Full Text Journal Articles by
Author G Banos

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The Bovine Foot Skin Microbiota is Associated with Host Genotype and the Development of Infectious Digital Dermatitis Lesions

Bay, Gillespie, E.K. Ganda, Nicholas Evans, Stuart Carter, Lenzi, Lucaci, Haldenby, Barden, B.E. Griffiths, Sánchez-Molano, Bicalho, Banos, Darby, Georgios Oikonomou,

Bovine Digital Dermatitis (BDD) is a prevalent infectious disease, causing painful foot skin lesions and lameness in cattle. The polymicrobial nature of this disease has led to the hypothesis that the foot skin microbiota may be associated with occurrence and progression of lesions. We describe herein the bovine foot skin ... Read more >>

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Evaluation of Factors Affecting Colostrum Quality and Quantity in Holstein Dairy Cattle

Aikaterini Soufleri, Georgios Banos, Nikolaos Panousis, Dimitrios Fletouris, Georgios Arsenos, Alexandros Kougioumtzis, Georgios E. Valergakis,

<h4>Simple Summary</h4> Administration of high-quality colostrum is vital for short and long-term health of newborn calves. It ensures the passive transfer of immunity and covers the high energy requirements during the first hours of calf’s life. Colostrum composition and factors affecting it have not been evaluated in large scale studies. ... Read more >>

Animals (Basel) (Animals : an open access journal from MDPI)
[2021, 11(7):]

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A study on the use of thermal imaging as a diagnostic tool for the detection of digital dermatitis in dairy cattle.

A Anagnostopoulos, M Barden, J Tulloch, K Williams, B Griffiths, C Bedford, M Rudd, A Psifidi, G Banos, G Oikonomou,

Our aims were to (1) determine how interdigital skin temperature (IST), measured using infrared thermography, was associated with different stages of digital dermatitis (DD) lesions and (2) develop and validate models that can use IST measurements to identify cows with an active DD lesion. Between March 2019 and March 2020, ... Read more >>

J Dairy Sci (Journal of dairy science)
[2021, :]

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Breeding strategies for improving smallholder dairy cattle productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Aluna R Chawala, Enrique Sanchez-Molano, Richard J Dewhurst, Andrew Peters, Mizeck G G Chagunda, Georgios Banos,

Breeding strategies for smallholder dairy farming systems in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) were simulated and evaluated considering cow traits identified as priorities by farmers in different agro-ecological zones. These traits were related to cow milk yield, fertility, temperament, feed intake and disease resistance. The first breeding strategy was based on continuous ... Read more >>

J Anim Breed Genet (Journal of animal breeding and genetics = Zeitschrift fur Tierzuchtung und Zuchtungsbiologie)
[2021, :]

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Association of Body Condition Score with Ultrasound Measurements of Backfat and Longissimus Dorsi Muscle Thickness in Periparturient Holstein Cows.

Nektarios Siachos, Georgios Oikonomou, Nikolaos Panousis, Georgios Banos, Georgios Arsenos, Georgios E Valergakis,

Most cows experience a period of nutrient deficit during the periparturient period. Body condition scoring (BCS) is widely used on farms to assess body nutrient reserves and mobilization. The aims of this study were to: (i) determine the association of BCS with ultrasound measurements of backfat (BFT) and longissimus dorsi ... Read more >>

Animals (Basel) (Animals : an open access journal from MDPI)
[2021, 11(3):]

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Telomere attrition rates are associated with weather conditions and predict productive lifespan in dairy cattle.

Luise A Seeker, Sarah L Underwood, Rachael V Wilbourn, Jennifer Dorrens, Hannah Froy, Rebecca Holland, Joanna J Ilska, Androniki Psifidi, Ainsley Bagnall, Bruce Whitelaw, Mike Coffey, Georgios Banos, Daniel H Nussey,

Telomere length is predictive of adult health and survival across vertebrate species. However, we currently do not know whether such associations result from among-individual differences in telomere length determined genetically or by early-life environmental conditions, or from differences in the rate of telomere attrition over the course of life that ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2021, 11(1):5589]

Cited: 1 time

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Genetic parameters of animal traits associated with coccidian and nematode parasite load and growth in Scottish Blackface sheep.

A Pacheco, T N McNeilly, G Banos, J Conington,

Gastrointestinal parasitism is a global problem for grazing ruminants which can be addressed in a sustainable way through breeding animals to be more resistant to disease. This study estimates the genetic parameters of common and new disease phenotypes associated with natural nematode and coccidian infection in Scottish Blackface sheep to ... Read more >>

Animal (Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience)
[2021, 15(4):100185]

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Understanding the seasonality of performance resilience to climate volatility in Mediterranean dairy sheep.

Valentina Tsartsianidou, Vanessa Varvara Kapsona, Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Zoitsa Basdagianni, Maria Jesús Carabaño, Dimitrios Chatziplis, Georgios Arsenos, Alexandros Triantafyllidis, Georgios Banos,

As future climate challenges become increasingly evident, enhancing performance resilience of farm animals may contribute to mitigation against adverse weather and seasonal variation, and underpin livestock farming sustainability. In the present study, we develop novel seasonal resilience phenotypes reflecting milk production changes to fluctuating weather. We evaluate the impact of ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2021, 11(1):1889]

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Quantitative trait loci and transcriptome signatures associated with avian heritable resistance to Campylobacter.

Androniki Psifidi, Andreas Kranis, Lisa M Rothwell, Abi Bremner, Kay Russell, Diego Robledo, Stephen J Bush, Mark Fife, Paul M Hocking, Georgios Banos, David A Hume, Jim Kaufman, Richard A Bailey, Santiago Avendano, Kellie A Watson, Pete Kaiser, Mark P Stevens,

Campylobacter is the leading cause of bacterial foodborne gastroenteritis worldwide. Handling or consumption of contaminated poultry meat is a key risk factor for human campylobacteriosis. One potential control strategy is to select poultry with increased resistance to Campylobacter. We associated high-density genome-wide genotypes (600K single nucleotide polymorphisms) of 3000 commercial ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2021, 11(1):1623]

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Subclinical hypocalcaemia follows specific time-related and severity patterns in post-partum Holstein cows.

V Tsiamadis, N Panousis, N Siachos, A I Gelasakis, G Banos, A Kougioumtzis, G Arsenos, G E Valergakis,

Hypocalcaemia is a common metabolic disorder of post-parturient dairy cows; enhancement of our knowledge regarding Ca dynamics would improve cow health and welfare. This study investigated the presence of time- and severity-related subclinical hypocalcaemia (SCHCa) patterns in Holstein cows after calving and their association with diseases during the first week ... Read more >>

Animal (Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience)
[2021, 15(1):100017]

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Breeding strategies for animal resilience to weather variation in meat sheep.

Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Vanessa V Kapsona, Stavroula Oikonomou, Ann McLaren, Nicola Lambe, Joanne Conington, Georgios Banos,

<h4>Background</h4>The alteration in weather patterns expected due to climate change will affect farm animal performance, probably resulting in lower quantity and quality of available products. A potential mitigation strategy would be to breed selected animals for enhanced resilience to climate change. In this context, resilience would reflect stable animal performance ... Read more >>

BMC Genet (BMC genetics)
[2020, 21(1):116]

Cited: 1 time

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Integrating Genetic and Genomic Analyses of Combined Health Data Across Ecotypes to Improve Disease Resistance in Indigenous African Chickens.

Georgios Banos, Victoria Lindsay, Takele T Desta, Judy Bettridge, Enrique Sanchez-Molano, Adriana Vallejo-Trujillo, Oswald Matika, Tadelle Dessie, Paul Wigley, Robert M Christley, Peter Kaiser, Olivier Hanotte, Androniki Psifidi,

Poultry play an important role in the agriculture of many African countries. The majority of chickens in sub-Saharan Africa are indigenous, raised in villages under semi-scavenging conditions. Vaccinations and biosecurity measures rarely apply, and infectious diseases remain a major cause of mortality and reduced productivity. Genomic selection for disease resistance ... Read more >>

Front Genet (Frontiers in genetics)
[2020, 11:543890]

Cited: 1 time

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Life-long telomere attrition predicts health and lifespan in a large mammal

Luise Seeker, Sarah Underwood, Rachael Wilbourn, Jennifer Fairlie, Hannah Froy, Rebecca Holland, Joanna Ilska, Androniki Psifidi, Ainsley Bagnall, Bruce Whitelaw, Mike Coffey, Georgios Banos, Daniel Nussey,

Telomere length measured in blood cells is predictive of subsequent adult health and survival across a range of vertebrate species. However, we currently do not know whether such associations result from among-individual differences in telomere length determined genetically or by environmental factors early in life, or from differences in the ... Read more >>

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Genetic control of Campylobacter colonisation in broiler chickens: genomic and transcriptomic characterisation

Androniki Psifidi, Andreas Kranis, Lisa Rothwell, Abi Bremner, Kay Russell, Diego Robledo, Stephen Bush, Mark Fife, Paul Hocking, Georgios Banos, David Hume, Jim Kaufman, Richard Bailey, Santiago Avendano, Kellie Watson, Pete Kaiser, Mark. Stevens,

Campylobacter is the leading cause of bacterial foodborne gastroenteritis in many countries. Source attribution studies unequivocally identify the handling or consumption of contaminated poultry meat as the primary risk factor. One potential strategy to control Campylobacter is to select poultry with increased resistance to colonisation. We conducted genomic and transcriptomic ... Read more >>

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ACAA2 and FASN polymorphisms affect the fatty acid profile of Chios sheep milk.

Simoni Symeou, Ouranios Tzamaloukas, Georgios Banos, Despoina Miltiadou,

The objective of the research reported in this research communication was the identification and association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the ovine DGAT1, FASN, SCD1 and ACAA2 genes with milk fat percentage and fatty acid (FA) content. Three consecutive monthly milk samplings were obtained from a total of 429 ... Read more >>

J Dairy Res (The Journal of dairy research)
[2020, 87(1):23-26]

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Genetic analyses of live weight and carcass composition traits in purebred Texel, Suffolk and Charollais lambs.

S Fitzmaurice, J Conington, N Fetherstone, T Pabiou, K McDermott, E Wall, G Banos, N McHugh,

Lamb live weight is one of the key drivers of profitability on sheep farms. Previous studies in Ireland have estimated genetic parameters for live weight and carcass composition traits using a multi-breed population rather than on an individual breed basis. The objective of the present study was to undertake genetic ... Read more >>

Animal (Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience)
[2020, 14(5):899-909]

Cited: 1 time

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Analysis of genome-wide DNA arrays reveals the genomic population structure and diversity in autochthonous Greek goat breeds.

S Michailidou, G Th Tsangaris, A Tzora, I Skoufos, G Banos, A Argiriou, G Arsenos,

Goats play an important role in the livestock sector in Greece. The national herd consists mainly of two indigenous breeds, the Eghoria and Skopelos. Here, we report the population structure and genomic profiles of these two native goat breeds using Illumina's Goat SNP50 BeadChip. Moreover, we present a panel of ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2019, 14(12):e0226179]

Cited: 4 times

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Genetic and genomic analyses underpin the feasibility of concomitant genetic improvement of milk yield and mastitis resistance in dairy sheep.

Georgios Banos, Emily L Clark, Stephen J Bush, Prasun Dutta, Georgios Bramis, Georgios Arsenos, David A Hume, Androniki Psifidi,

Milk yield is the most important dairy sheep trait and constitutes the key genetic improvement goal via selective breeding. Mastitis is one of the most prevalent diseases, significantly impacting on animal welfare, milk yield and quality, while incurring substantial costs. Our objectives were to determine the feasibility of a concomitant ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2019, 14(11):e0214346]

Cited: 2 times

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Genetic analysis of novel phenotypes for farm animal resilience to weather variability.

Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Vanessa V Kapsona, Joanna J Ilska, Suzanne Desire, Joanne Conington, Sebastian Mucha, Georgios Banos,

BACKGROUND:Climate change is expected to have a negative impact on food availability. While most efforts have been directed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, complementary strategies are necessary to control the detrimental effects of climate change on farm animal performance. The objective of this study was to develop novel animal resilience ... Read more >>

BMC Genet (BMC genetics)
[2019, 20(1):84]

Cited: 5 times

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Genetic parameters of colostrum traits in Holstein dairy cows.

A Soufleri, G Banos, N Panousis, D Fletouris, G Arsenos, G E Valergakis,

The main objective of this study was to assess the genetic background of colostrum yield and quality traits after calving in Holstein dairy cows. The secondary objective was to investigate genetic and phenotypic correlations among laboratory-based and on-farm-measured colostrum traits. The study was conducted in 10 commercial dairy herds located ... Read more >>

J Dairy Sci (Journal of dairy science)
[2019, 102(12):11225-11232]

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The Genetic Architecture of Bovine Telomere Length in Early Life and Association With Animal Fitness.

Joanna J Ilska-Warner, Androniki Psifidi, Luise A Seeker, Rachael V Wilbourn, Sarah L Underwood, Jennifer Fairlie, Bruce Whitelaw, Daniel H Nussey, Mike P Coffey, Georgios Banos,

Health and survival are key goals for selective breeding in farm animals. Progress, however, is often limited by the low heritability of these animal fitness traits in addition to measurement difficulties. In this respect, relevant early-life biomarkers may be useful for breeding purposes. Telomere length (TL), measured in leukocytes, is ... Read more >>

Front Genet (Frontiers in genetics)
[2019, 10:1048]

Cited: 3 times

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Quantitative Trait Loci Mapping for Lameness Associated Phenotypes in Holstein-Friesian Dairy Cattle.

Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Veysel Bay, Robert F Smith, Georgios Oikonomou, Georgios Banos,

Lameness represents a significant challenge for the dairy cattle industry, resulting in economic losses and reduced animal health and welfare. The existence of underlying genomic variation for lameness associated traits has the potential to improve selection strategies by using genomic markers. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify ... Read more >>

Front Genet (Frontiers in genetics)
[2019, 10:926]

Cited: 3 times

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Current situations of animal data recording, dairy improvement infrastructure, human capacity and strategic issues affecting dairy production in sub-Saharan Africa.

O Opoola, R Mrode, G Banos, J Ojango, C Banga, G Simm, M G G Chagunda,

An online survey on the state of existing dairy data, dairy improvement infrastructure and human capacity in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) was undertaken with the aim of assessing whether the state of existing animal recording, dairy improvement methods and key issues facing dairy production together with means of addressing the issues ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2019, 51(6):1699-1705]

Cited: 2 times

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Genomic analyses underpin the feasibility of concomitant genetic improvement of milk yield and mastitis resistance in dairy sheep

Georgios Banos, Emily Clark, Stephen Bush, Prasun Dutta, Georgios Bramis, Georgios Arsenos, David Hume, Androniki Psifidi,

Milk yield is the most important dairy sheep trait and constitutes the key genetic improvement goal via selective breeding. Mastitis is one of the most prevalent diseases, significantly impacting on animal welfare, milk yield and quality, while incurring substantial costs. Our objectives were to determine the feasibility of a concomitant ... Read more >>

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Farmer-preferred traits in smallholder dairy farming systems in Tanzania.

A R Chawala, G Banos, A Peters, M G G Chagunda,

Decisions of breeding schemes in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa tend to be either government or project driven, with a focus on upgrading local breeds. However, there is scant information on the individual animal traits that smallholder farmers prefer. The aim of this study was to examine farmers' preferences of ... Read more >>

Trop Anim Health Prod (Tropical animal health and production)
[2019, 51(6):1337-1344]

Cited: 3 times

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