Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Jerrold L Belant

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Machine learning of large-scale spatial distributions of wild turkeys with high-dimensional environmental data.

Annie Farrell, Guiming Wang, Scott A Rush, James A Martin, Jerrold L Belant, Adam B Butler, Dave Godwin,

Species distribution modeling often involves high-dimensional environmental data. Large amounts of data and multicollinearity among covariates impose challenges to statistical models in variable selection for reliable inferences of the effects of environmental factors on the spatial distribution of species. Few studies have evaluated and compared the performance of multiple machine ... Read more >>

Ecol Evol (Ecology and evolution)
[2019, 9(10):5938-5949]

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American marten and fisher do not segregate in space and time during winter in a mixed-forest system.

Elizabeth Croose, Florent Bled, Nicholas L Fowler, Dean E Beyer, Jerrold L Belant,

Understanding the mechanisms of coexistence between ecologically similar species is an important issue in ecology. Carnivore coexistence may be facilitated by spatial segregation, temporal avoidance, and differential habitat selection. American martens Martes americana and fishers Pekania pennanti are medium-sized mustelids that occur sympatrically across portions of North America, yet mechanisms ... Read more >>

Ecol Evol (Ecology and evolution)
[2019, 9(8):4906-4916]

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Female American black bears do not alter space use or movements to reduce infanticide risk.

D Cody Norton, Jerrold L Belant, John G Bruggink, Dean E Beyer, Nathan J Svoboda, Tyler R Petroelje,

Infanticide occurs in a variety of animal species and infanticide risk has large implications for the evolution of behavior. Further, the sex hypothesis of sexual segregation predicts that for species in which infanticide occurs, females with dependent young will avoid males to reduce risk of sexually-selected infanticide. Infanticide risk-avoidance behavior ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2018, 13(9):e0203651]

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Factors influencing exotic species richness in Argentina's national parks.

Mariela G Gantchoff, Clay M Wilton, Jerrold L Belant,

Exotic species introductions are a global phenomenon and protected areas are susceptible to them. Understanding the drivers of exotic species richness is vital for prioritizing natural resource management, particularly in developing countries with limited resources. We analyzed the influence of coarse resolution factors on exotic species richness (plants, mammals, and ... Read more >>

PeerJ (PeerJ)
[2018, 6:e5514]

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Habitat suitability does not capture the essence of animal-defined corridors.

Anne K Scharf, Jerrold L Belant, Dean E Beyer, Martin Wikelski, Kamran Safi,

Background:Increases in landscape connectivity can improve a species' ability to cope with habitat fragmentation and degradation. Wildlife corridors increase landscape connectivity and it is therefore important to identify and maintain them. Currently, corridors are mostly identified using methods that rely on generic habitat suitability measures. One important and widely held ... Read more >>

Mov Ecol (Movement ecology)
[2018, 6:18]

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Impacts of biomass production at civil airports on grassland bird conservation and aviation strike risk.

Tara J Conkling, Jerrold L Belant, Travis L DeVault, James A Martin,

Growing concerns about climate change, foreign oil dependency, and environmental quality have fostered interest in perennial native grasses (e.g., switchgrass [Panicum virgatum]) for bioenergy production while also maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, biomass cultivation in marginal landscapes such as airport grasslands may have detrimental effects on aviation safety as ... Read more >>

Ecol Appl (Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America)
[2018, 28(5):1168-1181]

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Spatial genetic structure in American black bears (Ursus americanus): female philopatry is variable and related to population history.

Thea V Kristensen, Emily E Puckett, Erin L Landguth, Jerrold L Belant, John T Hast, Colin Carpenter, Jaime L Sajecki, Jeff Beringer, Myron Means, John J Cox, Lori S Eggert, Don White, Kimberly G Smith,

Previously, American black bears (Ursus americanus) were thought to follow the pattern of female philopatry and male-biased dispersal. However, recent studies have identified deviations from this pattern. Such flexibility in dispersal patterns can allow individuals greater ability to acclimate to changing environments. We explored dispersal and spatial genetic relatedness patterns ... Read more >>

Heredity (Edinb) (Heredity)
[2018, 120(4):329-341]

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Using multiple data types and integrated population models to improve our knowledge of apex predator population dynamics.

Florent Bled, Jerrold L Belant, Lawrence J Van Daele, Nathan Svoboda, David Gustine, Grant Hilderbrand, Victor G Barnes,

Current management of large carnivores is informed using a variety of parameters, methods, and metrics; however, these data are typically considered independently. Sharing information among data types based on the underlying ecological, and recognizing observation biases, can improve estimation of individual and global parameters. We present a general integrated population ... Read more >>

Ecol Evol (Ecology and evolution)
[2017, 7(22):9531-9543]

Cited: 1 time

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Moving in the Anthropocene: Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements.

Marlee A Tucker, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, William F Fagan, John M Fryxell, Bram Van Moorter, Susan C Alberts, Abdullahi H Ali, Andrew M Allen, Nina Attias, Tal Avgar, Hattie Bartlam-Brooks, Buuveibaatar Bayarbaatar, Jerrold L Belant, Alessandra Bertassoni, Dean Beyer, Laura Bidner, Floris M van Beest, Stephen Blake, Niels Blaum, Chloe Bracis, Danielle Brown, P J Nico de Bruyn, Francesca Cagnacci, Justin M Calabrese, Constança Camilo-Alves, Simon Chamaillé-Jammes, Andre Chiaradia, Sarah C Davidson, Todd Dennis, Stephen DeStefano, Duane Diefenbach, Iain Douglas-Hamilton, Julian Fennessy, Claudia Fichtel, Wolfgang Fiedler, Christina Fischer, Ilya Fischhoff, Christen H Fleming, Adam T Ford, Susanne A Fritz, Benedikt Gehr, Jacob R Goheen, Eliezer Gurarie, Mark Hebblewhite, Marco Heurich, A J Mark Hewison, Christian Hof, Edward Hurme, Lynne A Isbell, René Janssen, Florian Jeltsch, Petra Kaczensky, Adam Kane, Peter M Kappeler, Matthew Kauffman, Roland Kays, Duncan Kimuyu, Flavia Koch, Bart Kranstauber, Scott LaPoint, Peter Leimgruber, John D C Linnell, Pascual López-López, A Catherine Markham, Jenny Mattisson, Emilia Patricia Medici, Ugo Mellone, Evelyn Merrill, Guilherme de Miranda Mourão, Ronaldo G Morato, Nicolas Morellet, Thomas A Morrison, Samuel L Díaz-Muñoz, Atle Mysterud, Dejid Nandintsetseg, Ran Nathan, Aidin Niamir, John Odden, Robert B O'Hara, Luiz Gustavo R Oliveira-Santos, Kirk A Olson, Bruce D Patterson, Rogerio Cunha de Paula, Luca Pedrotti, Björn Reineking, Martin Rimmler, Tracey L Rogers, Christer Moe Rolandsen, Christopher S Rosenberry, Daniel I Rubenstein, Kamran Safi, Sonia Saïd, Nir Sapir, Hall Sawyer, Niels Martin Schmidt, Nuria Selva, Agnieszka Sergiel, Enkhtuvshin Shiilegdamba, João Paulo Silva, Navinder Singh, Erling J Solberg, Orr Spiegel, Olav Strand, Siva Sundaresan, Wiebke Ullmann, Ulrich Voigt, Jake Wall, David Wattles, Martin Wikelski, Christopher C Wilmers, John W Wilson, George Wittemyer, Filip Zięba, Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica, Thomas Mueller,

Animal movement is fundamental for ecosystem functioning and species survival, yet the effects of the anthropogenic footprint on animal movements have not been estimated across species. Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, we found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human ... Read more >>

Science (Science (New York, N.Y.))
[2018, 359(6374):466-469]

Cited: 34 times

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Estimating Lion Abundance using N-mixture Models for Social Species.

Jerrold L Belant, Florent Bled, Clay M Wilton, Robert Fyumagwa, Stanslaus B Mwampeta, Dean E Beyer,

Declining populations of large carnivores worldwide, and the complexities of managing human-carnivore conflicts, require accurate population estimates of large carnivores to promote their long-term persistence through well-informed management We used N-mixture models to estimate lion (Panthera leo) abundance from call-in and track surveys in southeastern Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. Because ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2016, 6:35920]

Cited: 1 time

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Scale-Dependent Habitat Selection and Size-Based Dominance in Adult Male American Alligators.

Bradley A Strickland, Francisco J Vilella, Jerrold L Belant,

Habitat selection is an active behavioral process that may vary across spatial and temporal scales. Animals choose an area of primary utilization (i.e., home range) then make decisions focused on resource needs within patches. Dominance may affect the spatial distribution of conspecifics and concomitant habitat selection. Size-dependent social dominance hierarchies ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2016, 11(9):e0161814]

Cited: 0 times

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Effects of Prey Presence and Scale on Bobcat Resource Selection during Winter.

Florent Bled, Savanna Summers, Deborah Martell, Tyler R Petroelje, Dean E Beyer, Jerrold L Belant,

Factors relevant to resource selection in carnivores may vary across spatial and temporal scales, both in magnitude and rank. Understanding relationships among carnivore occupancy, prey presence, and habitat characteristics, as well as their interactions across multiple scales, is necessary to improve our understanding of resource selection and predict population changes. ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(11):e0143347]

Cited: 1 time

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Sex, Diet, and the Social Environment: Factors Influencing Hair Cortisol Concentration in Free-Ranging Black Bears (Ursus americanus).

Diana J R Lafferty, Mark L Laudenslager, Garth Mowat, Doug Heard, Jerrold L Belant,

Increasingly, measures of glucocorticoid levels (e.g., cortisol), key components of the neuroendocrine stress axis, are being used to measure past hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity to index psychological and physiological stress exhibited by wildlife for assessing individual and population-level well-being. However, many intrinsic and extrinsic factors affect HPA activity in animals. Using ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(11):e0141489]

Cited: 4 times

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Contrasting the Effects of Maternal and Behavioral Characteristics on Fawn Birth Mass in White-Tailed Deer.

Eric S Michel, Stephen Demarais, Bronson K Strickland, Jerrold L Belant,

Maternal care influences offspring quality and can improve a mother's inclusive fitness. However, improved fitness may only occur when offspring quality (i.e., offspring birth mass) persists throughout life and enhances survival and/or reproductive success. Although maternal body mass, age, and social rank have been shown to influence offspring birth mass, ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(8):e0136034]

Cited: 3 times

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Provisioning of game meat to rural communities as a benefit of sport hunting in Zambia.

Paula A White, Jerrold L Belant,

Sport hunting has reportedly multiple benefits to economies and local communities; however, few of these benefits have been quantified. As part of their lease agreements with the Zambia Wildlife Authority, sport hunting operators in Zambia are required to provide annually to local communities free of charge i.e., provision a percentage ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(2):e0117237]

Cited: 1 time

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Effectiveness of protected areas for representing species and populations of terrestrial mammals in Costa Rica.

José F González-Maya, Luis R Víquez-R, Jerrold L Belant, Gerardo Ceballos,

Costa Rica has one of the greatest percentages (26%) of protected land in the world. The National Protected Areas System (NPAS) of Costa Rica was established in 1976 and currently includes >190 protected areas within seven different protection categories. The effectiveness of the NPAS to represent species, populations, and areas ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(5):e0124480]

Cited: 3 times

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Carnivore coexistence: America's recovery.

Matthew E Gompper, Jerrold L Belant, Roland Kays,

Science (Science (New York, N.Y.))
[2015, 347(6220):382-383]

Cited: 8 times

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Targeted conservation to safeguard a biodiversity hotspot from climate and land-cover change.

Matthew J Struebig, Andreas Wilting, David L A Gaveau, Erik Meijaard, Robert J Smith, , Manuela Fischer, Kristian Metcalfe, Stephanie Kramer-Schadt,

Responses of biodiversity to changes in both land cover and climate are recognized [1] but still poorly understood [2]. This poses significant challenges for spatial planning as species could shift, contract, expand, or maintain their range inside or outside protected areas [2-4]. We examine this problem in Borneo, a global ... Read more >>

Curr. Biol. (Current biology : CB)
[2015, 25(3):372-378]

Cited: 11 times

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Behavioral traits and airport type affect mammal incidents with U.S. civil aircraft.

Kristin B Schwarz, Jerrold L Belant, James A Martin, Travis L DeVault, Guiming Wang,

Wildlife incidents with aircraft cost the United States (U.S.) civil aviation industry >US$1.4 billion in estimated damages and loss of revenue from 1990 to 2009. Although terrestrial mammals represented only 2.3 % of wildlife incidents, damage to aircraft occurred in 59 % of mammal incidents. We examined mammal incidents (excluding ... Read more >>

Environ Manage (Environmental management)
[2014, 54(4):908-918]

Cited: 0 times

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Trap array configuration influences estimates and precision of black bear density and abundance.

Clay M Wilton, Emily E Puckett, Jeff Beringer, Beth Gardner, Lori S Eggert, Jerrold L Belant,

Spatial capture-recapture (SCR) models have advanced our ability to estimate population density for wide ranging animals by explicitly incorporating individual movement. Though these models are more robust to various spatial sampling designs, few studies have empirically tested different large-scale trap configurations using SCR models. We investigated how extent of trap ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2014, 9(10):e111257]

Cited: 5 times

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Influence of drift and admixture on population structure of American black bears (Ursus americanus) in the Central Interior Highlands, USA, 50 years after translocation.

Emily E Puckett, Thea V Kristensen, Clay M Wilton, Sara B Lyda, Karen V Noyce, Paula M Holahan, David M Leslie, Jeff Beringer, Jerrold L Belant, Don White, Lori S Eggert,

Bottlenecks, founder events, and genetic drift often result in decreased genetic diversity and increased population differentiation. These events may follow abundance declines due to natural or anthropogenic perturbations, where translocations may be an effective conservation strategy to increase population size. American black bears (Ursus americanus) were nearly extirpated from the ... Read more >>

Mol. Ecol. (Molecular ecology)
[2014, 23(10):2414-2427]

Cited: 8 times

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Effects of maternal nutrition, resource use and multi-predator risk on neonatal white-tailed deer survival.

Jared F Duquette, Jerrold L Belant, Nathan J Svoboda, Dean E Beyer, Patrick E Lederle,

Growth of ungulate populations is typically most sensitive to survival of neonates, which in turn is influenced by maternal nutritional condition and trade-offs in resource selection and avoidance of predators. We assessed whether resource use, multi-predator risk, maternal nutritional effects, hiding cover, or interactions among these variables best explained variation ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2014, 9(6):e100841]

Cited: 1 time

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Evidence of antibodies to spotted fever group rickettsiae in small mammals and quail from Mississippi.

Gail Miriam Moraru, Jerome Goddard, Alexandria Murphy, Diana Link, Jerrold L Belant, Andrea Varela-Stokes,

Rickettsia parkeri is a recently recognized human pathogen primarily associated with the Gulf Coast tick Amblyomma maculatum, with immature stages of this tick reported from wild vertebrates. To better understand the role of vertebrates in the natural history of this bacterium, we evaluated small mammals and ground-dwelling birds for evidence ... Read more >>

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. (Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.))
[2013, 13(1):1-5]

Cited: 6 times

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Baird's tapir density in high elevation forests of the Talamanca region of Costa Rica.

José F González-Maya, Jan Schipper, Beth Polidoro, Annelie Hoepker, Diego Zárrate-Charry, Jerrold L Belant,

Baird's tapir (Tapirus bairdii) is currently endangered throughout its neotropical range with an expected population decline >50% in the next 30 years. We present the first density estimation of Baird's tapir for the Talamanca mountains of Costa Rica, and one of the first for the country. Ten stations with paired ... Read more >>

Integr Zool (Integrative zoology)
[2012, 7(4):381-388]

Cited: 4 times

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Effects of resource dispersion and site familiarity on movements of translocated wild turkeys on fragmented landscapes.

M Kyle Marable, Jerrold L Belant, David Godwin, Guiming Wang,

Animals in unfamiliar environments may increase exploratory movements, which may result in predation mortalities (the site familiarity hypothesis). Furthermore, increases in resource dispersion may reduce animal foraging time in small patches, and increase movements and home ranges of animals to acquire sufficient resources (the resource dispersion hypothesis). Little is known ... Read more >>

Behav. Processes (Behavioural processes)
[2012, 91(1):119-124]

Cited: 3 times

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