenous nerve in dogs with pain from naturally-occurring stifle osteoarthritis.

Jordyn M Boesch, Luis Campoy, Manuel Martin-Flores, Robin D Gleed,

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2020, 47(3):417-418]

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Postoperative oxygenation in healthy dogs following mechanical ventilation with fractions of inspired oxygen of 0.4 or >0.9.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Cheyenne J Cannarozzo, Chia T Tseng, Augusto M Lorenzutti, Joaquin D Araos, H Jay Harvey, Robin D Gleed, Luis Campoy,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate arterial oxygenation during the first 4 postoperative hours in dogs administered different fractions of inspired oxygen (FiO<sub>2</sub>) during general anesthesia with mechanical ventilation.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective, randomized clinical trial.<h4>Animals</h4>A total of 20 healthy female dogs, weighing >15 kg and body condition scores 3-7/9, admitted for ovariohysterectomy.<h4>Methods</h4>Dogs were randomized to breathe ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2020, 47(3):295-300]

Cited: 1 time

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A retrospective analysis of the epidural use of bupivacaine 0.0625-0.125% with opioids in bitches undergoing cesarean section.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Justine C Anderson, Daniel M Sakai, Luis Campoy, Soon Hon Cheong, Marta Romano, Robin D Gleed,

Epidural anesthesia, often used during cesarean surgery, can exacerbate hypotension from general anesthesia and delay discharge due to motor block. Decreasing the local anesthetic dose might reduce those complications. Cases of dogs undergoing cesarean section that were anesthetized without epidural (n = 29) (control) and dogs with low-dose epidural bupivacaine ... Read more >>

Can Vet J (The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne)
[2019, 60(12):1349-1352]

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Histological, electrophysiological and clinical effects of thermal radiofrequency therapy of the saphenous nerve and pulsed radiofrequency therapy of the sciatic nerve in dogs.

Jordyn M Boesch, Luis Campoy, Teresa Southard, Curtis Dewey, Hollis N Erb, Robin D Gleed, Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Jennifer Sutton, Baye Williamson, Kathryn Zatroch,

<h4>Objective</h4>Thermal radiofrequency (TRF) of the saphenous nerve (a sensory nerve) combined with pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) of the sciatic nerve (a sensory and motor nerve) might relieve intractable stifle osteoarthritis (OA) pain in dogs. The objective was to determine if saphenous nerve TRF induces Wallerian degeneration and if sciatic nerve PRF ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2019, 46(5):689-698]

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Investigation of associations between preoperative acepromazine or dexmedetomidine administration and development of arterial hypotension or bradycardia in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Monika M Mostowy, Ella Pittman, Daniel M Sakai, Hussni O Mohammed, Robin D Gleed, Luis Campoy,

OBJECTIVE To evaluate potential associations between preanesthetic administration of acepromazine or dexmedetomidine and development of arterial hypotension or bradycardia in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. ANIMALS 341 dogs. PROCEDURES Medical records were searched to identify dogs that underwent ovariohysterectomy between January 2009 and December 2010 and received hydromorphone with acepromazine or ... Read more >>

J Am Vet Med Assoc (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association)
[2019, 255(2):193-199]

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Can we see fade? A survey of anesthesia providers and our ability to detect partial neuromuscular block in dogs.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Chia T Tseng, Robin D Gleed, Luis Campoy,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the ability to visually detect fade during train-of-four (TOF) or double burst stimulation (DBS) in anesthetized dogs recovering from nondepolarizing neuromuscular block.<h4>Study design</h4>Online anonymous survey.<h4>Population</h4>Data from 112 participants.<h4>Methods</h4>A web-based survey containing 12 videos of the response to ulnar nerve stimulation with TOF and 12 with DBS obtained at ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2019, 46(2):182-187]

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Hemodynamic effects of MK-467 following intravenous administration to isoflurane-anesthetized cats concurrently receiving dexmedetomidine.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Juhana Honkavaara, Luis Campoy, Diego A Portela, Robin D Gleed,

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of each of 3 incremental doses of MK-467 for alleviation of dexmedetomidine-induced hemodynamic depression in isoflurane-anesthetized cats. ANIMALS 6 healthy adult domestic shorthair cats. PROCEDURES Each cat was anesthetized with isoflurane and received a target-controlled infusion of dexmedetomidine estimated to maintain the plasma dexmedetomidine concentration ... Read more >>

Am J Vet Res (American journal of veterinary research)
[2018, 79(7):711-717]

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Survey of how different groups of veterinarians manage the use of neuromuscular blocking agents in anesthetized dogs.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed,

OBJECTIVE:To analyze practice habits associated with the use, reversal and monitoring of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in dogs by different groups of veterinarians. STUDY DESIGN:Online anonymous survey to veterinarians. POPULATION:Data from 390 answered surveys. METHODS:A questionnaire was sent to e-mail list servers of the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2018, 45(4):443-451]

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Effects of two fractions of inspired oxygen during anesthesia on early postanesthesia oxygenation in healthy dogs.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Chia T Tseng, Steven D Robillard, Brittany E Abrams, Luis Campoy, H Jay Harvey, Robin D Gleed,

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of 2 fractions of inspired oxygen (Fio<sub>2</sub>s) during anesthesia on postanesthesia Pao<sub>2</sub> and other measures of oxygen exchange. ANIMALS 22 healthy adult sexually intact female dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy by ventral midline celiotomy. PROCEDURES Dogs were randomly assigned to receive either oxygen (Fio<sub>2</sub> > 0.9 [100% ... Read more >>

Am J Vet Res (American journal of veterinary research)
[2018, 79(2):147-153]

Cited: 1 time

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Changes in blood volume indicators and dynamic indicators measured with transpulmonary ultrasound velocity during blood depletion and repletion in a neonatal swine model.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Alvaro F Cisternas, Robin D Gleed,

Dynamic indicators such as pulse pressure and stroke volume variations can be measured to track changes in preload during hemorrhage, and evaluate fluid therapy. However, these dynamic indicators require mechanical ventilation, and might be affected by cardiac dysrhythmias and changes in vascular tone. Blood volume indicators may offer alternatives for ... Read more >>

Paediatr Anaesth (Paediatric anaesthesia)
[2017, 27(11):1136-1141]

Cited: 1 time

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Effects of neostigmine or edrophonium on force of contraction when administered at a train-of-four ratio of 0.9 in anesthetized dogs.

Marta Romano, Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Chia T Tseng, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed,

Anticholinesterase drugs may produce paradoxical neuromuscular block when administered at shallow levels of neuromuscular block. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of neostigmine and edrophonium when administered at near-complete reversal from nondepolarizing block in anesthetized dogs.Incomplete crossover, randomized, blinded experimental study.A total of 12 Beagle dogs.Each ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2017, 44(6):1313-1320]

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Partial neuromuscular block impairs arytenoid abduction during hypercarbic challenge in anesthetized dogs.

Chia T Tseng, Daniel M Sakai, Madeline Libin, Monika Mostowy, Jonathan Cheetham, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed, Manuel Martin-Flores,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the effect of two levels of partial neuromuscular block (NMB) on arytenoid abduction, tidal volume (V<sub>T</sub>) and peak inspiratory flow (PIF) in response to a hypercarbic challenge in anesthetized dogs.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective laboratory study.<h4>Animals</h4>Eleven healthy male Beagle dogs aged 3-5 years.<h4>Methods</h4>Dogs were anesthetized with propofol and dexmedetomidine infusions. The rima ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2017, 44(5):1049-1056]

Cited: 2 times

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Ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral injection in dogs: a cadaveric study.

Diego A Portela, Luis Campoy, Pablo E Otero, Manuel Martin-Flores, Robin D Gleed,

<h4>Objective</h4>To describe ultrasound-visualized anatomy and the spread characteristics of a dye injected in the thoracic paravertebral (TPV) space under ultrasound guidance.<h4>Study design</h4>Anatomic cadaver study.<h4>Animals</h4>Seven dog cadavers.<h4>Methods</h4>One cadaver was used to observe, identify, and describe the relevant TPV anatomy. In the remaining six, the left fifth TPV space was randomly assigned ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2017, 44(3):636-645]

Cited: 6 times

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Recovery from rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block was longer in the larynx than in the pelvic limb of anesthetized dogs.

Daniel M Sakai, Manuel Martin-Flores, Marta Romano, Chia T Tseng, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed, Jonathan Cheetham,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine if neuromuscular monitoring at the pelvic limb accurately reflects neuromuscular function in the larynx after administration of rocuronium in anesthetized dogs.<h4>Study design</h4>Prospective experimental study.<h4>Animals</h4>Six healthy Beagle dogs.<h4>Methods</h4>Anesthesia was maintained in dogs with isoflurane and a continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine. Rocuronium (0.6 mg kg<sup>-1</sup>) was administered intravenously to induce neuromuscular block. ... Read more >>

Vet Anaesth Analg (Veterinary anaesthesia and analgesia)
[2017, 44(2):246-253]

Cited: 2 times

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Evaluation of oral maropitant as an antiemetic in cats receiving morphine and dexmedetomidine.

Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Alicia Mastrocco, McKenzie M Learn, Luis Campoy, Pati J Kirch, Jordyn M Boesch, Robin D Gleed,

Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate the antiemetic effects of maropitant, after oral administration, in cats receiving morphine and dexmedetomidine. Methods This prospective, blinded, randomized controlled trial involved 98 healthy female domestic shorthair cats. Cats were randomly assigned to receive maropitant PO 8 mg total (group M) ... Read more >>

J Feline Med Surg (Journal of feline medicine and surgery)
[2016, 18(11):921-924]

Cited: 6 times

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