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Author Jane S Hocking

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Brief Report: Changes in PrEP Use, Sexual Practice, and Use of Face Mask During Sex Among MSM During the Second Wave of COVID-19 in Melbourne, Australia.

Eric P F Chow, Jane S Hocking, Jason J Ong, Tiffany R Phillips, Tina Schmidt, Andrew Buchanan, Elena Rodriguez, Kate Maddaford, Christopher K Fairley,

<h4>Background</h4>A second wave of COVID-19 began in late June in Victoria, Australia. Stage 3 then Stage 4 restrictions were introduced in July-August. This study aimed to compare the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and sexual practices among men who have sex with men taking PrEP between May-June (post-first lockdown) and ... Read more >>

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999))
[2021, 86(2):153-156]

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Brief Report: Group Sex Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in the Era of PrEP: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Tiffany R Phillips, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona S Bradshaw, Jane S Hocking, Edmond P H Choi, Jason J Ong, Marjan Tabesh, Kate Maddaford, Eric P F Chow,

<h4>Background</h4>Group sex has been commonly reported among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men (GBMSM); however, there are limited studies on the factors associated with participating in group sex.<h4>Setting</h4>A cross-sectional study among GBMSM attending a sexual health clinic in Melbourne, Australia.<h4>Methods</h4>Univariable and multivariable logistic regression were performed to ... Read more >>

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999))
[2021, 86(2):e23-e27]

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Associations between oral sex practices and frequent mouthwash use in heterosexuals: a cross-sectional survey in Melbourne, Australia.

Tiffany R Phillips, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona S Bradshaw, Marjan Tabesh, Kate Maddaford, Jane S Hocking, Eric Pf Chow,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study aimed to determine the frequency of mouthwash use and its association to oral sex practice in heterosexuals.<h4>Design</h4>A cross-sectional study.<h4>Setting</h4>Data obtained from a sexual health clinic in Victoria, Australia, between March 2019 and April 2019.<h4>Participants</h4>Heterosexual men and women attending the sexual health clinic answered a survey using computer-assisted self-interview.<h4>Primary ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2021, 11(1):e041782]

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'It's literally giving them a solution in their hands': the views of young Australians towards patient-delivered partner therapy for treating chlamydia.

Elly Layton, Jane L Goller, Jacqueline Coombe, Meredith Temple-Smith, Jane Tomnay, Alaina Vaisey, Jane S Hocking,

<h4>Objectives</h4>Patient-delivered partner therapy (PDPT) is a method for providing antibiotic treatment for the sexual partners of an index patient with an STI by means of a prescription or medication that the index patient gives to their sexual partner(s). Qualitative research regarding barriers and enablers to PDPT has largely focused on ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Infect (Sexually transmitted infections)
[2021, :]

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Comparison of the patterns of chlamydia and gonorrhoea at the oropharynx, anorectum and urethra among men who have sex with men.

Marjan Tabesh, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking, Deborah A Williamson, Lei Zhang, Xianglong Xu, Catriona S Bradshaw, Marcus Y Chen, Eric Pf Chow,

<h4>Objective</h4>Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are common sexually transmitted infections that infect the oropharynx, anorectum and urethra in men who have sex with men (MSM). This study aimed to examine the pattern of infection at more than one site (multisite) for chlamydia and gonorrhoea among MSM.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a retrospective study of MSM ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Infect (Sexually transmitted infections)
[2021, :]

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Incidence and duration of incident oropharyngeal gonorrhoea and chlamydia infections among men who have sex with men: prospective cohort study.

Eric P F Chow, Lenka A Vodstrcil, Deborah A Williamson, Kate Maddaford, Jane S Hocking, Melinda Ashcroft, Vesna De Petra, Catriona S Bradshaw, Christopher K Fairley,

<h4>Objectives</h4>This prospective cohort study aimed to determine the natural history and incidence of oropharyngeal gonorrhoea and chlamydia among a cohort of men who have sex with men (MSM) over a 12-week period, and to examine risk factors associated with incident oropharyngeal infections.<h4>Methods</h4>MSM either aged ≥18 years and had a diagnosis ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Infect (Sexually transmitted infections)
[2020, :]

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Love during lockdown: findings from an online survey examining the impact of COVID-19 on the sexual health of people living in Australia.

Jacqueline Coombe, Fabian Yuh Shiong Kong, Helen Bittleston, Henrietta Williams, Jane Tomnay, Alaina Vaisey, Sue Malta, Jane L Goller, Meredith Temple-Smith, Louise Bourchier, Andrew Lau, Eric P F Chow, Jane S Hocking,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Australia recorded its first case of COVID-19 in late January 2020. On 22P March 2020, amid increasing daily case numbers, the Australian Government implemented lockdown restrictions to help 'flatten the curve'. Our study aimed to understand the impact of lockdown restrictions on sexual and reproductive health. Here we focus on ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Infect (Sexually transmitted infections)
[2020, :]

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Modelling the contribution that different sexual practices involving the oropharynx and saliva have on Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections at multiple anatomical sites in men who have sex with men.

Xianglong Xu, Eric P F Chow, Jason J Ong, Christian J P A Hoebe, Deborah Williamson, Mingwang Shen, Fabian Yuh Shiong Kong, Jane S Hocking, Christopher K Fairley, Lei Zhang,

<h4>Background</h4>The spectrum of sexual practices that transmit <i>Neisseria gonorrhoeae</i> in men who have sex with men (MSM) is controversial. No studies have modelled potential <i>Neisseria gonorrhoeae</i> transmission when one sexual practice follows another in the same sexual encounter ('sequential sexual practices'). Our aim was to test what sequential practices were ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Infect (Sexually transmitted infections)
[2020, :]

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Chlamydia trachomatis transmission between the oropharynx, urethra and anorectum in men who have sex with men: a mathematical model.

Xianglong Xu, Eric P F Chow, Jason J Ong, Christian J P A Hoebe, Zhuoru Zou, Jane S Hocking, Christopher K Fairley, Lei Zhang,

<h4>Background</h4>It has been presumed that Chlamydia trachomatis is transmitted between men only through anal or oral sex, but no mathematical models have tested this presumption.<h4>Methods</h4>To test this presumption, we created 20 compartmental mathematical models of different sexual practices that included both oral and anal sex and calibrated these models to ... Read more >>

BMC Med (BMC medicine)
[2020, 18(1):326]

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Treating male partners of women with bacterial vaginosis (StepUp): a protocol for a randomised controlled trial to assess the clinical effectiveness of male partner treatment for reducing the risk of BV recurrence.

Lenka A Vodstrcil, Erica L Plummer, Michelle Doyle, Christopher K Fairley, Colette McGuiness, Deborah Bateson, Jane S Hocking, Matthew G Law, Kathy Petoumenos, Basil Donovan, Eric P F Chow, Catriona S Bradshaw, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is estimated to affect 1 in 3 women globally and is associated with obstetric and gynaecological sequelae. Current recommended therapies have good short-term efficacy but 1 in 2 women experience BV recurrence within 6 months of treatment. Evidence of male carriage of BV-organisms suggests that male partners may ... Read more >>

BMC Infect Dis (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):834]

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An open-label, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial of antiseptic mouthwash versus antibiotics for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea treatment (OMEGA2).

Eric P F Chow, Kate Maddaford, Jane S Hocking, Catriona S Bradshaw, Rebecca Wigan, Marcus Y Chen, Benjamin P Howden, Deborah A Williamson, Christopher K Fairley,

New treatments for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea are required to address rising antimicrobial resistance. We aimed to examine the efficacy of a 14-day course of mouthwash twice daily compared to standard treatment (antibiotic) for the treatment of oropharyngeal gonorrhoea. The OMEGA2 trial was a parallel-group and open-labelled randomised controlled trial among men ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):19386]

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Treatment efficacy for pharyngeal Neisseria gonorrhoeae: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Fabian Y S Kong, Christina L Hatzis, Andrew Lau, Deborah A Williamson, Eric P F Chow, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking,

<h4>Background</h4>Rising gonorrhoea rates require highly effective treatments to reduce transmission and prevent development of antimicrobial resistance. Currently the most effective treatments for pharyngeal gonorrhoea remain unclear. This review aimed to estimate treatment efficacy for pharyngeal gonorrhoea.<h4>Methods</h4>Online bibliographic databases were searched for the period 1 January 2000 to 17 September 2019 ... Read more >>

J Antimicrob Chemother (The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy)
[2020, 75(11):3109-3119]

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Sexually transmitted infection diagnoses and access to a sexual health service before and after the national lockdown for COVID-19 in Melbourne, Australia

Eric P F Chow, Jane S Hocking, Jason J Ong, Tiffany R Phillips, Christopher K Fairey,

Abstract Background We aimed to examine the impact of lockdown on sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnoses and access to a public sexual health service in the COVID-19 pandemic in Melbourne, Australia. Methods The operating hours of Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (MSHC) remained the same during the lockdown. We examined the ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2020, :]

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Duration of gargling and rinsing among frequent mouthwash users: a cross-sectional study.

Tiffany Renee Phillips, Christopher Fairley, Kate Maddaford, Sabrina Trumpour, Rebecca Wigan, Catriona Bradshaw, Jane S Hocking, Eric P F Chow,

<h4>Objective</h4>To examine the rinsing and gargling mouthwash practices among frequent mouthwash users to determine if there are differences in use between gender, sexual orientation and sex work status.<h4>Design</h4>Cross-sectional study.<h4>Setting</h4>Data obtained from patients attending a sexual health centre located in Melbourne, Australia.<h4>Participants</h4>200 frequent mouthwash users (four or more times per week), ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2020, 10(9):e040754]

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A retrospective cohort study examining STI testing and perinatal records demonstrates reproductive health burden of chlamydia and gonorrhea.

Torrington Callan, Joseph Debattista, Brooke Berry, James Brown, Stephen Woodcock, Jane S Hocking, Wilhelmina M Huston,

Adverse reproductive health outcomes, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and tubal factor infertility, have been associated with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoea infections. These reproductive health outcomes could be complemented by measuring subsequent pregnancies to assess impact on fertility. The study design was a cohort study of women ... Read more >>

Pathog Dis (Pathogens and disease)
[2020, 78(6):]

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The impact of COVID-19 on the reproductive health of people living in Australia: findings from an online survey

Jacqueline Coombe, Fabian Kong, Helen Bittleston, Hennie Williams, Jane Tomnay, Alaina Vaisey, Sue Malta, Jane Goller, Meredith Temple-Smith, Louise Bourchier, Andrew Lau, Jane Hocking,

<h4>Introduction: </h4> Australia introduced lockdown measures to control COVID-19 on 22 March 2020. For two months, Australians were asked to remain at home and only leave for essential activities. We investigate the impact this had on sexual and reproductive health (SRH). <h4>Methods:</h4> Australians aged 18+ were eligible to participate in ... Read more >>

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Epididymitis rates in Australian hospitals 2009-2018: ecological analysis.

Jane L Goller, Alysha M De Livera, Basil Donovan, Christopher K Fairley, Nicola Low, Jane S Hocking,

<h4>Objectives</h4>To investigate rates of acute epididymitis diagnosed in Australian hospital settings.<h4>Methods</h4>Yearly hospital admission and emergency department (ED) rates of epididymitis as primary diagnoses were calculated for 15-44-year-old men for three states (Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland) from 2009 to 2014 using population denominators. Zero inflated Poisson regression models were used ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Infect (Sexually transmitted infections)
[2020, :]

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Love during lockdown: findings from an online survey examining the impact of COVID-19 on the sexual practices of people living in Australia

Jacqueline Coombe, Fabian Kong, Helen Bittleston, Hennie Williams, Jane Tomnay, Alaina Vaisey, Sue Malta, Jane Goller, Meredith Temple-Smith, Louise Bourchier, Andrew Lau, Eric P.F. Chow, Jane Hocking,

<h4>ABSTRACT</h4> <h4>Introduction</h4> Australia recorded its first case of COVID-19 in late January 2020. On 22 nd March 2020, amid increasing daily case numbers, the Australian Government implemented lockdown restrictions to help ‘flatten the curve’. Our study aimed to understand the impact of lockdown restrictions on sexual and reproductive health. Here ... Read more >>

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Postexposure prophylaxis during COVID-19 lockdown in Melbourne, Australia.

Eric P F Chow, Jane S Hocking, Jason J Ong, Tiffany R Phillips, Christopher K Fairley,

Lancet HIV (The lancet. HIV)
[2020, 7(8):e528-e529]

Cited: 2 times

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Changing the Use of HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Among Men Who Have Sex With Men During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Melbourne, Australia.

Eric P F Chow, Jane S Hocking, Jason J Ong, Tina Schmidt, Andrew Buchanan, Elena Rodriguez, Kate Maddaford, Prital Patel, Christopher K Fairley,

We surveyed 204 men who have sex with men (MSM) who were pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) users. One in 4 daily PrEP users stopped taking PrEP during the COVID-19 pandemic, and 5% switched to on-demand PrEP. Most men reduced PrEP use because they stopped having casual sex and reduced the number ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2020, 7(7):ofaa275]

Cited: 3 times

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Prevalence of mutations associated with resistance to macrolides and fluoroquinolones in Mycoplasma genitalium: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Dorothy A Machalek, Yusha Tao, Hannah Shilling, Jørgen S Jensen, Magnus Unemo, Gerald Murray, Eric P F Chow, Nicola Low, Suzanne M Garland, Lenka A Vodstrcil, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking, Lei Zhang, Catriona S Bradshaw,

<h4>Background</h4>Mycoplasma genitalium is now recognised as an important bacterial sexually transmitted infection. We summarised data from studies of mutations associated with macrolide and fluoroquinolone resistance in M genitalium to establish the prevalence of resistance. We also investigated temporal trends in resistance and aimed to establish the association between resistance and ... Read more >>

Lancet Infect Dis (The Lancet. Infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(11):1302-1314]

Cited: 1 time

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Optimising treatments for sexually transmitted infections: surveillance, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, therapeutic strategies, and molecular resistance prediction.

Arlene C Seña, Laura Bachmann, Christine Johnston, Teodora Wi, Kimberly Workowski, Edward W Hook, Jane S Hocking, George Drusano, Magnus Unemo,

Progressive antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, and Trichomonas vaginalis has created a pressing need for treatment optimisations for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In this Review, we aim to highlight urgent needs in global STI management, including: (1) improved surveillance to monitor antimicrobial resistance and clinical outcomes; (2) systematic ... Read more >>

Lancet Infect Dis (The Lancet. Infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(8):e181-e191]

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Age, ethnic and travel-related disparities in kissing and sexual practices among heterosexual men in Melbourne, Australia.

Finley J Charleson, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking, Lenka A Vodstrcil, Catriona S Bradshaw, Eric P F Chow,

Background The kissing practices of heterosexual men are not well understood, despite the potential of kissing to be a significant risk factor for gonorrhoea transmission. This study aimed to explore kissing and sex practices among heterosexual men.<h4>Methods</h4>A cross-sectional survey among heterosexual men attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre in 2016-2017 ... Read more >>

Sex Health (Sexual health)
[2020, 17(3):279-287]

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Factors Associated With Early Resumption of Condomless Anal Sex Among Men Who Have Sex With Men After Rectal Chlamydia Treatment.

Andrew Lau, Fabian Y S Kong, Christopher K Fairley, David J Templeton, Janaki Amin, Mark A Boyd, Catriona Bradshaw, Marcus Y Chen, Basil Donovan, Carole Khaw, David A Lewis, Anna McNulty, David G Regan, Mahesh Ratnayake, Jane S Hocking, ,

BACKGROUND:The resumption of sexual activity shortly after commencing treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is poorly described despite contributing to onward transmission. With azithromycin remaining an option for rectal Chlamydia trachomatis, resuming sex too early after treatment may contribute to antimicrobial resistance because of exposure of newly acquired STIs to ... Read more >>

Sex Transm Dis (Sexually transmitted diseases)
[2020, 47(6):389-394]

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Prevalence of sexually transmissible infections and HIV in men attending sex-on-premises venues in Australia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Catriona Ooi, Fabian Y S Kong, David A Lewis, Jane S Hocking,

Background In Australia, men who have sex with men (MSM) have high rates sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and sex-on-premises venue (SOPV) patrons are at risk. This paper assesses Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), syphilis and HIV prevalence in men tested at Australian SOPVs and describes testing services.<h4>Methods</h4>EMBASE, Medline, PubMed ... Read more >>

Sex Health (Sexual health)
[2020, 17(2):135-148]

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