Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Joshua Davis

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Infection: The Final Frontier of Arthroplasty Management: A Proposal for a Global Periprosthetic Joint Infection Registry from a Multinational Collaborative Group, the GAIA (Global Arthroplasty Infection Association).

Amit Atrey, Amir Khoshbin, Ola Rolfson, David Campbell, Gavin Wood, Eric Bohm, Christopher Jones, Christopher Kandel, Joshua Davis, Nipun Atri, Hesham Abdelbary, Dirk Jan Moojen, Michael Dunbar, Laurens Manning, Elizabeth W Paxton, Piers Yates, James P Waddell, Bheeshma Ravi, Mike Reed, ,

J Bone Joint Surg Am (The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume)
[2021, Publish Ahead of Print:]

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Severe Pediatric Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection Requiring Veno-venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

Joshua Davis, Jessica E Ericson, Robert Kavanagh,

Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) is an atypical bacterial pathogen that typically causes mild respiratory symptoms. Rarely, MP is associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome, a condition marked by widespread inflammation in the lungs that often requires invasive support. We report a case of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome requiring veno-venous extracorporeal ... Read more >>

Pediatr Infect Dis J (The Pediatric infectious disease journal)
[2021, Publish Ahead of Print:]

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Approach to the Patient with Cough.

Joshua A Davis, Kirana Gudi,

Cough is a common presenting symptom for patients in a primary care setting. Chronic cough is defined as a cough lasting for more than 8 weeks. The most common causes of chronic cough are upper airway cough syndrome, asthma, and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Detailed history and physical examination are critical in ... Read more >>

Med Clin North Am (The Medical clinics of North America)
[2021, 105(1):31-38]

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Handoff Communication: Case for Flexible Standardization.

Joshua Davis, Steven Allen, Mary Forshey,

J Patient Saf (Journal of patient safety)
[2021, 17(1):e39-e40]

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Utility of Symptom Duration and C-Reactive Protein, White Blood Cell Count, and Absolute Neutrophil Count in the Evaluation of Pediatric Appendicitis.

Joshua Davis, Kathryn Kasmire,

<h4>Background</h4>Appendicitis is a common pediatric surgical emergency, and the diagnosis may be delayed or missed because of nonspecific findings in children. Not all patients with abdominal pain need to be imaged for appendicitis, and laboratory evaluation may improve diagnostic accuracy in this population.<h4>Objective</h4>To determine if C-reactive protein (CRP) and symptom ... Read more >>

J Emerg Med (The Journal of emergency medicine)
[2020, :]

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Pro: Bronchoscopy is essential for pulmonary infections in patients with haematological malignancies.

Eliza J T Milliken, Joshua S Davis,

Up to 60% of patients with haematological malignancy will develop pulmonary infiltrates at some point in their disease course. Bronchoscopy should be used early in patients without respiratory failure as diagnostic yield is highest in the first 1-2 days of illness. Perceptions that patients with haematological malignancy are at higher risk ... Read more >>

Breathe (Sheff) (Breathe (Sheffield, England))
[2020, 16(4):200228]

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Pro: Bronchoscopy is essential for pulmonary infections in patients with haematological malignancies

Eliza J.T. Milliken, Joshua S. Davis,

Up to 60% of patients with haematological malignancy will develop pulmonary infiltrates at some point in their disease course. Bronchoscopy should be used early in patients without respiratory failure as diagnostic yield is highest in the first 1–2 days of illness. Perceptions that patients with haematological malignancy are at higher risk ... Read more >>

Breathe (Sheff) (Breathe (Sheffield, England))
[2020, 16(4):]

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SARS-CoV-2 endgame: attitudes and predictions of Australian and New Zealand infectious diseases and microbiology specialists.

Ravindra Dotel, Matthew V N O'Sullivan, Nicky Gilroy, Shobini Sivagnanam, Joshua S Davis,

Intern Med J (Internal medicine journal)
[2020, 50(11):1437-1438]

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Vancomycin Exposure and Acute Kidney Injury Outcome: A Snapshot From the CAMERA2 Study.

Jiajun Liu, Steven Y C Tong, Joshua S Davis, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Marc H Scheetz, ,

Among patients with methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> (MRSA) bacteremia from a prospective randomized clinical trial, acute kidney injury (AKI) rates increased with increasing vancomycin exposure, even within the therapeutic range. AKI was independently more common for the (flu)cloxacillin group. Day 2 vancomycin AUC ≥470 mg·h/L was significantly associated with AKI, independent of ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2020, 7(12):ofaa538]

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Practical Diagnostic Accuracy of Nasopharyngeal Swab Testing for Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Ravindra Gopaul, Joshua Davis, Linda Gangai, Lianna Goetz,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of COVID-19, which has had a devastating international impact. Prior reports of testing have reported low sensitivities of nasopharyngeal polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and reports of viral co-infections have varied from 0-20%. Therefore, we sought to determine the accuracy of nasopharyngeal PCR for ... Read more >>

West J Emerg Med (The western journal of emergency medicine)
[2020, 21(6):1-4]

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Radiation-Free Diagnosis of Pediatric Appendicitis: Accuracy of Point-of-Care Ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Joshua Davis, Melissa Chima, Kathryn Kasmire,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Appendicitis is a common pediatric surgical emergency, and it can often be difficult to diagnose. Computed tomography is commonly used as a diagnostic criterion standard, but herein, we describe the accuracy of a "radiation-free" diagnostic algorithm using point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose pediatric appendicitis.<h4>Methods</h4>This was ... Read more >>

Pediatr Emerg Care (Pediatric emergency care)
[2020, :]

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Treatment of Neisseria meningitidis prosthetic joint infections with short-course antibiotics: three cases and a literature review.

Sarah Browning, Harry N Walker, Thomas Ryan, Robert Pickles, Michael Loftus, Jason A Trubiano, Andrew Hardidge, Joshua S Davis,

<i>Neisseria meningitidis</i> is a rare cause of prosthetic joint infection (PJI), with only three cases previously reported. Here we report three further cases, all of which were successfully treated with implant retention and short-course antibiotics ( < 6  weeks). ... Read more >>

J Bone Jt Infect (Journal of bone and joint infection)
[2020, 6(2):33-37]

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Emergency Medicine Physician Work Environments During the COVID-19 Pandemic

C. Christopher Zalesky, Nathan Dreyfus, Joshua Davis, Natalie Kreitzer,

Ann Emerg Med (Annals of emergency medicine)
[2020, :]

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Reply.

Lance Beier, Joshua Davis, Dasia Esener, Charles Grant, J Matthew Fields,

J Ultrasound Med (Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Aviation and the Microbiome.

Joshua T Davis, Hilary A Uyhelji,

<b>INTRODUCTION:</b> Although the impact of microorganisms on their hosts has been investigated for decades, recent technological advances have permitted high-throughput studies of the collective microbial genomes colonizing a host or habitat, also known as the microbiome. This literature review presents an overview of microbiome research, with an emphasis on topics ... Read more >>

Aerosp Med Hum Perform (Aerospace medicine and human performance)
[2020, 91(8):651-661]

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COVID-19 in the pre-pandemic period: a survey of the time commitment and perceptions of infectious diseases physicians in Australia and New Zealand.

David A Foley, Rusheng Chew, Edward Raby, Steven Y C Tong, Joshua S Davis, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Infectious diseases (ID) physicians perform a pivotal role in directing the response to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).<h4>Aim</h4>To assess the impact of SARS-CoV-2 on workload and the perceptions of ID physicians regarding the national response in Australia and New Zealand in the pre-pandemic.<h4>Methods</h4>A survey of ID physicians in ... Read more >>

Intern Med J (Internal medicine journal)
[2020, 50(8):924-930]

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The Australasian COVID-19 Trial (ASCOT) to assess clinical outcomes in hospitalised patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection (COVID-19) treated with lopinavir/ritonavir and/or hydroxychloroquine compared to standard of care: A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Justin T Denholm, Joshua Davis, David Paterson, Jason Roberts, Susan Morpeth, Thomas Snelling, Dominica Zentner, Megan Rees, Matthew O'Sullivan, David Price, Asha Bowen, Steven Y C Tong, ,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To determine if lopinavir/ritonavir +/- hydroxychloroquine will reduce the proportion of participants who survive without requiring ventilatory support, 15 days after enrolment, in adult participants with non-critically ill SARS-CoV-2 infection.<h4>Trial design</h4>ASCOT is an investigator-initiated, multi-centre, open-label, randomised controlled trial. Participants will have been hospitalised with confirmed COVID-19, and will be ... Read more >>

Trials (Trials)
[2020, 21(1):646]

Cited: 1 time

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Combination therapy for Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: hopes dashed again.

Steven Y C Tong, Joshua S Davis,

Clin Infect Dis (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, :]

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Delayed prescribing of antibiotics for acute respiratory infections by GP registrars: a qualitative study.

Anthea Dallas, Andrew Davey, Katie Mulquiney, Joshua Davis, Paul Glasziou, Mieke Van Driel, Parker Magin,

BACKGROUND:Antibiotic prescribing for acute self-limiting respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in Australia is higher than international benchmarks. Antibiotics have little or no efficacy in these conditions, and unnecessary use contributes to antibiotic resistance. Delayed prescribing has been shown to reduce antibiotic use. GP registrars are at a career-stage when long-term prescribing ... Read more >>

Fam Pract (Family practice)
[2020, 37(3):406-411]

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Clinical trials for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19: current state of play.

Joshua S Davis, David Ferreira, Justin T Denholm, Steven Yc Tong,

Since coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and spread around the world, over 1100 clinical studies have been registered globally on clinical trials registries, including over 500 randomised controlled trials. Such rapid development and launch of clinical trials is impressive but presents challenges, including the ... Read more >>

Med J Aust (The Medical journal of Australia)
[2020, 213(2):86-93]

Cited: 4 times

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Open Debridement is Superior to Arthroscopic Debridement for the Infected Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Brenton P Johns, Mark R Loewenthal, Joshua S Davis, David C Dewar,

<h4>Background</h4>Acutely infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is commonly treated with debridement, antibiotics, and implant retention (DAIR). There are no direct comparative studies to determine whether debridement should be performed open or arthroscopically for infected TKA. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of open vs arthroscopic debridement ... Read more >>

J Arthroplasty (The Journal of arthroplasty)
[2020, 35(12):3716-3723]

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Infectious Complications of Biological and Small Molecule Targeted Immunomodulatory Therapies.

Joshua S Davis, David Ferreira, Emma Paige, Craig Gedye, Michael Boyle,

The past 2 decades have seen a revolution in our approach to therapeutic immunosuppression. We have moved from relying on broadly active traditional medications, such as prednisolone or methotrexate, toward more specific agents that often target a single receptor, cytokine, or cell type, using monoclonal antibodies, fusion proteins, or targeted ... Read more >>

Clin Microbiol Rev (Clinical microbiology reviews)
[2020, 33(3):]

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Combination Therapy for MRSA Bacteremia: To ß or Not to ß?

Thomas L Holland, Joshua S Davis,

Clin Infect Dis (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, 71(1):11-13]

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Measuring the meaningful.

John F McNamara, Joshua S Davis,

Clin Infect Dis (Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America)
[2020, :]

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COVID-19 and paediatric health services: A survey of paediatric physicians in Australia and New Zealand.

David A Foley, Michael Kirk, Catherine Jepp, Sam Brophy-Williams, Steven Y C Tong, Joshua S Davis, Christopher C Blyth, Matthew P O'Brien, Asha C Bowen, Daniel K Yeoh, ,

<h4>Aims</h4>COVID-19 is now a global pandemic. At the time of survey, fewer than 150 children in Australia and New Zealand had documented infection. The aim of this study was to assess attitudes, readiness and confidence in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic through an online survey of paediatric physicians ... Read more >>

J Paediatr Child Health (Journal of paediatrics and child health)
[2020, 56(8):1219-1224]

Cited: 1 time

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