Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Michael Kremer

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A Commitment to Quality: The History of Nurse Anesthesia Accreditation Part Two: 1983-2019.

Betty Horton, Michael Kremer,

In 1934, Gertrude Fife, President of the National Association of Nurse Anesthetists (NANA) sought to elevate the standards of anesthesia practice and standardize the education of nurse anesthetists. NANA members located schools, developed education standards and a school approval process, that eventually led to creation of the Council on Accreditation ... Read more >>

AANA J (AANA journal)
[2021, 89(4):14-19]

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Diagnostic role of the 'white test' with lipidic solution in the early intraoperative identification of open bile ducts for the prevention of bile leakage after liver resection: study protocol for a randomised controlled multicentric superiority trial (BiLe-Trial).

Alessandra Cristaudi, Ignazio Tarantino, Andreas Scheiwiller, Andrea Wiencierz, Pietro Majno-Hurst, Bruno M Schmied, Juerg Metzger, Mark Hartel, Michael Kremer, Giulia Manzini,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Bile leakage is a frequent complication after liver resection associated with the need of interventional drainage, endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography (ERCP) or reoperation. The intraoperative application of the white test could be a promising strategy to reduce the occurrence of bile leakages. Therefore, we propose to conduct the first multicentric ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2021, 11(7):e049449]

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Parental Decision-Making for Surgery and Anesthesia in Young Children.

Audrey Rosenblatt, Michael Kremer, Olimpia Paun, Barbara Swanson, Rebekah Hamilton, Alan Schwartz,

Millions of young children undergo surgery and anesthesia each year, yet there is a lack of scientific consensus about the safety of anesthesia exposure for the developing brain. Also poorly understood is parental anesthesia-related decision-making and how neurotoxicity information influences their choices. The theoretical model of parental decision-making generated in ... Read more >>

West J Nurs Res (Western journal of nursing research)
[2021, :1939459211021622]

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Twenty-year economic impacts of deworming.

Joan Hamory, Edward Miguel, Michael Walker, Michael Kremer, Sarah Baird,

Estimating the impact of child health investments on adult living standards entails multiple methodological challenges, including the lack of experimental variation in health status, an inability to track individuals over time, and accurately measuring living standards and productivity in low-income settings. This study exploits a randomized school health intervention that ... Read more >>

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America)
[2021, 118(14):]

Cited: 2 times

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Bilateral delayed traumatic diaphragmatic injury.

Anna M Sauer Durand, Christian A Nebiker, Mark Hartel, Michael Kremer,

A 47-year-old patient presented at our emergency department with acute epigastric pain. A thoracic X-ray showed a partially intrathoracic stomach as well as bowel left sided. A following computed tomography scan diagnosed a diaphragmatic hernia. In the patient's history, 20 years ago a serious car accident was reported as the presumable ... Read more >>

J Surg Case Rep (Journal of surgical case reports)
[2021, 2021(4):rjab052]

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Market design to accelerate COVID-19 vaccine supply.

Juan Camilo Castillo, Amrita Ahuja, Susan Athey, Arthur Baker, Eric Budish, Tasneem Chipty, Rachel Glennerster, Scott Duke Kominers, Michael Kremer, Greg Larson, Jean Lee, Canice Prendergast, Christopher M Snyder, Alex Tabarrok, Brandon Joel Tan, Witold Więcek,

Science (Science (New York, N.Y.))
[2021, 371(6534):1107-1109]

Cited: 16 times

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Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Clinical Performance in Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists.

Krista L Christianson, Louis Fogg, Michael J Kremer,

<h4>Abstract</h4>Emotional intelligence (EI) includes skills such as recognizing, understanding, and managing emotions. This pilot study investigated the utility of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test Version 2.0 as a screening instrument in student registered nurse anesthetists by determining if EI predicted clinical performance. Scores from 11 participants enrolled in a single ... Read more >>

Nurs Educ Perspect (Nursing education perspectives)
[2021, 42(2):104-106]

Cited: 1 time

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Optimal Vaccine Subsidies for Endemic and Epidemic Diseases

Matthew Goodkin-Gold, Michael Kremer, Christopher Snyder, Heidi Williams,

Vaccines exert a positive externality, reducing spread of disease from the consumer to others, providing a rationale for subsidies. We study how optimal subsidies vary with disease characteristics by integrating a standard epidemiological model into a vaccine market with rational economic agents. In the steady-state equilibrium for an endemic disease, ... Read more >>

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Designing Advance Market Commitments for New Vaccines

Michael Kremer, Jonathan Levin, Christopher Snyder,

Advance market commitments (AMCs) provide a mechanism to stimulate investment by suppliers of products to low-income countries. In an AMC, donors commit to a fund from which a specified subsidy is paid per unit purchased by low-income countries until the fund is exhausted, strengthening suppliers' incentives to invest in research, ... Read more >>

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[Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty].

Michael Kremer, Yves Gramlich, Reinhard Hoffmann,

In addition to periprosthetic infections (PJI), the reconstruction of bony defects is the major challenge of revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Infection should be ruled out in all cases prior to operation. Revision TKA requires intensive planning with regard to the needed augmentation possibilities and the stems to be used. ... Read more >>

Z Orthop Unfall (Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Unfallchirurgie)
[2021, 159(5):565-582]

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Predictors of getting a residency interview: Differences by medical specialty.

Theodore R Kremer, Michael J Kremer, Kristen P Kremer, Angela Mihalic,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Gaining medical residency interviews has become more competitive and costly for medical students. Although limited evidence from residency programme directors indicates predictors for successfully matching into a programme, past research has not sufficiently explored the application components necessary to receive an interview offer. The present study will identify which application ... Read more >>

Med Educ (Medical education)
[2021, 55(2):198-212]

Cited: 1 time

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Adjuvant chemotherapy in curatively resected rectal cancer: How valid are the data?

Giulia Manzini, Fabius Hapke, Ian N Hines, Doris Henne-Bruns, Michael Kremer,

BACKGROUND:According to the result of the Cochrane review published in 2012, postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy (CTx) is associated with a survival benefit for rectal cancer patients operated for cure in comparison to patients who underwent only the surgical resection. AIM:To analyze the quality of the data supporting the advantage of adjuvant ... Read more >>

World J Gastrointest Oncol (World journal of gastrointestinal oncology)
[2020, 12(4):503-513]

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Ensuring accurate BP measurements.

Emily Matheson, Michael Kremer, Louis Fogg, Gia Crisanti,

Accurate BP measurements are vital for determining appropriate medication and treatment regimens. This article describes a quality improvement project to increase compliance with the American Heart Association's guidelines for BP measurement. ... Read more >>

Nursing (Nursing)
[2020, 50(4):63-69]

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Imagining in Time.

Betty Horton, Michael Kremer,

In 1934, Gertrude Fife, president of the National Association of Nurse Anesthetists (NANA), recognized a need to elevate the standards of anesthesia practice and standardize the education of nurse anesthetists. Early members of the association responded by working to locate schools, setting education standards, and developing a school approval process, ... Read more >>

AANA J (AANA journal)
[2020, 88(2):8-12]

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Resection or radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma? Assessment of validity of current studies, meta-analyses and their influence on guidelines.

Giulia Manzini, Ian N Hines, Doris Henne-Bruns, Michael Kremer,

<h4>Background</h4>Two Cochrane reviews compared overall survival following liver resection (LR) or radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The first from 2013, found moderate evidence for a survival advantage for LR over RFA when limiting the analysis to trials at low risk of bias. The second (2017), found no ... Read more >>

HPB (Oxford) (HPB : the official journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association)
[2020, 22(8):1206-1215]

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Validity of studies suggesting preoperative chemotherapy for resectable thoracic esophageal cancer: A critical appraisal of randomized trials.

Giulia Manzini, Ursula Klotz, Doris Henne-Bruns, Michael Kremer,

BACKGROUND:In 2015, Kidane published a Cochrane review and meta-analysis to summarise the impact of preoperative chemotherapy versus surgery alone on survival for resectable thoracic esophageal cancer. The authors concluded that preoperative chemotherapy improved overall survival (OS). AIM:The aim of this article was to assess the validity of the three most ... Read more >>

World J Gastrointest Oncol (World journal of gastrointestinal oncology)
[2020, 12(1):113-123]

Cited: 1 time

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Presence of arthralgia exacerbates decreased quality of life in hidradenitis suppurativa patients.

Michael Kremer, Tiffany C Chang, Andrea Murina,

Hidradenitis suppurativa is characterized by chronic follicular occlusion that presents with recurrent nodules, inflamed abscesses, and scarring. Research has shown that these patients have a decreased quality of life. In addition to its psychosocial effects, hidradenitis suppurativa has recently been associated with joint pathology. In this study, we distributed a ... Read more >>

Dermatol Online J (Dermatology online journal)
[2019, 25(11):]

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School health class associated with reduced odds of eating disorder symptoms in American adolescents.

Michael J Kremer, Kristen P Kremer, Theodore R Kremer,

OBJECTIVE:Eating disorder symptoms, including eating disorder diagnosis, binge eating, and unhealthy weight loss, are associated with health risks, and adolescence may be an optimal time to provide education on healthy alternatives. This research explored whether in-school health information during adolescence is associated with eating disorder symptoms in young adulthood. METHOD:Data ... Read more >>

Int J Eat Disord (The International journal of eating disorders)
[2020, 53(3):383-390]

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Preventable Closed Claims in the AANA Foundation Closed Malpractice Claims Database.

Michael J Kremer, Maria Hirsch, Marjorie Geisz-Everson, Bryan A Wilbanks, Beth A Clayton, Rebecca R Boust, Lorraine Jordan,

Medical errors are among the top 3 causes of patient deaths in the United States, with up to 400,000 preventable deaths occurring in hospitalized patients each year. Although improvements have been made in anesthesia patient safety, adverse outcomes continue to occur. This study used thematic analysis to examine anesthesia closed ... Read more >>

AANA J (AANA journal)
[2019, 87(6):468-476]

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Realizing the potential of digital development: The case of agricultural advice.

Raissa Fabregas, Michael Kremer, Frank Schilbach,

The rapid spread of mobile phones creates potential for sustainably raising agricultural productivity for the 2 billion people living in smallholder farming households. Meta-analyses suggest that providing agricultural information via digital technologies increased yields by 4% and the odds of adopting recommended inputs by 22%. Benefits likely exceed the cost ... Read more >>

Science (Science (New York, N.Y.))
[2019, 366(6471):]

Cited: 1 time

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Septic Arthritis of Native Shoulder and Knee Joint: What Are the Differences in Bacterial Spectrum, Treatment, and Outcome?

Yves Gramlich, Alexander Klug, Gerhard Walter, Michael Kremer, Reinhard Hoffmann, Matthias Kemmerer,

<b><i>Background:</i></b> Acute native septic arthritis is a joint-threatening emergency. To date, however, no gold-standard treatment nor joint-specific treatment algorithms exist. We aimed to evaluate the etiologies, bacterial spectrum, treatments, and surgical outcomes of septic arthritis of the shoulder and knee. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> Seventy-one patients with septic arthritis of either the knee ... Read more >>

Surg Infect (Larchmt) (Surgical infections)
[2020, 21(4):391-397]

Cited: 1 time

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It's Never Just a Block: An Analysis of Regional Anesthesia Closed Claims.

Maria Hirsch, Marjorie Geisz-Everson, Beth Ann Clayton, Bryan Wilbanks, Mary Golinski, Michael Kremer, Kelly Wiltse Nicely,

Anesthesia care increasingly includes use of regional anesthesia techniques, either as a primary anesthetic or to reduce the patient's postoperative pain. Both neuraxial anesthesia and peripheral nerve blockade have several noteworthy functions. These functions include diminishing sensory sensation to pain and potentially producing a motor blockade, both of which may ... Read more >>

AANA J (AANA journal)
[2019, 87(5):365-373]

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Anesthesia Exposure in the Young Child and Long-term Cognition: An Integrated Review.

Audrey Rosenblatt, Michael Kremer, Barbara Swanson, Ravi Shah,

Millions of children every year undergo seemingly safe general anesthetics for surgical procedures and imaging studies. Anesthetic agents have been shown to cause detrimental effects on brain cell survival and cognitive function in animals. As a result, the safety of general anesthetics in children is an active field of investigation. ... Read more >>

AANA J (AANA journal)
[2019, 87(3):231-242]

Cited: 1 time

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Severe complications after mesh migration following abdominal hernial repair: report of two cases and review of literature.

Giulia Manzini, Doris Henne-Bruns, Michael Kremer,

Background: Migration of mesh after ventral and incisional hernia repair is a rare but well described complication. The aim of our work is to present two cases of mesh migration after incisional hernia repair and to review the current literature. Methods: We describe the two cases of mesh migration that ... Read more >>

GMS Interdiscip Plast Reconstr Surg DGPW (GMS Interdisciplinary plastic and reconstructive surgery DGPW)
[2019, 8:Doc09]

Cited: 2 times

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AANA Journal Course Clarifying the Confusion of Adult Emergence Delirium.

Shawna Greiner, Michael J Kremer,

To date, researchers studying emergence delirium in adults have not adopted a consensus on the terminology for the phenomenon, a formalized definition, a measurement tool or standardized differential diagnosis to distinguish emergence delirium from postoperative delirium, anticholinergic or serotonergic toxicities, and other physiologic issues that may present on emergence from ... Read more >>

AANA J (AANA journal)
[2019, 87(3):243-251]

Cited: 0 times

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