Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Frank Ramsthaler

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Assessment of renal glomerulosclerosis and thickness of the carotid intima-media complex as a means of age estimation in Western European bodies.

Carl Daniel Lehmann-Leo, Frank Ramsthaler, Christoph G Birngruber, Marcel A Verhoff,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The estimation of age-at-death of unidentified cadavers is a central aspect of the identification process. With increasing age, the incidence of glomerulosclerosis and the thickness of the carotid wall have been observed to also increase. This correlation has been demonstrated in various international histological studies. The aim of our study ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2021, :]

Cited: 0 times

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Aortic Regurgitation Is Associated With Ascending Aortic Remodeling in the Nondilated Aorta.

Brittany Balint, Jan M Federspiel, Tanja Schwab, Tristan Ehrlich, Frank Ramsthaler, Hans-Joachim Schäfers,

<h4>Objective</h4>The probability of aortic complications in patients with bicuspid aortic valve is higher in association with aortic regurgitation (AR) compared with aortic stenosis (AS) or normally functioning valves. The objective of this study was to determine whether this is related to the specific characteristics of aneurysmatic dilatation that includes AR ... Read more >>

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol (Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology)
[2021, 41(3):1179-1190]

Cited: 0 times

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Application of the "bubbling" procedure to dead body portraits in forensic identification.

Stefan Potente, Frank Ramsthaler, Mattias Kettner, Tomoya Ikeda, Peter Schmidt,

<h4>Purpose</h4>A procedure is needed for bodies with disfiguring injuries to the face and the use of their portrait for visual identification.<h4>Method</h4>We present the application of a simple image processing procedure, otherwise known as "bubbling," which is based on the concept of "perceptual filling-in," to images for visual identification in the ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2021, 135(4):1655-1659]

Cited: 0 times

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Mongolian spots as a finding in forensic examinations of possible child abuse-implications for case work.

Mattias Kettner, Christoph G Birngruber, Constanze Niess, Marco Baz-Bartels, Lena Bunzel, Marcel A Verhoff, Constantin Lux, Frank Ramsthaler,

Mongolian spots (MS) are congenital dermal conditions resulting from neural crest-derived melanocytes migration to the skin during embryogenesis. MS incidences are highly variable in different populations. Morphologically, MS present as hyperpigmented maculae of varying size and form, ranging from round spots of 1 cm in diameter to extensive discolorations covering ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2020, 134(3):1141-1148]

Cited: 1 time

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Relative blood loss in forensic medicine-do we need a change in doctrine?

Stefan Potente, Frank Ramsthaler, Mattias Kettner, Patrick Sauer, Peter Schmidt,

In forensic medicine, blood loss is encountered frequently, either as a cause of death or as a contributing factor. Here, risk to life and lethality assessment is based on the concept of relative blood loss (absolute loss out of total volume). In emergency medicine, the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLSⓇ) ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2020, 134(3):1123-1131]

Cited: 0 times

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A massacre of early Neolithic farmers in the high Pyrenees at Els Trocs, Spain.

Kurt W Alt, Cristina Tejedor Rodríguez, Nicole Nicklisch, David Roth, Anna Szécsényi Nagy, Corina Knipper, Susanne Lindauer, Petra Held, Íñigo García Martínez de Lagrán, Georg Schulz, Thomas Schuerch, Florian Thieringer, Philipp Brantner, Guido Brandt, Nicole Israel, Héctor Arcusa Magallón, Christian Meyer, Balazs G Mende, Frieder Enzmann, Veit Dresely, Frank Ramsthaler, José Ignacio Royo Guillén, Eva Scheurer, Esther López Montalvo, Rafael Garrido Pena, Sandra L Pichler, Manuel A Rojo Guerra,

Violence seems deeply rooted in human nature and an endemic potential for such is today frequently associated with differing ethnic, religious or socio-economic backgrounds. Ethnic nepotism is believed to be one of the main causes of inter-group violence in multi-ethnic societies. At the site of Els Trocs in the Spanish ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):2131]

Cited: 3 times

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Definitions of frontal bone inclination: Applicability and quantification.

Sarah C Koelzer, Ines V Kuemmel, Jan T Koelzer, Frank Ramsthaler, Franziska Holz, Axel Gehl, Marcel A Verhoff,

In sex determination from crania, a "vertical" forehead is considered a female feature, while a "sloping" forehead is considered a male feature. Precise description of frontal inclination with a quantitative measure like an angle is considerably more difficult as it requires accurate identification of clearly defined craniometric points. In the ... Read more >>

Forensic Sci Int (Forensic science international)
[2019, 303:109929]

Cited: 1 time

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Detectability, visualization, and DNA analysis of bloodstains after repainting the walls.

Frank Ramsthaler, Julia Schlote, Axel Gehl, Sabine Cappel-Hoffmann, Mattias Kettner,

A recurrent observation in forensic casework is that culprits and/or their abettors attempt to remove or mask bloodstain patterns, e.g., by painting the walls. The present study was designed to elucidate whether luminol treatment of bloodstains on (a) plastered and (b) wallpapered walls may help with the visualization of respective ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2018, 132(6):1625-1634]

Cited: 1 time

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Morphometric investigations to assess the compatibility of mandible and skull.

Sandra Preissler, Marcel A Verhoff, Frank Ramsthaler, Franziska Holz, Axel Gehl, Sarah C Koelzer,

When a morphologically separated skull and mandible are found in the same case context, the possibility of a match arises. Two criteria with which to determine a match are the rough articulation between the mandibular condyles and cranial base itself and, most importantly, the fit of the teeth. However, when ... Read more >>

Forensic Sci Int (Forensic science international)
[2018, 286:193-198]

Cited: 1 time

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The feasibility of physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling in forensic medicine illustrated by the example of morphine.

Nadine Schaefer, Daniel Moj, Thorsten Lehr, Peter H Schmidt, Frank Ramsthaler,

In forensic medicine, expert opinion is often required concerning dose and time of intake of a substance, especially in the context of fatal intoxications. In the present case, a 98-year-old man died 4 days after admission to a hospital due to a femur neck fracture following a domestic fall in his ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2018, 132(2):415-424]

Cited: 2 times

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The face of war: Trauma analysis of a mass grave from the Battle of Lützen (1632).

Nicole Nicklisch, Frank Ramsthaler, Harald Meller, Susanne Friederich, Kurt W Alt,

Contemporary accounts of battles are often incomplete or even erroneous because they reflect the-often biased-viewpoints of the authors. Battlefield archaeology faces the task of compiling an historical analysis of a battle and of gathering all the available facts. Besides cultural historical evidence and artefacts, the human remains of those who ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2017, 12(5):e0178252]

Cited: 3 times

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Effect of anticoagulation therapy on drying times in bloodstain pattern analysis.

Frank Ramsthaler, Ann-Katrin Kröll, Marcel Verhoff, Christoph G Birngruber, Mattias Kettner,

In forensic case work, blood stain pattern analysis frequently aids in deducing the chain of actions or parts thereof taking place during an event leading to blood loss. Wiped single blood stains and/or groups of blood stains are seen at a majority of complex crime scenes. The appearance of wiped ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2017, 131(4):955-961]

Cited: 1 time

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Comparison of imaging planes during CT-based evaluation of clavicular ossification: a multi-center study.

Philipp Scharte, Volker Vieth, Ronald Schulz, Frank Ramsthaler, Klaus Püschel, Thomas Bajanowski, Heidi Pfeiffer, Andreas Schmeling, Sven Schmidt, Daniel Wittschieber,

Determining the ossification stage of the medial clavicular epiphysis by computed tomography represents the currently recommended methodology for the question of whether a living individual has completed the 18th or 21st year of life. In the present study, thin-slice CT scans of 1078 sternoclavicular joints were reconstructed in axial and ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2017, 131(5):1391-1397]

Cited: 5 times

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[Stature estimation from teeth and jaw].

Ralf Gille, Frank Ramsthaler, Michael Thali, Julia Strunk, Christoph G Birngruber, Marcel A Verhoff,

After the discovery of skeletonized human remains, the estimation of stature is an important element of the so-called "biological profile". Typically, long bone lengths are used in regression formulas. If long bones are not available, predictions of stature cannot be made. Human skulls are often the subject of forensic osteological ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2017, 239(1-2):45-56]

Cited: 0 times

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Bony injuries in homicide cases (1994-2014). A retrospective study.

Alexander Flieger, Sarah C Kölzer, Stefanie Plenzig, Sara Heinbuch, Mattias Kettner, Frank Ramsthaler, Marcel A Verhoff,

Even when human skeletal remains are found in contexts indicative of body disposal after homicide, none of the bones may manifest injuries. When skeletons are incomplete, there are two possibilities, the injured bones are missing or none were injured. This leads to the question how frequently bones are injured during ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2016, 130(5):1401-1408]

Cited: 4 times

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So-called skin signs in acute pancreatitis.

Christonh G Birnaruberl, Manfred RiBe, Mattias Kettner, Axel Schnabel, Frank Ramsthaler, Marcel A Verhoff,

Skin signs in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (e. g., Cullen's and Grey-Turner's sign) have been described in clinical medicine. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if, and how often, skin signs were noted in autopsy-confirmed cases of necrotizing pancreatitis. In a first step, the literature was extensively reviewed ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 238(1-2):42-56]

Cited: 1 time

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[True color accuracy in digital forensic photography].

Frank Ramsthaler, Christoph G Birngruber, Ann-Katrin Kröll, Mattias Kettner, Marcel A Verhoff,

Forensic photographs not only need to be unaltered and authentic and capture context-relevant images, along with certain minimum requirements for image sharpness and information density, but color accuracy also plays an important role, for instance, in the assessment of injuries or taphonomic stages, or in the identification and evaluation of ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 237(5-6):190-203]

Cited: 1 time

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The completely fused medial clavicular epiphysis in high-frequency ultrasound scans as a diagnostic criterion for forensic age estimations in the living.

Michael Gonsior, Frank Ramsthaler, Christoph Birngruber, Martin Obert, Marcel A Verhoff,

The assessment of ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis plays a decisive role in the forensic age estimation of living subjects. Primarily for reasons of minimizing the radiation exposure currently associated with such evaluations, non-ionizing methods would be an advance.This study pursued the question whether full union of the medial ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2016, 130(6):1603-1613]

Cited: 1 time

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A literature study on the definition and history of the term "kidney shrinkage".

Christoph G Birngruber, Rebecca Eschmann, Mattias Kettner, Frank Ramsthaler, Marcel A Verhoff,

The term "kidney shrinkage", which is used in both pathological anatomy and clinical contexts, is not uniformly defined. In medicolegal practice, it is particularly important whether or not a cause of death can be inferred from this diagnosis. If this were the case, a shrunken kidney determined in a forensic ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 239(5-6):204-212]

Cited: 0 times

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[Stature estimation from sagittal and coronal suture lengths for Central European individuals].

Tesseera V Kolencherry, Christoph G Birngruber, Frank Ramsthaler, Marcel A Verhoff, Sarah C Kölzer,

$Human skulls frequently represent the only skeletal remains of an unidentified corpse available for forensic osteological examination. Skulls are very useful in reliably determining sex and also yield fairly good clues to an individual's age and ancestry. To date, however, a sufficiently accurate correlation between skull measurements and stature could ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2016, 237(5-6):204-211]

Cited: 1 time

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Forensic age diagnostics using projection radiography of the clavicle: a prospective multi-center validation study.

Daniel Wittschieber, Christian Ottow, Ronald Schulz, Klaus Püschel, Thomas Bajanowski, Frank Ramsthaler, Heidi Pfeiffer, Volker Vieth, Sven Schmidt, Andreas Schmeling,

The radiological investigation of the ossification stage of the medial clavicular epiphysis represents the crucial tool for assessing whether a living individual has completed the age of 18 years. However, exposure to radiation cannot always be accepted due to legal reasons and radiation-free methods still lack reference data or are ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2016, 130(1):213-219]

Cited: 13 times

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[Human frontal inclination of the skull as a trait of sexual dimorphism--terminology and quantification].

Sarah C Kölzer, Ines V Kümmell, Jan T Kölzer, Frank Ramsthaler, Stefanie Plenzig, Axel Gehl, Marcel A Verhoff,

The skull presents a variety of morphological traits suitable for sex discrimination due to the degree of their development. The vertical frontal inclination has been established. as another marker of sex discrimination, as a steep forehead is considered as a female and a receding frontal inclination as a male attribute. ... Read more >>

Arch Kriminol (Archiv fur Kriminologie)
[2015, 235(1-2):11-21]

Cited: 0 times

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Projection radiography of the clavicle: still recommendable for forensic age diagnostics in living individuals?

Daniel Wittschieber, Christian Ottow, Volker Vieth, Martin Küppers, Ronald Schulz, Juan Hassu, Thomas Bajanowski, Klaus Püschel, Frank Ramsthaler, Heidi Pfeiffer, Sven Schmidt, Andreas Schmeling,

As superimposition effects often impede the evaluation of the ossification status of the medial clavicular epiphysis in standard posterior-anterior (PA) radiographs, additional oblique images (right anterior oblique, RAO, and left anterior oblique, LAO) are currently recommended to allow for reliable stage assessments. The present study examines the influence of the ... Read more >>

Int J Legal Med (International journal of legal medicine)
[2015, 129(1):187-193]

Cited: 31 times

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Analysis of laryngeal fractures in decomposed bodies using microfocus computed tomography (mfCT).

Mattias Kettner, Stefan Potente, Boris Schulz, Peter Knauff, Peter H Schmidt, Frank Ramsthaler,

Postmortem computed tomography (CT) is now routinely performed in forensic autopsies. Microfocus computed tomography (mfCT) has attracted recent attention because it can provide more detailed information than routine postmortem CT can. This feasibility study evaluated the usefulness of mfCT for examination of the hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage in cases ... Read more >>

Forensic Sci Med Pathol (Forensic science, medicine, and pathology)
[2014, 10(4):607-612]

Cited: 9 times

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Blunt force impact to the head using a teeball bat: systematic comparison of physical and finite element modeling.

Mattias Kettner, Frank Ramsthaler, Stefan Potente, Alexander Bockenheimer, Peter H Schmidt, Michael Schrodt,

Blunt head trauma secondary to violent actions with various weapons is frequently a cause of injury in forensic casework; differing striking tools have varying degrees of injury capacity. The systematic approach used to examine a 19-year-old student who was beaten with a wooden teeball bat will be described. The assailant ... Read more >>

Forensic Sci Med Pathol (Forensic science, medicine, and pathology)
[2014, 10(4):513-517]

Cited: 2 times

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