Full Text Journal Articles by
Author K Michael Cummings

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Role of e-cigarettes and pharmacotherapy during attempts to quit cigarette smoking: The PATH Study 2013-16.

John P Pierce, Tarik Benmarhnia, Ruifeng Chen, Martha White, David B Abrams, Bridget K Ambrose, Carlos Blanco, Nicolette Borek, Kelvin Choi, Blair Coleman, Wilson M Compton, K Michael Cummings, Cristine D Delnevo, Tara Elton-Marshall, Maciej L Goniewicz, Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T Fong, Dorothy Hatsukami, James Henrie, Karin A Kasza, Sheila Kealey, Heather L Kimmel, Jean Limpert, Raymond S Niaura, Carolina Ramôa, Eva Sharma, Marushka L Silveira, Cassandra A Stanton, Michael B Steinberg, Ethel Taylor, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Dennis R Trinidad, Lisa D Gardner, Andrew Hyland, Samir Soneji, Karen Messer,

BACKGROUND:More smokers report using e-cigarettes to help them quit than FDA-approved pharmacotherapy. OBJECTIVE:To assess the association of e-cigarettes with future abstinence from cigarette and tobacco use. DESIGN:Cohort study of US sample, with annual follow-up. PARTICIPANTS:US adult (ages 18+) daily cigarette smokers identified at Wave 1 (W1; 2013-14) of the PATH ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(9):e0237938]

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State Tobacco Excise Taxation, Comprehensive Smoke-free Air Laws, and Tobacco Control Appropriations as Predictors of Smoking Cessation Success in the United States.

Jennifer Dahne, Georges J Nahhas, Amy E Wahlquist, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter,

The purpose of the present study was (1) to examine demographic differences between smokers who successfully quit (n = 1809), who relapsed (n = 6548), and who did not attempt to quit (n = 11 102) within the last year, and (2) to examine state-level tobacco policies/programs as predictors of ... Read more >>

J Public Health Manag Pract (Journal of public health management and practice : JPHMP)
[2020, 26(5):E1-E4]

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Predictive validity of the adult tobacco dependence index: Findings from waves 1 and 2 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study.

David R Strong, Eric Leas, Madison Noble, Martha White, Kevin C Frissell, Allison Glasser, Lauren Katz, Kristie Taylor, Wilson M Compton, Kevin P Conway, Elizabeth Lambert, Heather L Kimmel, Marushka L Silveira, Victoria Green, Lynn C Hull, K Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Ray Niaura,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Building on published work1 establishing concurrent validity of a self-report tobacco dependence (TD) index among users of different tobacco products in Wave 1 (W1) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, the current study examines prospective relationships with tobacco use behaviors to establish predictive validity ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, 214:108134]

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The past is not the future in tobacco control.

K Michael Cummings, Scott Ballin, David Sweanor,

In this paper we have attempted to identify missed opportunities to change the trajectory of smoking and smoking caused diseases in America over the past 100 years. Many of the missed opportunities identified are due to the actions of cigarette manufacturers who misled the public about the dangers of cigarette smoking, ... Read more >>

Prev Med (Preventive medicine)
[2020, :106183]

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Support for minimum legal sales age laws set to age 21 across Australia, Canada, England and US: Findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Janet Chung-Hall, Lorraine Craig, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, David Levy, Sara C Hitchman,

BACKGROUND:Although the US has seen a rapid increase in tobacco minimum legal sales age (MLSA) laws set to age 21, there is wide variation across high-income countries and less is known about policy support outside of the US. We examined the prevalence of support for tobacco MLSA 21 laws as ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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The Public Health Gains Had Cigarette Companies Chosen to Sell Very Low Nicotine Cigarettes.

David T Levy, K Michael Cummings, Bryan W Heckman, Yameng Li, Zhe Yuan, Tracy T Smith, Rafael Meza,

INTRODUCTION:The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed lowering the nicotine content of cigarettes to a minimally addictive level to increase smoking cessation and reduce initiation. This study has two aims: (1) to determine when cigarette manufacturers had the technical capability to reduce cigarette nicotine content and (2) to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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An Analysis of the FTC's Attempt to Stop the Altria-Juul Labs Deal.

David T Levy, Clifford E Douglas, Luz Maria Sanchez-Romero, K Michael Cummings, David T Sweanor,

On 20 December 2018, Altria, the largest US cigarette company, announced an offer for a 35% share of the large and rapidly growing vaping product company, Juul Labs. On 2 April, 2020, the Federal Trade Commission issued a complaint that the deal was anticompetitive and should be voided. This paper ... Read more >>

Tob Regul Sci (Tobacco regulatory science)
[2020, 6(4):302-305]

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Predictive power of dependence measures for quitting smoking. Findings from the 2016-2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Michael Le Grande, Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, K Michael Cummings, Ann McNeill, Mary Thompson, Geoffrey T Fong,

OBJECTIVE:To test whether urges to smoke and perceived addiction to smoking, have independent predictive value for quit attempts and short-term quit success over and above the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI). METHODS:Data were from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Wave 1 (2016) and Wave 2 (2018) ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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The association of e-cigarette flavors with satisfaction, enjoyment, and trying to quit or stay abstinent from smoking among regular adult vapers from Canada and the United States: Findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, K Michael Cummings, David Hammond, Eric Lindblom, Danielle M Smith, Nadia Martin, Ruth Loewen, Ron Borland, Andrew Hyland, Mary E Thompson, Christian Boudreau, Karin Kasza, Janine Ouimet, Anne C K Quah, Richard O'Connor, Geoffrey T Fong,

INTRODUCTION:This study examined whether non-tobacco flavors are more commonly used by vapers (e-cigarette users) compared to tobacco flavor, described which flavors are most popular, and tested whether flavors are associated with: vaping satisfaction relative to smoking, level of enjoyment with vaping, reasons for using e-cigarettes, and making an attempt to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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What Is Accounting for the Rapid Decline in Cigarette Sales in Japan?

K Michael Cummings, Georges J Nahhas, David T Sweanor,

This study describes how trends in the sale of cigarettes in Japan between 2011 and 2019 correspond to the sales of heated tobacco products (HTPs) that were introduced into the Japanese market in late 2015. Data used for this study come from the Tobacco Institute of Japan and Philip Morris ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(10):]

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Assumption of Risk and the Role of Health Warnings Labels in the United States.

K Michael Cummings, Jonathan Gdanski, Nichole Veatch, Ernesto Marcelo Sebrié,

INTRODUCTION:This article provides historical context for understanding how the cigarette industry have manipulated language used in health warning labels (HWLs) to protect them in litigation. METHODS:Review of previously secret internal business records from 1964 discussing the role HWLs on cigarettes. Review of the legal challenges made by cigarette manufacturers surrounding ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(6):975-983]

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International differences in patterns of cannabis use among adult cigarette smokers: Findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, Pete Driezen, Danielle M Smith, Ron Borland, Eric N Lindblom, David Hammond, Ann McNeill, Andrew Hyland, K Michael Cummings, Gary Chan, Mary E Thompson, Christian Boudreau, Nadia Martin, Janine Ouimet, Ruth Loewen, Anne C K Quah, Maciej L Goniewicz, James F Thrasher, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND:Although evidence shows that co-use of cigarettes and cannabis is common, there is little research examining if co-use patterns vary depending on the regulatory environment for cannabis. This study examined patterns of co-use and perceptions of relative harm among cigarette smokers in four countries with different histories, and at different ... Read more >>

Int. J. Drug Policy (The International journal on drug policy)
[2020, 79:102754]

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The Impact of E-liquid Propylene Glycol and Vegetable Glycerin Ratio on Ratings of Subjective Effects, Reinforcement Value, and Use in Current Smokers.

Tracy T Smith, Bryan W Heckman, Amy E Wahlquist, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter,

INTRODUCTION:Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) vary on a wide range of characteristics that may affect reinforcement value and use. One characteristic is the ratio of two solvents commonly used in most e-liquids: propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG). The goal of this study was to understand how PG/VG ratio ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(5):791-797]

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Concurrent Daily and Non-Daily Use of Heated Tobacco Products with Combustible Cigarettes: Findings from the 2018 ITC Japan Survey.

Edward Sutanto, Connor Miller, Danielle M Smith, Ron Borland, Andrew Hyland, K Michael Cummings, Anne C K Quah, Steve Shaowei Xu, Geoffrey T Fong, Janine Ouimet, Itsuro Yoshimi, Yumiko Mochizuki, Takahiro Tabuchi, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz,

Use of heated tobacco products (HTPs) among current smokers is becoming increasingly popular in Japan. This study aims to compare characteristics and tobacco-related behaviors among concurrent users of HTPs and combustible cigarettes (n = 644) with exclusive smokers (n = 3194) or exclusive HTP users (n = 164). The secondary ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(6):]

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Smoking Cessation After a Cancer Diagnosis Is Associated With Improved Survival.

Graham W Warren, Anthony J Alberg, K Michael Cummings, Carolyn Dresler,

J Thorac Oncol (Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer)
[2020, 15(5):705-708]

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Costs of vaping: evidence from ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Kai-Wen Cheng, Ce Shang, Hye Myung Lee, Frank J Chaloupka, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Bryan W Heckman, Sara C Hitchman, Richard J O'Connor, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:To compare the prices paid for nicotine vaping products (NVPs) and supplies among current NVP users to prices paid for cigarettes among current smokers. DATA:The 2016 International Tobacco Control Four Country Vaping and Smoking Survey (4CV1). Key measures included: (1) self-reported prices paid for reusable NVPs (eg, rechargeable devices ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Adult perceptions of the relative harm of tobacco products and subsequent tobacco product use: Longitudinal findings from waves 1 and 2 of the population assessment of tobacco and health (PATH) study.

Tara Elton-Marshall, Pete Driezen, Geoffrey T Fong, K Michael Cummings, Alexander Persoskie, Olivia Wackowski, Kelvin Choi, Annette Kaufman, David Strong, Shannon Gravely, Kristie Taylor, Jonathan Kwan, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Mark Travers, Andrew Hyland,

OBJECTIVES:To examine: (1) How perceptions of harm for seven non-cigarette tobacco products predict subsequent use; (2) How change in use is associated with changes in perceptions of product harm; (3) Whether sociodemographic variables moderate the association between perceptions and use. METHODS:Data are from the adult sample (18+) of the Population ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2020, 106:106337]

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How are adolescents getting their vaping products? Findings from the international tobacco control (ITC) youth tobacco and vaping survey.

David Braak, K Michael Cummings, Georges J Nahhas, Jessica L Reid, David Hammond,

OBJECTIVE:To examine the sources of vaping products reported by adolescents, and the characteristics of adolescents who reported purchasing a vaping product in the past year in the United States (US), Canada (CA), and England (EN). METHODS:Data were from the 2017 ITC Youth Tobacco and Vaping Survey, a web-based survey of ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2020, 105:106345]

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Impact of E-cigarette Sampling on Cigarette Dependence and Reinforcement Value.

Tracy T Smith, Amy E Wahlquist, Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter,

INTRODUCTION:E-cigarettes have risen in prevalence in recent years, and most public health experts agree they deliver fewer toxicants than combustible tobacco products such as cigarettes. Thus, it is important to understand how use of e-cigarettes by current smokers impacts dependence on combustible cigarettes. METHODS:The present study is a secondary analysis ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(2):297-301]

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What's in a number?

K Michael Cummings,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2020, 115(5):814-815]

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E-cigarettes: striking the right balance.

K Michael Cummings, David Hammond,

Lancet Public Health (The Lancet. Public health)
[2020, 5(4):e180-e181]

Cited: 1 time

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Nicotine replacement therapy sampling for smoking cessation within primary care: results from a pragmatic cluster randomized clinical trial.

Matthew J Carpenter, Amy E Wahlquist, Jennifer Dahne, Kevin M Gray, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, K Michael Cummings, Robert Davis, Brent M Egan,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Within the context of busy clinical settings, health-care providers need practical, evidence-based options to engage smokers in quitting. Sampling of nicotine replacement therapy [i.e. provision of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT starter kits)] is a brief, pragmatic strategy to address this need. We aimed to compare the effects of ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2020, 115(7):1358-1367]

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Quasi-experimentally examining the impact of introducing tobacco pictorial health warnings: Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) 4C and Netherlands surveys in the Netherlands, Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, and the United States.

Dirk-Jan A van Mourik, Gera E Nagelhout, Hein de Vries, Bas van den Putte, K Michael Cummings, Ron Borland, Geoffrey T Fong, Marc C Willemsen,

BACKGROUND:Our study evaluated the short-term impact of introducing European Union's tobacco pictorial health warnings (PHWs). METHODS:Longitudinal data were collected at two time-points from adult smokers, participating in the International Tobacco Control (ITC) surveys, conducted in the Netherlands, Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States. In the Netherlands, textual ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, 207:107818]

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Behavioral Outcomes of Nicotine Reduction in Current Adult Smokers.

Tracy T Smith, Bryan W Heckman, Jennifer W Tidey, Suzanne M Colby, K Michael Cummings,

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2019, 21(Suppl 1):S125-S127]

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Use of Heated Tobacco Products within Indoor Spaces: Findings from the 2018 ITC Japan Survey.

Edward Sutanto, Danielle M Smith, Connor Miller, Richard J O'Connor, Andrew Hyland, Takahiro Tabuchi, Anne C K Quah, K Michael Cummings, Steve Xu, Geoffrey T Fong, Janine Ouimet, Itsuro Yoshimi, Yumiko Mochizuki, Maciej L Goniewicz,

Although heated tobacco products (HTPs) have become increasingly popular in Japan, little is known about whether these emerging tobacco products are being used within indoor public spaces. Nationally representative data were obtained prior to implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free law in Japan as part of Wave 1 of the International ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2019, 16(23):]

Cited: 1 time

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