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Author K Michael Cummings

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Menthol and mint cigarettes and cigars: Initiation and progression in youth, young adults and adults in Waves 1 - 4 of the PATH Study, 2013 - 2017.

Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Michael Halenar, Eva Sharma, K Michael Cummings, Cassandra A Stanton, Cristine D Delnevo, Olivia A Wackowski, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Jennifer L Pearson, David B Abrams, Raymond S Niaura, Geoffrey T Fong, Tara Elton-Marshall, Dorothy Hatsukami, Dennis R Trinidad, Annette Kaufman, Michael D Sawdey, Ethel V Taylor, Wendy I Slavit, Olga Rass, Wilson M Compton, Andrew Hyland,

INTRODUCTION:This study examined in youth (12-17 years), young adults (18-24 years), and adults (25+ years) the: 1) prevalence of first menthol cigarette and menthol/mint cigar use among new tobacco users; 2) association between first menthol/mint use, subsequent tobacco use, and nicotine dependence approximately one year later compared to first non-menthol/mint ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Are health conditions and concerns about health effects of smoking predictive of quitting? Findings from the ITC 4CV Survey ( 2016-2018 ).

Lin Li, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, Ann McNeill, Bryan W Heckman, Geoffrey T Fong, Richard J O'Connor, Pete Driezen,

INTRODUCTION:Limited research has investigated the relationship between multiple health conditions and subsequent quitting activities at the population level. This study examines whether nine health conditions and concerns related to smoking are predictive of quit attempts and success among those who tried. METHODS:Data came from the International Tobacco Control Four Country ... Read more >>

Tob Prev Cessat (Tobacco prevention & cessation)
[2020, 6:60]

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Impact of Cigarette Filter Ventilation on U.S. Smokers' Perceptions and Biomarkers of Exposure and Potential Harm.

Dana M Carroll, Irina Stepanov, Richard O'Connor, Xianghua Luo, K Michael Cummings, Vaughan W Rees, Warren K Bickel, Micah L Berman, David L Ashley, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Peter G Shields, Dorothy K Hatsukami,

BACKGROUND:Relationships between cigarette filter ventilation levels, biomarkers of exposure (BOE) and potential harm (BOPH), and harm perceptions were examined. METHODS:Filter ventilation levels in cigarette brands were merged with Wave 1 (2013-2014) Population Assessment of Tobacco Use and Health study. Data were restricted to smokers who reported a usual brand and ... Read more >>

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev (Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology)
[2020, :]

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Identifying factors that conjointly influence nicotine vaping product relative harm perception among smokers and recent ex-smokers: Findings from the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Hua-Hie Yong, Chandan Karmakar, Mohammod Abdul Motin, Ron Borland, Tara Elton-Marshall, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Mary E Thompson,

BACKGROUND:Use of nicotine vaping products (NVPs) to replace smoking is often influenced by perceived harmfulness of these products relative to smoking. This study aimed to identify factors that conjointly influenced NVP relative harm perception among smokers and ex-smokers. METHODS:Data (n = 11,838) from adult smokers and ex-smokers (quit < 2 ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, :108370]

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The Association of E-cigarette Flavors With Satisfaction, Enjoyment, and Trying to Quit or Stay Abstinent From Smoking Among Regular Adult Vapers From Canada and the United States: Findings From the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, K Michael Cummings, David Hammond, Eric Lindblom, Danielle M Smith, Nadia Martin, Ruth Loewen, Ron Borland, Andrew Hyland, Mary E Thompson, Christian Boudreau, Karin Kasza, Janine Ouimet, Anne C K Quah, Richard J O'Connor, Geoffrey T Fong,

AIMS:This study examined whether nontobacco flavors are more commonly used by vapers (e-cigarette users) compared with tobacco flavor, described which flavors are most popular, and tested whether flavors are associated with: vaping satisfaction relative to smoking, level of enjoyment with vaping, reasons for using e-cigarettes, and making an attempt to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(10):1831-1841]

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Changes in Smoking and Vaping over 18 Months among Smokers and Recent Ex-Smokers: Longitudinal Findings from the 2016 and 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Shannon Gravely, Gang Meng, K Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Ron Borland, David Hammond, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz, Karin A Kasza, Ann McNeill, Mary E Thompson, Sara C Hitchman, David T Levy, James F Thrasher, Anne C K Quah, Nadia Martin, Janine Ouimet, Christian Boudreau, Geoffrey T Fong,

This descriptive study of smokers (smoked at least monthly) and recent ex-smokers (quit for ≤2 years) examined transitions over an 18 month period in their smoking and vaping behaviors. Data are from Waves 1 (W1: 2016) and 2 (W2: 2018) of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, a ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(19):]

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Gender differences in reasons for using electronic cigarettes and product characteristics: Findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Pongkwan Yimsaard, Ann McNeill, Hua-Hie Yong, K Michael Cummings, Janet Chung-Hall, Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Anne C K Quah, Geoffrey T Fong, Richard J O'Connor, Sara C Hitchman,

INTRODUCTION:Little is known about why males are more likely to use electronic cigarettes (ECs) compared to females. This study examined gender differences in reasons for vaping and characteristics of EC used (device type, device capacity, e-liquid nicotine strength, and flavour). METHODS:Data from 3938 current adult (18+ years) at-least-weekly EC users ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Awareness, trial and use of heated tobacco products among adult cigarette smokers and e-cigarette users: findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Connor R Miller, Edward Sutanto, Danielle M Smith, Sara C Hitchman, Shannon Gravely, Hua H Yong, Ron Borland, Richard J O'Connor, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Andrew Hyland, Anne C K Quah, Maciej L Goniewicz,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate heated tobacco product (HTP) awareness, trial and current use among adult cigarette smokers and vaping product users in four countries with varying regulations governing HTP sales. DESIGN:Data came from Wave 2 of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, collected from February to July 2018. Respondents were ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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What kind of smoking identity following quitting would elevate smokers relapse risk?

Laura Callaghan, Hua-Hie Yong, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, Sara C Hitchman, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND:Research has suggested that smokers who quit smoking and continue to identify themselves as a smoker versus a non-smoker are at greater risk of relapse. This study examines the relationship between post-quit smoker identities and relapse risk of former smokers in Australia and the UK comparing those who still identified ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2021, 112:106654]

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State Tobacco Excise Taxation, Comprehensive Smoke-free Air Laws, and Tobacco Control Appropriations as Predictors of Smoking Cessation Success in the United States.

Jennifer Dahne, Georges J Nahhas, Amy E Wahlquist, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter,

The purpose of the present study was (1) to examine demographic differences between smokers who successfully quit (n = 1809), who relapsed (n = 6548), and who did not attempt to quit (n = 11 102) within the last year, and (2) to examine state-level tobacco policies/programs as predictors of ... Read more >>

J Public Health Manag Pract (Journal of public health management and practice : JPHMP)
[2020, 26(5):E1-E4]

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Role of e-cigarettes and pharmacotherapy during attempts to quit cigarette smoking: The PATH Study 2013-16.

John P Pierce, Tarik Benmarhnia, Ruifeng Chen, Martha White, David B Abrams, Bridget K Ambrose, Carlos Blanco, Nicolette Borek, Kelvin Choi, Blair Coleman, Wilson M Compton, K Michael Cummings, Cristine D Delnevo, Tara Elton-Marshall, Maciej L Goniewicz, Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T Fong, Dorothy Hatsukami, James Henrie, Karin A Kasza, Sheila Kealey, Heather L Kimmel, Jean Limpert, Raymond S Niaura, Carolina Ramôa, Eva Sharma, Marushka L Silveira, Cassandra A Stanton, Michael B Steinberg, Ethel Taylor, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Dennis R Trinidad, Lisa D Gardner, Andrew Hyland, Samir Soneji, Karen Messer,

BACKGROUND:More smokers report using e-cigarettes to help them quit than FDA-approved pharmacotherapy. OBJECTIVE:To assess the association of e-cigarettes with future abstinence from cigarette and tobacco use. DESIGN:Cohort study of US sample, with annual follow-up. PARTICIPANTS:US adult (ages 18+) daily cigarette smokers identified at Wave 1 (W1; 2013-14) of the PATH ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2020, 15(9):e0237938]

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The past is not the future in tobacco control.

K Michael Cummings, Scott Ballin, David Sweanor,

In this paper we have attempted to identify missed opportunities to change the trajectory of smoking and smoking caused diseases in America over the past 100 years. Many of the missed opportunities identified are due to the actions of cigarette manufacturers who misled the public about the dangers of cigarette smoking, ... Read more >>

Prev Med (Preventive medicine)
[2020, 140:106183]

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The Public Health Gains Had Cigarette Companies Chosen to Sell Very Low Nicotine Cigarettes.

David T Levy, K Michael Cummings, Bryan W Heckman, Yameng Li, Zhe Yuan, Tracy T Smith, Rafael Meza,

INTRODUCTION:The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed lowering the nicotine content of cigarettes to a minimally addictive level to increase smoking cessation and reduce initiation. This study has two aims: (1) to determine when cigarette manufacturers had the technical capability to reduce cigarette nicotine content and (2) to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Predictive validity of the adult tobacco dependence index: Findings from waves 1 and 2 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study.

David R Strong, Eric Leas, Madison Noble, Martha White, Kevin C Frissell, Allison Glasser, Lauren Katz, Kristie Taylor, Wilson M Compton, Kevin P Conway, Elizabeth Lambert, Heather L Kimmel, Marushka L Silveira, Victoria Green, Lynn C Hull, K Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Ray Niaura,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Building on published work1 establishing concurrent validity of a self-report tobacco dependence (TD) index among users of different tobacco products in Wave 1 (W1) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, the current study examines prospective relationships with tobacco use behaviors to establish predictive validity ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, 214:108134]

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Support for minimum legal sales age laws set to age 21 across Australia, Canada, England and US: Findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Janet Chung-Hall, Lorraine Craig, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, David Levy, Sara C Hitchman,

BACKGROUND:Although the US has seen a rapid increase in tobacco minimum legal sales age (MLSA) laws set to age 21, there is wide variation across high-income countries and less is known about policy support outside of the US. We examined the prevalence of support for tobacco MLSA 21 laws as ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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An Analysis of the FTC's Attempt to Stop the Altria-Juul Labs Deal.

David T Levy, Clifford E Douglas, Luz Maria Sanchez-Romero, K Michael Cummings, David T Sweanor,

On 20 December 2018, Altria, the largest US cigarette company, announced an offer for a 35% share of the large and rapidly growing vaping product company, Juul Labs. On 2 April, 2020, the Federal Trade Commission issued a complaint that the deal was anticompetitive and should be voided. This paper ... Read more >>

Tob Regul Sci (Tobacco regulatory science)
[2020, 6(4):302-305]

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Predictive power of dependence measures for quitting smoking. Findings from the 2016-2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Michael Le Grande, Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, K Michael Cummings, Ann McNeill, Mary Thompson, Geoffrey T Fong,

OBJECTIVE:To test whether urges to smoke and perceived addiction to smoking, have independent predictive value for quit attempts and short-term quit success over and above the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI). METHODS:Data were from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Wave 1 (2016) and Wave 2 (2018) ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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What Is Accounting for the Rapid Decline in Cigarette Sales in Japan?

K Michael Cummings, Georges J Nahhas, David T Sweanor,

This study describes how trends in the sale of cigarettes in Japan between 2011 and 2019 correspond to the sales of heated tobacco products (HTPs) that were introduced into the Japanese market in late 2015. Data used for this study come from the Tobacco Institute of Japan and Philip Morris ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(10):]

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Assumption of Risk and the Role of Health Warnings Labels in the United States.

K Michael Cummings, Jonathan Gdanski, Nichole Veatch, Ernesto Marcelo Sebrié,

INTRODUCTION:This article provides historical context for understanding how the cigarette industry have manipulated language used in health warning labels (HWLs) to protect them in litigation. METHODS:Review of previously secret internal business records from 1964 discussing the role HWLs on cigarettes. Review of the legal challenges made by cigarette manufacturers surrounding ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(6):975-983]

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International differences in patterns of cannabis use among adult cigarette smokers: Findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, Pete Driezen, Danielle M Smith, Ron Borland, Eric N Lindblom, David Hammond, Ann McNeill, Andrew Hyland, K Michael Cummings, Gary Chan, Mary E Thompson, Christian Boudreau, Nadia Martin, Janine Ouimet, Ruth Loewen, Anne C K Quah, Maciej L Goniewicz, James F Thrasher, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND:Although evidence shows that co-use of cigarettes and cannabis is common, there is little research examining if co-use patterns vary depending on the regulatory environment for cannabis. This study examined patterns of co-use and perceptions of relative harm among cigarette smokers in four countries with different histories, and at different ... Read more >>

Int J Drug Policy (The International journal on drug policy)
[2020, 79:102754]

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The Impact of E-liquid Propylene Glycol and Vegetable Glycerin Ratio on Ratings of Subjective Effects, Reinforcement Value, and Use in Current Smokers.

Tracy T Smith, Bryan W Heckman, Amy E Wahlquist, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter,

INTRODUCTION:Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) vary on a wide range of characteristics that may affect reinforcement value and use. One characteristic is the ratio of two solvents commonly used in most e-liquids: propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG). The goal of this study was to understand how PG/VG ratio ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(5):791-797]

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Concurrent Daily and Non-Daily Use of Heated Tobacco Products with Combustible Cigarettes: Findings from the 2018 ITC Japan Survey.

Edward Sutanto, Connor Miller, Danielle M Smith, Ron Borland, Andrew Hyland, K Michael Cummings, Anne C K Quah, Steve Shaowei Xu, Geoffrey T Fong, Janine Ouimet, Itsuro Yoshimi, Yumiko Mochizuki, Takahiro Tabuchi, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz,

Use of heated tobacco products (HTPs) among current smokers is becoming increasingly popular in Japan. This study aims to compare characteristics and tobacco-related behaviors among concurrent users of HTPs and combustible cigarettes (n = 644) with exclusive smokers (n = 3194) or exclusive HTP users (n = 164). The secondary ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(6):]

Cited: 2 times

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Smoking Cessation After a Cancer Diagnosis Is Associated With Improved Survival.

Graham W Warren, Anthony J Alberg, K Michael Cummings, Carolyn Dresler,

J Thorac Oncol (Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer)
[2020, 15(5):705-708]

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Costs of vaping: evidence from ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Kai-Wen Cheng, Ce Shang, Hye Myung Lee, Frank J Chaloupka, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Bryan W Heckman, Sara C Hitchman, Richard J O'Connor, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:To compare the prices paid for nicotine vaping products (NVPs) and supplies among current NVP users to prices paid for cigarettes among current smokers. DATA:The 2016 International Tobacco Control Four Country Vaping and Smoking Survey (4CV1). Key measures included: (1) self-reported prices paid for reusable NVPs (eg, rechargeable devices ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Adult perceptions of the relative harm of tobacco products and subsequent tobacco product use: Longitudinal findings from waves 1 and 2 of the population assessment of tobacco and health (PATH) study.

Tara Elton-Marshall, Pete Driezen, Geoffrey T Fong, K Michael Cummings, Alexander Persoskie, Olivia Wackowski, Kelvin Choi, Annette Kaufman, David Strong, Shannon Gravely, Kristie Taylor, Jonathan Kwan, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Mark Travers, Andrew Hyland,

OBJECTIVES:To examine: (1) How perceptions of harm for seven non-cigarette tobacco products predict subsequent use; (2) How change in use is associated with changes in perceptions of product harm; (3) Whether sociodemographic variables moderate the association between perceptions and use. METHODS:Data are from the adult sample (18+) of the Population ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2020, 106:106337]

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