Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Julie B Kaplow

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Supporting children and adolescents following parental bereavement: guidance for health-care professionals.

Rachel A Kentor, Julie B Kaplow,

Death of a parent in childhood and adolescence is a distressing life event. Childhood grief reactions are distinct from those in adults, and are affected by developmental and contextual factors such as age of the child and changes in caregiving environments. Following parental bereavement, children and adolescents face unique emotional ... Read more >>

Lancet Child Adolesc Health (The Lancet. Child & adolescent health)
[2020, 4(12):889-898]

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Performance of the interpersonal needs questionnaire in adolescent clinical samples: Confirmatory factor analyses and evaluation of measurement invariance.

Ryan M Hill, William Mellick, Lauren Alvis, Cody G Dodd, Calvin Do, Victor Buitron, Carla Sharp, Jeremy W Pettit, Julie B Kaplow,

OBJECTIVE:This study evaluated the factor structure, internal consistency reliability, construct and criterion validity, and measurement invariance of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) among adolescents. METHOD:Participants (N = 539) included three distinct samples of youth drawn from two outpatient psychology clinics and an inpatient psychiatric unit. The combined sample was 63.3% female and ... Read more >>

Suicide Life Threat Behav (Suicide & life-threatening behavior)
[2020, :]

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Caregiver behaviors and childhood maladaptive grief: Initial validation of the Grief Facilitation Inventory.

Lauren M Alvis, Cody G Dodd, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Ryan M Hill, Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, Tami Logsdon, Christopher M Layne, Julie B Kaplow,

The Grief Facilitation Inventory (GFI) is a newly-developed measure of caregiver behaviors theorized to facilitate or hinder children's adaptive grief reactions. We examine its factor structure, reliability, and validity. An exploratory factor analysis identified four factors: Ongoing Connection, Existential Continuity/Support, Caregiver Grief Expression, and Grief Inhibition/Avoidance. Both child- and caregiver-report ... Read more >>

Death Stud (Death studies)
[2020, :1-9]

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Suicide Safety Planning: Clinician Training, Comfort, and Safety Plan Utilization.

Emma H Moscardini, Ryan M Hill, Cody G Dodd, Calvin Do, Julie B Kaplow, Raymond P Tucker,

Extant literature has demonstrated that suicide safety planning is an efficacious intervention for reducing patient risk for suicide-related behaviors. However, little is known about factors that may impact the effectiveness of the intervention, such as provider training and comfort, use of specific safety plan elements, circumstances under which providers choose ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(18):]

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Measurement Invariance of the Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder Checklist With Respect to Youth Gender, Race, Ethnicity, and Age.

Ryan M Hill, Cody Dodd, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Christopher M Layne, Robert S Pynoos, Mary Beth Staine, Julie B Kaplow,

The Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder (PCBD) Checklist was constructed to facilitate the developmentally sensitive assessment of proposed PCBD criteria in bereaved children and adolescents 8-18 years of age. Initial analyses of the PCBD Checklist provided support for the hypothesized two-factor model. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate ... Read more >>

J Trauma Stress (Journal of traumatic stress)
[2020, 33(5):850-856]

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Initial Validation and Measurement Invariance of the Active Inhibition Scale Among Traumatized and Grieving Youth.

Cody G Dodd, Ryan M Hill, Lauren M Alvis, Evan E Rooney, Christopher M Layne, Tami Logsdon, Irwin N Sandler, Julie B Kaplow,

The Active Inhibition Scale (AIS; Ayers, Sandler, & Twohey, 1998) is an 11-item, self-report measure of emotional suppression among children and adolescents. Previous research with the AIS has linked emotional suppression to several clinically significant outcomes, such as posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and suicide, among trauma-exposed and bereaved youth; however, ... Read more >>

J Trauma Stress (Journal of traumatic stress)
[2020, 33(5):843-849]

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The UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-5 Brief Form: A Screening Tool for Trauma-Exposed Youths.

Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Christopher M Layne, Alan M Steinberg, Robert S Pynoos, Julie B Kaplow,

OBJECTIVE:Children and adolescents who experience potentially traumatic events are at risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although psychometrically sound measures are now available to assess these youths, brief tools are currently needed for screening purposes. Two studies were conducted to develop and validate the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for ... Read more >>

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry (Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
[2020, 59(3):434-443]

Cited: 1 time

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Associations between dimensions of religiousness and psychosocial functioning among bereaved youth.

Evan E Rooney, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Julie B Kaplow,

Using a sample of recently bereaved youth (N = 2,425; Mage = 15.31, SD = 1.50), this study examined associations between dimensions of religiousness and current functioning. Youth reported on their religious service attendance, religious coping, and the importance of religious beliefs and substance use, academic achievement, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem. Greater religious service ... Read more >>

Death Stud (Death studies)
[2020, 44(7):440-449]

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Validation of the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-5: A Developmentally Informed Assessment Tool for Youth.

Julie B Kaplow, Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, Christopher M Layne, Evan Rooney, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Ryan Hill, Alan M Steinberg, Jennifer Lotterman, Katherine A S Gallagher, Robert S Pynoos,

OBJECTIVE:To describe the test construction procedure and evaluate the internal consistency, criterion-referenced validity, and diagnostic accuracy of the Child/Adolescent Self-Report Version of the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index for DSM-5 (RI-5) across 2 independent samples. METHOD:Study 1 examined the clarity, developmental appropriateness, acceptability of individual RI-5 items, and internal consistency and ... Read more >>

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry (Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
[2020, 59(1):186-194]

Cited: 3 times

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Historical Trends in Concerns About Social Issues Across Four Decades Among U.S. Adolescents.

Benjamin Oosterhoff, Laura Wray-Lake, Cara A Palmer, Julie B Kaplow,

This study examined adolescents' concerns about social issues and how these concerns have changed over historical time. Separate cohorts of U.S. high school seniors (N = 110,953; 51.1% female) reported their worries about four social issues (crime/violence, economic problems, hunger/poverty, race relations) every year from 1976 to 2015. Youth were most concerned ... Read more >>

J Res Adolesc (Journal of research on adolescence : the official journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence)
[2020, 30 Suppl 2:485-498]

Cited: 1 time

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Understanding grief reactions, thwarted belongingness, and suicide ideation in bereaved adolescents: Toward a unifying theory.

Ryan M Hill, Julie B Kaplow, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Christopher M Layne,

OBJECTIVE:Childhood bereavement is linked to suicide-related behaviors in adolescence and adulthood, but candidate mechanisms through which bereavement may lead to suicide-related behaviors have not been explored. One candidate pathway is that grief reaction arising from bereavement lead to increased perceived burdensomeness and/or thwarted belongingness, resulting in increased suicide ideation. This ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychol (Journal of clinical psychology)
[2019, 75(4):780-793]

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Calculating the incidence rate of sibling bereavement among children and adolescents across the United States: A proposed method.

Eric G Hulsey, Ryan M Hill, Christopher M Layne, Donna A Gaffney, Julie B Kaplow,

This study proposes a method for calculating the annual incidence rate of sibling bereavement among US youth using national epidemiological data. The proposed model combines data on family household size with national death statistics to calculate the number of siblings affected by the death of a child annually. From 2012 ... Read more >>

Death Stud (Death studies)
[2020, 44(5):303-311]

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Cause of Caregiver Death and Surviving Caregiver Coping Style Predict Thwarted Belongingness in Bereaved Youth.

Michelle E Roley-Roberts, Ryan M Hill, Christopher M Layne, Hayley Goldenthal, Julie B Kaplow,

Both bereavement and thwarted belongingness serve as risk markers for youth suicide-related behaviors. This study examined candidate predictors of thwarted belongingness among bereaved youth, including caregiver cause of death and surviving caregiver coping style. A group of 43 caregiver-bereaved families (58 children aged 7-13-years-old) participated in a longitudinal study investigating ... Read more >>

Arch Suicide Res (Archives of suicide research : official journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research)
[2019, 23(3):455-470]

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Links between bereavement due to sudden death and academic functioning: Results from a nationally representative sample of adolescents.

Benjamin Oosterhoff, Julie B Kaplow, Christopher M Layne,

Bereavement due to sudden loss may disrupt positive adjustment among youth, yet few studies have examined the age at which youth are most likely to first encounter sudden loss, the co-occurrence of sudden loss with other traumatic events, and the independent effects of sudden loss on academic functioning. Data were ... Read more >>

Sch Psychol Q (School psychology quarterly : the official journal of the Division of School Psychology, American Psychological Association)
[2018, 33(3):372-380]

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Out of the Mouths of Babes: Links Between Linguistic Structure of Loss Narratives and Psychosocial Functioning in Parentally Bereaved Children.

Julie B Kaplow, Britney M Wardecker, Christopher M Layne, Ethan Kross, Amanda Burnside, Robin S Edelstein, Alan R Prossin,

This study examined links between the language bereaved children use to describe the death of their caregiver and children's psychological/behavioral functioning and coping strategies. Participants included 44 children (54.5% male) aged 7 to 12 (M = 9.05) years who were bereaved by the death of a caregiver. Children were assessed ... Read more >>

J Trauma Stress (Journal of traumatic stress)
[2018, 31(3):342-351]

Cited: 2 times

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Evaluating referral, screening, and assessment procedures for middle school trauma/grief-focused treatment groups.

Stevie N Grassetti, Ariel A Williamson, Joanna Herres, Roger Kobak, Christopher M Layne, Julie B Kaplow, Robert S Pynoos,

There is a need to delineate best practices for referring, assessing, and retaining students suspected of posttraumatic stress (PTS) and maladaptive grief (MG) in school-based treatment. Evidence-based risk-screening procedures should accurately include students who are appropriate for group treatment and exclude students who do not require treatment or who are ... Read more >>

Sch Psychol Q (School psychology quarterly : the official journal of the Division of School Psychology, American Psychological Association)
[2018, 33(1):10-20]

Cited: 1 time

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Civilization and its discontented: Links between youth victimization, beliefs about government, and political participation across seven American presidencies.

Benjamin Oosterhoff, Julie B Kaplow, Christopher M Layne, Robert S Pynoos,

Promoting trust in public officials and active political engagement is vital to sustaining a well-functioning democracy. Developmental psychologists propose that youths' beliefs about government and participation in politics are rooted in personal experiences within their communities. Previous studies have focused on how positive experiences within youths' families, schools, and communities ... Read more >>

Am Psychol (The American psychologist)
[2018, 73(3):230-242]

Cited: 1 time

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Validation of the Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder (PCBD) Checklist: A Developmentally Informed Assessment Tool for Bereaved Youth.

Julie B Kaplow, Christopher M Layne, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Hayley Goldenthal, Kathryn H Howell, Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Amanda Burnside, Karen Calhoun, Daphne Marbury, Laura Johnson-Hughes, Molly Kriesel, Mary Beth Staine, Marian Mankin, LaTanya Porter-Howard, Robert Pynoos,

The inclusion of Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder (PCBD) in the DSM-5 appendix signifies a call for research regarding the distinguishing features and clinical utility of proposed PCBD criteria. Rigorously constructed tools for assessing PCBD are lacking, especially for youth. This study evaluated the validity and clinical utility of the PCBD ... Read more >>

J Trauma Stress (Journal of traumatic stress)
[2018, 31(2):244-254]

Cited: 1 time

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Predicting Grief Reactions One Year Following a Mass University Shooting: Evaluating Dose-Response and Contextual Predictors.

Andrew J Smith, Christopher M Layne, Patrick Coyle, Julie B Kaplow, Melissa J Brymer, Robert S Pynoos, Russell T Jones,

This study identifies risk factors for grief following a mass school shooting. Participants (N = 1,013) completed online questionnaires 3-4 months (Time 1) and 1 year (Time 2) post-shootings. We tested models predicting Time 2 grief reactions, exploring direct and indirect predictive effects of exposure variables (physical and social proximity) ... Read more >>

Violence Vict (Violence and victims)
[2017, 32(6):1024-1043]

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Associations among adolescent sleep problems, emotion regulation, and affective disorders: Findings from a nationally representative sample.

Cara A Palmer, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Joanne L Bower, Julie B Kaplow, Candice A Alfano,

Sleep problems in youth reliably forecast the development of anxiety and mood disorders, presumably due to increased emotional difficulties. However, precise emotional mechanisms have yet to be delineated. The current study investigated how sleep problems in adolescence are associated with different emotion regulation strategies, and how sleep and psychiatric risk ... Read more >>

J Psychiatr Res (Journal of psychiatric research)
[2018, 96:1-8]

Cited: 7 times

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Activity-specific pathways among duration of organized activity involvement, social support, and adolescent well-being: Findings from a nationally representative sample.

Benjamin Oosterhoff, Julie B Kaplow, Laura Wray-Lake, Katherine Gallagher,

Using data from N = 10,148 American youth (Mage = 15.18) who participated in the National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement, we tested whether duration of involvement in specific organized activities was associated with different sources of social support, and whether these links explained the health-related benefits affiliated with participation. Duration of involvement in certain ... Read more >>

J Adolesc (Journal of adolescence)
[2017, 60:83-93]

Cited: 2 times

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Prospective identification of adolescent suicide ideation using classification tree analysis: Models for community-based screening.

Ryan M Hill, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Julie B Kaplow,

Although a large number of risk markers for suicide ideation have been identified, little guidance has been provided to prospectively identify adolescents at risk for suicide ideation within community settings. The current study addressed this gap in the literature by utilizing classification tree analysis (CTA) to provide a decision-making model ... Read more >>

J Consult Clin Psychol (Journal of consulting and clinical psychology)
[2017, 85(7):702-711]

Cited: 2 times

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Hispanic ethnicity and Caucasian race: Relations with posttraumatic stress disorder's factor structure in clinic-referred youth.

Ateka A Contractor, Meredith A Claycomb, Brianna M Byllesby, Christopher M Layne, Julie B Kaplow, Alan M Steinberg, Jon D Elhai,

The severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms is linked to race and ethnicity, albeit with contradictory findings (reviewed in Alcántara, Casement, & Lewis-Fernández, 2013; Pole, Gone, & Kulkarni, 2008). We systematically examined Caucasian (n = 3,767) versus non-Caucasian race (n = 2,824) and Hispanic (n = 2,395) versus non-Hispanic ... Read more >>

Psychol Trauma (Psychological trauma : theory, research, practice and policy)
[2015, 7(5):456-464]

Cited: 6 times

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Predicting adolescent posttraumatic stress in the aftermath of war: differential effects of coping strategies across trauma reminder, loss reminder, and family conflict domains.

Kathryn H Howell, Julie B Kaplow, Christopher M Layne, Molly A Benson, Bruce E Compas, Ranka Katalinski, Hafiza Pasalic, Nina Bosankic, Robert Pynoos,

The vast majority of youth who lived through the Bosnian war were exposed to multiple traumatic events, including interpersonal violence, community destruction, and the loss of a loved one. This study examined factors that predict post-war psychological adjustment, specifically posttraumatic stress, in Bosnian adolescents.Regression analyses evaluated theorized differential relations between ... Read more >>

Anxiety Stress Coping (Anxiety, stress, and coping)
[2015, 28(1):88-104]

Cited: 2 times

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Individual and psychosocial mechanisms of adaptive functioning in parentally bereaved children.

Kathryn H Howell, Danielle N Shapiro, Christopher M Layne, Julie B Kaplow,

The authors examined factors theorized to contribute to adaptive functioning in 56 parentally bereaved children (age 7-13) who had lost their caregiver within the previous 6 months. Adaptive functioning, defined as falling below clinical threshold levels on all measures of depression, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and internalizing/externalizing symptoms, characterized 57% of ... Read more >>

Death Stud (Death studies)
[2015, 39(1-5):296-306]

Cited: 5 times

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