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Author K Michael Cummings

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Evaluating the impact of menthol cigarette bans on cessation and smoking behaviours in Canada: longitudinal findings from the Canadian arm of the 2016-2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Janet Chung-Hall, Geoffrey T Fong, Gang Meng, K Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Richard J O'Connor, Anne C K Quah, Lorraine V Craig,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the impact of menthol cigarette bans in seven Canadian provinces between 2016 and 2018.<h4>Methods</h4>Longitudinal data from the Canadian arm of the 2016 and 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey. 1098 non-menthol and 138 menthol smokers were surveyed pre-menthol and post-menthol cigarette bans. Multivariate logistic regression models ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2021, :]

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Self-reported quit aids and assistance used by smokers at their most recent quit attempt: Findings from the 2020 International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, K Michael Cummings, David Hammond, Ron Borland, Ann McNeill, Katherine A East, Ruth Loewen, Nadia Martin, Hua-Hie Yong, Lin Li, Alex Liber, David T Levy, Anne C K Quah, Janine Ouimet, Sara C Hitchman, Mary E Thompson, Christian Boudreau, Geoffrey T Fong,

<h4>Introduction</h4>This study retrospectively describes smoking cessation aids, cessation services, and other types of assistance used by current and ex-smokers at last quit attempt (LQA) in four high-income countries.<h4>Methods</h4>Data are from the Wave 3 (2020) International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey in Australia, Canada, England, and the US. ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2021, :]

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Characteristics and changes over time of nicotine vaping products used by vapers in the 2016 and 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Nicholas J Felicione, Brian Vincent Fix, Ann McNeill, K Michael Cummings, Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz, David Hammond, Ron Borland, Bryan W Heckman, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Shannon Gravely, Sara C Hitchman, David T Levy, Geoffrey T Fong, Richard O'Connor,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Regulation of nicotine vaping products (NVPs) varies between countries, impacting the availability and use of these products. This study updated the analyses of O'Connor <i>et al</i> on types of NVPs used and examined changes in NVP features used over 18 months in four countries with differing regulatory environments.<h4>Design</h4>Data are from ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2021, :]

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Gender Differences in Reasons for Using Electronic Cigarettes and Product Characteristics: Findings From the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Pongkwan Yimsaard, Ann McNeill, Hua-Hie Yong, K Michael Cummings, Janet Chung-Hall, Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Ann C K Quah, Geoffrey T Fong, Richard J O'Connor, Sara C Hitchman,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Little is known about why males are more likely to use electronic cigarettes (ECs) compared with females. This study examined gender differences in reasons for vaping and characteristics of EC used (device type, device capacity, e-liquid nicotine strength, and flavor).<h4>Methods</h4>Data were obtained from 3938 current (≥18 years) at-least-weekly EC users ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2021, 23(4):678-686]

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Patterns of non-cigarette tobacco and nicotine use among current cigarette smokers and recent quitters: Findings from the 2020 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Lin Li, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, Shannon Gravely, Anne C K Quah, Geoffrey T Fong, Connor R Miller, Maciej L Goniewicz, Michael Le Grande, Ann McNeill,

<h4>Introduction</h4>This study explores patterns of use of non-cigarette tobacco and nicotine products among adult cigarette smokers and recent ex-smokers. Along with cigarette smoking status we explore differences as a function of countries with different product regulations, gender and age.<h4>Methods</h4>Data came from the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Wave 3 ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2021, :]

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Age as a predictor of quit attempts and quit success in smoking cessation: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four-Country survey (2002-14).

Lauren Arancini, Ron Borland, Michael Le Grande, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Seetal Dodd, Olivia M Dean, Michael Berk, Ann McNeill, Geoffrey T Fong, K Michael Cummings,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Past research has found that young smokers are more likely to make quit attempts; however, there are conflicting findings regarding age and quit success. This study examined the degree to which smoker age is related to making quit attempts and quit success.<h4>Design</h4>Ten waves of the International Tobacco Control ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2021, :]

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How does the use of flavored nicotine vaping products relate to progression towards quitting smoking? Findings from the 2016 and 2018 ITC 4CV Surveys.

Lin Li, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Shannon Gravely, Danielle M Smith, Maciej L Goniewicz, Richard J O'Connor, Mary E Thompson, Ann McNeill,

<h4>Introduction</h4>There is limited research on the role of flavors in nicotine vaping products (NVPs) in relation to smoking. We examined patterns of flavor use in NVPs in relation to progression towards quitting.<h4>Methods</h4>Data come from 886 concurrent users of NVPs (at least weekly) and cigarettes who were first surveyed in 2016 ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2021, :]

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Smokers' perceptions of different classes of cigarette brand descriptors.

Nicholas J Felicione, Kaila J Norton, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Vaughan W Rees, K Michael Cummings, Richard J O'Connor,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Cigarette brand descriptors such as 'light' are banned in several countries and often replaced by alternative descriptors that continue to mislead smokers about the relative risk from those brands. The objective of this study was to evaluate perceptions from current brand descriptors when presented independently of cigarette packaging.<h4>Methods</h4>Eighty-eight daily cigarette ... Read more >>

Tob Prev Cessat (Tobacco prevention & cessation)
[2021, 7:9]

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The Public Health Gains Had Cigarette Companies Chosen to Sell Very Low Nicotine Cigarettes.

David T Levy, K Michael Cummings, Bryan W Heckman, Yameng Li, Zhe Yuan, Tracy T Smith, Rafael Meza,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed lowering the nicotine content of cigarettes to a minimally addictive level to increase smoking cessation and reduce initiation. This study has two aims: (1) to determine when cigarette manufacturers had the technical capability to reduce cigarette nicotine content and (2) to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2021, 23(3):438-446]

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Predictive Power of Dependence Measures for Quitting Smoking. Findings From the 2016 to 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Michael Le Grande, Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, K Michael Cummings, Ann McNeill, Mary E Thompson, Geoffrey T Fong,

<h4>Introduction</h4>To test whether urges to smoke and perceived addiction to smoking have independent predictive value for quit attempts and short-term quit success over and above the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI).<h4>Aims and methods</h4>Data were from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Wave 1 (2016) and Wave 2 ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2021, 23(2):276-285]

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Trends in Social Norms Towards Smoking Between 2002 and 2015 Among Daily Smokers: Findings From the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey (ITC 4C).

Katherine A East, Sara C Hitchman, Ann McNeill, Stuart G Ferguson, Hua-Hie Yong, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess trends in daily smokers' social norms and opinions of smoking between 2002 and 2015 in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia.<h4>Method</h4>Data were from wave 1 (2002) to wave 9 (2013-2015) of the longitudinal International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey (Canada, the United States, the United ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2021, 23(1):203-211]

Cited: 2 times

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Self-Reported Exposure to Secondhand Smoke and Support for Complete Smoking Bans in Multiunit Housing Among Smokers in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.

Pete Driezen, Geoffrey T Fong, Andrew Hyland, Lorraine V Craig, Genevieve Sansone, Sara C Hitchman, K Michael Cummings,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Involuntary exposure to secondhand smoke most frequently occurs at home, which is problematic for residents of multiunit housing (MUH). The primary objective of this study was to estimate the extent of secondhand smoke incursions into the homes of MUH smokers who banned smoking in their homes but lived in buildings ... Read more >>

Prev Chronic Dis (Preventing chronic disease)
[2020, 17:E147]

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Support for Minimum Legal Sales Age Laws Set to Age 21 Across Australia, Canada, England, and United States: Findings From the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Janet Chung-Hall, Lorraine Craig, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, David Levy, Sara C Hitchman,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Although the United States has seen a rapid increase in tobacco minimum legal sales age (MLSA) laws set to age 21, there is wide variation across high-income countries and less is known about policy support outside of the United States. We examined the prevalence of support for tobacco MLSA 21 ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(12):2266-2270]

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Menthol and mint cigarettes and cigars: Initiation and progression in youth, young adults and adults in Waves 1 - 4 of the PATH Study, 2013 - 2017.

Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Michael Halenar, Eva Sharma, K Michael Cummings, Cassandra A Stanton, Cristine D Delnevo, Olivia A Wackowski, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Jennifer L Pearson, David B Abrams, Raymond S Niaura, Geoffrey T Fong, Tara Elton-Marshall, Dorothy Hatsukami, Dennis R Trinidad, Annette Kaufman, Michael D Sawdey, Ethel V Taylor, Wendy I Slavit, Olga Rass, Wilson M Compton, Andrew Hyland,

<h4>Introduction</h4>This study examined in youth (12-17 years), young adults (18-24 years), and adults (25+ years) the: 1) prevalence of first menthol cigarette and menthol/mint cigar use among new tobacco users; 2) association between first menthol/mint use, subsequent tobacco use, and nicotine dependence approximately one year later compared to first non-menthol/mint ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Association of Electronic Nicotine Delivery System Use With Cigarette Smoking Progression or Reduction Among Young Adults.

Jennifer L Pearson, Eva Sharma, Ning Rui, Michael J Halenar, Amanda L Johnson, K Michael Cummings, Hoda T Hammad, Annette R Kaufman, Cindy Tworek, Maciej L Goniewicz, Heather L Kimmel, Susanne Tanski, Wilson M Compton, Hannah Day, Bridget K Ambrose, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Marushka L Silveira, David Abrams, Jeannie Limpert, Mark J Travers, Nicolette Borek, Andrew J Hyland, Cassandra A Stanton,

<h4>Importance</h4>The prevalence of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use, including e-cigarettes, among US young adults (YAs) has raised questions about how these products may affect future tobacco and nicotine use among YAs. Given this prevalence and that young adulthood is a critical period for the establishment of tobacco and nicotine ... Read more >>

JAMA Netw Open (JAMA network open)
[2020, 3(11):e2015893]

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Are health conditions and concerns about health effects of smoking predictive of quitting? Findings from the ITC 4CV Survey ( 2016-2018 ).

Lin Li, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, Ann McNeill, Bryan W Heckman, Geoffrey T Fong, Richard J O'Connor, Pete Driezen,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Limited research has investigated the relationship between multiple health conditions and subsequent quitting activities at the population level. This study examines whether nine health conditions and concerns related to smoking are predictive of quit attempts and success among those who tried.<h4>Methods</h4>Data came from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking ... Read more >>

Tob Prev Cessat (Tobacco prevention & cessation)
[2020, 6:60]

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Impact of Cigarette Filter Ventilation on U.S. Smokers' Perceptions and Biomarkers of Exposure and Potential Harm.

Dana M Carroll, Irina Stepanov, Richard O'Connor, Xianghua Luo, K Michael Cummings, Vaughan W Rees, Warren K Bickel, Micah L Berman, David L Ashley, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Peter G Shields, Dorothy K Hatsukami,

<h4>Background</h4>Relationships between cigarette filter ventilation levels, biomarkers of exposure (BOE) and potential harm (BOPH), and harm perceptions were examined.<h4>Methods</h4>Filter ventilation levels in cigarette brands were merged with Wave 1 (2013-2014) Population Assessment of Tobacco Use and Health study. Data were restricted to smokers who reported a usual brand and not ... Read more >>

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev (Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology)
[2021, 30(1):38-44]

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Identifying factors that conjointly influence nicotine vaping product relative harm perception among smokers and recent ex-smokers: Findings from the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Hua-Hie Yong, Chandan Karmakar, Mohammod Abdul Motin, Ron Borland, Tara Elton-Marshall, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Mary E Thompson,

<h4>Background</h4>Use of nicotine vaping products (NVPs) to replace smoking is often influenced by perceived harmfulness of these products relative to smoking. This study aimed to identify factors that conjointly influenced NVP relative harm perception among smokers and ex-smokers.<h4>Methods</h4>Data (n = 11,838) from adult smokers and ex-smokers (quit < 2 years) ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2021, 218:108370]

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The Association of E-cigarette Flavors With Satisfaction, Enjoyment, and Trying to Quit or Stay Abstinent From Smoking Among Regular Adult Vapers From Canada and the United States: Findings From the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, K Michael Cummings, David Hammond, Eric Lindblom, Danielle M Smith, Nadia Martin, Ruth Loewen, Ron Borland, Andrew Hyland, Mary E Thompson, Christian Boudreau, Karin Kasza, Janine Ouimet, Anne C K Quah, Richard J O'Connor, Geoffrey T Fong,

<h4>Aims</h4>This study examined whether nontobacco flavors are more commonly used by vapers (e-cigarette users) compared with tobacco flavor, described which flavors are most popular, and tested whether flavors are associated with: vaping satisfaction relative to smoking, level of enjoyment with vaping, reasons for using e-cigarettes, and making an attempt to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(10):1831-1841]

Cited: 2 times

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Changes in Smoking and Vaping over 18 Months among Smokers and Recent Ex-Smokers: Longitudinal Findings from the 2016 and 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Shannon Gravely, Gang Meng, K Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Ron Borland, David Hammond, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz, Karin A Kasza, Ann McNeill, Mary E Thompson, Sara C Hitchman, David T Levy, James F Thrasher, Anne C K Quah, Nadia Martin, Janine Ouimet, Christian Boudreau, Geoffrey T Fong,

This descriptive study of smokers (smoked at least monthly) and recent ex-smokers (quit for ≤2 years) examined transitions over an 18 month period in their smoking and vaping behaviors. Data are from Waves 1 (W1: 2016) and 2 (W2: 2018) of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, a ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(19):]

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Awareness, trial and use of heated tobacco products among adult cigarette smokers and e-cigarette users: findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Connor R Miller, Edward Sutanto, Danielle M Smith, Sara C Hitchman, Shannon Gravely, Hua H Yong, Ron Borland, Richard J O'Connor, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Andrew Hyland, Anne C K Quah, Maciej L Goniewicz,

<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate heated tobacco product (HTP) awareness, trial and current use among adult cigarette smokers and vaping product users in four countries with varying regulations governing HTP sales.<h4>Design</h4>Data came from Wave 2 of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, collected from February to July 2018. Respondents were current ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Role of e-cigarettes and pharmacotherapy during attempts to quit cigarette smoking: The PATH Study 2013-16.

John P Pierce, Tarik Benmarhnia, Ruifeng Chen, Martha White, David B Abrams, Bridget K Ambrose, Carlos Blanco, Nicolette Borek, Kelvin Choi, Blair Coleman, Wilson M Compton, K Michael Cummings, Cristine D Delnevo, Tara Elton-Marshall, Maciej L Goniewicz, Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T Fong, Dorothy Hatsukami, James Henrie, Karin A Kasza, Sheila Kealey, Heather L Kimmel, Jean Limpert, Raymond S Niaura, Carolina Ramôa, Eva Sharma, Marushka L Silveira, Cassandra A Stanton, Michael B Steinberg, Ethel Taylor, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Dennis R Trinidad, Lisa D Gardner, Andrew Hyland, Samir Soneji, Karen Messer,

<h4>Background</h4>More smokers report using e-cigarettes to help them quit than FDA-approved pharmacotherapy.<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the association of e-cigarettes with future abstinence from cigarette and tobacco use.<h4>Design</h4>Cohort study of US sample, with annual follow-up.<h4>Participants</h4>US adult (ages 18+) daily cigarette smokers identified at Wave 1 (W1; 2013-14) of the PATH Study, who reported ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2020, 15(9):e0237938]

Cited: 2 times

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What kind of smoking identity following quitting would elevate smokers relapse risk?

Laura Callaghan, Hua-Hie Yong, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, Sara C Hitchman, Geoffrey T Fong,

<h4>Background</h4>Research has suggested that smokers who quit smoking and continue to identify themselves as a smoker versus a non-smoker are at greater risk of relapse. This study examines the relationship between post-quit smoker identities and relapse risk of former smokers in Australia and the UK comparing those who still identified ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2021, 112:106654]

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State Tobacco Excise Taxation, Comprehensive Smoke-free Air Laws, and Tobacco Control Appropriations as Predictors of Smoking Cessation Success in the United States.

Jennifer Dahne, Georges J Nahhas, Amy E Wahlquist, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter,

The purpose of the present study was (1) to examine demographic differences between smokers who successfully quit (n = 1809), who relapsed (n = 6548), and who did not attempt to quit (n = 11 102) within the last year, and (2) to examine state-level tobacco policies/programs as predictors of ... Read more >>

J Public Health Manag Pract (Journal of public health management and practice : JPHMP)
[2020, 26(5):E1-E4]

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Predictive validity of the adult tobacco dependence index: Findings from waves 1 and 2 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study.

David R Strong, Eric Leas, Madison Noble, Martha White, Kevin C Frissell, Allison Glasser, Lauren Katz, Kristie Taylor, Wilson M Compton, Kevin P Conway, Elizabeth Lambert, Heather L Kimmel, Marushka L Silveira, Victoria Green, Lynn C Hull, K Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Ray Niaura,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Building on published work<sup>1</sup> establishing concurrent validity of a self-report tobacco dependence (TD) index among users of different tobacco products in Wave 1 (W1) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, the current study examines prospective relationships with tobacco use behaviors to establish predictive validity ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, 214:108134]

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