Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Loren Galvao

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Women's narratives of living in polygamous marriages: Rural Malawian experience distilled and preserved in poetic constructions.

April L Yerges, Patricia E Stevens, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Wendy Bauer, Thokozani Ng'ombe Mwenyekonde, Lance S Weinhardt, Loren W Galvao,

Polygamy in sub-Saharan Africa has been linked to poverty, infant mortality, and HIV; however, it is unknown how interpersonal dynamics within polygamous households may influence population health outcomes. Findings from this postcolonial feminist study derive from interview data in a larger mixed-methods study in rural Malawi. We used thematic narrative ... Read more >>

Health Care Women Int (Health care for women international)
[2017, 38(8):873-891]

Cited: 0 times

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Mixed-Method Quasi-Experimental Study of Outcomes of a Large-Scale Multilevel Economic and Food Security Intervention on HIV Vulnerability in Rural Malawi.

Lance S Weinhardt, Loren W Galvao, Alice F Yan, Patricia Stevens, Thokozani Ng'ombe Mwenyekonde, Emmanuel Ngui, Lindsay Emer, Katarina M Grande, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Susan C Watkins,

The objective of the Savings, Agriculture, Governance, and Empowerment for Health (SAGE4Health) study was to evaluate the impact of a large-scale multi-level economic and food security intervention on health outcomes and HIV vulnerability in rural Malawi. The study employed a quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group design to compare intervention participants (n = 598) ... Read more >>

AIDS Behav (AIDS and behavior)
[2017, 21(3):712-723]

Cited: 7 times

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Rural Malawian Women's Resistance to Systematic Oppression, Violence, and Abuse by Their Husbands.

Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Wendy S Bauer, Patricia E Stevens, Loren W Galvao, Katarina M Grande, April Yerges, Lindsay Emer, Thokozani Mwenyekonde, Lance Weinhardt,

In Malawi, 41% of women aged 15 to 49 report ever experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). Although there is evidence of the pervasiveness of IPV in Malawian society, the context in which it occurs and how women respond is not well described. The purpose of this study was to describe ... Read more >>

J Interpers Violence (Journal of interpersonal violence)
[2020, 35(1-2):268-293]

Cited: 1 time

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Methods and protocol of a mixed method quasi-experiment to evaluate the effects of a structural economic and food security intervention on HIV vulnerability in rural Malawi: The SAGE4Health Study.

Lance S Weinhardt, Loren W Galvao, Thokozani Mwenyekonde, Katarina M Grande, Patricia Stevens, Alice F Yan, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Winford Masanjala, Jennifer Kibicho, Emmanuel Ngui, Lindsay Emer, Susan C Watkins,

<h4>Background</h4>Poverty and lack of a predictable, stable source of food are two fundamental determinants of ill health, including HIV/AIDS. Conversely, episodes of poor health and death from HIV can disrupt the ability to maintain economic stability in affected households, especially those that rely on subsistence farming. However, little empirical research ... Read more >>

Springerplus (SpringerPlus)
[2014, 3:296]

Cited: 5 times

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The Survey of the Health of Wisconsin (SHOW), a novel infrastructure for population health research: rationale and methods.

F Javier Nieto, Paul E Peppard, Corinne D Engelman, Jane A McElroy, Loren W Galvao, Elliot M Friedman, Andrew J Bersch, Kristen C Malecki,

<h4>Background</h4>Evidence-based public health requires the existence of reliable information systems for priority setting and evaluation of interventions. Existing data systems in the United States are either too crude (e.g., vital statistics), rely on administrative data (e.g., Medicare) or, because of their national scope (e.g., NHANES), lack the discriminatory power to ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2010, 10:785]

Cited: 43 times

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Setting a goal to reduce teen births in Milwaukee by 2015.

Naoyo Mori, Kathleen A Blair, Trina C Salm Ward, Jessica Bergstrorn, Loren Galvão, Ron A Cisler,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Although teen birth rates have declined significantly since 1991, teen pregnancy remains a significant public health problem in Milwaukee, Wis. Using historical teen birth data trends, this study sets a birth rate reduction goal by the year 2015 for Milwaukee teenagers between the ages of 15 and 17.<h4>Methods</h4>Birth counts and ... Read more >>

WMJ (WMJ : official publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin)
[2009, 108(7):365-369]

Cited: 1 time

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Broadening research on microfinance and related strategies for HIV prevention: commentary on Dworkin and Blankenship (2009).

Lance S Weinhardt, Loren W Galvão, Patricia E Stevens, Winford H Masanjala, Cecily Bryant, Thokozani Ng'ombe,

AIDS Behav (AIDS and behavior)
[2009, 13(3):470-473]

Cited: 13 times

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Active consent in urban elementary schools: an examination of demographic differences in consent rates.

Jessica P Bergstrom, Susan Partington, M Kathleen Murphy, Loren Galvao, Elizabeth Fayram, Ron A Cisler,

The consent process is an integral piece of research and evaluation studies, especially when conducted within a school setting. The challenge of reaching parents of students to obtain consent is an issue with which those conducting school-based studies grapple. The literature suggests that the success of the consent process can ... Read more >>

Eval Rev (Evaluation review)
[2009, 33(5):481-496]

Cited: 5 times

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Self-reported mechanical problems during condom use and semen exposure. Comparison of two randomized trials in the United States of America and Brazil.

Michael P Chen, Maurizio Macaluso, Richard Blackwell, Loren Galvao, Andrzej Kulczycki, Juan Diaz, Denise J Jamieson, Ann Duerr,

<h4>Objectives/goal</h4>To compare self-reported condom use problems and objectively determined semen exposure in 2 populations.<h4>Study design</h4>Two randomized crossover trials in the United States and Brazil compared the failure rates of the female condom (FC) and male condom (MC). Participants used both condom types, completed condom-specific questionnaires to report problems, and collected ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Dis (Sexually transmitted diseases)
[2007, 34(8):557-562]

Cited: 14 times

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"He won't use condoms": HIV-infected women's struggles in primary relationships with serodiscordant partners.

Patricia E Stevens, Loren Galvao,

We investigated the sexual behaviors of 55 HIV-infected women in Wisconsin who narrated their lives in 10 interviews over 2 years during 2000 to 2003. We sought to examine the interpersonal situations in which sexual risk occurred. During the prospective period, 58% (32) were abstinent and 24% (13) practiced safe ... Read more >>

Am J Public Health (American journal of public health)
[2007, 97(6):1015-1022]

Cited: 31 times

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Effectiveness of female and male condoms in preventing exposure to semen during vaginal intercourse: a randomized trial.

Loren W Galvão, Laurione C Oliveira, Juan Díaz, Dhong-Jin Kim, Nádia Marchi, Johannes van Dam, Roger F Castilho, Michael Chen, Maurizio Macaluso,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Comparison of male condom (MC) vs. female condom (FC) with respect to self-reported mechanical and acceptability problems and semen exposure using prostate-specific antigen (PSA) as an objective biological marker and evaluation of the effect of an educational intervention on self-reported problems and semen exposure, by condom type.<h4>Design</h4>Randomized crossover trial.<h4>Methods</h4>Four hundred ... Read more >>

Contraception (Contraception)
[2005, 71(2):130-136]

Cited: 35 times

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