Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Faryal Tahir

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Ivabradine in Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome: A Review of the Literature.

Faryal Tahir, Taha Bin Arif, Zainab Majid, Jawad Ahmed, Muhammad Khalid,

Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is an autonomic disorder characterized by symptoms such as palpitations, dyspnea, chest discomfort, and lightheadedness affecting various systems. The pathophysiology of POTS is not completely understood due to a variety of symptoms showing that the disease is multifactorial. There is no approved uniform management strategy ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(4):e7868]

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Anti-tuberculous Effects of Statin Therapy: A Review of Literature.

Faryal Tahir, Taha Bin Arif, Jawad Ahmed, Syed Raza Shah, Muhammad Khalid,

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. TB). It is transmitted through respiratory droplets. Increased cholesterol level is a predisposing factor for TB. M. TB uses cholesterol in the host macrophage membranes to bind and enter the macrophages. Statins are the drugs that are prescribed to ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(3):e7404]

Cited: 1 time

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Post-splenectomy Sepsis: A Review of the Literature.

Faryal Tahir, Jawad Ahmed, Farheen Malik,

The spleen is an intraperitoneal organ that performs vital hematological and immunological functions. It maintains both innate and adaptive immunity and protects the body from microbial infections. The removal of the spleen as a treatment method was initiated from the early 1500s for traumatic injuries, even before the physiology of ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e6898]

Cited: 3 times

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Chylomicron Retention Disease in A Male Infant: A Rare Case from Pakistan.

Sohail Kumar, Deedar Nanjiani, Faryal Tahir, Dua Azim, Oam Parkash,

Chylomicron retention disease (CMRD), also known as Anderson's disease, is an autosomal recessive condition with a genetic mutation in the secretion associated Ras related GTPase 1B (SAR1B) gene, a protein coding gene. CMRD classically manifests as steatorrhea, vomiting, failure to thrive or abdominal bloating shortly after birth or in childhood. ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(3):e7184]

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Protein C Deficiency as a Risk Factor for Stroke in Young Adults: A Review.

Zainab Majid, Faryal Tahir, Jawad Ahmed, Taha Bin Arif, Anwarul Haq,

Protein C (PC) is a 62-kD vitamin K dependent glycoprotein produced by the liver as a zymogen and is activated by binding to the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex, with protein S (PS) acting as a cofactor. Among its various functions, PC acts as a naturally occurring anticoagulant and its deficiency, either homozygous ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(3):e7472]

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Axial Torsion and Gangrene: An Unusual Complication of Meckel's Diverticulum.

Hassan Bin Ajmal, Zainab Majid, Faryal Tahir, Saima Sagheer,

Meckel's diverticulum (MD), a congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract, is usually found in the pediatric population younger than two years of age; hence, its incidence in adults is rare. Although MD is mostly clinically silent, in adults, it may present with intestinal obstruction and diverticulitis. The complications of MD ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(1):e6702]

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Cerebral Infarction Followed by Myocardial Infarction in a Young Adult with Protein C and S Deficiency.

Faryal Tahir, Zainab Majid, Taha Bin Arif, Jawad Ahmed,

Protein C (PC) and protein S (PS) are natural anticoagulants that protect the body against thrombosis, and their deficiency, either inherited or acquired, renders the body to a hypercoagulable state. This leads to venous thromboembolism manifesting as thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and superficial thrombophlebitis among other causes. The involvement of arteries is ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(1):e6665]

Cited: 1 time

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Anthropometric Measurements and Lifestyle Characteristics of Individuals with Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Faryal Tahir, Zainab Majid, Bushra Majid, Jawad Ahmed, Arbaz Zaman, Moeez Tariq, Fouzia Imtiaz, Syeda Anjala Tahir,

Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common liver disorder caused by the deposition of lipids and fats in the hepatocytes, in individuals who consume little or no alcohol, which eventually progresses to cirrhosis and carcinoma. Apart from the known risk factors like obesity, metabolic syndrome (MS), and lack of ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e7016]

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Chronic Non-cirrhotic Portal Vein Thrombosis with Cavernous Transformation Secondary to Protein C and S Deficiency.

Zainab Majid, Faryal Tahir, Taha Bin Arif, Jawad Ahmed,

Hereditary thrombophilia (HT), including the mutation of factor V gene and the deficiency of proteins C, protein S, or antithrombin, is a risk factor for portal vein thrombosis (PVT). PVT in acute cases is usually asymptomatic, whereas chronic cases mostly present as variceal bleeding and splenomegaly. However, cavernous transformation of ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e7142]

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Long-standing Sporadic Pancreatic Insulinoma: Report of a Rare Case.

Zainab Majid, Faryal Tahir, Syed Ali Haider,

Insulinomas are rare, functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors arising from the pancreatic multipotent stem cells or neuroendocrine islet, occurring with a higher proportion in females. Majority of insulinomas have a sporadic etiology; however, only 5%-10% develop as a part of multiple endocrine neoplasm type 1 syndrome. They usually present with symptoms ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e6947]

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Cavernous Transformation of Portal Vein in the Setting of Protein C and Anti-thrombin III Deficiency.

Mahwish Nasim, Bushra Majid, Faryal Tahir, Zainab Majid, Iqra Irfan,

Cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV), also known as portal cavernoma, is a sequelae of thrombosis in the portal vein causing its occlusion and portal hypertension. The etiology, however, remains unknown. Gastroesophageal variceal bleeding, splenomegaly, portosystemic collaterals, and ultimate hematologic abnormalities are among the prominent clinical features. Among the ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(9):e5779]

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Zinc deficiency: An independent risk factor for high blood pressure.

Faryal Tahir, Zainab Majid, Laila Tul Qadar,

J Pak Med Assoc (JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association)
[2019, 69(10):1578]

Cited: 0 times

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Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy; a mere concern for athletes or single blow victims equally vulnerable?

Bushra Majid, Zainab Majid, Faryal Tahir,

J Pak Med Assoc (JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association)
[2019, 69(11):1762]

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Michelin Tire Baby Syndrome: A Rare Case with Review of Literature.

Farheen Malik, Laraib Malik, Sina Aziz, Jawad Ahmed, Faryal Tahir,

Michelin tire baby syndrome (MTBS) is a benign hamartomatous condition with ring-like lesions present on the limbs and trunk. MTBS is a rare genodermatosis. According to our search, only 20 cases have been reported. We present a case of a six-month-old female child, with complaints of fever and seizures. Since ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(9):e5619]

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Co-existent Rhabdoid Tumor of The Kidney and Brain in a Male Infant: A Rare Case.

Faryal Tahir, Zainab Majid, Laila Tul Qadar, Awais Abbas, Mohammad Raza,

Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the kidney (MRTK) is a rare neoplasm of infancy. We report a case of a nine-month-old male infant who presented to the pediatrics outpatient department with the history of fever, lethargy, and abnormal head movements. On gross examination, the patient had a firm, non-tender, intra-abdominal mass ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(8):e5423]

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Inositol Supplementation in the Prevention of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Faryal Tahir, Zainab Majid,

Inositol, an emerging novel therapy for the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), is a cyclic polyol that has insulin-like effects and plays an important role in glucose homeostasis. The conventional treatment of GDM with insulin and oral antihyperglycemic drugs usually comes with side effects, paving the way for and ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(9):e5671]

Cited: 1 time

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Hydatid Cyst of Spleen Presenting with Vague Symptoms: A Diagnostic Conundrum.

Jawad Ahmed, Taha Bin Arif, Faryal Tahir, Farheen Malik, Oam Parkash,

Hydatid cysts are caused by a tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. They usually occur in the liver. When occurring in spleen they present with vague symptoms which make it difficult for the physicians to diagnose. We present a case of a 10-year-old male who presented with fever, abdominal pain, and burning micturition along ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(10):e5815]

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Opioids Use and Abuse: Prescription Practice, Attitude, and Beliefs among Doctors of Karachi.

Zainab Majid, Mahpara Tanveer, Sarrah Ali Asghar, Faryal Tahir, Areeba Minhaj, Hamza Aijaz Khan, Tehzeeb Sialvi, Syeda Hania Mahmood, Laila Tul Qadar, Fouzia Imtiaz,

Background Opioid analgesics, also known as narcotics, are medicinal drugs used primarily for the management of pain secondary to any type of cancer, severe injury or surgery. Due to the ease of availability, opioids are commonly abused. In 2015, reported deaths exceeded 33,000 Americans from opioid overdose. A survey in 2013 revealed ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(7):e5253]

Cited: 1 time

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Hemophilia A with a Rare Presentation of Hemarthrosis and Arthropathy Involving Multiple Joints in a Young Male Child.

Zainab Majid, Faryal Tahir, Laila Tul Qadar, Mahnoor Y Shaikh, Sayed Mustafa Mahmood Shah,

Hemophilia A is an X-linked hereditary bleeding disorder that is rarely encountered by most physicians and surgeons in their practice. Patients with mild hemophilia A tend to bleed profusely after surgery or trauma whereas a severe variant may manifest as spontaneous bleeding after minor trauma, mainly into the joints and ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(4):e4524]

Cited: 1 time

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Osteomyelitis Secondary to Ponseti Method for the Treatment of Clubfoot Associated with Meningomyelocele.

Zainab Majid, Faryal Tahir, Laila Tul Qadar, Kashif H Qadri, Sarrah Ali Asghar,

Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), otherwise known as clubfoot (CF), is a common congenital abnormality of the foot, stemming in most cases from an idiopathic cause or in the remaining non-idiopathic occurrences, from meningomyelocele (MMC). Ponseti method (PM), being a gold standard treatment for the correction of this foot deformity, requires a ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(3):e4301]

Cited: 0 times

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Rhino-oculo Cerebral Mucormycosis Resistant to Amphotericin B in a Young Patient with Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

Sarrah Ali Asghar, Zainab Majid, Faryal Tahir, Laila Tul Qadar, Saifullah Mir,

Rhino-oculo cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) is a rare, invasive, and rapidly progressive fungal infection affecting nose, paranasal sinuses and often extending to orbit, brain, and palate. The immunocompromised, more commonly patients with diabetes mellitus, fall victim to this lethal form of fungus. Although the therapeutic approach includes aggressive surgical and medical ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(3):e4295]

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Acute Myocardial Infarction as an Initial Presentation of Protein C and Protein S Deficiency Followed by Dilated Cardiomyopathy in a Young Male.

Faryal Tahir, Zainab Majid, Bushra Majid, Sherbano Khan,

Protein C and protein S are vitamin K dependent anti-coagulant proteins required for the inhibition of activated protein V and VIII. In an inherited thrombophilia, hypercoagulability caused by the deficiency of protein C and protein S predisposes an individual to increased risk of thromboembolism (TE) that could herald as a ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(4):e4492]

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Awareness and Self Care Practices of Elderly Men Regarding Prostate Diseases in Karachi, Pakistan.

Mahpara Tanveer, Faryal Tahir, Zainab Majid, Muhammad Mustafa Hussain, Sarrah Ali Asghar, Laila Tul Qadar, Jabran Wasti, Ashar Shahid, Iqra Tasleem, Hamza Aijaz Khan, Mehroz Sami, Qazi Arsalan,

BACKGROUND:The prostate gland is a male sexual organ which has a number of diseases associated with it, such as prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostatic cancer (PC). BPH is the most common neoplasm, and it causes significant urinary symptoms in adult males. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(5):e4617]

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Collateral Presentation of Malaria and Dengue Viral Hemorrhagic Fever: A Rare Case.

Qazi Arsalan, Laila Tul Qadar, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Faryal Tahir, Zainab Majid,

Cases on concurrent infection of dengue and malaria are uncommon in Pakistan. Dengue and malaria are the two very common, mosquito-borne infections, which may have significant morbidity and mortality if not managed properly. Concurrent infections of dengue and malaria are rare due to the different habitats of its vectors and activities ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(2):e4050]

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Hoffmann's Syndrome Secondary to Pendred Syndrome: A Rare Case.

Faryal Tahir, Laila Tul Qadar, Maria Khan, Hareem Hussain, Syed Umair Iqbal,

Hoffmann's syndrome (HS) is a rare manifestation of hypothyroidism myopathy that presents with weakness, stiffness, and eventually pseudohypertrophy of muscles, especially calf muscles. We report a case of a 28-year-old male who presented with the history of generalized weakness with swelling in lower limbs and gradual progressive facial puffiness for ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2019, 11(3):e4195]

Cited: 0 times

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