Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Hamish J McLeod

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Hikikomori: a hidden mental health need following the COVID-19 pandemic.

Maki Rooksby, Tadaaki Furuhashi, Hamish J McLeod,

(World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA))
[2020, 19(3):399-400]

Cited: 0 times

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Jamaican adolescents' receptiveness to digital mental health services: A cross-sectional survey from rural and urban communities.

Catherine A Maloney, Wendel D Abel, Hamish J McLeod,

Background:Improving access to mental health resources for young people is an urgent healthcare challenge. As the majority of youth live in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) mental ill health can exert substantial adverse impacts on societies that can least afford it. Digital mental health technologies might help close the treatment ... Read more >>

(Internet interventions)
[2020, 21:100325]

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Perspectives of patients, carers and mental health staff on early warning signs of relapse in psychosis: a qualitative investigation.

Stephanie Allan, Simon Bradstreet, Hamish J McLeod, John Gleeson, John Farhall, Maria Lambrou, Andrea Clark, Andrew I Gumley,

BACKGROUND:Relapse prevention strategies based on monitoring of early warning signs (EWS) are advocated for the management of psychosis. However, there has been a lack of research exploring how staff, carers and patients make sense of the utility of EWS, or how these are implemented in context. AIMS:To develop a multiperspective ... Read more >>

BJPsych Open (BJPsych open)
[2019, 6(1):e3]

Cited: 0 times

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Cognitive-behavioural therapy for clozapine-resistant schizophrenia: the FOCUS RCT.

Anthony P Morrison, Melissa Pyle, Andrew Gumley, Matthias Schwannauer, Douglas Turkington, Graeme MacLennan, John Norrie, Jemma Hudson, Samantha Bowe, Paul French, Paul Hutton, Rory Byrne, Suzy Syrett, Robert Dudley, Hamish J McLeod, Helen Griffiths, Thomas Re Barnes, Linda Davies, Gemma Shields, Deborah Buck, Sarah Tully, David Kingdon,

BACKGROUND:Clozapine (clozaril, Mylan Products Ltd) is a first-choice treatment for people with schizophrenia who have a poor response to standard antipsychotic medication. However, a significant number of patients who trial clozapine have an inadequate response and experience persistent symptoms, called clozapine-resistant schizophrenia (CRS). There is little evidence regarding the clinical ... Read more >>

Health Technol Assess (Health technology assessment (Winchester, England))
[2019, 23(7):1-144]

Cited: 1 time

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Using the primary process emotional-behavioural system to better meet patient needs in psychotherapy.

Tien Kuei, Mavis Tsai, Hamish J McLeod, Ross G White, Jonathan Kanter,

In order to increase therapeutic impact by enhancing awareness of clients' nonverbal communications, this article operationalizes the therapeutic alliance as a needs-satisfaction process. The client's competence as a needs seeker and the therapist assisting with the client's expression and satiation of basic social needs are proposed as being key mechanisms ... Read more >>

Clin Psychol Psychother (Clinical psychology & psychotherapy)
[2019, 26(1):55-73]

Cited: 0 times

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Cognitive behavioural therapy in clozapine-resistant schizophrenia (FOCUS): an assessor-blinded, randomised controlled trial.

Anthony P Morrison, Melissa Pyle, Andrew Gumley, Matthias Schwannauer, Douglas Turkington, Graeme MacLennan, John Norrie, Jemma Hudson, Samantha E Bowe, Paul French, Rory Byrne, Suzy Syrett, Robert Dudley, Hamish J McLeod, Helen Griffiths, Thomas R E Barnes, Linda Davies, David Kingdon, ,

BACKGROUND:Although clozapine is the treatment of choice for treatment-refractory schizophrenia, 30-40% of patients have an insufficient response, and others are unable to tolerate it. Evidence for any augmentation strategies is scarce. We aimed to determine whether cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for clozapine-resistant schizophrenia. METHODS:We did a ... Read more >>

Lancet Psychiatry (The lancet. Psychiatry)
[2018, 5(8):633-643]

Cited: 6 times

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Recovery and serious mental illness: a review of current clinical and research paradigms and future directions.

Bethany L Leonhardt, Kelsey Huling, Jay A Hamm, David Roe, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Hamish J McLeod, Paul H Lysaker,

INTRODUCTION:Recovery from serious mental illness has historically not been considered a likely or even possible outcome. However, a range of evidence suggests the courses of SMI are heterogeneous with recovery being the most likely outcome. One barrier to studying recovery in SMI is that recovery has been operationalized in divergent ... Read more >>

Expert Rev Neurother (Expert review of neurotherapeutics)
[2017, 17(11):1117-1130]

Cited: 8 times

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Brief compassion focused imagery for treatment of severe head injury.

Iain N Campbell, Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Brian O'Neill, Tom M McMillan,

OBJECTIVE:To determine whether participants with severe head injury (SHI) allocated to a brief compassion focused imagery (CFI) intervention show greater change in compassion than those exposed to relaxation imagery (RI). METHOD:Participants were exposed to a preparatory video to promote engagement and then randomly allocated to intervention. Pre- and post-preparatory measures ... Read more >>

Neuropsychol Rehabil (Neuropsychological rehabilitation)
[2019, 29(6):917-927]

Cited: 0 times

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A carer burden and stigma in schizophrenia and affective disorders: Experiences from Sri Lanka.

Sunera M Fernando, Frank P Deane, Hamish J McLeod, Esther L Davis,

Stigma compounds the burden experienced by family members of those with a mental illness. This study aimed to examine burden experienced by carers of people with schizophrenia or affective disorders and to explore the relationship between carer burden and stigma.A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted with patient-carer dyads involving ... Read more >>

Asian J Psychiatr (Asian journal of psychiatry)
[2017, 26:77-81]

Cited: 2 times

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A systematic review of recommended modifications of CBT for people with cognitive impairments following brain injury.

Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Thomas M McMillan,

Due to diverse cognitive, emotional and interpersonal changes that can follow brain injury, psychological therapies often need to be adapted to suit the complex needs of this population. The aims of the study were to synthesise published recommendations for therapy modifications following brain injury from non-progressive traumatic, vascular, or metabolic ... Read more >>

Neuropsychol Rehabil (Neuropsychological rehabilitation)
[2019, 29(1):1-21]

Cited: 6 times

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The delaying effect of stigma on mental health help-seeking in Sri Lanka.

Sunera M Fernando, Frank P Deane, Hamish J McLeod,

Mental health stigma has been associated with delays in seeking treatment.To describe perceived stigma experienced by patients and carers in Sri Lanka and to determine the effects of stigma on help-seeking delay.Survey of outpatients and family carers (n = 118 dyads) attending two psychiatric hospitals in Sri Lanka, using the Disclosure and ... Read more >>

Asia Pac Psychiatry (Asia-Pacific psychiatry : official journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists)
[2017, 9(1):]

Cited: 3 times

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Design and protocol for the Focusing on Clozapine Unresponsive Symptoms (FOCUS) trial: a randomised controlled trial.

Melissa Pyle, John Norrie, Matthias Schwannauer, David Kingdon, Andrew Gumley, Douglas Turkington, Rory Byrne, Suzy Syrett, Graeme MacLennan, Robert Dudley, Hamish J McLeod, Helen Griffiths, Samantha Bowe, Thomas R E Barnes, Paul French, Paul Hutton, Linda Davies, Anthony P Morrison,

BACKGROUND:For around a third of people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, the condition proves to respond poorly to treatment with many typical and atypical antipsychotics. This is commonly referred to as treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Clozapine is the only antipsychotic with convincing efficacy for people whose symptoms are considered treatment-resistant to antipsychotic ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC psychiatry)
[2016, 16:280]

Cited: 3 times

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Cognitive and psychological flexibility after a traumatic brain injury and the implications for treatment in acceptance-based therapies: A conceptual review.

Diane L Whiting, Frank P Deane, Grahame K Simpson, Hamish J McLeod, Joseph Ciarrochi,

This paper provides a selective review of cognitive and psychological flexibility in the context of treatment for psychological distress after traumatic brain injury, with a focus on acceptance-based therapies. Cognitive flexibility is a component of executive function that is referred to mostly in the context of neuropsychological research and practice. ... Read more >>

Neuropsychol Rehabil (Neuropsychological rehabilitation)
[2017, 27(2):263-299]

Cited: 5 times

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Metacognition in First Episode Psychosis: Item Level Analysis of Associations with Symptoms and Engagement.

Angus MacBeth, Andrew Gumley, Matthias Schwannauer, Antonino Carcione, Hamish J McLeod, Giancarlo Dimaggio,

Significant metacognitive impairments are observed in first episode psychosis (FEP) and chronic psychosis samples. There is evidence of associations between metacognition and presentation in FEP, but the relative contribution of metacognitive understanding of the self and the other is as yet unclear. The current study is a secondary analysis of ... Read more >>

Clin Psychol Psychother (Clinical psychology & psychotherapy)
[2016, 23(4):329-339]

Cited: 7 times

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Validating measures of psychological flexibility in a population with acquired brain injury.

Diane L Whiting, Frank P Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi, Hamish J McLeod, Grahame K Simpson,

This study presents preliminary validation data on both the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-Acquired Brain Injury (AAQ-ABI) and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II). Data from 150 participants with ABI was subject to exploratory factor analysis on the AAQ-ABI (15 items). A subset of 75 participants with ABI completed a larger ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2015, 27(2):415-423]

Cited: 6 times

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Anhedonia in prolonged schizophrenia spectrum patients with relatively lower vs. higher levels of depression disorders: associations with deficits in social cognition and metacognition.

Kelly D Buck, Hamish J McLeod, Andrew Gumley, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Benjamin E Buck, Kyle S Minor, Alison V James, Paul H Lysaker,

This study has sought to explore whether there are at least two subtypes of anhedonia in schizophrenia: one closely linked with depression and another that occurs in the absence of depression which is related to a general paucity of internal experience. Participants were 163 adults with schizophrenia who completed assessments ... Read more >>

Conscious Cogn (Consciousness and cognition)
[2014, 29:68-75]

Cited: 6 times

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Metacognition, symptoms and premorbid functioning in a first episode psychosis sample.

Angus Macbeth, Andrew Gumley, Matthias Schwannauer, Antonino Carcione, Rebecca Fisher, Hamish J McLeod, Giancarlo Dimaggio,

Significant metacognitive impairments are observed in chronic psychosis samples but metacognition is less understood in first episode psychosis (FEP). The current study explored correlations between metacognition, symptoms and premorbid functioning in an FEP sample. In a cross-sectional cohort study, individuals in the first 12 months of treatment metacognition were assessed ... Read more >>

Compr Psychiatry (Comprehensive psychiatry)
[2014, 55(2):268-273]

Cited: 21 times

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Metacognitive functioning predicts positive and negative symptoms over 12 months in first episode psychosis.

Hamish J McLeod, Andrew I Gumley, Angus Macbeth, Matthias Schwannauer, Paul H Lysaker,

The negative symptoms of schizophrenia are a major source of impairment and distress but both pharmacological and psychological treatment options provide only modest benefit. Developing more effective psychological treatments for negative symptoms will require a more sophisticated understanding of the psychological processes that are implicated in their development and maintenance. ... Read more >>

J Psychiatr Res (Journal of psychiatric research)
[2014, 54:109-115]

Cited: 22 times

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Sri Lankan doctors' and medical undergraduates' attitudes towards mental illness.

Sunera Mayanthi Fernando, Frank P Deane, Hamish J McLeod,

Stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness can impede help-seeking and adversely affect treatment outcomes, especially if such attitudes are endorsed by medical personnel. In order to help identify targets for anti-stigma interventions, we comprehensively examined negative attitudes towards mental illness displayed by Sri Lankan doctors and medical students and compared these ... Read more >>

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol (Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology)
[2010, 45(7):733-739]

Cited: 30 times

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Interpersonal complementarity in responses to auditory hallucinations in psychosis.

Neil Thomas, Hamish J McLeod, Chris R Brewin,

Models of interpersonal relating have proposed that people are drawn to respond to others according to a principle of complementarity, whereby perceived hostility elicits reciprocal hostility and perceived dominance elicits submission. This study examined interpersonal appraisals and responses to auditory hallucinations, to determine whether this principle predicts how patients respond ... Read more >>

Br J Clin Psychol (The British journal of clinical psychology)
[2009, 48(Pt 4):411-424]

Cited: 9 times

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The relationship between insight and social rank appraisals in people with schizophrenia.

Hamish J McLeod, Liza Coertze, Estelle Moore,

The relationship between insight and appraisals of social rank in people with schizophrenia was examined.Seventy people with schizophrenia completed self-report measures of insight and social rank. Two points of comparison were used for social rank appraisal: (1) the person's mental health worker; and (2) the general population.Greater awareness of illness ... Read more >>

Br J Clin Psychol (The British journal of clinical psychology)
[2009, 48(Pt 3):329-334]

Cited: 0 times

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Base rates of physical activity in Australians with schizophrenia.

Hamish J McLeod, Simone Jaques, Frank P Deane,

OBJECTIVE: To determine the patterns of physical activity in Australians with schizophrenia and compare them to the general Australian population. METHODS: People with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia (n=125) provided self-report BMI data and descriptions of the type, intensity, and duration of their physical activity during the previous week. This ... Read more >>

Psychiatr Rehabil J (Psychiatric rehabilitation journal)
[2009, 32(4):269-275]

Cited: 13 times

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Autobiographical memory deficits in schizophrenia.

Hamish J McLeod, Nikki Wood, Chris R Brewin,

This study investigated autobiographical memory processes in a group of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and matched controls. The schizophrenia group displayed an overgeneral style of autobiographical memory retrieval on two widely used measures, and displayed problems retrieving both autobiographical facts and events. They showed a specific impairment in the recall ... Read more >>

Cogn Emot (Cognition & emotion)
[2006, 20(3-4):536-547]

Cited: 20 times

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Automatism and dissociation: disturbances of consciousness and volition from a psychological perspective.

Hamish J McLeod, Mitchell K Byrne, Rachel Aitken,

Int J Law Psychiatry (International journal of law and psychiatry)
[2004, 27(5):471-487]

Cited: 5 times

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