Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Olubukola O Nafiu

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Pediatric obesity and perioperative medicine.

Christian Mpody, Kwaku Owusu-Bediako, Vidya T Raman, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Childhood obesity is a public health emergency that has reached a pandemic level and imposed a massive economic burden on healthcare systems. Our objective was to provide an update on (1) challenges of obesity definition and classification in the perioperative setting, (2) challenges of perioperative patient positioning and ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol (Current opinion in anaesthesiology)
[2021, 34(3):299-305]

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Association of Preoperative Pneumonia With Postsurgical Morbidity and Mortality in Children.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Christian Mpody, Stephen E Kirkby, Julie B Samora, Joseph D Tobias,

<h4>Background</h4>Pneumonia is a common lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) and the leading cause of pediatric hospitalization in the United States. Given its frequency, children with pneumonia may require surgery during their hospital course. This poses serious anesthetic and surgical challenges because preoperative pulmonary status is among the most important risk ... Read more >>

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, 132(5):1380-1388]

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Moderating Effects of Race and Preoperative Comorbidity on Surgical Mortality in Infants.

Christian Mpody, Brittany L Willer, Peter C Minneci, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>We sought to investigate the risk of pediatric surgical mortality associated with the combined effects of key preoperative comorbidities and race.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective study that included infants who underwent inpatient surgical procedures between 2012 and 2017 and were entered into the NSQIP-P registry. We assessed additive moderation by estimating ... Read more >>

J Surg Res (The Journal of surgical research)
[2021, 264:435-443]

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Prolonged Postoperative Mechanical Ventilation (PPMV) in children undergoing abdominal operations: An analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database.

Kristin N Partain, Christian Mpody, Brandon Rodgers, Brian Kenney, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation (PPMV) increases length of stay, hospitalization costs, and postoperative complications. Independent risk factors associated with PPMV are not well-known for children.<h4>Method</h4>We identified children (<18 years) in the ACS NSQIP-P database who underwent a general surgical abdominal operation. We excluded children with preoperative ventilator dependence and mortality ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Surg (Journal of pediatric surgery)
[2021, :]

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Racial Disparities in Failure to Rescue Following Unplanned Reoperation in Pediatric Surgery.

Brittany L Willer, Christian Mpody, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Failure to rescue (FTR) and unplanned reoperation following an index surgical procedure are key indicators of the quality of surgical care. Given that differences in unplanned reoperation and FTR rates among racial groups may contribute to persistent disparities in postsurgical outcomes, we sought to determine whether racial differences exist in ... Read more >>

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, 132(3):679-685]

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Race and major pulmonary complications following inpatient pediatric otolaryngology surgery.

Erica Sivak, Christian Mpody, Brittany L Willer, Joseph Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Compared to their white peers, black children are more likely to experience serious respiratory complications in the perioperative period. Whether a racial difference exists in the occurrence of late postoperative respiratory complications is largely unknown. Here, we evaluated a multi-institutional cohort of children who underwent various elective otolaryngology procedures to ... Read more >>

Paediatr Anaesth (Paediatric anaesthesia)
[2021, 31(4):444-451]

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Primary Stroke and Failure-to-Rescue Following Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

Christian Mpody, Jerry Cui, Hamdy Awad, Sujatha Bhandary, Michael Essandoh, Ronald L Harter, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Objective</h4>To characterize the impact, on failure to rescue, of cerebrovascular accident as a first postoperative complication after thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (TEVAR).<h4>Design</h4>A retrospective cohort study using of National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participants User File.<h4>Setting</h4>United States hospitals taking part in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.<h4>Participants</h4>Patients >18 years, who ... Read more >>

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth (Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia)
[2020, :]

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Risk assessment of postoperative pneumonia among children undergoing otolaryngologic surgery: Derivation and validation of a preoperative risk profiling.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Christian Mpody, Kris R Jatana, Charles Elmaraghy, Joseph D Tobias,

<h4>Background</h4>Postoperative pneumonia is a serious complication because it may be associated with morbidity, mortality and substantially increased cost of surgical care. Risk of postoperative pneumonia varies across surgical specialties, although its incidence and risk factors in pediatric otolaryngology have not been comprehensively elucidated.<h4>Objective</h4>To identify factors associated with postoperative pneumonia and ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2020, 139:110466]

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Prognostic profiling of children with serious post-operative complications: A novel probability model for failure to rescue.

Christian Mpody, Jordan Arends, Jennifer H Aldrink, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Failure to rescue (FTR), mortality after a major postoperative complication, is a superior surgical quality metric compared to surgical mortality or complications rates alone. Our objective was to develop and validate a novel pediatric profiling to identify high-risk subjects among the subset of children who develop serious post-operative complications.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Surg (Journal of pediatric surgery)
[2021, 56(2):207-212]

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Synergistic effects of sepsis and prematurity on neonatal postoperative mortality.

Christian Mpody, Edward G Shepherd, Rajan K Thakkar, Olamide O Dairo, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Compared with term neonates, preterm babies are more likely to die from sepsis. However, the combined effects of sepsis and prematurity on neonatal postoperative mortality are largely unknown. Our objective was to quantify the proportion of neonatal postoperative mortality that is attributable to the synergistic effects of preoperative sepsis and ... Read more >>

Br J Anaesth (British journal of anaesthesia)
[2020, 125(6):1056-1063]

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Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Diversity in Pediatric Anesthesiology Fellowship and Anesthesiology Residency Programs in the United States: Small Reservoir, Leaky Pipeline.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Aleda M Leis, Wendy Wang, Matthew Wixson, Lara Zisblatt,

<h4>Background</h4>The critical question of racial and gender diversity in pediatric anesthesia training programs has not been previously explored. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate trends by race/ethnicity and gender in pediatric anesthesiology fellowship training programs in the United States for the years 2000 to 2018.<h4>Methods</h4>Demographic data on ... Read more >>

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2020, 131(4):1201-1209]

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Association of childhood asthma with postoperative pneumonia.

Amogha Krishna, Christian Mpody, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Bronchial asthma is the most pervasive chronic disease among children in the United States. Pneumonia, an acute pulmonary disorder, is also quite common, affecting individuals with chronic respiratory conditions. Despite the widespread recognition of bronchial asthma as a common, potentially life-threatening disease, its impact on the risk of serious pulmonary ... Read more >>

Paediatr Anaesth (Paediatric anaesthesia)
[2020, 30(11):1254-1260]

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Quality and Impact of Survey Research Among Anesthesiologists: A Systematic Review.

Emily D Geyer, Rebecca Miller, Stephani S Kim, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu, Dmitry Tumin,

New technology has facilitated survey research of anesthesia professional society members. We evaluated prevailing metrics of quality and impact of published research studies based on surveys of anesthesiologists. We hypothesized that adherence to recommended practices (such as use of reminders) would be associated with increased survey response rates, and that ... Read more >>

Adv Med Educ Pract (Advances in medical education and practice)
[2020, 11:587-599]

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Race, Postoperative Complications, and Death in Apparently Healthy Children.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Christian Mpody, Stephani S Kim, Joshua C Uffman, Joseph D Tobias,

<h4>Background</h4>That African American (AA) patients have poorer surgical outcomes compared with their white peers is established. The prevailing presumption is that these disparities operate within the context of a higher preoperative comorbidity burden among AA patients. Whether these racial differences in outcomes exist among apparently healthy children (traditionally expected to ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2020, 146(2):]

Cited: 2 times

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Racial Differences in Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders among Pediatric Surgical Patients in the United States.

Christian Mpody, Lisa Humphrey, Stephani Kim, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<b><i>Background:</i></b> Very few studies have investigated the racial differences in do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders in children, and these studies are limited to oncological cases. We aim to characterize the racial difference in DNR orders among U.S. pediatric surgical patients. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> We retrospectively evaluated the mortality of all children who underwent an ... Read more >>

J Palliat Med (Journal of palliative medicine)
[2021, 24(1):71-76]

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Definition of Clinical Outcomes in Pediatric Anesthesia Research: It Is Like the Tower of Babel!

Olubukola O Nafiu, Joseph D Tobias, James A DiNardo,

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2020, 130(2):550-554]

Cited: 1 time

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Anesthetic care for patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis.

Faris Al Ghamdi, Joshua C Uffman, Stephani S Kim, Olubukola O Nafiu, Joseph D Tobias,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis, an autoimmune disorder resulting from antibodies directed against the NMDA (glutamate) receptor, is the second most frequent cause of immune-mediated encephalitis. To date, the information related to the anesthetic care of children with this disorder is limited to anecdotal reports.<h4>Methods</h4>We reviewed the anesthetic care of six ... Read more >>

Saudi J Anaesth (Saudi journal of anaesthesia)
[2020, 14(2):164-168]

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Effect of Body Mass Index Category on Body Surface Area Calculation in Children Undergoing Cardiac Procedures.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Kwaku Owusu-Bediako, S Devi Chiravuri,

<h4>Background</h4>Many of the common equations used for body surface area determination were either introduced before the widespread prevalence of childhood obesity, contained very few children in their sample, or have not been assessed in overweight/obese children. Therefore, we compared 6 body surface area formulae to determine their performance across body ... Read more >>

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2020, 130(2):452-461]

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Albuterol and Pediatric Perioperative Respiratory Complications.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Wilson T Chimbira,

JAMA Pediatr (JAMA pediatrics)
[2019, 173(11):1107]

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Mentoring Programs in Academic Anesthesiology: A Case for PROFOUND Mentoring for Underrepresented Minority Faculty.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Bishr Haydar,

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2019, 129(1):316-320]

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Preoperative Pulmonary Function Tests to Predict Postoperative Outcomes: Beware of Confounders!

Olubukola O Nafiu, Nicole Dobija,

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2019, 129(1):16-18]

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Factors Associated With Recovery Room Intravenous Opiate Requirement After Pediatric Outpatient Operations.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Aleda Thompson, S Devi Chiravuri, Benjamin Cloyd, Paul I Reynolds,

<h4>Background</h4>Many children recovering from anesthesia experience pain that is severe enough to warrant intravenous (IV) opioid treatment within moments of admission to the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). Postoperative pain has several negative consequences; therefore, preventing significant PACU pain in children is both a major clinical goal and a moral/ethical imperative. ... Read more >>

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2019, 128(6):1225-1233]

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Unequal Rates of Serious Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events Between Black and White Children.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Kwaku Owusu-Bediako, Wilson T Chimbira,

<h4>Background</h4>Recent data among pediatric otolaryngology patients showed unexplained higher rates of serious perioperative respiratory adverse events (PRAE) in black children compared to their white peers. We evaluated whether preoperative respiratory comorbidity (PRC) burden contributes to racial disparity in serious PRAE in children undergoing non-otolaryngologic procedures.<h4>Methods</h4>Rates of serious PRAE (laryngospasm and/or ... Read more >>

J Natl Med Assoc (Journal of the National Medical Association)
[2019, 111(5):481-489]

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Some Cautionary Tales About Ideal Body Weight Dosing of Anesthetic Medications: It Is Not All That Ideal!

Olubukola O Nafiu, Katherine Mills, Kevin K Tremper,

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2018, 127(2):586-588]

Cited: 3 times

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In Response.

Kwaku Owusu-Bediako, Olubukola O Nafiu,

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2018, 127(3):e47]

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