Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Lazaros C Triarhou

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Exploring Subcellular Cerebellar Fractions with the Electron Microscope.

Lazaros C Triarhou, Mario Manto,

Differential ultracentrifugation and subcellular fractionation historically helped to study the components of the cell, to discover new cellular organelles, and to decipher their morphological and molecular properties. In neuroscience, the technique has yielded important results on neuron biochemistry and the mechanisms of synaptic transmission. This Cerebellar Classic is devoted to ... Read more >>

Cerebellum (Cerebellum (London, England))
[2021, :]

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On the English (1931) and Spanish (1932) translations of von Economo's classic monograph on encephalitis lethargica.

Lazaros C Triarhou,

The "second" seminal monograph by Constantin von Economo on encephalitis lethargica appeared in print in German in 1929, following his initial report of the disease (eponymously associated with his name) before the Viennese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology and the publication of his "first" monograph on the subject in 1917. ... Read more >>

J Hist Neurosci (Journal of the history of the neurosciences)
[2021, :1-15]

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The Pioneer Neuropharmacologist Alfred Fröhlich (1871-1953) and the Origins of Neuroendocrinology: A Sesquicentennial Remembrance.

Lazaros C Triarhou,

The birth of neuroendocrinology as a scientific discipline is traced back to 1900-1901, when Joseph Babinski, Alfred Fröhlich, and Harvey Cushing independently identified adiposogenital dystrophy (Fröhlich syndrome), and related gonadal underdevelopment and obesity to a tumor near the pituitary gland. This discovery prompted decades of research into the brain mechanisms ... Read more >>

Neuroscientist (The Neuroscientist : a review journal bringing neurobiology, neurology and psychiatry)
[2021, :10738584211016777]

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Commentary on "The Significance of the Granular Layer of the Cerebellum: a Communication by Heinrich Obersteiner (1847-1922) Before the 81st Meeting of the Society of German Natural Scientists and Physicians in Salzburg, September 1909".

Lazaros C Triarhou,

This commentary highlights a "cerebellar classic" by Heinrich Obersteiner (1847-1922), the founder of Vienna's Neurological Institute. Obersteiner had a long-standing interest in the cerebellar cortex, its development, and pathology, having provided one of the early accurate descriptions of the external germinal layer (sometimes called the "marginal zone of Obersteiner" or ... Read more >>

Cerebellum (Cerebellum (London, England))
[2021, 20(3):321-326]

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Part I: The Complex Spikes as One of the Cerebellar Secrets.

Mario Manto, Lazaros C Triarhou,

The olivocerebellar tract has unique morphological, physiological, and developmental properties. Olivocerebellar axons are the source of multiple climbing fibers (CFs). The synapse between CFs and the Purkinje neuron is one of the most powerful excitatory in the central nervous system. Complex spikes are composed of an initial large amplitude spike ... Read more >>

Cerebellum (Cerebellum (London, England))
[2021, 20(3):327-329]

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The Significance of the Granular Layer of the Cerebellum, by Professor Heinrich Obersteiner (English Translation).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

The paper is an English translation of Heinrich Obersteiner's lecture on the significance of the granular layer of the cerebellum, rendered from the original German text that was published under the title Über die Bedeutung der Körnerschichte des Kleinhirns in the Jahrbücher für Psychiatrie und Neurologie (the official organ of ... Read more >>

Cerebellum (Cerebellum (London, England))
[2021, 20(3):307-320]

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Correction to: From Cerebellar Apoplexy in 1849 to Cerebellar Stroke in the 2020s: Robert Dunn's Contribution.

Mario Manto, Lazaros C Triarhou,

Cerebellum (Cerebellum (London, England))
[2021, :]

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Cytoarchitectonics of the Rolandic operculum: morphofunctional ponderings.

Lazaros C Triarhou,

Constantin von Economo (1876-1931) had a long-standing interest in the cellular structure of the human cerebral cortex. In the present article I highlight a historical paper that von Economo published in 1930 on the cytoarchitectonics of the Rolandic operculum, an English translation of which I provide as supplementary material. I ... Read more >>

Brain Struct Funct (Brain structure & function)
[2021, 226(4):941-950]

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Richard Stern (1878-1942).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2021, :]

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From Cerebellar Apoplexy in 1849 to Cerebellar Stroke in the 2020s: Robert Dunn's Contribution.

Mario Manto, Lazaros C Triarhou,

Stroke of the cerebellum represents about 10% of strokes of the brain. Both infarction and hemorrhage manifest with symptoms related to the location and extent of the lesion(s). Bilateral cerebellar infarcts constitute up to one third of all cerebellar infarctions. The leading cause of cerebellar infarcts is emboli of cardiac ... Read more >>

Cerebellum (Cerebellum (London, England))
[2021, 20(3):340-345]

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Otto Kauders (1893-1949).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2021, :]

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Bernhard Dattner (1887-1952).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2021, :]

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Martin Pappenheim (1881-1943).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2021, :]

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Ludwig Horn (1897-1935).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2021, 268(8):3054-3055]

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Pre-Brodmann pioneers of cortical cytoarchitectonics I: Theodor Meynert, Vladimir Betz and William Bevan-Lewis.

Lazaros C Triarhou,

This study and the sequel paper revisit landmark discoveries that paved the way to the definition of the renowned Brodmann areas in the human cerebral cortex, in an attempt to rectify certain undeserved historical neglects. A 'first period of discoveries,' from 1867 to 1882, is represented by the work of ... Read more >>

Brain Struct Funct (Brain structure & function)
[2021, 226(1):49-67]

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Pre-Brodmann pioneers of cortical cytoarchitectonics II: Carl Hammarberg, Alfred Walter Campbell and Grafton Elliot Smith.

Lazaros C Triarhou,

The present study and the preceding paper revisit landmark discoveries that paved the way to the definition of the renowned Brodmann areas in the human cerebral cortex, in an attempt to rectify certain undeserved historical neglects. A 'second period of discoveries', from 1893 to 1908, is marked by the work ... Read more >>

Brain Struct Funct (Brain structure & function)
[2020, 225(9):2591-2614]

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Siegmund Erben (1863-1942).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2020, :]

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Vicente Dimitri (1885-1955).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

The pioneer neuropathologist Vicente Dimitri (1885-1955) was professor and chairman of neurology at the Medical School of the University of Buenos Aires. He founded the Revista Neurológica de Buenos Aires, the first Spanish-language journal of neurology (currently, Neurología Argentina), and is eponymously remembered in 'Sturge-Weber-Dimitri syndrome' or encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis. ... Read more >>

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2021, 268(7):2624-2625]

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Clemente Estable (1894-1976).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2021, 268(5):2005-2006]

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Giovanni Mingazzini (1859-1929).

Lazaros C Triarhou,

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2021, 268(4):1558-1559]

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Bernard Sachs (1858-1944).

Vasiliki A Natsiopoulou, Lazaros C Triarhou,

J Neurol (Journal of neurology)
[2021, 268(1):389-390]

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Through neuronal avalanches to consciousness: Conjectures and elaborations.

Elena I Antonakou, Lazaros C Triarhou,

The concept of the "conduction avalanche" as a mechanism of signal propagation in the central nervous system was introduced in 1895 by Santiago Ramón y Cajal. Through such a mechanism, stimuli received by sensory receptor cells would be augmented as they reached the cerebral cortex through the corresponding anatomical pathways, ... Read more >>

J Chem Neuroanat (Journal of chemical neuroanatomy)
[2019, 104:101741]

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"Anatomical mechanism of ideation, association and attention" [1895] and "Certain points in neurological histophysiology" [1896]: Cajal's conjectures, then and now.

Elena I Antonakou, Lazaros C Triarhou,

The purpose of this article is two-fold: first, to preserve, in updated English translations, two theoretical papers written by Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934) in 1895 and 1896 under the titles, "Conjectures on the anatomical mechanism of ideation, association and attention" and "Conjectural interpretations of certain points in neurological histophysiology"; ... Read more >>

J Chem Neuroanat (Journal of chemical neuroanatomy)
[2019, 104:101702]

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Sven Ingvar (1889-1947) of Lund University and the Centennial of His Landmark Dissertation on Cerebellar Phylo-Ontogeny.

Lazaros C Triarhou,

In January 1919, Sven Ingvar (1889-1947) defended his doctoral dissertation (required for the M.D. degree) on cerebellar phylogeny, development, and function at Lund University, Sweden. The work was supervised by Cornelius U. Ariëns Kappers (1877-1946) in Amsterdam and by Karl Petrén (1868-1927) in Lund. A physician of many interests, Ingvar ... Read more >>

Cerebellum (Cerebellum (London, England))
[2019, 18(4):676-687]

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Women neuropsychiatrists on Wagner-Jauregg's staff in Vienna at the time of the Nobel award: ordeal and fortitude.

Lazaros C Triarhou,

This article profiles the scientific lives of six women physicians on the staff of the Clinic of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Vienna in 1927, the year when its Director, Julius Wagner-Jauregg, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. They were all of Jewish descent and ... Read more >>

Hist Psychiatry (History of psychiatry)
[2019, 30(4):393-408]

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