Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Norman B Schmidt

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Distress intolerance mediates attentional control on posttraumatic stress symptoms: Evidence from two clinical samples.

Thomas J Preston, Danielle M Morabito, Brian J Albanese, Norman B Schmidt,

Theoretical models emphasize the importance of both affective and cognitive risk factors in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Two such factors predicting PTSS have been studied extensively: distress intolerance (DI) - an affective factor indicative of the ability to tolerate negative affective states - and attentional control (AC), ... Read more >>

J Psychiatr Res (Journal of psychiatric research)
[2020, 130:447-454]

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A longitudinal investigation of the association between rumination, hostility, and PTSD symptoms among trauma-exposed individuals.

Brittany M Mathes, Grace A Kennedy, Danielle M Morabito, Alex Martin, Carter E Bedford, Norman B Schmidt,

BACKGROUND:Rumination, defined as perseverative thinking regarding the causes and consequences of psychological symptoms, is a risk and maintaining factor for PTSD. Existing work has largely focused on the extent to which rumination functions as a coping strategy used to avoid traumatic memories and associated emotions. However, rumination may also maintain ... Read more >>

J Affect Disord (Journal of affective disorders)
[2020, 277:322-328]

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Pilot trial of a transdiagnostic computerized anxiety sensitivity intervention among VA primary care patients.

Aaron M Norr, Andrea C Katz, Janelle L Nguyen, Keren Lehavot, Norman B Schmidt, Greg M Reger,

People in need of mental health treatment do not access care at high rates or in a timely manner, inclusive of Veterans at Department of Veteran's Affairs (VA) medical centers. Barriers to care have been identified, and one potential solution is the use of technology-based interventions within primary care. This ... Read more >>

Psychiatry Res (Psychiatry research)
[2020, 293:113394]

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Hyperarousal symptoms and perceived burdensomeness interact to predict suicidal ideation among trauma-exposed individuals.

Danielle M Morabito, Joseph W Boffa, Carter E Bedford, Jimmy P Chen, Norman B Schmidt,

The association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicidal ideation is well-established and recent prospective studies have demonstrated the unique role of hyperarousal symptoms. In particular, over-arousal may elevate suicide risk in the presence of interpersonal vulnerability factors including thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability. Therefore, the current study ... Read more >>

J Psychiatr Res (Journal of psychiatric research)
[2020, 130:218-223]

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Anxiety sensitivity and opioid use motives among adults with chronic low back pain.

Andrew H Rogers, Lorra Garey, Amanda M Raines, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky,

The opioid epidemic is a significant public health crisis in the United States, and chronic pain is a leading precipitating and maintaining factor for opioid misuse. To better understand substance misuse generally, research has examined motivational models of why people use substances, and pain management and affect-driven coping are cited ... Read more >>

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol (Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology)
[2020, :]

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Development of the Response to Fearful Situations Scale.

Katherine A McDermott, Kristin Fitch, Kirsten H Dillon, Nora E Mueller, Corinne N Carlton, Norman B Schmidt, Jesse R Cougle,

BACKGROUND:Most measures of anxious avoidance are limited to disorder-specific mechanisms and ignore the measurement of courage/approach responding in confronting fearful situations. AIMS:The purpose of the present study was to construct and validate a self-report assessment of the tendency towards avoidant or approach responding in fearful situations, the Response to Fearful ... Read more >>

Behav Cogn Psychother (Behavioural and cognitive psychotherapy)
[2020, 48(6):688-704]

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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Is Associated with α Dysrhythmia across the Visual Cortex and the Default Mode Network.

Kevin J Clancy, Jeremy A Andrzejewski, Jessica Simon, Mingzhou Ding, Norman B Schmidt, Wen Li,

Anomalies in default mode network (DMN) activity and α (8-12 Hz) oscillations have been independently observed in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Recent spatiotemporal analyses suggest that α oscillations support DMN functioning via interregional synchronization and sensory cortical inhibition. Therefore, we examined a unifying pathology of α deficits in the visual-cortex-DMN system ... Read more >>

eNeuro (eNeuro)
[2020, 7(4):]

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Anxiety sensitivity and bodily kinematics.

Jafar Bakhshaie, Eli R Lebowitz, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky,

Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is an individual difference factor reflecting the fear of anxiety-related sensations and is one of the best researched risk factors for psychopathology. Decades of research have focused on exploring the relations between AS and clinical symptoms and disorders, although most of the research has employed self-report or ... Read more >>

Behav Res Ther (Behaviour research and therapy)
[2020, 133:103694]

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Emotion dysregulation as a maintenance factor for posttraumatic stress symptoms: The role of anxiety sensitivity.

Alexa M Raudales, Thomas J Preston, Brian J Albanese, Norman B Schmidt,

OBJECTIVES:The current study tested whether emotion dysregulation, assessed by the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), would predict posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) through anxiety sensitivity (AS). Alternate cognitive-affective mediators (i.e., distress tolerance and intolerance of uncertainty) were explored. METHOD:A total of 259 trauma-exposed community members (ages averaging 37.39; evenly distributed ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2020, 76(12):2183-2197]

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Transdiagnostic preventative intervention for subclinical anxiety: Development and initial validation.

Kristina J Korte, Norman B Schmidt,

Risk factors associated with the development of anxiety disorders have been identified; however, the development of preventive interventions targeting these risk factors is in the nascent stage. To date, preventive interventions have tended to target specific anxiety disorder symptoms (e.g., panic attacks). Although these interventions are effective at reducing risk ... Read more >>

J Psychiatr Res (Journal of psychiatric research)
[2020, 126:34-42]

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A multiple mediation model of trait worry and hazardous drinking among treatment-seeking smokers: the roles of coping and conformity drinking motives.

Gerald Hallford, Jafar Bakhshaie, Ruben Rodriguez-Cano, Justin M Shepherd, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky,

Alcohol use is associated with poorer smoking cessation-related outcomes, and smokers with elevated levels of worry experience greater smoking cessation problems. Yet, little is known about the explanatory mechanisms that may underlie the relationship between trait worry and hazardous drinking among smokers. Therefore, this study explored the explanatory roles of ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Ther (Cognitive behaviour therapy)
[2020, 49(5):398-411]

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An investigation of the impact of social exclusion on attachment to possessions and saving behaviors.

Brittany M Mathes, Norman B Schmidt,

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Hoarding disorder (HD) is a debilitating mental illness characterized by extreme difficulty parting with possessions and clutter that can result in dangerous living conditions. One hypothesis about why individuals with HD save possessions is that they possess a pathological attachment to their belongings, which may serve to compensate ... Read more >>

J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry (Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry)
[2020, 69:101588]

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Obsessive-compulsive symptoms and cigarette smoking: an initial cross-sectional test of mechanisms of co-occurrence.

Gregory S Chasson, Casey R Guillot, Michael J Zvolensky, Madalyn M Liautaud, Norman B Schmidt, Adam M Leventhal,

Tobacco addiction and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS; intrusive thoughts or impulses that cause distress and rituals) are both mediated by compulsivity and negative reinforcement. Little evidence exists to guide theory, research, treatment, and population-based prevention of this co-occurrence. We propose a conceptual model of OCS-smoking co-occurrence in which smokers with elevated ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Ther (Cognitive behaviour therapy)
[2020, 49(5):385-397]

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A multimethod investigation of the impact of attentional control on a brief intervention for anxiety and depression.

Nicholas P Allan, Brian J Albanese, Matt R Judah, Caroline V Gooch, Norman B Schmidt,

OBJECTIVE:Anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of anxiety) is a malleable risk factor for anxiety and depression. Brief computerized interventions, including elements of psychoeducation, interoceptive exposure, and cognitive bias modification (CBM) can reduce anxiety and depression through AS reductions. These interventions are not equally efficacious for all who receive them, suggesting the ... Read more >>

J Consult Clin Psychol (Journal of consulting and clinical psychology)
[2020, 88(3):212-225]

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The role of emotion dysregulation in negative affect reactivity to a trauma cue: Differential associations through elicited posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms.

Alexa M Raudales, Nicole H Weiss, Norman B Schmidt, Nicole A Short,

BACKGROUND:Recent research has linked emotion dysregulation with increases in subjective ratings of negative affect (NA reactivity) to trauma reminders, a central symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study adds to this burgeoning line of research by exploring elicited PTSD symptoms as a mechanism explicating the relation between emotion ... Read more >>

J Affect Disord (Journal of affective disorders)
[2020, 267:203-210]

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Current cannabis use and smoking cessation among treatment seeking combustible smokers.

Andrew H Rogers, Justin M Shepherd, Julia D Buckner, Lorra Garey, Kara Manning, Michael F Orr, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky,

INTRODUCTION:Combustible tobacco smoking and cannabis use frequently occur together, and the use of both substances is associated with overall greater severity of tobacco and cannabis related problems. Observational work has found that cannabis use is associated with tobacco cessation failure, but research directly testing the longitudinal associations of cannabis use ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, 209:107928]

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A brief, computerized intervention targeting error sensitivity reduces the error-related negativity.

Alexandria Meyer, Brittany Gibby, Karl Wissemann, Julia Klawohn, Greg Hajcak, Norman B Schmidt,

Research has identified the neural response to errors (the error-related negativity; ERN) as a marker of current anxiety, as well as risk for future anxiety. Previous work found that traditional cognitive behavioral therapy approaches do not impact the ERN. However, none of these approaches directly target the psychological constructs linked ... Read more >>

Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci (Cognitive, affective & behavioral neuroscience)
[2020, 20(1):172-180]

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Suicide attempt survivors' recommendations for improving mental health treatment for attempt survivors.

Melanie A Hom, Brian W Bauer, Ian H Stanley, Joseph W Boffa, Dese'Rae L Stage, Daniel W Capron, Norman B Schmidt, Thomas E Joiner,

Research indicates that connection to mental health care services and treatment engagement remain challenges among suicide attempt survivors. One way to improve suicide attempt survivors' experiences with mental health care services is to elicit suggestions directly from attempt survivors regarding how to do so. This study aimed to identify and ... Read more >>

Psychol Serv (Psychological services)
[2020, :]

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Intrinsic sensory disinhibition contributes to intrusive re-experiencing in combat veterans.

Kevin J Clancy, Alejandro Albizu, Norman B Schmidt, Wen Li,

Intrusive re-experiencing of traumatic events is a hallmark symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder, characterized by rich and vivid sensory details as reported in "flashbacks". While prevailing models of trauma intrusions focus on dysregulated emotional processes, we hypothesize that a deficiency in intrinsic sensory inhibition could drive overactivation of sensory representations ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):936]

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A computerized anxiety sensitivity intervention for opioid use disorders: A pilot investigation among veterans.

Amanda M Raines, Nicholas P Allan, Shelby J McGrew, Caroline V Gooch, Marie Wyatt, C Laurel Franklin, Norman B Schmidt,

The opioid epidemic is having a disproportionate impact on veterans. Indeed, veterans are twice as likely to die from an accidental overdose than members of the general population, even after accounting for gender and age distribution. Although many veterans seek treatment, a large proportion drop out prematurely and/or relapse highlighting ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2020, 104:106285]

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Test of an Anxiety Sensitivity Amelioration Program for at-risk youth (ASAP-Y).

Ashley A Knapp, Matthew Feldner, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt, Meghan E Keough, Ellen W Leen-Feldner,

OBJECTIVE:Adult research supports the efficacy of targeting the malleable risk factor of anxiety sensitivity (AS) in preventing anxiety and related psychopathology. However, very little work has evaluated the impact of AS reduction among youth, which is unfortunate given adolescence is a "core risk" period in terms of disorder onset. METHOD:The ... Read more >>

Behav Res Ther (Behaviour research and therapy)
[2020, 126:103544]

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Attachment theory and hoarding disorder: A review and theoretical integration.

Brittany M Mathes, Kiara R Timpano, Amanda M Raines, Norman B Schmidt,

Hoarding disorder (HD) is a severe and persistent mental illness characterized by extreme difficulty parting with possessions and considerable clutter that can result in dangerous living conditions. HD poses a considerable public health burden; however, treatment for HD remains relatively limited, as many individuals do not respond to treatment and/or ... Read more >>

Behav Res Ther (Behaviour research and therapy)
[2020, 125:103549]

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A randomized clinical trial investigating perceived burdensomeness as a mediator of brief intervention effects on posttraumatic stress symptoms.

Nicole A Short, Joseph W Boffa, Alexa M Raudales, Norman B Schmidt,

OBJECTIVE:Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent and impairing condition that often involves difficulties with interpersonal functioning. Targeting interpersonal difficulties may be a promising alternative approach to reducing PTSD symptoms, particularly given the relatively low rates of treatment engagement and efficacy for first-line treatments for PTSD. Recent research has identified ... Read more >>

J Affect Disord (Journal of affective disorders)
[2020, 262:344-349]

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Effects of smoking cessation treatment attendance on abstinence: The moderating role of psychologically based behavioral health conditions.

Lorra Garey, Andrew H Rogers, Kara Manning, Tanya Smit, Jaye L Derrick, Andres G Viana, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky,

Available smoking cessation treatments have shown only modest quit success. Presence of a psychologically based behavioral health condition (PBHC), such as depression, anxiety, or addiction, can impact smoking cessation treatment engagement and quit success; however, the differential effect of treatment engagement on smoking cessation outcomes across smokers with and without ... Read more >>

J Subst Abuse Treat (Journal of substance abuse treatment)
[2020, 109:1-7]

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Insomnia symptoms predict the development of post-traumatic stress symptoms following an experimental trauma.

Nicole A Short, Joseph W Boffa, Karl Wissemann, Norman B Schmidt,

Insomnia symptoms prior to traumatic event exposure predict the development of post-traumatic stress symptoms. However, potential mechanisms underlying the association between insomnia and risk for post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms have not been prospectively tested. The current study used the trauma film paradigm to test whether insomnia symptoms prior to analogue ... Read more >>

J Sleep Res (Journal of sleep research)
[2020, 29(1):e12909]

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