Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Linas Bieliauskas

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Validating the usefulness of the NSI validity-10 with the MMPI-2-RF.

Brian D Gradwohl, Ryan W Mangum, Kathryn A Tolle, Percival H Pangilinan, Linas A Bieliauskas, Robert J Spencer,

Purpose/Aim of the Study: The Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI) is a 22-item self-report measure created to quantify the somatosensory, cognitive, and affective symptoms of Post-concussive Syndrome. Developers of the NSI used a subset of 10 items, the Validty-10, to measure symptom overreporting. We compared the Validity-10 versus the remaining NSI ... Read more >>

Int. J. Neurosci. (The International journal of neuroscience)
[2020, 130(9):926-932]

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Measuring change in anhedonia using the "Happy Faces" task pre- to post-repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment to left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): relation to empathic happiness.

Sharee N Light, Linas A Bieliauskas, Stephan F Taylor,

We investigated whether repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) would reduce anhedonia in a sample of 19 depressed adults (Mage = 45.21, SD = 11.21, 63% women) randomized to either active or sham rTMS. To track anhedonia, patients completed the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS)1 and a novel behavioral ... Read more >>

Transl Psychiatry (Translational psychiatry)
[2019, 9(1):217]

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Influence of Cognition on Length of Stay and Rehospitalization in Older Veterans Admitted for Post-Acute Care.

Julija Stelmokas, Amber D Rochette, Robert Hogikyan, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Jaclyn Reckow, Alexandra Sciaky, Linas Bieliauskas, Neil B Alexander,

OBJECTIVES:Evaluate the relative contribution of cognitive test performance to post-acute care (PAC) length of stay (LOS) and rehospitalization while controlling for key demographic, medical, and functional outcomes. METHODS:Retrospective medical record review of 160 older Veterans, including cognitive test performance (Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised [ACE-R]), on admission to a Veterans Administration Hospital ... Read more >>

J Appl Gerontol (Journal of applied gerontology : the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society)
[2020, 39(6):609-617]

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Montreal Cognitive Assessment as a screening tool: Influence of performance and symptom validity.

Brigid Waldron-Perrine, Nicolette M Gabel, Katharine Seagly, A Zarina Kraal, Percival Pangilinan, Robert J Spencer, Linas Bieliauskas,

Background:We evaluated Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) performance in a veteran traumatic brain injury (TBI) population, considering performance validity test (PVT) and symptom validity test (SVT) data, and explored associations of MoCA performance with neuropsychological test performance and self-reported distress. Methods:Of 198 consecutively referred veterans to a Veterans Administration TBI/Polytrauma Clinic, ... Read more >>

(Neurology. Clinical practice)
[2019, 9(2):101-108]

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Suspiciously slow: timed digit span as an embedded performance validity measure in a sample of veterans with mTBI.

Nicolette M Gabel, Brigid Waldron-Perrine, Robert J Spencer, Percival H Pangilinan, Andrew C Hale, Linas A Bieliauskas,

OBJECTIVE:To explore the utility of Timed Digit Span (TDS) as an embedded performance validity test (PVT) in a sample of veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). We hypothesize that TDS will predict PVT failure on an established stand-alone measure (Trial 1 of the Test of Memory Malingering; TOMM). METHODS:TDS ... Read more >>

Brain Inj (Brain injury)
[2019, 33(3):377-382]

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Emerging evidence for speeded alphabet printing as a measure of processing speed and working memory.

Kathryn Tolle, Robert J Spencer, Valencia Montgomery, Linas A Bieliauskas,

Alphabet Printing (in the forward and backward order) is a brief and highly portable test with promise as a screening measure of processing speed and simple working memory, constructs which are only minimally assessed in many of the most commonly-used cognitive screening instruments. The aim of this project was to ... Read more >>

Appl Neuropsychol Adult (Applied neuropsychology. Adult)
[2019, 26(6):573-580]

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Streamlining screening of emotional function in Veterans with traumatic brain injury.

Jennifer M Flaherty, Robert J Spencer, Lauren L Drag, Percival H Pangilinan, Linas A Bieliauskas,

OBJECTIVES:This study examined how depression, anxiety, and sleep items from the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI) predict results from longer inventories. METHOD:This was a retrospective review from 484, predominantly male (96.1%) Veterans, mean age 29.7 years, who underwent brief neuropsychological screening during a comprehensive, multidisciplinary evaluation for mild traumatic brain injury ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2018, 74(7):1281-1292]

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Population Base Rates and Disease Course of Common Psychiatric and Neurodegenerative Disorders.

Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Nicolette M Gabel, Julija Stelmokas, Alyson M Rich, Linas A Bieliauskas,

Knowledge of population base rates of neurological and psychiatric disorders is fundamental for diagnostic decision making. Consideration of relevant probabilistic information can improve diagnostic efficiency and accuracy. However, such data continue to be misused or underutilized, which can lead to misdiagnoses and negative patient outcomes. The aim of the current ... Read more >>

Neuropsychol Rev (Neuropsychology review)
[2017, 27(3):284-301]

Cited: 2 times

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Self-Reported Health and Safety Awareness Improves Prediction of Level of Care Needs in Veterans Discharged From a Postacute Unit.

Julija Stelmokas, Linas A Bieliauskas, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Robert Hogikyan, Neil B Alexander,

To evaluate the differential value of a self-reported health and safety awareness measure relative to other medical, psychosocial, and cognitive factors in predicting level of care (LOC) needs after hospital discharge.Retrospective medical record review.Community living center postacute care (CLC-PAC) unit at a Veterans Affairs hospital.A total of 175 veterans admitted ... Read more >>

PM R (PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation)
[2017, 9(11):1122-1127]

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"Top-Down" Mu-Opioid System Function in Humans: Mu-Opioid Receptors in Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex Mediate the Relationship Between Hedonic Tone and Executive Function in Major Depressive Disorder.

Sharee N Light, Linas A Bieliauskas, Jon-Kar Zubieta,

Cognitive dysfunction and anhedonia, the reduced ability to experience pleasure, are commonly comorbid symptoms that are persistent following successful resolution of negative affect in major depressive disorder (MDD). Little is known about whether they share common etiology. In the present study, the relationship between ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC) activity, cognitive ... Read more >>

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci (The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences)
[2017, 29(4):357-364]

Cited: 5 times

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Delirium Detection and Impact of Comorbid Health Conditions in a Post-Acute Rehabilitation Hospital Setting.

Julija Stelmokas, Nicolette Gabel, Jennifer M Flaherty, Katherine Rayson, Kathileen Tran, Jason R Anderson, Linas A Bieliauskas,

Misdiagnosis and under-detection of delirium may occur in many medical settings. This is important to address as delirium clearly increases risk of morbidity and mortality in such settings. This study assessed whether Veterans who screened positive on a delirium severity measure (Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale; MDAS) differed from those with ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2016, 11(11):e0166754]

Cited: 2 times

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Executive Functioning at Baseline Prospectively Predicts Depression Treatment Response.

Erica L Dawson, Angela F Caveney, Kortni K Meyers, Sara L Weisenbach, Bruno Giordani, Erich T Avery, Michael-Paul Schallmo, Armita Bahadori, Linas A Bieliauskas, Matthew Mordhorst, Sheila M Marcus, Kevin Kerber, Jon-Kar Zubieta, Scott A Langenecker,

Objective:Existing cognitive and clinical predictors of treatment response to date are not of sufficient strength to meaningfully impact treatment decision making and are not readily employed in clinical settings. This study investigated whether clinical and cognitive markers used in a tertiary care clinic could predict response to usual treatment over ... Read more >>

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord (The primary care companion for CNS disorders)
[2017, 19(1):]

Cited: 5 times

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Incidental Learning: A Brief, Valid Measure of Memory Based on the WAIS-IV Vocabulary and Similarities Subtests.

Robert J Spencer, Jaclyn Reckow, Lauren L Drag, Linas A Bieliauskas,

We assessed the validity of a brief incidental learning measure based on the Similarities and Vocabulary subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV).Most neuropsychological assessments for memory require intentional learning, but incidental learning occurs without explicit instruction. Incidental memory tests such as the WAIS-III Symbol Digit Coding subtest ... Read more >>

Cogn Behav Neurol (Cognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology)
[2016, 29(4):206-211]

Cited: 2 times

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Neuropsychological test validity in Veterans presenting with subjective complaints of 'very severe' cognitive symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury.

Robert J Spencer, Brigid Waldron-Perrine, Lauren L Drag, Percival H Pangilinan, Bradley N Axelrod, Linas A Bieliauskas,

This study explored the utility of combining data from measures of performance validity and symptom validity among Veterans undergoing neuropsychological evaluation for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).Persistent cognitive impairments following mTBI are often reported by returning combat veterans. However, objectively-measured cognitive deficits are not common among individuals with mTBI, raising ... Read more >>

Brain Inj (Brain injury)
[2017, 31(1):32-38]

Cited: 3 times

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Patterns of frontoparietal activation as a marker for unsuccessful visuospatial processing in healthy aging.

Lauren L Drag, Sharee N Light, Scott A Langenecker, Kathleen E Hazlett, Elisabeth A Wilde, Robert Welsh, Brett A Steinberg, Linas A Bieliauskas,

Visuospatial abilities are sensitive to age-related decline, although the neural basis for this decline (and its everyday behavioral correlates) is as yet poorly understood. fMRI was employed to examine age-related differences in patterns of functional activation that underlie changes in visuospatial processing. All participants completed a brief neuropsychological battery and ... Read more >>

Brain Imaging Behav (Brain imaging and behavior)
[2016, 10(3):686-696]

Cited: 3 times

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PPVT-I administration rules significantly shorten PPVT-III/IV administration.

Xi Sheng Besha, Robert J Spencer, Linas A Bieliauskas,

This study evaluated whether using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-First Edition (PPVT-I) basal and ceiling criteria would result in similar estimates of receptive vocabulary while permitting administration of fewer test items when using the third and fourth editions of the PPVT. Data were retrospectively collected from 119 adult inpatients who ... Read more >>

Int. J. Neurosci. (The International journal of neuroscience)
[2017, 127(5):412-416]

Cited: 0 times

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Cognitive reserve and executive function: Effect on judgment of health and safety.

Kristin H Hinrichs, Alex Hayek, David Kalmbach, Nicolette Gabel, Linas A Bieliauskas,

Individuals with the same neurological conditions do not necessarily manifest the same behavioral presentation, which suggests differences in resilience and vulnerability among individuals, a concept known as cognitive reserve. This study sought to explore the relationship among cognitive reserve, executive functioning, and health and safety judgment among a sample of ... Read more >>

J Rehabil Res Dev (Journal of rehabilitation research and development)
[2016, 53(6):863-872]

Cited: 1 time

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Decreased Fronto-Limbic Activation and Disrupted Semantic-Cued List Learning in Major Depressive Disorder.

Michelle T Kassel, Julia A Rao, Sara J Walker, Emily M Briceño, Laura B Gabriel, Anne L Weldon, Erich T Avery, Brennan D Haase, Marta Peciña, Ciaran M Considine, Douglas C Noll, Linas A Bieliauskas, Monica N Starkman, Jon-Kar Zubieta, Robert C Welsh, Bruno Giordani, Sara L Weisenbach, Scott A Langenecker,

Individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) demonstrate poorer learning and memory skills relative to never-depressed comparisons (NDC). Previous studies report decreased volume and disrupted function of frontal lobes and hippocampi in MDD during memory challenge. However, it has been difficult to dissociate contributions of short-term memory and executive functioning to ... Read more >>

J Int Neuropsychol Soc (Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS)
[2016, 22(4):412-425]

Cited: 4 times

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Reliability and factor structure of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in a polytrauma clinic.

Laura Boxley, Jennifer M Flaherty, Robert J Spencer, Lauren L Drag, Percival H Pangilinan, Linas A Bieliauskas,

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a brief self-report measure of anxiety and depression symptoms. This study examined the internal consistency and factor structure of the HADS among Veterans in a polytrauma/traumatic brain injury clinic. The sample consisted of 312 Veterans. A confirmatory factor analysis of the depression ... Read more >>

J Rehabil Res Dev (Journal of rehabilitation research and development)
[2016, 53(6):873-880]

Cited: 5 times

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Limited usefulness of the Rey Fifteen-Item Test in detection of invalid performance in veterans suspected of mild traumatic brain injury.

Jennifer M Flaherty, Robert J Spencer, Lauren L Drag, Percival H Pangilinan, Linas A Bieliauskas,

This study explored using the FIT as a measure of performance validity among veterans undergoing neuropsychological evaluation for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).The Rey Fifteen-Item Memory Test (FIT) is a performance validity measure criticized for poor sensitivity.Two hundred and fifty-seven veterans completed the FIT and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Fourth ... Read more >>

Brain Inj (Brain injury)
[2015, 29(13-14):1630-1634]

Cited: 3 times

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Informational literature influences symptom expression following mild head injury: An analog study.

Brigid Waldron-Perrine, Heather A Tree, Robert J Spencer, Julie Suhr, Linas Bieliauskas,

Many Veterans involved in recent OEF/OIF conflicts return with reports of having experienced an mTBI. The Veteran's Affairs (VA) and Department of Defense (DoD) have gone to great lengths to provide information to Veterans regarding possible effects of TBI. Although well intended, this information may possibly have an iatrogenic effect. ... Read more >>

Brain Inj (Brain injury)
[2015, 29(9):1051-1055]

Cited: 2 times

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Affect and psychiatric symptoms in a veteran polytrauma clinic.

A Zarina Kraal, Brigid Waldron-Perrine, Percival H Pangilinan, Linas A Bieliauskas,

Although the relationship between negative affect and psychiatric symptoms has been well-demonstrated in research, less is known about positive affect relative to negative affect, and its relationship to psychiatric symptoms, especially among veterans. This study examined how levels of positive and negative affect are associated with symptoms of depression, anxiety, ... Read more >>

Rehabil Psychol (Rehabilitation psychology)
[2015, 60(1):36-42]

Cited: 2 times

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The American Board of Clinical Neuropsychology and American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology: updated milestones 2005-2014.

John A Lucas, E Mark Mahone, Michael Westerveld, Linas Bieliauskas, Ida Sue Baron,

Clin Neuropsychol (The Clinical neuropsychologist)
[2014, 28(6):889-906]

Cited: 1 time

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Postconcussive symptom report in polytrauma: influence of mild traumatic brain injury and psychiatric distress.

Brigid Waldron-Perrine, Heather Hennrick, Robert J Spencer, Percival H Pangilinan, Linas A Bieliauskas,

Many studies have evaluated the influence of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on neuropsychological test performance and on report of postconcussive symptoms. However, most studies that examine postconcussion syndrome (PCS) do not address the issue of "polytrauma," which is common in military mTBI. This study investigated simultaneously demographic, injury-related, and ... Read more >>

Mil Med (Military medicine)
[2014, 179(8):856-864]

Cited: 15 times

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Age and gender modulate the neural circuitry supporting facial emotion processing in adults with major depressive disorder.

Emily M Briceño, Lisa J Rapport, Michelle T Kassel, Linas A Bieliauskas, Jon-Kar Zubieta, Sara L Weisenbach, Scott A Langenecker,

Emotion processing, supported by frontolimbic circuitry known to be sensitive to the effects of aging, is a relatively understudied cognitive-emotional domain in geriatric depression. Some evidence suggests that the neurophysiological disruption observed in emotion processing among adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) may be modulated by both gender and age. ... Read more >>

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry (The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry)
[2015, 23(3):304-313]

Cited: 9 times

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