Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Gary D Foster

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Factors associated with food choice among long-term weight loss maintainers.

Jacob Young, Suzanne Phelan, Noemi Alarcon, James Roake, Chad D Rethorst, Gary D Foster,

<h4>Background</h4>The present study aimed to examine motivations for food choice among long-term weight loss maintainers (WLM) in a widely used commercial weight management program.<h4>Methods</h4>A cross-sectional study was employed where determinants of food choice were measured in the USA using validated scales: Food Choice Questionnaire, Consideration of Future Consequences, and Eating ... Read more >>

J Hum Nutr Diet (Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association)
[2021, :]

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Breakfast in the Classroom Initiative Does Not Improve Attendance or Standardized Test Scores among Urban Students: A Cluster Randomized Trial.

Danny Luan, Gary D Foster, Jennifer O Fisher, Heidi M Weeks, Heather M Polonsky, Adam Davey, Sandy Sherman, Michelle L Abel, Katherine W Bauer,

Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC), a common approach to implementing the federal School Breakfast Program, is advocated as a method to improve students' academic performance. However, the impacts of BIC on academic outcomes are unclear. To examine the effect of a BIC initiative which provided free, universal BIC on attendance ... Read more >>

J Acad Nutr Diet (Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics)
[2021, :]

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Pilot evaluation of a personalized commercial program on weight loss, health outcomes, and quality of life.

Sarah B Hales, Erica M Schulte, Tonya F Turner, Robert Malcolm, Alexis C Wojtanowski, Chad Rethorst, Angela M Pinto, Gary D Foster, Patrick M O'Neil,

WW is a validated behavioral weight management program that encourages healthy habits. WW developed a method of personalizing the SmartPoints® budget depending on dietary and lifestyle preferences, and participants were placed into one of three plans as a pilot evaluation of this new program. In this 6-month, single-arm pilot study, ... Read more >>

Transl Behav Med (Translational behavioral medicine)
[2021, 11(12):2091-2098]

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Changes in Dietary Magnesium Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Middle School Students: Using Data from the HEALTHY Study.

Manal Naseeb, Michael L Bruneau, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Deeptha Sukumar, Gary D Foster, Sinclair A Smith, Stella L Volpe,

<h4>Background</h4>The HEALTHY Study was a multicomponent school-based intervention, designed to prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in middle-school students.<h4>Objectives</h4>We examined whether the difference in dietary magnesium intake, BMI percentile, and plasma glucose and insulin concentrations from 6th to 8th grade were related in the intervention schools and in the control ... Read more >>

J Nutr (The Journal of nutrition)
[2021, 151(11):3442-3449]

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Policies to address weight discrimination and bullying: Perspectives of adults engaged in weight management from six nations.

Rebecca M Puhl, Leah M Lessard, Rebecca L Pearl, Allison Grupski, Gary D Foster,

<h4>Objective</h4>Across the world, it remains legal to discriminate against people because of their weight. Although US studies demonstrate public support for laws to prohibit weight discrimination, multinational research is scarce. The present study conducted a multinational comparison of support for legislative measures to address weight discrimination and bullying across six ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2021, 29(11):1787-1798]

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Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on initial weight loss in a digital weight management program: A natural experiment.

Tiffany Bullard, Adam Medcalf, Chad Rethorst, Gary D Foster,

<h4>Objective</h4>The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on initial weight loss during a digital weight management program.<h4>Methods</h4>Participants (n = 866,192; BMI 33.6 [SD 7.4] kg/m<sup>2</sup> ) who joined a digital weight management program (WW) in the first 30 weeks of ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2021, 29(9):1434-1438]

Cited: 1 time

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Sitting Time, Type, and Context Among Long-Term Weight-Loss Maintainers.

James Roake, Suzanne Phelan, Noemi Alarcon, Sarah K Keadle, Chad D Rethorst, Gary D Foster,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study aimed to investigate sitting time, the home sedentary environment, and physical activity among weight-loss maintainers in WW (formerly Weight Watchers).<h4>Methods</h4>Participants were 4,305 weight-loss maintainers who had maintained ≥9.1 kg of weight loss (24.7 kg on average) for 3.3 years and had an average current BMI of 27.6 kg/m<sup>2</sup> . A control group of ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2021, 29(6):1067-1073]

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Further Biochemical Profiling of Hypholoma fasciculare Metabolome Reveals Its Chemogenetic Diversity.

Suhad A A Al-Salihi, Ian D Bull, Raghad Al-Salhi, Paul J Gates, Kifah S M Salih, Andy M Bailey, Gary D Foster,

Natural products with novel chemistry are urgently needed to battle the continued increase in microbial drug resistance. Mushroom-forming fungi are underutilized as a source of novel antibiotics in the literature due to their challenging culture preparation and genetic intractability. However, modern fungal molecular and synthetic biology tools have renewed interest ... Read more >>

Front Bioeng Biotechnol (Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology)
[2021, 9:567384]

Cited: 1 time

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The roles of experienced and internalized weight stigma in healthcare experiences: Perspectives of adults engaged in weight management across six countries.

Rebecca M Puhl, Leah M Lessard, Mary S Himmelstein, Gary D Foster,

<h4>Background/objectives</h4>Considerable evidence from U.S. studies suggests that weight stigma is consequential for patient-provider interactions and healthcare for people with high body weight. Despite international calls for efforts to reduce weight stigma in the medical community, cross-country research is lacking in this field. This study provides the first multinational investigation of ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(6):e0251566]

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Eating and Exercise-Related Correlates of Weight Stigma: A Multinational Investigation.

Leah M Lessard, Rebecca M Puhl, Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca L Pearl, Gary D Foster,

<h4>Objective</h4>Weight stigma is prevalent across the world. However, little is known about whether and how the harmful health consequences of weight stigma may vary across countries. The current study examined the association between experiences of weight stigma and multiple eating and exercise-related indicators among a large, multinational sample of adults.<h4>Methods</h4>Adults ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2021, 29(6):966-970]

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International comparisons of weight stigma: addressing a void in the field.

Rebecca M Puhl, Leah M Lessard, Rebecca L Pearl, Mary S Himmelstein, Gary D Foster,

<h4>Background/objectives</h4>Despite substantial evidence documenting weight stigma toward people with higher body weight, international comparative studies are lacking in this field. The few studies that have compared weight stigma across different countries focus on explicit weight-biased attitudes rather than people's experiences of weight stigma. The present study conducted a multinational systematic ... Read more >>

Int J Obes (Lond) (International journal of obesity (2005))
[2021, 45(9):1976-1985]

Cited: 2 times

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Financial implications of New York City's weight management initiative.

Sagun Agrawal, Alexis C Wojtanowski, Laura Tringali, Gary D Foster, Eric A Finkelstein,

<h4>Purpose</h4>To estimate potential annual savings in medical expenditures from a subsidized weight management program from the NYC Government perspective.<h4>Design</h4>Longitudinal observational study.<h4>Setting</h4>Employees of New York City (NYC) government and enrolled dependents.<h4>Sample</h4>14,946 participants with overweight and obesity.<h4>Intervention</h4>WW (formerly Weight Watchers®) 'Workshop' and 'Digital' programs.<h4>Measures</h4>Participation rate, enrollment duration, weight change, and predicted gross ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2021, 16(2):e0246621]

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Prevalence and correlates of weight bias internalization in weight management: A multinational study.

Rebecca L Pearl, Rebecca M Puhl, Leah M Lessard, Mary S Himmelstein, Gary D Foster,

Weight bias internalization (WBI) is an understudied form of internalized stigma, particularly among treatment-seeking adults with overweight/obesity. The current study surveyed 13,996 adults currently engaged in weight management in the first multinational study of WBI. From May to July 2020, participants in six Western countries completed the Modified Weight Bias ... Read more >>

SSM Popul Health (SSM - population health)
[2021, 13:100755]

Cited: 3 times

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Dietary magnesium intake in relation to body mass index and glycemic indices in middle school students from the HEALTHY Study.

Manal Naseeb, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Michael L Bruneau, Deeptha Sukumar, Gary D Foster, Sinclair A Smith, Stella L Volpe,

<h4>Background</h4>Data on dietary magnesium intake on the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among children and adolescents is limited.<h4>Aim</h4>We examined whether dietary magnesium intake was related to body mass index (BMI) percentile, and glycemic indices at baseline and at end of the HEALTHY Study for both intervention and control ... Read more >>

Nutr Health (Nutrition and health)
[2021, 27(2):211-219]

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Viral inosine triphosphatase: A mysterious enzyme with typical activity, but an atypical function.

Amy M James, Susan E Seal, Andy M Bailey, Gary D Foster,

Plant viruses typically have highly condensed genomes, yet the plant-pathogenic viruses Cassava brown streak virus, Ugandan cassava brown streak virus, and Euphorbia ringspot virus are unusual in encoding an enzyme not yet found in any other virus, the "house-cleaning" enzyme inosine triphosphatase. Inosine triphosphatases (ITPases) are highly conserved enzymes that ... Read more >>

Mol Plant Pathol (Molecular plant pathology)
[2021, 22(3):382-389]

Cited: 1 time

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Effects of Weight Loss on Obstructive Sleep Apnea Severity. Ten-Year Results of the Sleep AHEAD Study.

Samuel T Kuna, David M Reboussin, Elsa S Strotmeyer, Richard P Millman, Gary Zammit, Michael P Walkup, Thomas A Wadden, Rena R Wing, F Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Adam P Spira, Gary D Foster, ,

<b>Rationale:</b> Weight loss is recommended to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).<b>Objectives:</b> To determine whether the initial benefit of intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) for weight loss on OSA severity is maintained at 10 years.<b>Methods:</b> Ten-year follow-up polysomnograms of 134 of 264 adults in Sleep AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) with ... Read more >>

Am J Respir Crit Care Med (American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine)
[2021, 203(2):221-229]

Cited: 6 times

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Weight Stigma and Weight-Related Health: Associations of Self-Report Measures Among Adults in Weight Management.

Rebecca L Pearl, Rebecca M Puhl, Mary S Himmelstein, Angela M Pinto, Gary D Foster,

<h4>Background</h4>Weight stigma impairs health. Few studies have disentangled the associations of experienced versus internalized stigma with weight-related outcomes.<h4>Purpose</h4>To examine weight and health variables associated with weight stigma experiences and internalization in the largest-to-date sample of adults in weight management.<h4>Methods</h4>WW (formerly Weight Watchers) members (N = 18,769, 94.6% female, 91.1% white) ... Read more >>

Ann Behav Med (Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine)
[2020, 54(11):904-914]

Cited: 6 times

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Coping with Weight Stigma Among Adults in a Commercial Weight Management Sample.

Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Rebecca L Pearl, Angela M Pinto, Gary D Foster,

<h4>Background</h4>Coping responses to weight stigma can adversely affect health. Using data from a large commercial weight management sample, this study examined how adults cope with weight stigma, relationships among experienced weight stigma, weight bias internalization, and coping, as well as coping strategies as mediators of the stigma-health relationship.<h4>Method</h4>Participants were adults ... Read more >>

Int J Behav Med (International journal of behavioral medicine)
[2020, 27(5):576-590]

Cited: 1 time

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Dietary Magnesium Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Using Data from the HEALTHY Study

Manal Naseeb, Michael L. Bruneau, Brandy-Joe Milliron, Deeptha Sukumar, Gary D Foster, Sinclair A Smith, Stella Volpe,

Abstract <h4>Objectives</h4> Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in children and adolescents has increased dramatically worldwide. Diet plays a key role in the development of T2DM, but little is known about the contribution of dietary magnesium intake in the risk of T2DM among children and adolescents. We conducted secondary analyses using ... Read more >>

Curr Dev Nutr (Current developments in nutrition)
[2020, 4(Suppl 2):1826-1826]

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Distressed or not distressed? A mixed methods examination of reactions to weight stigma and implications for emotional wellbeing and internalized weight bias.

Ellen V Pudney, Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Gary D Foster,

People react to, and are affected by, stigmatizing experiences in different ways. The current study examined different reactions to weight stigma to identify who may be vulnerable to lasting distress from these experiences. Using a mixed methods approach, this study compared qualitative descriptions of reactions to experiences of weight stigma ... Read more >>

Soc Sci Med (Social science & medicine (1982))
[2020, 249:112854]

Cited: 3 times

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Breakfast in the Classroom Initiative and Students' Breakfast Consumption Behaviors: A Group Randomized Trial.

Katherine W Bauer, Gary D Foster, Heidi M Weeks, Heather M Polonsky, Adam Davey, Sandy Sherman, Michelle L Abel, Karen J Ruth, Lauren C Dale, Jennifer O Fisher,

<i>Objectives.</i> To identify the effect of a Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC) initiative on the foods and drinks students consume in the morning.<i>Methods.</i> Sixteen public schools in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that provide universal breakfast participated in a group randomized trial to examine the effects of BIC with complementary nutrition promotion between ... Read more >>

Am J Public Health (American journal of public health)
[2020, 110(4):540-546]

Cited: 2 times

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Refining an algorithm-powered just-in-time adaptive weight control intervention: A randomized controlled trial evaluating model performance and behavioral outcomes.

Stephanie P Goldstein, J Graham Thomas, Gary D Foster, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert, Gerald J Martin, Evan M Forman,

Suboptimal weight losses are partially attributable to lapses from a prescribed diet. We developed an app (OnTrack) that uses ecological momentary assessment to measure dietary lapses and relevant lapse triggers and provides personalized intervention using machine learning. Initially, tension between user burden and complete data was resolved by presenting a ... Read more >>

Health Informatics J (Health informatics journal)
[2020, 26(4):2315-2331]

Cited: 6 times

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Behavioral and Psychological Strategies of Long-Term Weight Loss Maintainers in a Widely Available Weight Management Program.

Suzanne Phelan, Tate Halfman, Angela Marinilli Pinto, Gary D Foster,

OBJECTIVE:The study's purpose was to use validated questionnaires to identify novel behavioral and psychological strategies among weight loss maintainers (WLMs) in a commercial weight management program. METHODS:Participants were 4,786 WLMs in WW (formerly Weight Watchers, New York, New York) who had maintained weight loss  ≥ 9.1 kg (24.7 kg/23.8% weight loss on average) for ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2020, 28(2):421-428]

Cited: 5 times

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JOIN for ME: Testing a Scalable Weight Control Intervention for Adolescents.

Elissa Jelalian, E Whitney Evans, Diana Rancourt, Lisa Ranzenhofer, Neta Taylor, Chantelle Hart, Ronald Seifer, Kelly Klinepier, Gary D Foster,

<b><i>Background:</i></b> The goal of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the relative effectiveness of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention delivered through the YMCA, <i>JOIN for ME</i>, with an enhanced version of this program that included on-site supervised group physical activity and opportunities for peer support, in decreasing adolescent weight status. ... Read more >>

Child Obes (Childhood obesity (Print))
[2020, 16(3):192-203]

Cited: 3 times

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Diet Quality and Micronutrient Intake among Long-Term Weight Loss Maintainers.

Rebecca W Pascual, Suzanne Phelan, Michael R La Frano, Kari D Pilolla, Zoe Griffiths, Gary D Foster,

Inadequate vitamin and mineral intake is documented among individuals with obesity, but is unknown among long-term weight loss maintainers (WLM). This study examined dietary quality and micronutrient adequacy among WLMs in a commercial weight management program. Participants were 1207 WLM in Weight Watchers (WW) who had maintained a 9.1 kg ... Read more >>

Nutrients (Nutrients)
[2019, 11(12):]

Cited: 0 times

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