Full Text Journal Articles by
Author John G Thomas

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Prospective Associations between Attitudes toward Sweet Foods, Sugar Consumption, and Cravings for Alcohol and Sweets in Early Recovery from Alcohol Use Disorders.

Tosca D Braun, Zachary J Kunicki, Claire E Blevins, Michael D Stein, Eliza Marsh, Sage Feltus, Robert Miranda, John G Thomas, Ana M Abrantes,

Sweet liking (heightened preference for highly-sweet solutions) is linked to Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) and relapse, as well as attitudes towards sweet foods - use of sugar to cope with negative affect (sweet-cope), and impaired control over sweets consumption (sweet-control). This prospective analysis of individuals with AUD (<i>N</i>=26) participating in ... Read more >>

Alcohol Treat Q (Alcoholism treatment quarterly)
[2021, 39(3):269-281]

Cited: 0 times

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Rationale and protocol for translating basic habituation research into family-based childhood obesity treatment: Families becoming healthy together study.

Steve M Douglas, Grace M Hawkins, Kristoffer S Berlin, Scott E Crouter, Leonard H Epstein, John G Thomas, Hollie A Raynor,

This publication describes the rationale and protocol, including design, aims, intervention, and measures, of Families Becoming Healthy Together, a randomized clinical trial examining the effect of a limited RED (non-nutrient-dense, energy-dense) food variety prescription delivered within an 18-month family-based behavioral obesity treatment (FBT) on body mass index (BMI) and habituation ... Read more >>

Contemp Clin Trials (Contemporary clinical trials)
[2020, 98:106153]

Cited: 0 times

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Silver-Coated Endotracheal Tubes Cleaned With a Mechanism for Secretion Removal.

Massimiliano Pirrone, David Ae Imber, Francesco Marrazzo, Riccardo Pinciroli, Changsheng Zhang, Lynn Bry, Mary L Delaney, Andrea M Dubois, John G Thomas, Laura Nistico, Rachael Melton-Kreft, Edward A Bittner, Robert M Kacmarek, Lorenzo Berra,

<h4>Background</h4>Biofilm on the surface of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) is associated with ventilator-associated pneumonia. The use of silver-coated ETTs has been suggested to reduce the occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia by preventing biofilm formation. However, mucus accumulation can reduce the antibacterial activity of silver-coated ETTs by isolating bacterial colonies from the silver ... Read more >>

Respir Care (Respiratory care)
[2019, 64(1):1-9]

Cited: 0 times

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Application of Machine Learning to Predict Dietary Lapses During Weight Loss.

Stephanie P Goldstein, Fengqing Zhang, John G Thomas, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert, Evan M Forman,

BACKGROUND:Individuals who adhere to dietary guidelines provided during weight loss interventions tend to be more successful with weight control. Any deviation from dietary guidelines can be referred to as a "lapse." There is a growing body of research showing that lapses are predictable using a variety of physiological, environmental, and ... Read more >>

J Diabetes Sci Technol (Journal of diabetes science and technology)
[2018, 12(5):1045-1052]

Cited: 8 times

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Self-stigma and weight loss: The impact of fear of being stigmatized.

Jason Lillis, John G Thomas, Michael E Levin, Rena R Wing,

This study sought to examine whether two facets of weight self-stigma (fear of enacted stigma and self-devaluation) were associated with weight change and treatment engagement for 188 individuals participating in a 3-month online weight loss program. Fear of enacted stigma predicted less weight loss 3 months later after controlling for demographics, ... Read more >>

J Health Psychol (Journal of health psychology)
[2020, 25(7):922-930]

Cited: 4 times

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Micropatterned Endotracheal Tubes Reduce Secretion-Related Lumen Occlusion.

Ethan E Mann, Chelsea M Magin, M Ryan Mettetal, Rhea M May, MiKayla M Henry, Heather DeLoid, Justin Prater, Lauren Sullivan, John G Thomas, Mark D Twite, Albert E Parker, Anthony B Brennan, Shravanthi T Reddy,

Tracheal intubation disrupts physiological homeostasis of secretion production and clearance, resulting in secretion accumulation within endotracheal tubes (ETTs). Novel in vitro and in vivo models were developed to specifically recapitulate the clinical manifestations of ETT occlusion. The novel Sharklet™ micropatterned ETT was evaluated, using these models, for the ability to ... Read more >>

Ann Biomed Eng (Annals of biomedical engineering)
[2016, 44(12):3645-3654]

Cited: 3 times

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Endotracheal Tubes Cleaned With a Novel Mechanism for Secretion Removal: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Study.

Riccardo Pinciroli, Cristina Mietto, Annop Piriyapatsom, Christopher T Chenelle, John G Thomas, Massimiliano Pirrone, Lynn Bry, Gregory R Wojtkiewicz, Matthias P Nahrendorf, Robert M Kacmarek, Lorenzo Berra,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Intubation compromises mucus clearance, allowing secretions to accumulate inside the endotracheal tube (ETT). The purpose of this trial was to evaluate a novel device for ETT cleaning. We hypothesized that its routine use would reduce tube occlusion due to mucus accumulation, while decreasing airway bacterial colonization.<h4>Methods</h4>Subjects were randomized to either ... Read more >>

Respir Care (Respiratory care)
[2016, 61(11):1431-1439]

Cited: 7 times

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Current status and future prospects of using advanced computer-based methods to study bacterial colonial morphology.

Euiwon Bae, Huisung Kim, Bartek Rajwa, John G Thomas, J Paul Robinson,

Despite the advancement of recent molecular technologies, culturing is still considered the gold standard for microbial sample analysis. Here we review three different bacterial colony-based screening modalities that provide significant information beyond the simple shape and color of the colony. The plate imaging technique provides numeration and quantitative spectral reflectance ... Read more >>

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther (Expert review of anti-infective therapy)
[2016, 14(2):207-218]

Cited: 1 time

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Tracheal tube obstruction in mechanically ventilated patients assessed by high-resolution computed tomography.

Cristina Mietto, Riccardo Pinciroli, Annop Piriyapatsom, John G Thomas, Lynn Bry, Mary L Delaney, Andrea Du Bois, Jessica Truelove, Jeanne B Ackman, Gregory R Wojtkiewicz, Matthias Nahrendorf, Robert M Kacmarek, Lorenzo Berra,

<h4>Background</h4>Tracheal intubation compromises mucus clearance and secretions accumulate inside the tracheal tube (TT). The aim of this study was to evaluate with a novel methodology TT luminal obstruction in critically ill patients.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a three-phase study: (1) the authors collected 20 TTs at extubation. High-resolution computed tomography (CT) was performed ... Read more >>

Anesthesiology (Anesthesiology)
[2014, 121(6):1226-1235]

Cited: 5 times

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Familial Oral Microbial Imbalance and Dental Caries Occurrence in Their Children.

Walter A Bretz, John G Thomas, Robert J Weyant,

<h4>Objective</h4>Develop a familial liability index for oral microbial status that reflects an imbalance of oral domains based on the presence of risk indicators in saliva, inter-proximal plaque, tongue, and throat.<h4>Methods</h4>Fifty-six mother-child pairs from Webster and Nicholas counties, West Virginia, USA, participated in this study. Saliva samples were assayed for <i>mutans ... Read more >>

Univ Odontol (Universitas odontologica : revista cientifica de la Facultad de Odontologica)
[2013, 32(68):109-116]

Cited: 0 times

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Changes in depression and quality of life in obese individuals with binge eating disorder: bariatric surgery versus lifestyle modification.

Lucy F Faulconbridge, Thomas A Wadden, John G Thomas, LaShanda R Jones-Corneille, David B Sarwer, Anthony N Fabricatore,

<h4>Background</h4>Obese individuals with binge eating disorder frequently experience impairments in mood and quality of life, which improve with surgical or behavioral weight loss interventions. It is unclear whether these improvements are due to weight loss itself or to additional aspects of treatment, such as group support, or acquisition of cognitive-behavioral ... Read more >>

Surg Obes Relat Dis (Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery)
[2013, 9(5):790-796]

Cited: 37 times

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The efficacy of silver dressings and antibiotics on MRSA and MSSA isolated from burn patients.

Steven L Percival, John G Thomas, Will Slone, Sara Linton, Linda Corum, Tyler Okel,

In this study our objectives were (1) to investigate whether meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) showed an increased tolerance to silver wound dressings compared with meticillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA); and (2) to evaluate the effects of bacterial phenotypic states of MRSA and MSSA, and pH, on the activity of silver wound dressings ... Read more >>

Wound Repair Regen (Wound repair and regeneration : official publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society)
[2011, 19(6):767-774]

Cited: 15 times

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Use of flow cytometry to compare the antimicrobial efficacy of silver-containing wound dressings against planktonic Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Steven L Percival, Will Slone, Sara Linton, Tyler Okel, Linda Corum, John G Thomas,

Silver-impregnated wound dressings continue to be routinely used for the management of infected wounds, or wounds that are at risk of becoming infected. The ability of antimicrobials that have been incorporated into wound dressings to kill microorganisms within the dressing requires appropriate evaluation using in vitro models. In vitro models ... Read more >>

Wound Repair Regen (Wound repair and regeneration : official publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society)
[2011, 19(3):436-441]

Cited: 4 times

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The antimicrobial efficacy of a silver alginate dressing against a broad spectrum of clinically relevant wound isolates.

Steven L Percival, Will Slone, Sara Linton, Tyler Okel, Linda Corum, John G Thomas,

Wound dressings impregnated with silver have a role to play in aiding to reduce both the dressing and wound microbial bioburden. It is therefore imperative that antimicrobial wound dressings have efficacy on a broad range of clinical significant microorganisms. Accordingly, this study aimed to determine the antimicrobial efficacy of a ... Read more >>

Int Wound J (International wound journal)
[2011, 8(3):237-243]

Cited: 30 times

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A randomized trial testing a contingency-based weight loss intervention involving social reinforcement.

Tricia M Leahey, John G Thomas, Jessica Gokee LaRose, Rena R Wing,

Even though behavioral weight loss interventions are conducted in groups, a social contingency (SC) paradigm that capitalizes on the social reinforcement potential of the weight loss group has never been tested. We tested a weight loss intervention in which participation in the weight loss group was contingent upon meeting periodic ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2012, 20(2):324-329]

Cited: 2 times

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Impact of a Multimodal Antimicrobial Stewardship Program on Pseudomonas aeruginosa Susceptibility and Antimicrobial Use in the Intensive Care Unit Setting.

Douglas Slain, Arif R Sarwari, Karen O Petros, Richard L McKnight, Renee B Sager, Charles J Mullett, Alison Wilson, John G Thomas, Kathryn Moffett, H Carlton Palmer, Harakh V Dedhia,

Objective. To study the impact of our multimodal antibiotic stewardship program on Pseudomonas aeruginosa susceptibility and antibiotic use in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. Methods. Our stewardship program employed the key tenants of published antimicrobial stewardship guidelines. These included prospective audits with intervention and feedback, formulary restriction with preauthorization, ... Read more >>

Crit Care Res Pract (Critical care research and practice)
[2011, 2011:416426]

Cited: 20 times

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Use of 16S ribosomal RNA gene analyses to characterize the bacterial signature associated with poor oral health in West Virginia.

Joan C Olson, Christopher F Cuff, Slawomir Lukomski, Ewa Lukomska, Yeremi Canizales, Bei Wu, Richard J Crout, John G Thomas, Daniel W McNeil, Robert J Weyant, Mary L Marazita, Bruce J Paster, Thomas Elliott,

<h4>Background</h4>West Virginia has the worst oral health in the United States, but the reasons for this are unclear. This pilot study explored the etiology of this disparity using culture-independent analyses to identify bacterial species associated with oral disease.<h4>Methods</h4>Bacteria in subgingival plaque samples from twelve participants in two independent West Virginia ... Read more >>

BMC Oral Health (BMC oral health)
[2011, 11:7]

Cited: 16 times

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Biofilms and bacterial imbalances in chronic wounds: anti-Koch.

Steven L Percival, John G Thomas, David W Williams,

Microbial imbalances and synergistic relationships between bacteria in medically important biofilms are poorly researched. Consequently, little is known about how synergy between bacteria may increase the net pathogenic effect of a biofilm in many diseases and infections, including chronic wounds. Microbial synergy in chronic wounds may increase virulence and pathogenicity, ... Read more >>

Int Wound J (International wound journal)
[2010, 7(3):169-175]

Cited: 42 times

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The Effect of pH on the Antimicrobial Efficiency of Silver Alginate on Chronic Wound Isolates.

Will Slone, Sara Linton, Tyler Okel, Linda Corum, John G Thomas, Steven L Percival,

<h4>Background</h4>Nonhealing and stalled chronic wounds are often reported to reside within an alkaline environment. Consequently, a number of researchers have proposed that lowering the pH of a chronic wound environment will enable healing to progress. However, it is not known whether the efficacies of silver-impregnated wound dressings are affected by ... Read more >>

J Am Col Certif Wound Spec (The journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists)
[2010, 2(4):86-90]

Cited: 2 times

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Transmission of Helicobacter pylori and the role of water and biofilms.

Steven L Percival, John G Thomas,

Documented evidence relating to the survival of Helicobacter pylori outside the gastric niche is extremely limited. To date the primary transmission routes of H. pylori have yet to be confirmed and when this is achieved preventive infection control measures can be implemented to reduce and ultimately prevent human infection from ... Read more >>

J Water Health (Journal of water and health)
[2009, 7(3):469-477]

Cited: 23 times

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Increases in endotracheal tube resistance are unpredictable relative to duration of intubation.

Alison M Wilson, Dana M Gray, John G Thomas,

<h4>Background</h4>Accumulated secretions after intubation can affect the resistance of an endotracheal tube (ETT). Our objective was to measure extubated patient tubes and size-matched controls to evaluate differences in resistance.<h4>Methods</h4>New ETTs, with internal diameters of 7.0 through 8.5 mm, were tested as controls to establish the resistance of each size group ... Read more >>

Chest (Chest)
[2009, 136(4):1006-1013]

Cited: 18 times

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Study protocol of the Center for Oral Health Research in Appalachia (COHRA) etiology study.

Deborah E Polk, Robert J Weyant, Richard J Crout, Daniel W McNeil, Ralph E Tarter, John G Thomas, Mary L Marazita,

<h4>Background</h4>People in Appalachia experience some of the worst oral health in the United States. To develop effective intervention and prevention strategies in Appalachia, we must understand the complex relationships among the contributing factors and how they affect the etiology of oral diseases. To date, no such comprehensive analysis has been ... Read more >>

BMC Oral Health (BMC oral health)
[2008, 8:18]

Cited: 55 times

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The impact of a cation channel blocker (furosemide) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 biofilm architecture.

Jenny L Cross, Hassan H Ramadan, John G Thomas,

<h4>Objective</h4>To determine if furosemide could have a role in inhibition of biofilm formation.<h4>Study design</h4>A prospective study of 72-hour biofilms grown in the Calgary Biofilm Device (CBD) treated with furosemide and controls.<h4>Methods</h4>Bacteria were treated with furosemide and controls to determine its antiplanktonic properties. PA01 biofilms were treated with serial 2-fold dilutions ... Read more >>

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg (Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery)
[2007, 137(1):21-26]

Cited: 4 times

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Effect of ototopical medications on tympanostomy tube biofilms.

K Scott Oxley, John G Thomas, Hassan H Ramadan,

<h4>Objective</h4>Examine how ototopical medications affect biofilms on fluoroplastic tympanostomy tubes.<h4>Study design</h4>In vitro comparison of different ototopical medications against a clinical isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm on tympanostomy tubes treated for 5, 10, 14, and 21 days.<h4>Methods</h4>Under sterile conditions 21 tympanostomy tubes were cut in half. These were attached to pegs ... Read more >>

Laryngoscope (The Laryngoscope)
[2007, 117(10):1819-1824]

Cited: 12 times

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Managing the complexity of a dynamic biofilm.

John G Thomas, Lindsay A Nakaishi,

<h4>Background</h4>This article provides an overview of the history of oral microbiology, a discussion of dental plaque as both a microbial community and a biofilm, and a review of the measures available to control the oral microflora.<h4>Types of studies reviewed</h4>The authors reviewed the literature related to oral microbiology and associated infectious ... Read more >>

J Am Dent Assoc (Journal of the American Dental Association (1939))
[2006, 137 Suppl:10S-15S]

Cited: 23 times

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