Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Rita V Burke

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The Association Between Opioid Use and Outcomes in Infants Undergoing Pyloromyotomy.

Cory McLaughlin, Anthony I Squillaro, Shadassa Ourshaliman, Ashley Song, Ashwini Lakshmanan, Giovanni Cucchiaro, Matthew Hall, Rita V Burke, Lorraine I Kelley-Quon,

PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to describe the frequency and variation of opioid use across hospitals in infants undergoing pyloromyotomy and to determine the impact of opioid use on postoperative outcomes. METHODS:A retrospective cohort study (2005-2015) was conducted by using the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database, including infants ... Read more >>

Clin Ther (Clinical therapeutics)
[2019, 41(9):1690-1700]

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Race/Ethnicity and Neighborhood Characteristics Are Associated With Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in the United States: A Study From CARES.

Maryam Y Naim, Heather M Griffis, Rita V Burke, Bryan F McNally, Lihai Song, Robert A Berg, Vinay M Nadkarni, Kimberly Vellano, David Markenson, Richard N Bradley, Joseph W Rossano,

Background Whether racial and neighborhood characteristics are associated with bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation ( BCPR ) in pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest ( OHCA ) is unknown. Methods and Results An analysis was conducted of CARES (Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival) for pediatric nontraumatic OHCA s from 2013 to 2017. An ... Read more >>

J Am Heart Assoc (Journal of the American Heart Association)
[2019, 8(14):e012637]

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Management and outcomes of peripancreatic fluid collections and pseudocysts following non-operative management of pancreatic injuries in children.

Eric H Rosenfeld, Adam M Vogel, Mubeen Jafri, Randall Burd, Robert Russell, Marianne Beaudin, Alexis Sandler, Rajan Thakkar, Richard A Falcone, Hale Wills, Jeffrey Upperman, Rita V Burke, Mauricio A Escobar, Denise B Klinkner, Barbara A Gaines, Ankush Gosain, Brendan T Campbell, David Mooney, Anthony Stallion, Stephon J Fenton, Jose M Prince, David Juang, Nathaniel Kreykes, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria,

BACKGROUND:Peripancreatic fluid collection and pseudocyst development is a common sequela following non-operative management (NOM) of pancreatic injuries in children. Our purpose was to review management strategies and assess outcomes. METHODS:A multicenter, retrospective review was conducted of children treated with NOM following blunt pancreatic injury at 22 pediatric trauma centers between ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Surg. Int. (Pediatric surgery international)
[2019, 35(8):861-867]

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Formative research experiences in pediatric surgeons: a mixed methods study of Pediatric Trauma Society members.

Cory McLaughlin, Erica Barin, Henri Ford, Jeffrey Upperman, Laura Cassidy, Rita V Burke,

PURPOSE:A career in pediatric surgery has historically required extensive research experience, but the optimal research training is not well defined. The purpose of this study was to explore the formative research experiences among pediatric surgeons. METHODS:A 1-h focus group was held with 14 pediatric surgeons at the 2017 Pediatric Trauma ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Surg. Int. (Pediatric surgery international)
[2019, 35(4):495-499]

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Evaluation of Highest Level Pediatric Trauma Activation Criteria.

Jessica A Zagory, Minna M Wieck, Brooke E Lerner, Suzanne Moody, Richard A Falcone, Rita V Burke,

BACKGROUND:Despite the presence of a tiered in-hospital trauma triage system for the past decade, trauma centers still struggle with a definitive list of highest level activation criteria. In 2002, the American College of Surgeons (ACS) mandated 6 criteria for highest level activation. However, it is unknown if pediatric trauma centers ... Read more >>

Pediatr Emerg Care (Pediatric emergency care)
[2018, 34(11):787-790]

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Impact of simulation-based training on perceived provider confidence in acute multidisciplinary pediatric trauma resuscitation.

Cory M McLaughlin, Minna M Wieck, Erica N Barin, Alyssa Rake, Rita V Burke, Heather B Roesly, L Caulette Young, Todd P Chang, Elizabeth A Cleek, Inge Morton, Catherine J Goodhue, Randall S Burd, Henri R Ford, Jeffrey S Upperman, Aaron R Jensen,

PURPOSE:Simulation-based training has the potential to improve team-based care. We hypothesized that implementation of an in situ multidisciplinary simulation-based training program would improve provider confidence in team-based management of severely injured pediatric trauma patients. METHODS:An in situ multidisciplinary pediatric trauma simulation-based training program with structured debriefing was implemented at a ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Surg. Int. (Pediatric surgery international)
[2018, 34(12):1353-1362]

Cited: 1 time

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Pediatric trauma-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome: Incidence, risk factors, and outcomes.

Amory de Roulet, Rita V Burke, Joanna Lim, Stephanie Papillon, David W Bliss, Henri R Ford, Jeffrey S Upperman, Kenji Inaba, Aaron R Jensen,

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE:Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) results in significant morbidity and mortality in pediatric trauma victims. The objective of this study was to determine risk factors and outcomes specifically related to pediatric trauma-associated ARDS (PT-ARDS). METHODS:A retrospective cohort (2007-2014) of children ≤18 years old from the American College of Surgeons National Trauma ... Read more >>

J. Pediatr. Surg. (Journal of pediatric surgery)
[2019, 54(7):1405-1410]

Cited: 1 time

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Two-thumb-encircling advantageous for lay responder infant CPR: a randomised manikin study.

Jeffrey L Pellegrino, David Bogumil, Jonathan L Epstein, Rita V Burke,

OBJECTIVE:Paediatric health providers and educators influence infant mortality through advocacy and training within families and communities. This research sought to establish the efficacy and training of two-finger versus two-thumb-encircling techniques for lone responder infant chest compressions with ventilations in initially trained infant caregivers. DESIGN:This is a randomised, cross-over educational intervention ... Read more >>

Arch. Dis. Child. (Archives of disease in childhood)
[2019, 104(6):530-534]

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Improving Disaster Preparedness of Families With a Parenteral Nutrition-dependent Child.

Khadija T Toor, Rita V Burke, Natalie E Demeter, Jeffrey S Upperman, Russell J Merritt, Choo Phei Wee, Catherine J Goodhue,

OBJECTIVES:Disruption in the care of special healthcare needs children may lead to life-threatening situations or preventable secondary conditions. California averages more than 100 earthquakes per week. Subsequent power outages, damage to utility systems, and road damage after an earthquake can have grave consequences for families with parenteral nutrition (PN)-dependent children. ... Read more >>

J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. (Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition)
[2018, 67(2):237-241]

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Evaluation and Gap Analysis of Pediatric Disaster Preparedness Resources.

Tessa J Koeffler, Natalie E Demeter, Lynn Kysh, Jeffrey Reeb, Alix Stayton, Robert Spears, Rita V Burke,

The goal of this research was to identify, summarize, and evaluate pediatric disaster preparedness resources in the United States and to identify areas that need improvement or further development. Using standard literature, gray literature and website reviews, relevant resources were identified and the 50 most relevant resources were studied in ... Read more >>

Disaster Med Public Health Prep (Disaster medicine and public health preparedness)
[2019, 13(2):330-337]

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Self-assessment of team performance using T-NOTECHS in simulated pediatric trauma resuscitation is not consistent with expert assessment.

Minna M Wieck, Cory McLaughlin, Todd P Chang, Alyssa Rake, Caron Park, Christianne Lane, Rita V Burke, L Caulette Young, Elizabeth A Cleek, Inge Morton, Catherine J Goodhue, Randall S Burd, Henri R Ford, Jeffrey S Upperman, Aaron R Jensen,

BACKGROUND:The Trauma NOn-TECHnical Skills (T-NOTECHS) tool has been used to assess teamwork in trauma resuscitation, but its reliability and validity for self-assessment is unknown. Our purpose was to determine the reliability and validity of self-administered T-NOTECHS in pediatric trauma resuscitation. METHODS:Simulated in situ resuscitations were evaluated using T-NOTECHS in real ... Read more >>

Am. J. Surg. (American journal of surgery)
[2018, 216(3):630-635]

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Creation of a Collaborative Disaster Preparedness Video for Daycare Providers: Use of the Delphi Model for the Creation of a Comprehensive Disaster Preparedness Video for Daycare Providers.

Pamela Mar, Robert Spears, Jeffrey Reeb, Sarah B Thompson, Paul Myers, Rita V Burke,

Eight million American children under the age of 5 attend daycare and more than another 50 million American children are in school or daycare settings. Emergency planning requirements for daycare licensing vary by state. Expert opinions were used to create a disaster preparedness video designed for daycare providers to cover ... Read more >>

Disaster Med Public Health Prep (Disaster medicine and public health preparedness)
[2018, :1-5]

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Pediatric dog bites: a population-based profile.

Jackson Fein, David Bogumil, Jeffrey S Upperman, Rita V Burke,

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have identified risk factors for dog bites in children, but use data from individual trauma centers, with limited generalizability. This study identifies a population risk profile for pediatric dog bites using the National Trauma Data Bank. We hypothesized that the population at risk was younger boys, that such ... Read more >>

Inj. Prev. (Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention)
[2019, 25(4):290-294]

Cited: 2 times

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Prevalence of nonaccidental trauma among children at American College of Surgeons-verified pediatric trauma centers.

David D A Bogumil, Natalie E Demeter, Karen Kay Imagawa, Jeffrey S Upperman, Rita V Burke,

BACKGROUND:Child abuse remains a national epidemic that has detrimental effects if unnoticed in the clinical setting. Extreme cases of child abuse, or nonaccidental trauma (NAT), have large financial burdens associated with them due to treatment costs and long-term effects of abuse. Clinicians who have additional training and experience with pediatric ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2017, 83(5):862-866]

Cited: 3 times

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Factors associated with preparedness of the US healthcare system to respond to a pediatric surge during an infectious disease pandemic: Is our nation prepared?

Christy Anthony, Tito Joe Thomas, Bridget M Berg, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey S Upperman,

Recent incidents have demonstrated that the US health system is unprepared for infectious pandemics resulting in a pediatric surge. Development of efficient plans and a structured and coordinated regional response to pediatric pandemic surge remains an opportunity. To address this gap, we conducted a literature review to assess current efforts, ... Read more >>

Am J Disaster Med (American journal of disaster medicine)
[2017, 12(4):203-226]

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Hospital admission unnecessary for successful uncomplicated radiographic reduction of pediatric intussusception.

Michael U Mallicote, Mubina A Isani, Anne S Roberts, Nicole E Jones, Kanika A Bowen-Jallow, Rita V Burke, James E Stein, Christopher P Gayer,

After radiologic reduction, patients with ileocolic intussusception are often admitted. We hypothesize that discharge of stable patients after 4 h of emergency department (ED) observation does not result in an increase of adverse outcomes.We retrospectively reviewed pediatric patients with ileocolic intussusception between 2011 and 2016, managed with either 24-h inpatient or ... Read more >>

Am. J. Surg. (American journal of surgery)
[2017, 214(6):1203-1207]

Cited: 1 time

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Discussion of: "Hospital admission unnecessary for successful uncomplicated radiographic reduction of pediatric intussusception".

Michael U Mallicote, Mubina A Isani, Anne S Roberts, Nicole E Jones, Kanika A Bowen-Jallow, Rita V Burke, James E Stein, Christopher P Gayer,

Am. J. Surg. (American journal of surgery)
[2017, 214(6):1208-1209]

Cited: 0 times

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Proposed clinical pathway for nonoperative management of high-grade pediatric pancreatic injuries based on a multicenter analysis: A pediatric trauma society collaborative.

Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, Eric H Rosenfeld, Ankush Gosain, Randall Burd, Richard A Falcone, Rajan Thakkar, Barbara Gaines, David Mooney, Mauricio Escobar, Mubeen Jafri, Anthony Stallion, Denise B Klinkner, Robert Russell, Brendan Campbell, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey Upperman, David Juang, Shawn St Peter, Stephon J Fenton, Marianne Beaudin, Hale Wills, Adam Vogel, Stephanie Polites, Adam Pattyn, Christine Leeper, Laura V Veras, Ilan Maizlin, Shefali Thaker, Alexis Smith, Megan Waddell, Joseph Drews, James Gilmore, Lindsey Armstrong, Alexis Sandler, Suzanne Moody, Brandon Behrens, Laurence Carmant, ,

BACKGROUND:Guidelines for nonoperative management (NOM) of high-grade pancreatic injuries in children have not been established, and wide practice variability exists. The purpose of this study was to evaluate common clinical strategies across multiple pediatric trauma centers to develop a consensus-based standard clinical pathway. METHODS:A multicenter, retrospective review was conducted of ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2017, 83(4):589-596]

Cited: 1 time

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The Role of Adult Perceptions and Supervision Behavior in Preventing Child Injury.

Ha T Huynh, Natalie E Demeter, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey S Upperman,

Supervision is an important factor in reducing injury risk. There are multiple factors that can affect the appropriate level of supervision including risk perception, anticipation of injury, and distracted behaviors. This study examined the perceived risks of child injury among parents and child caregivers and their supervision behavior among adults ... Read more >>

J Community Health (Journal of community health)
[2017, 42(4):649-655]

Cited: 0 times

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Utilization patterns of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in neonates in the United States 1997-2012.

Ashley Y Song, Hsuan-Hsiu Annie Chen, Rachel Chapman, Ameish Govindarajan, Jeffrey S Upperman, Rita V Burke, James Stein, Philippe S Friedlich, Ashwini Lakshmanan,

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) remains one of the most intensive therapies for newborns in the United States. However, there is limited information on resource utilization for neonates receiving ECMO.We conducted a retrospective data analysis of the Kids' Inpatient Database from 1997 to 2012. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was completed to ... Read more >>

J. Pediatr. Surg. (Journal of pediatric surgery)
[2017, 52(10):1681-1687]

Cited: 1 time

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The association of nonaccidental trauma with historical factors, examination findings, and diagnostic testing during the initial trauma evaluation.

Mauricio A Escobar, Katherine T Flynn-OʼBrien, Marc Auerbach, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Matthew A Borgman, Susan J Duffy, Kelly S Falcone, Rita V Burke, John M Cox, Sabine A Maguire,

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2017, 82(6):1147-1157]

Cited: 1 time

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Qualitative assessment of simulation-based training for pediatric trauma resuscitation.

Rita V Burke, Natalie E Demeter, Catherine J Goodhue, Heather Roesly, Alyssa Rake, L Caulette Young, Todd P Chang, Elizabeth Cleek, Inge Morton, Jeffrey S Upperman, Aaron R Jensen,

Effective teamwork is critical in the trauma bay, although there is a lack of consensus related to optimal training for these skills. We implemented in situ trauma simulations with debriefing as a possible training methodology to improve team-oriented skills.Focus groups were conducted with multidisciplinary clinicians who respond to trauma activations. ... Read more >>

Surgery (Surgery)
[2017, 161(5):1357-1366]

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Association of Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation With Overall and Neurologically Favorable Survival After Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in the United States: A Report From the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival Surveillance Registry.

Maryam Y Naim, Rita V Burke, Bryan F McNally, Lihai Song, Heather M Griffis, Robert A Berg, Kimberly Vellano, David Markenson, Richard N Bradley, Joseph W Rossano,

Importance:There are few data on the prevalence or outcome of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) in children 18 years and younger. Objective:To characterize BCPR in pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs). Design, Setting, and Participants:This analysis of the Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival database investigated nontraumatic OHCAs in children 18 years ... Read more >>

JAMA Pediatr (JAMA pediatrics)
[2017, 171(2):133-141]

Cited: 20 times

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Association of Mechanical Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Device Use With Cardiac Arrest Outcomes: A Population-Based Study Using the CARES Registry (Cardiac Arrest Registry to Enhance Survival).

David G Buckler, Rita V Burke, Maryam Y Naim, Andrew MacPherson, Richard N Bradley, Benjamin S Abella, Joseph W Rossano, ,

Circulation (Circulation)
[2016, 134(25):2131-2133]

Cited: 6 times

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Limiting chest computed tomography in the evaluation of pediatric thoracic trauma.

Jamie Golden, Mubina Isani, Jordan Bowling, Jessica Zagory, Catherine J Goodhue, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey S Upperman, Christopher P Gayer,

Computed tomography (CT) of the chest (chest CT) is overused in blunt pediatric thoracic trauma. Chest CT adds to the diagnosis of thoracic injury but rarely changes patient management. We sought to identify a subset of blunt pediatric trauma patients who would benefit from a screening chest CT based on ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2016, 81(2):271-277]

Cited: 4 times

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