Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Gerard J Gormley

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Scenes, symbols and social roles: raising the curtain on OSCE performances.

Gerard J Gormley, Jennifer L Johnston, Kathy M Cullen, Mairead Corrigan,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) are a complex form of assessment, where candidates can interact with 'patients' in a constructed socio-clinical encounter. Conceptualizing OSCEs as a complex socially and culturally situated activity offers important research affordances. There are concerns that OSCEs may encourage more strategic 'tick-box' candidate behaviours and have a potential negative impact ... Read more >>

Perspect Med Educ (Perspectives on medical education)
[2021, 10(1):14-22]

Cited: 0 times

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Making the invisible visible: a place for utilizing activity theory within in situ simulation to drive healthcare organizational development?

Gerard J Gormley, Anu Kajamaa, Richard L Conn, Sarah O'Hare,

<h4>Background</h4>The healthcare needs of our societies are continual changing and evolving. In order to meet these needs, healthcare provision has to be dynamic and reactive to provide the highest standards of safe care. Therefore, there is a continual need to generate new evidence and implement it within healthcare contexts. In ... Read more >>

Adv Simul (Lond) (Advances in simulation (London, England))
[2020, 5:29]

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'More extraordinary than mundane … ' A phenomenological analysis of the experiences of individuals living with CLE and their taking care in the sun.

Bláithín McGarry, Donal O'Kane, Collette McCourt, Gerard J Gormley,

<h4>Introduction</h4>CLE is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune condition of which photosensitivity is a major symptom. Individuals living with CLE are advised to practice photoprotection. Despite the benefits for disease control, many individuals living with CLE do not practice optimal photoprotection. The aim of this study was to gain a deep insight ... Read more >>

Lupus (Lupus)
[2020, 29(13):1773-1780]

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In, But Out of Touch: Connecting With Patients During the Virtual Visit.

Martina Ann Kelly, Gerard J Gormley,

Covid-19 has rapidly changed physician-patient interaction, from hands-on to hands-off medicine. In this essay, 2 family physicians on different continents reflect on the meaning of touch in clinical practice and how virtual care is transforming this tacit aspect of patient care. Although technology enables physicians to stay in touch with ... Read more >>

Ann Fam Med (Annals of family medicine)
[2020, 18(5):461-462]

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Harnessing insights from an activity system - OSCEs past and present expanding future assessments.

Helen Reid, Gerard J Gormley, Tim Dornan, Jennifer L Johnston,

Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) are a dominant, yet problematic, assessment tool across health professions education (HPE). OSCEs' standardised approach aligns with regulatory accountability, allowing learners to exchange exam success for the right to practice. We offer a sociohistorical account of OSCEs' development to support an interpretation of present assessment ... Read more >>

Med Teach (Medical teacher)
[2020, :1-6]

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Honoring Medicine's Social Contract: A Scoping Review of Critical Consciousness in Medical Education.

Annalisa Manca, Gerard J Gormley, Jennifer L Johnston, Nigel D Hart,

PURPOSE:To explore how the construct of critical consciousness has been conceptualized within the medical education literature and identify the main elements of critical consciousness in medical education so as to inform educational strategies to foster socially conscious physicians. METHOD:In March 2019, the authors conducted a literature search of 4 databases ... Read more >>

Acad Med (Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges)
[2020, 95(6):958-967]

Cited: 1 time

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Into the uncanny valley: Simulation versus simulacrum?

Jennifer Laura Johnston, Grainne P Kearney, Gerard J Gormley, Helen Reid,

Med Educ (Medical education)
[2020, 54(10):903-907]

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Exploring undergraduate students achievement emotions during ward round simulation: a mixed-method study.

Claudia C Behrens, Diana H Dolmans, Gerard J Gormley, Erik W Driessen,

<h4>Background</h4>Simulation based learning (SBL) has increased in its use to best equip students for clinical practice. Simulations that mirror the complex realities of clinical practice have the potential to induce a range of emotions, without a clear understanding of their impact on learning and the learner. Students' emotional states have ... Read more >>

BMC Med Educ (BMC medical education)
[2019, 19(1):316]

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Words matter: towards a new lexicon for 'nontechnical skills' training.

Paul Murphy, Debra Nestel, Gerard J Gormley,

Adv Simul (Lond) (Advances in simulation (London, England))
[2019, 4:8]

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'What … you can't tell left from right?' Medical students' experiences in making laterality decisions.

Gerard J Gormley, Carl Brennan, Martin Dempster,

<h4>Context</h4>Wrong-sided procedures represent some of the most catastrophic errors in health care. Although errors in laterality are multifaceted in origin, human error is considered to be an important root cause. Evidence suggests that a significant proportion of the population, including medical students, experience difficulty in left-right discrimination (LRD). Given that ... Read more >>

Med Educ (Medical education)
[2019, 53(5):458-466]

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Why institutional ethnography? Why now? Institutional ethnography in health professions education.

Grainne P Kearney, Michael K Corman, Nigel D Hart, Jennifer L Johnston, Gerard J Gormley,

This 'A Qualitative Space' article takes a critical look at Dorothy Smith's approach to inquiry known as institutional ethnography and its potentiality in contemporary health professions education research. We delve into institutional ethnography's philosophical underpinnings, setting out the ontological shift that the researcher needs to make within this critical feminist approach. We ... Read more >>

Perspect Med Educ (Perspectives on medical education)
[2019, 8(1):17-24]

Cited: 1 time

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Blurred boundaries: sexuality and power in standardised patients' negotiations of the physical examination.

Grainne P Kearney, Gerard J Gormley, Diane Wilson, Jennifer L Johnston,

<h4>Background</h4>Working with standardised or simulated patients (SPs) is now commonplace in Simulated Learning Environments. Embracing the fact that they are not a homogenous group, some literature suggests expansion of learning with SPs in health professional education by foregrounding their personal experiences. Intimate examination teaching, whether with or without the help ... Read more >>

Adv Simul (Lond) (Advances in simulation (London, England))
[2018, 3:11]

Cited: 1 time

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Teaching clinical skills in the theatre of medicine.

Gerard J Gormley, Paul Murphy,

Perspect Med Educ (Perspectives on medical education)
[2018, 7(4):226-227]

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Criteria required for an acceptable point-of-care test for UTI detection: Obtaining consensus using the Delphi technique.

Nichola-Jane M Weir, Sally H Pattison, Paddy Kearney, Bob Stafford, Gerard J Gormley, Martin A Crockard, Deirdre F Gilpin, Michael M Tunney, Carmel M Hughes,

<h4>Background</h4>Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are common bacterial infections, second only to respiratory tract infections and particularly prevalent within primary care. Conventional detection of UTIs is culture, however, return of results can take between 24 and 72 hours. The introduction of a point of care (POC) test would allow for more ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2018, 13(6):e0198595]

Cited: 2 times

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'I did try and point out about his dignity': a qualitative narrative study of patients and carers' experiences and expectations of junior doctors.

Camille E Kostov, Charlotte E Rees, Gerard J Gormley, Lynn V Monrouxe,

OBJECTIVES:For many years, the voice of patients has been understood as a critical element for the improvement of care quality in healthcare settings. How well medical graduates are prepared for clinical practice is an important question, but one that has rarely been considered from patient and public perspectives. We aimed ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2018, 8(1):e017738]

Cited: 1 time

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'When Right could be so Wrong'. Laterality Errors in Healthcare.

Gerard J Gormley, Martin Dempster, Richard Corry, Carl Brennan,

Ulster Med J (The Ulster medical journal)
[2018, 87(1):3-10]

Cited: 2 times

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A feasibility study of a theory-based intervention to improve appropriate polypharmacy for older people in primary care.

Cathal A Cadogan, Cristín Ryan, Gerard J Gormley, Jill J Francis, Peter Passmore, Ngaire Kerse, Carmel M Hughes,

<h4>Background</h4>A general practitioner (GP)-targeted intervention aimed at improving the prescribing of appropriate polypharmacy for older people was previously developed using a systematic, theory-based approach based on the UK Medical Research Council's complex intervention framework. The primary intervention component comprised a video demonstration of a GP prescribing appropriate polypharmacy during a ... Read more >>

Pilot Feasibility Stud (Pilot and feasibility studies)
[2018, 4:23]

Cited: 2 times

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Ward round simulation in final year medical students: Does it promote students learning?

Claudia Behrens, Diana H J M Dolmans, Jimmie Leppink, Gerard J Gormley, Erik W Driessen,

INTRODUCTION:Ward round skills are essential for doctors in hospital settings. Literature shows medical students' deficiencies in these skills. Simulation has been used to train these skills. However, exposing learners to simulation at an early stage may be associated with a high cognitive load and limited learning. This study aims to ... Read more >>

Med Teach (Medical teacher)
[2018, 40(2):199-204]

Cited: 2 times

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Tracing the prescription journey: a qualitative evaluation of an interprofessional simulation-based learning activity.

Caoimhe Cooke, Gerard J Gormley, Sharon Haughey, Johanne Barry,

Background:In many countries across the world, the majority of prescribing occurs within the community setting. Close collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists is required to ensure effective therapeutic treatment of patients, whilst minimising prescribing and dispensing errors. Despite the need to work collaboratively, medical and pharmacy training is often ... Read more >>

Adv Simul (Lond) (Advances in simulation (London, England))
[2017, 2:14]

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Improving adherence to multiple medications in older people in primary care: Selecting intervention components to address patient-reported barriers and facilitators.

Deborah E Patton, Cathal A Cadogan, Cristín Ryan, Jill J Francis, Gerard J Gormley, Peter Passmore, Ngaire Kerse, Carmel M Hughes,

<h4>Background</h4>Medication adherence is vital to ensuring optimal patient outcomes, particularly amongst multimorbid older people prescribed multiple medications. Interventions targeting adherence often lack a theoretical underpinning and this may impact on effectiveness. The theoretical domains framework (TDF) of behaviour can aid intervention development by systematically identifying key determinants of medication adherence.<h4>Objectives</h4>This ... Read more >>

Health Expect (Health expectations : an international journal of public participation in health care and health policy)
[2018, 21(1):138-148]

Cited: 9 times

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Development of an intervention to improve appropriate polypharmacy in older people in primary care using a theory-based method.

Cathal A Cadogan, Cristín Ryan, Jill J Francis, Gerard J Gormley, Peter Passmore, Ngaire Kerse, Carmel M Hughes,

<h4>Background</h4>It is advocated that interventions to improve clinical practice should be developed using a systematic approach and intervention development methods should be reported. However, previous interventions aimed at ensuring that older people receive appropriate polypharmacy have lacked details on their development. This study formed part of a multiphase research project ... Read more >>

BMC Health Serv Res (BMC health services research)
[2016, 16(1):661]

Cited: 9 times

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Effect of investigation intensity and treatment differences on prostate cancer survivor's physical symptoms, psychological well-being and health-related quality of life: a two country cross-sectional study.

Anna T Gavin, David Donnelly, Conan Donnelly, Frances J Drummond, Eileen Morgan, Gerard J Gormley, Linda Sharp,

<h4>Aim</h4>To investigate effects on men's health and well-being of higher prostate cancer (PCa) investigation and treatment levels in similar populations.<h4>Participants</h4>PCa survivors in Ireland where the Republic of Ireland (RoI) has a 50% higher PCa incidence than Northern Ireland (NI).<h4>Method</h4>A cross-sectional postal questionnaire was sent to PCa survivors 2-18 years post-treatment, seeking ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2016, 6(12):e012952]

Cited: 1 time

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Preparation for practice: a novel role for general practice in pre-foundation assistantships.

Peter S J Ryan, Gerard J Gormley, Nigel D Hart,

<h4>Background</h4>Hospital-based undergraduate assistantships are now widely established in medical school curricula. They are considered to improve graduates' preparedness for practice in their role as a foundation doctor. Foundation doctors play a key team role in ensuring patient safety during complex transitions across the hospital/primary care interface, and their self-reported preparedness ... Read more >>

Educ Prim Care (Education for primary care : an official publication of the Association of Course Organisers, National Association of GP Tutors, World Organisation of Family Doctors)
[2017, 28(4):210-215]

Cited: 0 times

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The show must go on? Patients, props and pedagogy in the theatre of the OSCE.

Gerard J Gormley, Brian D Hodges, Nancy McNaughton, Jennifer L Johnston,

 According to Shakespeare, all the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), that most ubiquitous form of assessment in health professions education, offers us a particular instance of this maxim. Comprising at first glance a world of psychometric data, detailed ... Read more >>

Med Educ (Medical education)
[2016, 50(12):1237-1240]

Cited: 4 times

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Ethical reasoning through simulation: a phenomenological analysis of student experience.

Gareth Lewis, Melissa McCullough, Alexander P Maxwell, Gerard J Gormley,

Background:Medical students transitioning into professional practice feel underprepared to deal with the emotional complexities of real-life ethical situations. Simulation-based learning (SBL) may provide a safe environment for students to probe the boundaries of ethical encounters. Published studies of ethics simulation have not generated sufficiently deep accounts of student experience to ... Read more >>

Adv Simul (Lond) (Advances in simulation (London, England))
[2016, 1:26]

Cited: 0 times

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