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Author Kate Maddaford

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Brief Report: Changes in PrEP Use, Sexual Practice, and Use of Face Mask During Sex Among MSM During the Second Wave of COVID-19 in Melbourne, Australia.

Eric P F Chow, Jane S Hocking, Jason J Ong, Tiffany R Phillips, Tina Schmidt, Andrew Buchanan, Elena Rodriguez, Kate Maddaford, Christopher K Fairley,

<h4>Background</h4>A second wave of COVID-19 began in late June in Victoria, Australia. Stage 3 then Stage 4 restrictions were introduced in July-August. This study aimed to compare the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and sexual practices among men who have sex with men taking PrEP between May-June (post-first lockdown) and ... Read more >>

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999))
[2021, 86(2):153-156]

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Brief Report: Group Sex Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in the Era of PrEP: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Tiffany R Phillips, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona S Bradshaw, Jane S Hocking, Edmond P H Choi, Jason J Ong, Marjan Tabesh, Kate Maddaford, Eric P F Chow,

<h4>Background</h4>Group sex has been commonly reported among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (GBMSM); however, there are limited studies on the factors associated with participating in group sex.<h4>Setting</h4>A cross-sectional study among GBMSM attending a sexual health clinic in Melbourne, Australia.<h4>Methods</h4>Univariable and multivariable logistic regression were performed to ... Read more >>

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999))
[2021, 86(2):e23-e27]

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Associations between oral sex practices and frequent mouthwash use in heterosexuals: a cross-sectional survey in Melbourne, Australia.

Tiffany R Phillips, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona S Bradshaw, Marjan Tabesh, Kate Maddaford, Jane S Hocking, Eric Pf Chow,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study aimed to determine the frequency of mouthwash use and its association to oral sex practice in heterosexuals.<h4>Design</h4>A cross-sectional study.<h4>Setting</h4>Data obtained from a sexual health clinic in Victoria, Australia, between March 2019 and April 2019.<h4>Participants</h4>Heterosexual men and women attending the sexual health clinic answered a survey using computer-assisted self-interview.<h4>Primary ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2021, 11(1):e041782]

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"Moving from one environment to another, it doesn't automatically change everything". Exploring the transnational experience of Asian-born gay and bisexual men who have sex with men newly arrived in Australia.

Tiffany R Phillips, Nicholas Medland, Eric P F Chow, Kate Maddaford, Rebecca Wigan, Christopher K Fairley, Jason J Ong, Jade E Bilardi,

Asian-born gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (gbMSM) who are newly arrived in Australia are at a higher risk of acquiring HIV than Australian-born gbMSM. We used a social constructionist framework to explore HIV knowledge and prevention strategies used by newly-arrived Asian-born gbMSM. Twenty four Asian-born ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2020, 15(11):e0242788]

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An open-label, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial of antiseptic mouthwash versus antibiotics for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea treatment (OMEGA2).

Eric P F Chow, Kate Maddaford, Jane S Hocking, Catriona S Bradshaw, Rebecca Wigan, Marcus Y Chen, Benjamin P Howden, Deborah A Williamson, Christopher K Fairley,

New treatments for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea are required to address rising antimicrobial resistance. We aimed to examine the efficacy of a 14-day course of mouthwash twice daily compared to standard treatment (antibiotic) for the treatment of oropharyngeal gonorrhoea. The OMEGA2 trial was a parallel-group and open-labelled randomised controlled trial among men ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):19386]

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Incidence and duration of incident oropharyngeal gonorrhoea and chlamydia infections among men who have sex with men: prospective cohort study.

Eric P F Chow, Lenka A Vodstrcil, Deborah A Williamson, Kate Maddaford, Jane S Hocking, Melinda Ashcroft, Vesna De Petra, Catriona S Bradshaw, Christopher K Fairley,

<h4>Objectives</h4>This prospective cohort study aimed to determine the natural history and incidence of oropharyngeal gonorrhoea and chlamydia among a cohort of men who have sex with men (MSM) over a 12-week period, and to examine risk factors associated with incident oropharyngeal infections.<h4>Methods</h4>MSM either aged ≥18 years and had a diagnosis ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Infect (Sexually transmitted infections)
[2020, :]

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Duration of gargling and rinsing among frequent mouthwash users: a cross-sectional study.

Tiffany Renee Phillips, Christopher Fairley, Kate Maddaford, Sabrina Trumpour, Rebecca Wigan, Catriona Bradshaw, Jane S Hocking, Eric P F Chow,

<h4>Objective</h4>To examine the rinsing and gargling mouthwash practices among frequent mouthwash users to determine if there are differences in use between gender, sexual orientation and sex work status.<h4>Design</h4>Cross-sectional study.<h4>Setting</h4>Data obtained from patients attending a sexual health centre located in Melbourne, Australia.<h4>Participants</h4>200 frequent mouthwash users (four or more times per week), ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(9):e040754]

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Clinical presentation of asymptomatic and symptomatic women who tested positive for genital gonorrhoea at a sexual health service in Melbourne, Australia.

Mario Martín-Sánchez, Christopher K Fairley, Jason J Ong, Kate Maddaford, Marcus Y Chen, Deborah A Williamson, Catriona S Bradshaw, Eric P F Chow,

Gonorrhoea cases in women have been rising in Australia in the 2010s but the cause of the increase is not well understood. This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the characteristics of genital gonorrhoea infection in women attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Australia. Gonorrhoea cases were diagnosed by nucleic acid ... Read more >>

Epidemiol Infect (Epidemiology and infection)
[2020, 148:e240]

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Changing from Clinician-Collected to Self-Collected Throat Swabs for Oropharyngeal Gonorrhea and Chlamydia Screening among Men Who Have Sex with Men.

Eric P F Chow, Catriona S Bradshaw, Deborah A Williamson, Shauna Hall, Marcus Y Chen, Tiffany R Phillips, Ria Fortune, Kate Maddaford, Christopher K Fairley,

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led many clinics to move from clinician-collected to self-collected oropharyngeal swabs for the detection of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Before this change, however, self-collection was used primarily for genital and anorectal infections, with only limited studies on the performance of self-collection of oropharyngeal ... Read more >>

J Clin Microbiol (Journal of clinical microbiology)
[2020, 58(9):]

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Clinical presentation of asymptomatic and symptomatic heterosexual men who tested positive for urethral gonorrhoea at a sexual health clinic in Melbourne, Australia.

Mario Martín-Sánchez, Jason J Ong, Christopher K Fairley, Marcus Y Chen, Deborah A Williamson, Kate Maddaford, Ei T Aung, Georgia Carter, Catriona S Bradshaw, Eric P F Chow,

BACKGROUND:Asymptomatic screening for gonorrhoea in heterosexual men is currently not recommended in many countries including Australia, given the prevalence is relatively low in the heterosexual population. We aimed to determine the proportion of urethral gonorrhoea cases among heterosexual men attending a sexual health clinic that was asymptomatic and symptomatic, the ... Read more >>

BMC Infect Dis (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):486]

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Changing the Use of HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Among Men Who Have Sex With Men During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Melbourne, Australia.

Eric P F Chow, Jane S Hocking, Jason J Ong, Tina Schmidt, Andrew Buchanan, Elena Rodriguez, Kate Maddaford, Prital Patel, Christopher K Fairley,

We surveyed 204 men who have sex with men (MSM) who were pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) users. One in 4 daily PrEP users stopped taking PrEP during the COVID-19 pandemic, and 5% switched to on-demand PrEP. Most men reduced PrEP use because they stopped having casual sex and reduced the number ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2020, 7(7):ofaa275]

Cited: 3 times

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Pooling Pharyngeal, Anorectal, and Urogenital Samples for Screening Asymptomatic Men Who Have Sex with Men for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Duygu Durukan, Tim R H Read, Catriona S Bradshaw, Christopher K Fairley, Deborah A Williamson, Vesna De Petra, Kate Maddaford, Rebecca Wigan, Marcus Y Chen, Anne Tran, Eric P F Chow,

Screening for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae at the pharyngeal, urogenital, and anorectal sites is recommended for men who have sex with men (MSM). Combining the three individual-site samples into a single pooled sample could result in significant cost savings, provided there is no significant sensitivity reduction. The aim of ... Read more >>

J Clin Microbiol (Journal of clinical microbiology)
[2020, 58(5):]

Cited: 0 times

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Sexual practices of female sex workers in Melbourne, Australia: an anonymous cross-sectional questionnaire study in 2017-18.

Annalisa Zappulla, Christopher K Fairley, Basil Donovan, Rebecca Guy, Catriona S Bradshaw, Marcus Y Chen, Tiffany R Phillips, Kate Maddaford, Eric P F Chow,

Background Sexually transmissible infections (STIs) are rising among female sex workers (FSW) in Australia. The rise might be explained by changes in sexual practices; however, there is limited behavioural data available. This study aimed to explore the current sexual practices among FSW in Melbourne.<h4>Methods</h4>This cross-sectional study was conducted among FSW ... Read more >>

Sex Health (Sexual health)
[2020, 17(1):53-60]

Cited: 1 time

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Bacterial Load of Chlamydia trachomatis in the Posterior Oropharynx, Tonsillar Fossae, and Saliva among Men Who Have Sex with Men with Untreated Oropharyngeal Chlamydia.

Tiffany R Phillips, Christopher K Fairley, Kate Maddaford, Jennifer Danielewski, Jane S Hocking, David Lee, Deborah A Williamson, Gerald Murray, Fabian Kong, Vesna De Petra, Catriona S Bradshaw, Marcus Y Chen, Rebecca Wigan, Anthony Snow, Benjamin P Howden, Suzanne M Garland, Eric P F Chow,

The aim of this study was to determine whether Chlamydia trachomatis could be detected in saliva and if infection is specific to an anatomical site in the oropharynx. Men who have sex with men (MSM) who were diagnosed with oropharyngeal chlamydia at the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre in 2017-2018 were ... Read more >>

J Clin Microbiol (Journal of clinical microbiology)
[2019, 58(1):]

Cited: 2 times

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Sites in the oropharynx reached by different methods of using mouthwash: clinical implication for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea prevention.

Kate Maddaford, Christopher K Fairley, Sabrina Trumpour, Mark Chung, Eric P F Chow,

OBJECTIVES:Oropharyngeal gonorrhoea is increasing among men who have sex with men and is commonly found in the tonsils and at the posterior pharyngeal wall. To address this rise, investigators are currently trialling mouthwash to prevent oropharyngeal gonorrhoea. We aimed to determine which parts of the oropharynx were reached by different ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Infect (Sexually transmitted infections)
[2020, 96(5):358-360]

Cited: 0 times

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Translating mouthwash use for gonorrhoea prevention into a public health campaign: identifying current knowledge and research gaps.

Eric P F Chow, Kate Maddaford, Sabrina Trumpour, Christopher K Fairley,

The gonorrhoea rate among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (MSM) has been increasing rapidly in many Western countries. Furthermore, gonorrhoea is becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics and only limited options remain for treatment. Recent evidence suggests that the oropharynx may play an important role in gonorrhoea ... Read more >>

Sex Health (Sexual health)
[2019, 16(5):433-441]

Cited: 4 times

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Risk Factors for Asymptomatic Enteric Pathogen Detection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men.

Deborah A Williamson, Eric P F Chow, Darren Lee, Kate Maddaford, Michelle Sait, Marion Easton, Danielle Ingle, Rebecca Wigan, Vesna De Petra, Benjamin P Howden, Christopher K Fairley, Marcus Y Chen,

Improved knowledge of factors that promote outbreaks of enteric pathogens among men who have sex with men (MSM) could enable targeted public health interventions. We detected enteric pathogens in 57 of 519 (11%) asymptomatic MSM, and we found that enteric pathogen detection was associated with both oroanal sex (rimming) and ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2019, 6(9):ofz326]

Cited: 0 times

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A multicentre double-blind randomised controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of daily use of antibacterial mouthwash against oropharyngeal gonorrhoea among men who have sex with men: the OMEGA (Oral Mouthwash use to Eradicate GonorrhoeA) study protocol.

Eric P F Chow, Sandra Walker, Jane S Hocking, Catriona S Bradshaw, Marcus Y Chen, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Benjamin P Howden, Matthew G Law, Kate Maddaford, Tim R H Read, David A Lewis, David M Whiley, Lei Zhang, Andrew E Grulich, John M Kaldor, Vincent J Cornelisse, Samuel Phillips, Basil Donovan, Anna M McNulty, David J Templeton, Norman Roth, Richard Moore, Christopher K Fairley,

<h4>Background</h4>Gonorrhoea is one of the most common sexually transmissible infections in men who have sex with men (MSM). Gonorrhoea rates have increased substantially in recent years. There is concern that increasing gonorrhoea prevalence will increase the likelihood of worsening antibiotic resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. A recent randomised controlled trial (RCT) ... Read more >>

BMC Infect Dis (BMC infectious diseases)
[2017, 17(1):456]

Cited: 11 times

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