Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Jerrold L Belant

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Effects of body size on estimation of mammalian area requirements.

Michael J Noonan, Christen H Fleming, Marlee A Tucker, Roland Kays, Autumn-Lynn Harrison, Margaret C Crofoot, Briana Abrahms, Susan C Alberts, Abdullahi H Ali, Jeanne Altmann, Pamela Castro Antunes, Nina Attias, Jerrold L Belant, Dean E Beyer, Laura R Bidner, Niels Blaum, Randall B Boone, Damien Caillaud, Rogerio Cunha de Paula, J Antonio de la Torre, Jasja Dekker, Christopher S DePerno, Mohammad Farhadinia, Julian Fennessy, Claudia Fichtel, Christina Fischer, Adam Ford, Jacob R Goheen, Rasmus W Havmøller, Ben T Hirsch, Cindy Hurtado, Lynne A Isbell, René Janssen, Florian Jeltsch, Petra Kaczensky, Yayoi Kaneko, Peter Kappeler, Anjan Katna, Matthew Kauffman, Flavia Koch, Abhijeet Kulkarni, Scott LaPoint, Peter Leimgruber, David W Macdonald, A Catherine Markham, Laura McMahon, Katherine Mertes, Christopher E Moorman, Ronaldo G Morato, Alexander M Moßbrucker, Guilherme Mourão, David O'Connor, Luiz Gustavo R Oliveira-Santos, Jennifer Pastorini, Bruce D Patterson, Janet Rachlow, Dustin H Ranglack, Neil Reid, David M Scantlebury, Dawn M Scott, Nuria Selva, Agnieszka Sergiel, Melissa Songer, Nucharin Songsasen, Jared A Stabach, Jenna Stacy-Dawes, Morgan B Swingen, Jeffrey J Thompson, Wiebke Ullmann, Abi Tamim Vanak, Maria Thaker, John W Wilson, Koji Yamazaki, Richard W Yarnell, Filip Zieba, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica, William F Fagan, Thomas Mueller, Justin M Calabrese,

Accurately quantifying species' area requirements is a prerequisite for effective area-based conservation. This typically involves collecting tracking data on species of interest and then conducting home-range analyses. Problematically, autocorrelation in tracking data can result in space needs being severely underestimated. Based on previous work, we hypothesized the magnitude of underestimation ... Read more >>

Conserv. Biol. (Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology)
[2020, :]

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Estimating occupancy of Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) in a protected and non-protected area of Nepal.

Sandhya Sharma, Hari P Sharma, Chanda Chaulagain, Hem B Katuwal, Jerrold L Belant,

Chinese pangolin is the world's most heavily trafficked small mammal for luxury food and traditional medicine. Although their populations are declining worldwide, it is difficult to monitor their population status because of its rarity and nocturnal behavior. We used site occupancy (presence/absence) sampling of pangolin sign (i.e., active burrows) in ... Read more >>

Ecol Evol (Ecology and evolution)
[2020, 10(10):4303-4313]

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Mass mortality of migratory birds in Iran.

Jamshid Parchizadeh, Jerrold L Belant,

Science (Science (New York, N.Y.))
[2020, 367(6483):1203-1204]

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Influence of body mass and environmental conditions on winter mortality risk of a northern ungulate: Evidence for a late-winter survival bottleneck.

Todd M Kautz, Jerrold L Belant, Dean E Beyer, Bronson K Strickland, Jared F Duquette,

A relationship between winter weather and survival of northern ungulates has long been established, yet the possible roles of biological (e.g., nutritional status) and environmental (e.g., weather) conditions make it important to determine which potential limiting factors are most influential.Our objective was to examine the potential effects of individual (body ... Read more >>

Ecol Evol (Ecology and evolution)
[2020, 10(3):1666-1677]

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Subsidies from anthropogenic resources alter diet, activity, and ranging behavior of an apex predator (Canis lupus).

Tyler R Petroelje, Jerrold L Belant, Dean E Beyer, Nathan J Svoboda,

Acquisition of resources can be costly and individuals are predicted to optimize foraging strategies to maximize net energy gain. Wolves (Canis lupus) would be expected to scavenge on subsidies from anthropogenic resources when these resources provide an energetic benefit over the capture of wild prey. We examined the effects of ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2019, 9(1):13438]

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Machine learning of large-scale spatial distributions of wild turkeys with high-dimensional environmental data.

Annie Farrell, Guiming Wang, Scott A Rush, James A Martin, Jerrold L Belant, Adam B Butler, Dave Godwin,

Species distribution modeling often involves high-dimensional environmental data. Large amounts of data and multicollinearity among covariates impose challenges to statistical models in variable selection for reliable inferences of the effects of environmental factors on the spatial distribution of species. Few studies have evaluated and compared the performance of multiple machine ... Read more >>

Ecol Evol (Ecology and evolution)
[2019, 9(10):5938-5949]

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American marten and fisher do not segregate in space and time during winter in a mixed-forest system.

Elizabeth Croose, Florent Bled, Nicholas L Fowler, Dean E Beyer, Jerrold L Belant,

Understanding the mechanisms of coexistence between ecologically similar species is an important issue in ecology. Carnivore coexistence may be facilitated by spatial segregation, temporal avoidance, and differential habitat selection. American martens Martes americana and fishers Pekania pennanti are medium-sized mustelids that occur sympatrically across portions of North America, yet mechanisms ... Read more >>

Ecol Evol (Ecology and evolution)
[2019, 9(8):4906-4916]

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Habitat suitability does not capture the essence of animal-defined corridors.

Anne K Scharf, Jerrold L Belant, Dean E Beyer, Martin Wikelski, Kamran Safi,

Background:Increases in landscape connectivity can improve a species' ability to cope with habitat fragmentation and degradation. Wildlife corridors increase landscape connectivity and it is therefore important to identify and maintain them. Currently, corridors are mostly identified using methods that rely on generic habitat suitability measures. One important and widely held ... Read more >>

Mov Ecol (Movement ecology)
[2018, 6:18]

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Female American black bears do not alter space use or movements to reduce infanticide risk.

D Cody Norton, Jerrold L Belant, John G Bruggink, Dean E Beyer, Nathan J Svoboda, Tyler R Petroelje,

Infanticide occurs in a variety of animal species and infanticide risk has large implications for the evolution of behavior. Further, the sex hypothesis of sexual segregation predicts that for species in which infanticide occurs, females with dependent young will avoid males to reduce risk of sexually-selected infanticide. Infanticide risk-avoidance behavior ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2018, 13(9):e0203651]

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Factors influencing exotic species richness in Argentina's national parks.

Mariela G Gantchoff, Clay M Wilton, Jerrold L Belant,

Exotic species introductions are a global phenomenon and protected areas are susceptible to them. Understanding the drivers of exotic species richness is vital for prioritizing natural resource management, particularly in developing countries with limited resources. We analyzed the influence of coarse resolution factors on exotic species richness (plants, mammals, and ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2018, 6:e5514]

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Impacts of biomass production at civil airports on grassland bird conservation and aviation strike risk.

Tara J Conkling, Jerrold L Belant, Travis L DeVault, James A Martin,

Growing concerns about climate change, foreign oil dependency, and environmental quality have fostered interest in perennial native grasses (e.g., switchgrass [Panicum virgatum]) for bioenergy production while also maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, biomass cultivation in marginal landscapes such as airport grasslands may have detrimental effects on aviation safety as ... Read more >>

Ecol Appl (Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America)
[2018, 28(5):1168-1181]

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Using multiple data types and integrated population models to improve our knowledge of apex predator population dynamics.

Florent Bled, Jerrold L Belant, Lawrence J Van Daele, Nathan Svoboda, David Gustine, Grant Hilderbrand, Victor G Barnes,

Current management of large carnivores is informed using a variety of parameters, methods, and metrics; however, these data are typically considered independently. Sharing information among data types based on the underlying ecological, and recognizing observation biases, can improve estimation of individual and global parameters. We present a general integrated population ... Read more >>

Ecol Evol (Ecology and evolution)
[2017, 7(22):9531-9543]

Cited: 1 time

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Moving in the Anthropocene: Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements.

Marlee A Tucker, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, William F Fagan, John M Fryxell, Bram Van Moorter, Susan C Alberts, Abdullahi H Ali, Andrew M Allen, Nina Attias, Tal Avgar, Hattie Bartlam-Brooks, Buuveibaatar Bayarbaatar, Jerrold L Belant, Alessandra Bertassoni, Dean Beyer, Laura Bidner, Floris M van Beest, Stephen Blake, Niels Blaum, Chloe Bracis, Danielle Brown, P J Nico de Bruyn, Francesca Cagnacci, Justin M Calabrese, Constança Camilo-Alves, Simon Chamaillé-Jammes, Andre Chiaradia, Sarah C Davidson, Todd Dennis, Stephen DeStefano, Duane Diefenbach, Iain Douglas-Hamilton, Julian Fennessy, Claudia Fichtel, Wolfgang Fiedler, Christina Fischer, Ilya Fischhoff, Christen H Fleming, Adam T Ford, Susanne A Fritz, Benedikt Gehr, Jacob R Goheen, Eliezer Gurarie, Mark Hebblewhite, Marco Heurich, A J Mark Hewison, Christian Hof, Edward Hurme, Lynne A Isbell, René Janssen, Florian Jeltsch, Petra Kaczensky, Adam Kane, Peter M Kappeler, Matthew Kauffman, Roland Kays, Duncan Kimuyu, Flavia Koch, Bart Kranstauber, Scott LaPoint, Peter Leimgruber, John D C Linnell, Pascual López-López, A Catherine Markham, Jenny Mattisson, Emilia Patricia Medici, Ugo Mellone, Evelyn Merrill, Guilherme de Miranda Mourão, Ronaldo G Morato, Nicolas Morellet, Thomas A Morrison, Samuel L Díaz-Muñoz, Atle Mysterud, Dejid Nandintsetseg, Ran Nathan, Aidin Niamir, John Odden, Robert B O'Hara, Luiz Gustavo R Oliveira-Santos, Kirk A Olson, Bruce D Patterson, Rogerio Cunha de Paula, Luca Pedrotti, Björn Reineking, Martin Rimmler, Tracey L Rogers, Christer Moe Rolandsen, Christopher S Rosenberry, Daniel I Rubenstein, Kamran Safi, Sonia Saïd, Nir Sapir, Hall Sawyer, Niels Martin Schmidt, Nuria Selva, Agnieszka Sergiel, Enkhtuvshin Shiilegdamba, João Paulo Silva, Navinder Singh, Erling J Solberg, Orr Spiegel, Olav Strand, Siva Sundaresan, Wiebke Ullmann, Ulrich Voigt, Jake Wall, David Wattles, Martin Wikelski, Christopher C Wilmers, John W Wilson, George Wittemyer, Filip Zięba, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica, Thomas Mueller,

Animal movement is fundamental for ecosystem functioning and species survival, yet the effects of the anthropogenic footprint on animal movements have not been estimated across species. Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, we found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human ... Read more >>

Science (Science (New York, N.Y.))
[2018, 359(6374):466-469]

Cited: 48 times

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Spatial genetic structure in American black bears (Ursus americanus): female philopatry is variable and related to population history.

Thea V Kristensen, Emily E Puckett, Erin L Landguth, Jerrold L Belant, John T Hast, Colin Carpenter, Jaime L Sajecki, Jeff Beringer, Myron Means, John J Cox, Lori S Eggert, Don White, Kimberly G Smith,

Previously, American black bears (Ursus americanus) were thought to follow the pattern of female philopatry and male-biased dispersal. However, recent studies have identified deviations from this pattern. Such flexibility in dispersal patterns can allow individuals greater ability to acclimate to changing environments. We explored dispersal and spatial genetic relatedness patterns ... Read more >>

Heredity (Edinb) (Heredity)
[2018, 120(4):329-341]

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Estimating Lion Abundance using N-mixture Models for Social Species.

Jerrold L Belant, Florent Bled, Clay M Wilton, Robert Fyumagwa, Stanslaus B Mwampeta, Dean E Beyer,

Declining populations of large carnivores worldwide, and the complexities of managing human-carnivore conflicts, require accurate population estimates of large carnivores to promote their long-term persistence through well-informed management We used N-mixture models to estimate lion (Panthera leo) abundance from call-in and track surveys in southeastern Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. Because ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2016, 6:35920]

Cited: 2 times

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Effects of crop type and harvest on nest survival and productivity of dickcissels in semi-natural grasslands

Tara J Conkling, Jerrold L Belant, Travis L DeVault, James A Martin,

Recent focus on climate change and global energy production has increased interest in developing biofuels including perennial native grasses (e.g. switchgrass [Panicum virgatum]) as viable energy commodities while simultaneously maintaining ecosystem function and biodiversity. However, there is limited research examining the effects of biofuel-focused grasslands on grassland bird reproductive success ... Read more >>

(Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment)
[2017, 240:224-232]

Cited: 1 time

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Scale-Dependent Habitat Selection and Size-Based Dominance in Adult Male American Alligators.

Bradley A Strickland, Francisco J Vilella, Jerrold L Belant,

Habitat selection is an active behavioral process that may vary across spatial and temporal scales. Animals choose an area of primary utilization (i.e., home range) then make decisions focused on resource needs within patches. Dominance may affect the spatial distribution of conspecifics and concomitant habitat selection. Size-dependent social dominance hierarchies ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2016, 11(9):e0161814]

Cited: 0 times

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Effects of Prey Presence and Scale on Bobcat Resource Selection during Winter.

Florent Bled, Savanna Summers, Deborah Martell, Tyler R Petroelje, Dean E Beyer, Jerrold L Belant,

Factors relevant to resource selection in carnivores may vary across spatial and temporal scales, both in magnitude and rank. Understanding relationships among carnivore occupancy, prey presence, and habitat characteristics, as well as their interactions across multiple scales, is necessary to improve our understanding of resource selection and predict population changes. ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(11):e0143347]

Cited: 1 time

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Sex, Diet, and the Social Environment: Factors Influencing Hair Cortisol Concentration in Free-Ranging Black Bears (Ursus americanus).

Diana J R Lafferty, Mark L Laudenslager, Garth Mowat, Doug Heard, Jerrold L Belant,

Increasingly, measures of glucocorticoid levels (e.g., cortisol), key components of the neuroendocrine stress axis, are being used to measure past hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity to index psychological and physiological stress exhibited by wildlife for assessing individual and population-level well-being. However, many intrinsic and extrinsic factors affect HPA activity in animals. Using ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(11):e0141489]

Cited: 5 times

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Provisioning of game meat to rural communities as a benefit of sport hunting in Zambia.

Paula A White, Jerrold L Belant,

Sport hunting has reportedly multiple benefits to economies and local communities; however, few of these benefits have been quantified. As part of their lease agreements with the Zambia Wildlife Authority, sport hunting operators in Zambia are required to provide annually to local communities free of charge i.e., provision a percentage ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(2):e0117237]

Cited: 2 times

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Contrasting the Effects of Maternal and Behavioral Characteristics on Fawn Birth Mass in White-Tailed Deer.

Eric S Michel, Stephen Demarais, Bronson K Strickland, Jerrold L Belant,

Maternal care influences offspring quality and can improve a mother's inclusive fitness. However, improved fitness may only occur when offspring quality (i.e., offspring birth mass) persists throughout life and enhances survival and/or reproductive success. Although maternal body mass, age, and social rank have been shown to influence offspring birth mass, ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(8):e0136034]

Cited: 3 times

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Effectiveness of protected areas for representing species and populations of terrestrial mammals in Costa Rica.

José F González-Maya, Luis R Víquez-R, Jerrold L Belant, Gerardo Ceballos,

Costa Rica has one of the greatest percentages (26%) of protected land in the world. The National Protected Areas System (NPAS) of Costa Rica was established in 1976 and currently includes >190 protected areas within seven different protection categories. The effectiveness of the NPAS to represent species, populations, and areas ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(5):e0124480]

Cited: 3 times

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Behavioral traits and airport type affect mammal incidents with U.S. civil aircraft.

Kristin B Schwarz, Jerrold L Belant, James A Martin, Travis L DeVault, Guiming Wang,

Wildlife incidents with aircraft cost the United States (U.S.) civil aviation industry >US$1.4 billion in estimated damages and loss of revenue from 1990 to 2009. Although terrestrial mammals represented only 2.3 % of wildlife incidents, damage to aircraft occurred in 59 % of mammal incidents. We examined mammal incidents (excluding ... Read more >>

Environ Manage (Environmental management)
[2014, 54(4):908-918]

Cited: 0 times

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Carnivore coexistence: America's recovery.

Matthew E Gompper, Jerrold L Belant, Roland Kays,

Science (Science (New York, N.Y.))
[2015, 347(6220):382-383]

Cited: 8 times

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Influence of drift and admixture on population structure of American black bears (Ursus americanus) in the Central Interior Highlands, USA, 50 years after translocation.

Emily E Puckett, Thea V Kristensen, Clay M Wilton, Sara B Lyda, Karen V Noyce, Paula M Holahan, David M Leslie, Jeff Beringer, Jerrold L Belant, Don White, Lori S Eggert,

Bottlenecks, founder events, and genetic drift often result in decreased genetic diversity and increased population differentiation. These events may follow abundance declines due to natural or anthropogenic perturbations, where translocations may be an effective conservation strategy to increase population size. American black bears (Ursus americanus) were nearly extirpated from the ... Read more >>

Mol. Ecol. (Molecular ecology)
[2014, 23(10):2414-2427]

Cited: 9 times

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