Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Michael Burns

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Interspecies variation in hominid gut microbiota controls host gene regulation.

Amanda L Muehlbauer, Allison L Richards, Adnan Alazizi, Michael B Burns, Andres Gomez, Jonathan B Clayton, Klara Petrzelkova, Camilla Cascardo, Justyna Resztak, Xiaoquan Wen, Roger Pique-Regi, Francesca Luca, Ran Blekhman,

The gut microbiome exhibits extreme compositional variation between hominid hosts. However, it is unclear how this variation impacts host physiology across species and whether this effect can be mediated through microbial regulation of host gene expression in interacting epithelial cells. Here, we characterize the transcriptional response of human colonic epithelial ... Read more >>

Cell Rep (Cell reports)
[2021, 37(8):110057]

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Lyme Carditis With Complete Heart Block Successfully Treated With Oral Doxycycline.

Michael Burns, Paul Robben, Ramesh Venkataraman,

Lyme disease is a vector-borne infection that can affect multiple different organ systems. Lyme carditis represents one of these sequelae and is defined by acute onset of high-grade atrioventricular block in the presence of laboratory-confirmed infection. Current guidelines recommend patients with Lyme carditis be admitted for close cardiac monitoring and ... Read more >>

Mil Med (Military medicine)
[2021, :]

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Predicting moisture content during maize nixtamalization using machine learning with NIR spectroscopy.

Michael J Burns, Jonathan S Renk, David P Eickholt, Amanda M Gilbert, Travis J Hattery, Mark Holmes, Nickolas Anderson, Amanda J Waters, Sathya Kalambur, Sherry A Flint-Garcia, Marna D Yandeau-Nelson, George A Annor, Candice N Hirsch,

<h4>Key message</h4>Moisture content during nixtamalization can be accurately predicted from NIR spectroscopy when coupled with a support vector machine (SVM) model, is strongly modulated by the environment, and has a complex genetic architecture. Lack of high-throughput phenotyping systems for determining moisture content during the maize nixtamalization cooking process has led ... Read more >>

Theor Appl Genet (TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik)
[2021, 134(11):3743-3757]

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A Novel Skin Moisture Management Strategy.

Michael Burns, Daniel M Siegel,

An important function of skin is prevention of water loss. When the normal skin barrier breaks down, strategies to treat dry skin include occlusives and humectants. An important physiological process for retaining water in epidermal cells is the taurine transporter (TauT). The TauT is activated within minutes after the skin ... Read more >>

J Drugs Dermatol (Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD)
[2021, 20(7):752-754]

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Re-evaluating expanding intravenous catheters in medical practice.

Rigoberto Vazquez, Rishabh Tennankore, Ariella Shikanov, Leonard A Mermel, Brian Love, Michael L Burns,

<h4>Background</h4>Intravenous catheters are common and essential devices within medical practice. Their placement can be difficult, leading to application of several technologies to improve success. Functionally expanding catheters were once an exciting technology, derailed clinically by hypersensitivity reactions. The exact cause of reactions, attributed to Aquavene catheter materials, remains unknown.<h4>Aims</h4>To reinvestigate ... Read more >>

Health Sci Rep (Health science reports)
[2021, 4(3):e318]

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Accelerated Diversification Explains the Exceptional Species Richness of Tropical Characoid Fishes.

Bruno F Melo, Brian L Sidlauskas, Thomas J Near, Fabio F Roxo, Ava Ghezelayagh, Luz E Ochoa, Melanie L J Stiassny, Jairo Arroyave, Jonathan Chang, Brant C Faircloth, Daniel J MacGuigan, Richard C Harrington, Ricardo C Benine, Michael D Burns, Kendra Hoekzema, Natalia C Sanches, Javier A Maldonado-Ocampo, Ricardo M C Castro, Fausto Foresti, Michael E Alfaro, Claudio Oliveira,

The Neotropics harbor the most species-rich freshwater fish fauna on the planet, but the timing of that exceptional diversification remains unclear. Did the Neotropics accumulate species steadily throughout their long history, or attain their remarkable diversity recently? Biologists have long debated the relative support for these museum and cradle hypotheses, ... Read more >>

Syst Biol (Systematic biology)
[2021, :]

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Neural Machine Translation-Based Automated Current Procedural Terminology Classification System Using Procedure Text: Development and Validation Study.

Hyeon Joo, Michael Burns, Sai Saradha Kalidaikurichi Lakshmanan, Yaokun Hu, V G Vinod Vydiswaran,

<h4>Background</h4>Administrative costs for billing and insurance-related activities in the United States are substantial. One critical cause of the high overhead of administrative costs is medical billing errors. With advanced deep learning techniques, developing advanced models to predict hospital and professional billing codes has become feasible. These models can be used ... Read more >>

JMIR Form Res (JMIR formative research)
[2021, 5(5):e22461]

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Predicting Moisture Content During Maize Nixtamalization Using Machine Learning with NIR Spectroscopy

Michael Burns, Jonathan Renk, David Eickholt, Amanda Gilbert, Travis Hattery, Mark Holmes, Nickolas Anderson, Amanda Waters, Sathya Kalambur, Sherry Flint-Garcia, Marna Yandeau-Nelson, George Annor, Candice Hirsch,

<h4>ABSTRACT</h4> Lack of high throughput phenotyping systems for determining moisture content during the maize nixtamalization cooking process has led to difficulty in breeding for this trait. This study provides a high throughput, quantitative measure of kernel moisture content during nixtamalization based on NIR scanning of uncooked maize kernels. Machine learning ... Read more >>

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Swellable catheters based on a dynamic expanding inner diameter.

Rishabh Tennankore, Margaret Brunette, Tyler Cox, Rigoberto Vazquez, Ariella Shikanov, Michael L Burns, Brian Love,

Intravenous (IV) fluid administration is critical for all patients undergoing care in a hospital setting. In-patient hospital practice, surgeries, and emergency care require functional IVs for fluid replacement and medication administration. Proper placement of IVs is vital to providing medical services. The ease of placement of an IV catheter, however, ... Read more >>

J Mater Sci Mater Med (Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine)
[2021, 32(5):51]

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Steric and electronic effects on the 1 H hyperpolarisation of substituted pyridazines by signal amplification by reversible exchange.

Peter J Rayner, Michael J Burns, Elizabeth J Fear, Simon B Duckett,

Utility of the pyridazine motif is growing in popularity as pharmaceutical and agrochemical agents. The detection and structural characterisation of such materials is therefore imperative for the successful development of new products. Signal amplification by reversible exchange (SABRE) offers a route to dramatically improve the sensitivity of magnetic resonance methods, ... Read more >>

Magn Reson Chem (Magnetic resonance in chemistry : MRC)
[2021, 59(12):1187-1198]

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Shared and disease-specific host gene-microbiome interactions across human diseases

Sambhawa Priya, Michael Burns, Tonya Ward, Ruben Mars, Beth Adamowicz, Eric Lock, Purna Kashyap, Dan Knights, Ran Blekhman,

While the gut microbiome and host gene regulation separately contribute to gastrointestinal disorders, it is unclear how the two may interact to influence host pathophysiology. Here, we developed a machine learning-based framework to jointly analyze host transcriptomic and microbiome profiles from 416 colonic mucosal samples of patients with colorectal cancer, ... Read more >>

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Patterns of Body Shape Diversity and Evolution in Intertidal and Subtidal Lineages of Combtooth Blennies (Blenniidae).

Joshua P Egan, Thaddaeus J Buser, Michael D Burns, Andrew M Simons, Peter J Hundt,

Marine intertidal zones can be harsher and more dynamic than bordering subtidal zones, with extreme and temporally variable turbulence, water velocity, salinity, temperature, and dissolved oxygen levels. Contrasting environmental conditions and ecological opportunities in subtidal versus intertidal habitats may generate differing patterns of morphological diversity. In this study we used ... Read more >>

Integr Org Biol (Integrative organismal biology (Oxford, England))
[2021, 3(1):obab004]

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Erratum for Gomez et al., "Plasticity in the Human Gut Microbiome Defies Evolutionary Constraints".

Andres Gomez, Ashok Kumar Sharma, Elizabeth K Mallott, Klara J Petrzelkova, Carolyn A Jost Robinson, Carl J Yeoman, Franck Carbonero, Barbora Pafco, Jessica M Rothman, Alexander Ulanov, Klara Vlckova, Katherine R Amato, Stephanie L Schnorr, Nathaniel J Dominy, David Modry, Angelique Todd, Manolito Torralba, Karen E Nelson, Michael B Burns, Ran Blekhman, Melissa Remis, Rebecca M Stumpf, Brenda A Wilson, H Rex Gaskins, Paul A Garber, Bryan A White, Steven R Leigh,

mSphere (mSphere)
[2021, 6(2):]

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Biocatalytic Reductive Amination- Discovery to Commercial Manufacturing applied to Abrocitinib JAK1 inhibitor

Rajesh Kumar, Michael Karmilowicz, Dylan Burke, Michael Burns, Leslie Clark, Christina Connor, Eric Cordi, Nga Do, Kevin Doyle, Steve Hoagland, Chad Lewis, David Mangan, Carlos Martinez, Emma McInturff, Kevin Meldrum, Robert Pearson, Jeremy Steflik, Anil Rane, John Weaver,

The authors have requested that this preprint be removed from Research Square. ... Read more >>

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Training students from rehabilitation professions on communicating with patients with communication disorders.

Helen Mach, Carolyn Baylor, Michael Burns, Kathryn Yorkston,

<h4>Background</h4>FRAME, a mnemonic referring to a program for helping health care providers adapt patient-provider communication when working with patients with communication disorders, improves the knowledge, confidence, and communication skills of medical students for working with this population. However, the impact of the FRAME program for preparing students from the rehabilitation ... Read more >>

PM R (PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation)
[2021, :]

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Adaptation to herbivory and detritivory drives the convergent evolution of large abdominal cavities in a diverse freshwater fish radiation (Otophysi: Characiformes).

Michael D Burns,

Convergent evolution is often interpreted as evidence of natural selection favoring an optimal phenotype during adaptation. Morphological convergence is frequently found among lineages that converge on diet, but most studies have focused on morphological traits that relate exclusively to food handling and processing. In vertebrates, there is a strong inverse ... Read more >>

Evolution (Evolution; international journal of organic evolution)
[2021, 75(3):688-705]

Cited: 1 time

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Mask-wearing and control of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the USA: a cross-sectional study.

Benjamin Rader, Laura F White, Michael R Burns, Jack Chen, Joseph Brilliant, Jon Cohen, Jeffrey Shaman, Larry Brilliant, Moritz U G Kraemer, Jared B Hawkins, Samuel V Scarpino, Christina M Astley, John S Brownstein,

<h4>Background</h4>Face masks have become commonplace across the USA because of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) epidemic. Although evidence suggests that masks help to curb the spread of the disease, there is little empirical research at the population level. We investigate the association between self-reported mask-wearing, physical distancing, ... Read more >>

Lancet Digit Health (The Lancet. Digital health)
[2021, 3(3):e148-e157]

Cited: 35 times

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Early-onset metastatic and clinically advanced prostate cancer is a distinct clinical and molecular entity characterized by increased TMPRSS2-ERG fusions.

Zachary R Chalmers, Michael C Burns, Ericka M Ebot, Garrett M Frampton, Jeffrey S Ross, Maha H A Hussain, Sarki A Abdulkadir,

<h4>Background</h4>Men with early-onset prostate cancer are at increased risk for cancer-related mortality, yet the prevalence and spectrum of molecular alterations in this patient population is unknown. Here, we analyze comprehensive genomic profiling data to characterize the molecular drivers of early-onset prostate cancer in patients with clinically advanced and metastatic disease.<h4>Methods</h4>Next-generation ... Read more >>

Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis (Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases)
[2021, 24(2):558-566]

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R-Spondins 2 and 3 Are Overexpressed in a Subset of Human Colon and Breast Cancers.

Caitlin B Conboy, Germán L Vélez-Reyes, Susan K Rathe, Juan E Abrahante, Nuri A Temiz, Michael B Burns, Reuben S Harris, Timothy K Starr, David A Largaespada,

Wnt signaling is activated in many cancer types, yet targeting the canonical Wnt pathway has been challenging for cancer therapy. The pathway might be effectively targeted at many levels depending on the mechanism by which it has become hyperactive. Recently, mouse genetic screens have found that R-spondins (RSPOs) act as ... Read more >>

DNA Cell Biol (DNA and cell biology)
[2021, 40(1):70-79]

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APOBEC3A catalyzes mutation and drives carcinogenesis in vivo.

Emily K Law, Rena Levin-Klein, Matthew C Jarvis, Hyoung Kim, Prokopios P Argyris, Michael A Carpenter, Gabriel J Starrett, Nuri A Temiz, Lindsay K Larson, Cameron Durfee, Michael B Burns, Rachel I Vogel, Spyridon Stavrou, Alexya N Aguilera, Sandra Wagner, David A Largaespada, Timothy K Starr, Susan R Ross, Reuben S Harris,

The APOBEC3 family of antiviral DNA cytosine deaminases is implicated as the second largest source of mutation in cancer. This mutational process may be a causal driver or inconsequential passenger to the overall tumor phenotype. We show that human APOBEC3A expression in murine colon and liver tissues increases tumorigenesis. All ... Read more >>

J Exp Med (The Journal of experimental medicine)
[2020, 217(12):]

Cited: 16 times

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Turning Up the Heat on MYC: Progress in Small-Molecule Inhibitors.

Mihai I Truica, Michael C Burns, Huiying Han, Sarki A Abdulkadir,

MYC is a highly validated oncogenic transcription factor and cancer target. However, the disordered nature of this protein has made it a challenging target, with no clinical stage, direct small-molecule MYC inhibitors available. Recent work leveraging a large <i>in silico</i> chemical library and a rapid <i>in vivo</i> screen has expanded ... Read more >>

Cancer Res (Cancer research)
[2021, 81(2):248-253]

Cited: 5 times

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Optical confinement in the nanocoax: coupling to the fundamental TEM-like mode.

Yitzi M Calm, Luke D'Imperio, Nathan T Nesbitt, Juan M Merlo, Aaron H Rose, Chaobin Yang, Krzysztof Kempa, Michael J Burns, Michael J Naughton,

The nanoscale coaxial cable (nanocoax) has demonstrated optical confinement in the visible and the near infrared. We report on a novel nanofabrication process which yields optically addressable, sub-µm diameter, and high aspect ratio metal-insulator-metal nanocoaxes made by atomic layer deposition of Pt and Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>. We observe sub-diffraction-limited optical transmission via ... Read more >>

Opt Express (Optics express)
[2020, 28(21):32152-32164]

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A Review of the Preclinical and Clinical Efficacy of Remdesivir, Hydroxychloroquine, and Lopinavir-Ritonavir Treatments against COVID-19.

Dawid Maciorowski, Samir Z El Idrissi, Yash Gupta, Brian J Medernach, Michael B Burns, Daniel P Becker, Ravi Durvasula, Prakasha Kempaiah,

In December of 2019, an outbreak of a novel coronavirus flared in Wuhan, the capital city of the Hubei Province, China. The pathogen has been identified as a novel enveloped RNA beta-coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus SARS-CoV-2 is associated with a disease characterized by ... Read more >>

SLAS Discov (SLAS discovery : advancing life sciences R & D)
[2020, 25(10):1108-1122]

Cited: 8 times

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Interspecies variation in hominid gut microbiota controls host gene regulation

Amanda Muehlbauer, Allison Richards, Adnan Alazizi, Michael Burns, Andres Gomez, Jonathan Clayton, Klara Petrzelkova, Camilla Cascardo, Justyna Resztak, Xiaoquan Wen, Roger Pique-Regi, Francesca Luca, Ran Blekhman,

The gut microbiome exhibits extreme compositional variation between hominid hosts. However, it is unclear how this variation impacts host physiology, and whether this effect can be mediated through microbial regulation of host gene expression in interacting epithelial cells. Here, we characterized the transcriptional response of colonic epithelial cells in vitro ... Read more >>

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Mask Wearing and Control of SARS-CoV-2 Transmission in the United States

Benjamin Rader, Laura White, Michael Burns, Jack Chen, Joe Brilliant, Jon Cohen, Jeffrey Shaman, Larry Brilliant, Jared Hawkins, Samuel Scarpino, Christina Astley, John Brownstein,

<h4>Introduction</h4> Cloth face coverings and surgical masks have become commonplace across the United States in response to the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic. While evidence suggests masks help curb the spread of respiratory pathogens, research is limited. Face masks have quickly become a topic of public debate as government mandates have started requiring ... Read more >>

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