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Author Geoffrey T Fong

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Reasons for stopping e-cigarette use among smokers: findings from the 2018 ITC New Zealand Survey.

Maddie White, Richard Edwards, James Stanley, Janet Hoek, Andrew M Waa, Janine Ouimet, Anne Ck Quah, Geoffrey T Fong,

N Z Med J (The New Zealand medical journal)
[2020, 133(1523):117-121]

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The Association of E-cigarette Flavors With Satisfaction, Enjoyment, and Trying to Quit or Stay Abstinent From Smoking Among Regular Adult Vapers From Canada and the United States: Findings From the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, K Michael Cummings, David Hammond, Eric Lindblom, Danielle M Smith, Nadia Martin, Ruth Loewen, Ron Borland, Andrew Hyland, Mary E Thompson, Christian Boudreau, Karin Kasza, Janine Ouimet, Anne C K Quah, Richard J O'Connor, Geoffrey T Fong,

AIMS:This study examined whether nontobacco flavors are more commonly used by vapers (e-cigarette users) compared with tobacco flavor, described which flavors are most popular, and tested whether flavors are associated with: vaping satisfaction relative to smoking, level of enjoyment with vaping, reasons for using e-cigarettes, and making an attempt to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(10):1831-1841]

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Gender differences in reasons for using electronic cigarettes and product characteristics: Findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Pongkwan Yimsaard, Ann McNeill, Hua-Hie Yong, K Michael Cummings, Janet Chung-Hall, Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Anne C K Quah, Geoffrey T Fong, Richard J O'Connor, Sara C Hitchman,

INTRODUCTION:Little is known about why males are more likely to use electronic cigarettes (ECs) compared to females. This study examined gender differences in reasons for vaping and characteristics of EC used (device type, device capacity, e-liquid nicotine strength, and flavour). METHODS:Data from 3938 current adult (18+ years) at-least-weekly EC users ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Changes in Smoking and Vaping over 18 Months among Smokers and Recent Ex-Smokers: Longitudinal Findings from the 2016 and 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Shannon Gravely, Gang Meng, K Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Ron Borland, David Hammond, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz, Karin A Kasza, Ann McNeill, Mary E Thompson, Sara C Hitchman, David T Levy, James F Thrasher, Anne C K Quah, Nadia Martin, Janine Ouimet, Christian Boudreau, Geoffrey T Fong,

This descriptive study of smokers (smoked at least monthly) and recent ex-smokers (quit for ≤2 years) examined transitions over an 18 month period in their smoking and vaping behaviors. Data are from Waves 1 (W1: 2016) and 2 (W2: 2018) of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, a ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(19):]

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Awareness, trial and use of heated tobacco products among adult cigarette smokers and e-cigarette users: findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Connor R Miller, Edward Sutanto, Danielle M Smith, Sara C Hitchman, Shannon Gravely, Hua H Yong, Ron Borland, Richard J O'Connor, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Andrew Hyland, Anne C K Quah, Maciej L Goniewicz,

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate heated tobacco product (HTP) awareness, trial and current use among adult cigarette smokers and vaping product users in four countries with varying regulations governing HTP sales. DESIGN:Data came from Wave 2 of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, collected from February to July 2018. Respondents were ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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What kind of smoking identity following quitting would elevate smokers relapse risk?

Laura Callaghan, Hua-Hie Yong, Ron Borland, K Michael Cummings, Sara C Hitchman, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND:Research has suggested that smokers who quit smoking and continue to identify themselves as a smoker versus a non-smoker are at greater risk of relapse. This study examines the relationship between post-quit smoker identities and relapse risk of former smokers in Australia and the UK comparing those who still identified ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2021, 112:106654]

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Perceived relative harm of heated tobacco products (IQOS), e-cigarettes, and cigarettes among adults in Canada: Findings from the ITC Project.

Edward Sutanto, Connor R Miller, Danielle M Smith, Richard J O'Connor, Shannon Gravely, David Hammond, Andrew Hyland, Kenneth M Cummings, Anne C K Quah, Geoffrey T Fong, Thomas K Agar, Maciej L Goniewicz,

INTRODUCTION:Tobacco companies have introduced heated tobacco products (HTPs), such as IQOS, which may compete with e-cigarettes among smokers interested in switching to potentially reduced-risk products. Non-smokers may also start using IQOS if they believe this product is less harmful than other nicotine products. Smokers' and non-smokers' decisions may be driven ... Read more >>

Tob Induc Dis (Tobacco induced diseases)
[2020, 18:81]

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Transitions in frequency of hookah smoking among youth and adults: findings from waves 1 and 2 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study, 2013-15.

Samir Soneji, Kristin E Knutzen, Shannon Gravely, Tara Elton-Marshall, James Sargent, Elizabeth Lambert, Nahla Hilmi, Eva Sharma, Kia J Jackson, Baoguang Wang, Joelle Robinson, Pete Driezen, Michelle Bover Manderski, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Andrew Hyland, Mark Travers, Duck-Hye Yang, Rui Dang, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The prevalence of hookah smoking has increased in the United States since at least 2010, especially among youth and young adults. This study assessed self-reported reasons for hookah smoking cessation and transition to or maintenance of high-frequency hookah smoking among current hookah smokers. DESIGN:Separately analyzed data from the ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2020, :]

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Patterns of Use of Vaping Products Among Smokers: Findings from the 2016-2018 International Tobacco Control (ITC) New Zealand Surveys.

Richard Edwards, James Stanley, Andrew M Waa, Maddie White, Susan C Kaai, Janine Ouimet, Anne C K Quah, Geoffrey T Fong,

Alternative nicotine products like e-cigarettes could help achieve an end to the epidemic of ill health and death caused by smoking. However, in-depth information about their use is often limited. Our study investigated patterns of use of e-cigarettes and attitudes and beliefs among smokers and ex-smokers in New Zealand (NZ), ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(18):]

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Role of e-cigarettes and pharmacotherapy during attempts to quit cigarette smoking: The PATH Study 2013-16.

John P Pierce, Tarik Benmarhnia, Ruifeng Chen, Martha White, David B Abrams, Bridget K Ambrose, Carlos Blanco, Nicolette Borek, Kelvin Choi, Blair Coleman, Wilson M Compton, K Michael Cummings, Cristine D Delnevo, Tara Elton-Marshall, Maciej L Goniewicz, Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T Fong, Dorothy Hatsukami, James Henrie, Karin A Kasza, Sheila Kealey, Heather L Kimmel, Jean Limpert, Raymond S Niaura, Carolina Ramôa, Eva Sharma, Marushka L Silveira, Cassandra A Stanton, Michael B Steinberg, Ethel Taylor, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Dennis R Trinidad, Lisa D Gardner, Andrew Hyland, Samir Soneji, Karen Messer,

BACKGROUND:More smokers report using e-cigarettes to help them quit than FDA-approved pharmacotherapy. OBJECTIVE:To assess the association of e-cigarettes with future abstinence from cigarette and tobacco use. DESIGN:Cohort study of US sample, with annual follow-up. PARTICIPANTS:US adult (ages 18+) daily cigarette smokers identified at Wave 1 (W1; 2013-14) of the PATH ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2020, 15(9):e0237938]

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Perceptions, Predictors of and Motivation for Quitting among Smokers from Six European Countries from 2016 to 2018: Findings from EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Charis Girvalaki, Filippos T Filippidis, Christina N Kyriakos, Pete Driezen, Aleksandra Herbeć, Ute Mons, Sophia Papadakis, Enkeleint A Mechili, Paraskevi A Katsaounou, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, Esteve Fernández, Antigona C Trofor, Tibor Demjén, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, On Behalf Of The Eurest-Plus Consortium,

The European Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) was introduced in 2016 in an effort to decrease prevalence of smoking and increase cessation in the European Union (EU). This study aimed to explore quitting behaviours, motivation, reasons and perceptions about quitting, as well as predictors (reported before the TPD implementation) associated with ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(17):]

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Cannabis health knowledge and risk perceptions among Canadian youth and young adults.

Cesar Leos-Toro, Geoffrey T Fong, Samantha B Meyer, David Hammond,

BACKGROUND:Although recreational cannabis is now legal in Canada, little empirical evidence exists regarding young Canadians' cannabis literacy, cannabis-related risk perceptions, and risk of different forms of cannabis or the effect that public health education may have on these perceptions. The present study sought to address these knowledge gaps to examine ... Read more >>

Harm Reduct J (Harm reduction journal)
[2020, 17(1):54]

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The double-edged relationship between COVID-19 stress and smoking: Implications for smoking cessation.

Jeroen Bommele, Petra Hopman, Bethany Hipple Walters, Cloé Geboers, Esther Croes, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne C K Quah, Marc Willemsen,

INTRODUCTION:Although recent research shows that smokers respond differently to the COVID-19 pandemic, it offers little explanation of why some have increased their smoking, while others decreased it. In this study, we examined a possible explanation for these different responses: pandemic-related stress. METHODS:We conducted an online survey among a representative sample ... Read more >>

Tob Induc Dis (Tobacco induced diseases)
[2020, 18:63]

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Quitting behaviours and cessation methods used in eight European Countries in 2018: findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Sophia Papadakis, Paraskevi Katsaounou, Christina N Kyriakos, James Balmford, Chara Tzavara, Charis Girvalaki, Pete Driezen, Filippos T Filippidis, Aleksandra Herbeć, Karin Hummel, Ann McNeill, Ute Mons, Esteve Fernández, Marcela Fu, Antigona C Trofor, Tibor Demjén, Witold A Zatoński, Marc Willemsen, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, ,

BACKGROUND:We examined quit attempts, use of cessation assistance, quitting beliefs and intentions among smokers who participated in the 2018 International Tobacco Control (ITC) Europe Surveys in eight European Union Member States (England, Germany, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and Spain). METHODS:Cross-sectional data from 11 543 smokers were collected from Wave ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii26-iii33]

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Impact of the Tobacco Products Directive on self-reported exposure to e-cigarette advertising, promotion and sponsorship in smokers-findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Sarah Kahnert, Pete Driezen, James Balmford, Christina N Kyriakos, Tibor Demjén, Esteve Fernández, Paraskevi A Katsaounou, Antigona C Trofor, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, Witold A Zatoński, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, Ute Mons, ,

BACKGROUND:Advertising, promotion and sponsorship of electronic cigarettes (ECAPS) have increased in recent years. Since May 2016, the Tobacco Products Directive 2014/40/EU (TPD2) prohibits ECAPS in various advertising channels, including media that have cross-border effects. The objective of this study was to investigate changes in exposure to ECAPS in a cohort ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii55-iii61]

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Evaluating the impact of introducing standardized packaging with larger health-warning labels in England: findings from adult smokers within the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Sarah Aleyan, Pete Driezen, Ann McNeill, Máirtín McDermott, Sarah Kahnert, Christina N Kyriakos, Ute Mons, Esteve Fernández, Antigona C Trofor, Mateusz Zatoński, Tibor Demjén, Paraskevi A Katsaounou, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, James Balmford, Filippos T Filippidis, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, Sara C Hitchman, ,

BACKGROUND:The European (EU) Tobacco Product Directive (TPD) was implemented in May 2016 to regulate the design and labelling of cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco. At the same time, the UK introduced standardized packaging measures, whereas Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Spain did not. This study examines the impact of introducing ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii91-iii97]

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Support for e-cigarette policies among smokers in seven European countries: longitudinal findings from the 2016-18 EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Janet Chung-Hall, Geoffrey T Fong, Gang Meng, Lorraine V Craig, Ann McNeill, Sara C Hitchman, Esteve Fernández, Ute Mons, Antigona C Trofor, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, Witold A Zatoński, Tibor Demjén, Paraskevi A Katsaounou, Christina N Kyriakos, Constantine I Vardavas, ,

BACKGROUND:The 2016 European Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) required Member States (MS) to implement new regulations for electronic cigarettes (ECs). We conducted a longitudinal study to assess changes over 2 years in smokers' support for EC policies and identify predictors of support in seven European countries after TPD implementation. METHODS:Prospective cohort ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii68-iii77]

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Awareness and correlates of noticing changes to cigarette packaging design after implementation of the European Tobacco Products Directive: findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Christina N Kyriakos, Pete Driezen, Charis Girvalaki, Sara C Hitchman, Filippos T Filippidis, Shannon Gravely, James Balmford, Katerina Nikitara, Ute Mons, Esteve Fernández, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, Antigona C Trofor, Tibor Demjén, Witold Zatoński, Yannis Tountas, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, ,

BACKGROUND:The European Tobacco Products Directive (TPD), which went into effect in May 2016, regulates packaging design and labelling of cigarettes and roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco. The aim of the current study was to examine whether smokers and recent quitters in six European Union (EU) countries (Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Romania and ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii98-iii107]

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Changes in electronic cigarette use and label awareness among smokers before and after the European Tobacco Products Directive implementation in six European countries: findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Katerina Nikitara, Charis Girvalaki, Christina N Kyriakos, Pete Driezen, Filippos T Filippidis, Sarah Kahnert, Sara C Hitchman, Ute Mons, Esteve Fernández, Antigona C Trofor, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, Tibor Demjén, Paraskevi A Katsaounou, Witold Zatoński, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, ,

BACKGROUND:Article 20 of the European Tobacco Product Directive (TPD), which went into effect in May 2016, regulates electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the European Union (EU). The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in e-cigarette use, design attributes of the products used and awareness of e-cigarette labelling and packaging ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii62-iii67]

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Transitions from and to roll-your-own tobacco, perceptions and health beliefs among smokers: findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Filippos T Filippidis, Pete Driezen, Christina N Kyriakos, Paraskevi Katsaounou, Ioanna Petroulia, Charis Girvalaki, Marcela Fu, Esteve Fernández, Ute Mons, Antigona C Trofor, Tibor Demjén, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, Witold A Zatoński, Geoffrey T Fong, Yannis Tountas, Constantine I Vardavas, ,

BACKGROUND:The prevalence of roll-your-own tobacco (RYO) in Europe has been increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate transitions between factory-made (FM) cigarettes and RYO in a longitudinal sample of European smokers, and their perceptions of relative harmfulness and knowledge of health effects. METHODS:We used data collected from the ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii18-iii25]

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European adult smokers' perceptions of the harmfulness of e-cigarettes relative to combustible cigarettes: cohort findings from the 2016 and 2018 EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Shannon Gravely, Pete Driezen, Christina N Kyriakos, Mary E Thompson, James Balmford, Tibor Demjén, Esteve Fernández, Ute Mons, Yannis Tountas, Kinga Janik-Koncewicz, Witold Zatoński, Antigona C Trofor, Constantine I Vardavas, Geoffrey T Fong, ,

BACKGROUND:This study presents perceptions of the harmfulness of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) relative to combustible cigarettes among smokers from six European Union (EU) countries, prior to the implementation of the EU Tobacco Products Directive (TPD), and 2 years post-TPD. METHODS:Data were drawn from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys, a cohort study of ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii38-iii45]

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Awareness and use of heated tobacco products among adult smokers in six European countries: findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Lucia Maria Lotrean, Antigona Trofor, Cornel Radu-Loghin, Marius Eremia, Florin Mihaltan, Pete Driezen, Christina N Kyriakos, Ute Mons, Tibor Demjén, Esteve Fernández, Paraskevi A Katsaounou, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, Filippos T Filippidis, Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, ,

BACKGROUND:The study assessed awareness and use of heated tobacco products (HTPs) and factors that influenced these issues among cigarette smokers from six European countries in 2016 (Wave 1) and 2018 (Wave 2). METHODS:A survey was conducted among a nationally representative sample of cigarette smokers aged 18 years or older from Germany, ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii78-iii83]

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Do smokers want to protect non-smokers from the harms of second-hand smoke in cars? Findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Sarah O Nogueira, Olena Tigova, Pete Driezen, Marcela Fu, Christina N Kyriakos, Mateusz Zatoński, Ute Mons, Anne C K Quah, Tibor Demjén, Antigona C Trofor, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, Paraskevi A Katsaounou, Geoffrey T Fong, Constantine I Vardavas, Esteve Fernández, ,

BACKGROUND:There is currently no comprehensive legislation protecting non-smokers and children from second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in private cars at the European Union (EU) level. This study aims to assess smokers' support for smoke-free cars legislation in six EU countries. METHODS:Data come from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys: Wave 1 (2016, ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii108-iii112]

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Cessation behaviours among smokers of menthol and flavoured cigarettes following the implementation of the EU Tobacco Products Directive: findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys.

Mateusz Zatoński, Aleksandra Herbeć, Witold Zatoński, Kinga Janik-Koncewicz, Pete Driezen, Tibor Demjén, Esteve Fernández, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne C K Quah, Christina N Kyriakos, Ann McNeill, Marc Willemsen, Ute Mons, Yannis Tountas, Antigona C Trofor, Constantine I Vardavas, Krzysztof Przewoźniak, ,

The European Tobacco Products Directive (TPD) introduced a ban on characterizing flavours in cigarettes (2016), including menthol (2020). The longitudinal data analysis of the EUREST-PLUS International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project Europe Surveys (n = 16 534; Wave 1 in 2016 and Wave 2 in 2018) found significant but small declines in the weighted ... Read more >>

Eur J Public Health (European journal of public health)
[2020, 30(Supplement_3):iii34-iii37]

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Correction: Considerations for an Individual-Level Population Notification System for Pandemic Response: A Review and Prototype.

Mohammad Nazmus Sakib, Zahid A Butt, Plinio Pelegrini Morita, Mark Oremus, Geoffrey T Fong, Peter A Hall,

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/19930.]. ... Read more >>

J. Med. Internet Res. (Journal of medical Internet research)
[2020, 22(6):e21634]

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