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Effect of Aerobic Exercise-induced Weight Loss on the Components of Daily Energy Expenditure.

Nicholas T Broskey, Corby K Martin, Jeffrey H Burton, Timothy S Church, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Exercise usually results in less weight loss than expected. This suggests increased energy intake and/or deceased expenditure counteract the energy deficit induced by exercise. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in components of daily energy expenditure (doubly labeled water and room calorimetry) after 24 wk of exercise ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2021, 53(10):2164-2172]

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Physical activity and fat-free mass during growth and in later life.

Klaas R Westerterp, Yosuke Yamada, Hiroyuki Sagayama, Philip N Ainslie, Lene F Andersen, Liam J Anderson, Lenore Arab, Issaad Baddou, Kweku Bedu-Addo, Ellen E Blaak, Stephane Blanc, Alberto G Bonomi, Carlijn V C Bouten, Pascal Bovet, Maciej S Buchowski, Nancy F Butte, Stefan G J A Camps, Graeme L Close, Jamie A Cooper, Sai K Das, Richard Cooper, Lara R Dugas, Ulf Ekelund, Sonja Entringer, Terrence Forrester, Barry W Fudge, Annelies H Goris, Michael Gurven, Catherine Hambly, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Marije B Hoos, Sumei Hu, Noorjehan Joonas, Annemiek M Joosen, Peter Katzmarzyk, Kitty P Kempen, Misaka Kimura, William E Kraus, Robert F Kushner, Estelle V Lambert, William R Leonard, Nader Lessan, Corby K Martin, Anine C Medin, Erwin P Meijer, James C Morehen, James P Morton, Marian L Neuhouser, Theresa A Nicklas, Robert M Ojiambo, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Yannis P Pitsiladis, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Guy Plasqui, Ross L Prentice, Roberto A Rabinovich, Susan B Racette, David A Raichlen, Eric Ravussin, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susan B Roberts, Albertine J Schuit, Anders M Sjödin, Eric Stice, Samuel S Urlacher, Giulio Valenti, Ludo M Van Etten, Edgar A Van Mil, Jonathan C K Wells, George Wilson, Brian M Wood, Jack Yanovski, Tsukasa Yoshida, Xueying Zhang, Alexia J Murphy-Alford, Cornelia U Loechl, Amy H Luke, Herman Pontzer, Jennifer Rood, Dale A Schoeller, William W Wong, John R Speakman, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Physical activity may be a way to increase and maintain fat-free mass (FFM) in later life, similar to the prevention of fractures by increasing peak bone mass.<h4>Objectives</h4>A study is presented of the association between FFM and physical activity in relation to age.<h4>Methods</h4>In a cross-sectional study, FFM was analyzed in relation ... Read more >>

Am J Clin Nutr (The American journal of clinical nutrition)
[2021, :]

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Energy compensation and adiposity in humans.

Vincent Careau, Lewis G Halsey, Herman Pontzer, Philip N Ainslie, Lene F Andersen, Liam J Anderson, Lenore Arab, Issad Baddou, Kweku Bedu-Addo, Ellen E Blaak, Stephane Blanc, Alberto G Bonomi, Carlijn V C Bouten, Maciej S Buchowski, Nancy F Butte, Stefan G J A Camps, Graeme L Close, Jamie A Cooper, Sai Krupa Das, Richard Cooper, Lara R Dugas, Simon D Eaton, Ulf Ekelund, Sonja Entringer, Terrence Forrester, Barry W Fudge, Annelies H Goris, Michael Gurven, Catherine Hambly, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Marije B Hoos, Sumei Hu, Noorjehan Joonas, Annemiek M Joosen, Peter Katzmarzyk, Kitty P Kempen, Misaka Kimura, William E Kraus, Robert F Kushner, Estelle V Lambert, William R Leonard, Nader Lessan, Corby K Martin, Anine C Medin, Erwin P Meijer, James C Morehen, James P Morton, Marian L Neuhouser, Theresa A Nicklas, Robert M Ojiambo, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Yannis P Pitsiladis, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Guy Plasqui, Ross L Prentice, Roberto A Rabinovich, Susan B Racette, David A Raichlen, Eric Ravussin, John J Reilly, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susan B Roberts, Albertine J Schuit, Anders M Sjödin, Eric Stice, Samuel S Urlacher, Giulio Valenti, Ludo M Van Etten, Edgar A Van Mil, Jonathan C K Wells, George Wilson, Brian M Wood, Jack Yanovski, Tsukasa Yoshida, Xueying Zhang, Alexia J Murphy-Alford, Cornelia U Loechl, Amy H Luke, Jennifer Rood, Hiroyuki Sagayama, Dale A Schoeller, William W Wong, Yosuke Yamada, John R Speakman, ,

Understanding the impacts of activity on energy balance is crucial. Increasing levels of activity may bring diminishing returns in energy expenditure because of compensatory responses in non-activity energy expenditures.<sup>1-3</sup> This suggestion has profound implications for both the evolution of metabolism and human health. It implies that a long-term increase in ... Read more >>

Curr Biol (Current biology : CB)
[2021, :]

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Reliability of measurements of energy expenditure and substrate oxidation using whole-room indirect calorimetry.

Timothy D Allerton, Elvis A Carnero, Christopher Bock, Karen D Corbin, Pierre-Philippe Luyet, Steven R Smith, Eric Ravussin,

<h4>Objective</h4>This analysis aimed to measure the intraparticipant reliability-the intraclass correlation coefficient-of all the components of daily energy expenditure (EE) (24-hour EE, sleep EE, resting EE, basal EE, and thermic effect of food) over a period of 3 consecutive days in 35 study participants.<h4>Methods</h4>The components of daily EE and substrate use ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2021, 29(9):1508-1515]

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Impact of a Novel Training Approach on Hemodynamic and Vascular Profiles in Older Adults.

Mary N Woessner, Michael A Welsch, Mitch D VanBruggen, Neil M Johannsen, Daniel P Credeur, Carl F Pieper, Richard Sloane, Conrad P Earnest, Joaquin Ortiz De Zevallos Munoz, Timothy S Church, Eric Ravussin, William E Kraus, Jason D Allen,

Exercise training beneficially moderates the effects of vascular aging. This study compared the efficacy of Peripheral Remodeling through Intermittent Muscular Exercise (PRIME), a novel training regimen, versus aerobic training on hemodynamic profiles in participants ≥70 years at risk for losing functional independence. Seventy-five participants (52 females, age: 76 ± 5 years) were ... Read more >>

J Aging Phys Act (Journal of aging and physical activity)
[2021, :1-8]

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Daily energy expenditure through the human life course.

Herman Pontzer, Yosuke Yamada, Hiroyuki Sagayama, Philip N Ainslie, Lene F Andersen, Liam J Anderson, Lenore Arab, Issaad Baddou, Kweku Bedu-Addo, Ellen E Blaak, Stephane Blanc, Alberto G Bonomi, Carlijn V C Bouten, Pascal Bovet, Maciej S Buchowski, Nancy F Butte, Stefan G Camps, Graeme L Close, Jamie A Cooper, Richard Cooper, Sai Krupa Das, Lara R Dugas, Ulf Ekelund, Sonja Entringer, Terrence Forrester, Barry W Fudge, Annelies H Goris, Michael Gurven, Catherine Hambly, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Marjije B Hoos, Sumei Hu, Noorjehan Joonas, Annemiek M Joosen, Peter Katzmarzyk, Kitty P Kempen, Misaka Kimura, William E Kraus, Robert F Kushner, Estelle V Lambert, William R Leonard, Nader Lessan, Corby Martin, Anine C Medin, Erwin P Meijer, James C Morehen, James P Morton, Marian L Neuhouser, Teresa A Nicklas, Robert M Ojiambo, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Yannis P Pitsiladis, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Guy Plasqui, Ross L Prentice, Roberto A Rabinovich, Susan B Racette, David A Raichlen, Eric Ravussin, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susan B Roberts, Albertine J Schuit, Anders M Sjödin, Eric Stice, Samuel S Urlacher, Giulio Valenti, Ludo M Van Etten, Edgar A Van Mil, Jonathan C K Wells, George Wilson, Brian M Wood, Jack Yanovski, Tsukasa Yoshida, Xueying Zhang, Alexia J Murphy-Alford, Cornelia Loechl, Amy H Luke, Jennifer Rood, Dale A Schoeller, Klaas R Westerterp, William W Wong, John R Speakman, ,

Total daily energy expenditure ("total expenditure") reflects daily energy needs and is a critical variable in human health and physiology, but its trajectory over the life course is poorly studied. We analyzed a large, diverse database of total expenditure measured by the doubly labeled water method for males and females ... Read more >>

Science (Science (New York, N.Y.))
[2021, 373(6556):808-812]

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Female Mice Are Protected from Metabolic Decline Associated with Lack of Skeletal Muscle HuR.

Allison C Stone, Robert C Noland, Randall L Mynatt, Samuel E Velasquez, David S Bayless, Eric Ravussin, Jaycob D Warfel,

Male mice lacking HuR in skeletal muscle (HuR<sup>m-/-</sup>) have been shown to have decreased gastrocnemius lipid oxidation and increased adiposity and insulin resistance. The same consequences have not been documented in female HuR<sup>m-/-</sup> mice. Here we examine this sexually dimorphic phenotype. HuR<sup>m-/-</sup> mice have an increased fat mass to lean ... Read more >>

Biology (Basel) (Biology)
[2021, 10(6):]

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Effect of 2-year caloric restriction on organ and tissue size in nonobese 21- to 50-year-old adults in a randomized clinical trial: the CALERIE study.

Wei Shen, Jun Chen, Jane Zhou, Corby K Martin, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman,

<h4>Background</h4>Sustained calorie restriction (CR) promises to extend the lifespan. The effect of CR on changes in body mass across tissues and organs is unclear.<h4>Objectives</h4>We used whole-body MRI to evaluate the effect of 2 y of CR on changes in body composition.<h4>Methods</h4>In an ancillary study of the Comprehensive Assessment of Long-term ... Read more >>

Am J Clin Nutr (The American journal of clinical nutrition)
[2021, :]

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Physiology of Energy Expenditure in the Weight-Reduced State.

Eric Ravussin, Steven R Smith, Anthony W Ferrante,

Although many individuals achieve weight loss of 10% or more, the ability to maintain a reduced body mass over months and years is much rarer. Unfortunately, our understanding of the adverse consequences of having overweight and obesity argues that long-term maintenance of a reduced weight provides the greatest health benefit. ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2021, 29 Suppl 1:S31-S38]

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A standard calculation methodology for human doubly labeled water studies.

John R Speakman, Yosuke Yamada, Hiroyuki Sagayama, Elena S F Berman, Philip N Ainslie, Lene F Andersen, Liam J Anderson, Lenore Arab, Issaad Baddou, Kweku Bedu-Addo, Ellen E Blaak, Stephane Blanc, Alberto G Bonomi, Carlijn V C Bouten, Pascal Bovet, Maciej S Buchowski, Nancy F Butte, Stefan G J A Camps, Graeme L Close, Jamie A Cooper, Seth A Creasy, Sai Krupa Das, Richard Cooper, Lara R Dugas, Cara B Ebbeling, Ulf Ekelund, Sonja Entringer, Terrence Forrester, Barry W Fudge, Annelies H Goris, Michael Gurven, Catherine Hambly, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Marije B Hoos, Sumei Hu, Noorjehan Joonas, Annemiek M Joosen, Peter Katzmarzyk, Kitty P Kempen, Misaka Kimura, William E Kraus, Robert F Kushner, Estelle V Lambert, William R Leonard, Nader Lessan, David S Ludwig, Corby K Martin, Anine C Medin, Erwin P Meijer, James C Morehen, James P Morton, Marian L Neuhouser, Theresa A Nicklas, Robert M Ojiambo, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Yannis P Pitsiladis, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Guy Plasqui, Ross L Prentice, Roberto A Rabinovich, Susan B Racette, David A Raichlen, Eric Ravussin, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susan B Roberts, Albertine J Schuit, Anders M Sjödin, Eric Stice, Samuel S Urlacher, Giulio Valenti, Ludo M Van Etten, Edgar A Van Mil, Jonathan C K Wells, George Wilson, Brian M Wood, Jack Yanovski, Tsukasa Yoshida, Xueying Zhang, Alexia J Murphy-Alford, Cornelia U Loechl, Edward L Melanson, Amy H Luke, Herman Pontzer, Jennifer Rood, Dale A Schoeller, Klaas R Westerterp, William W Wong, ,

The doubly labeled water (DLW) method measures total energy expenditure (TEE) in free-living subjects. Several equations are used to convert isotopic data into TEE. Using the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) DLW database (5,756 measurements of adults and children), we show considerable variability is introduced by different equations. The estimated ... Read more >>

Cell Rep Med (Cell reports. Medicine)
[2021, 2(2):100203]

Cited: 4 times

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2020: It Was Quite a Year!

Donna H Ryan, Eric Ravussin,

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2021, 29(1):9-10]

Cited: 0 times

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Effects of caloric restriction on human physiological, psychological, and behavioral outcomes: highlights from CALERIE phase 2.

James L Dorling, Stephan van Vliet, Kim M Huffman, William E Kraus, Manjushri Bhapkar, Carl F Pieper, Tiffany Stewart, Sai Krupa Das, Susan B Racette, Susan B Roberts, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman, Corby K Martin, ,

Caloric restriction (CR) is a strategy that attenuates aging in multiple nonhuman species. The Comprehensive Assessment of Long-term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy (CALERIE) trials are part of a research program aiming to test the effects of CR on aging and longevity biomarkers in humans. Building on CALERIE phase ... Read more >>

Nutr Rev (Nutrition reviews)
[2021, 79(1):98-113]

Cited: 2 times

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Metabolic adaptation: is it really an illusion?

Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman,

Am J Clin Nutr (The American journal of clinical nutrition)
[2020, 112(6):1653-1654]

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Adipose depot-specific effects of 16 weeks of pioglitazone on in vivo adipogenesis in women with obesity: a randomised controlled trial.

Ursula White, Mark D Fitch, Robbie A Beyl, Marc K Hellerstein, Eric Ravussin,

<h4>Aims/hypothesis</h4>In vitro and rodent studies suggest that pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione, can promote adipogenesis in adipose tissue (AT); however, there is a lack of in vivo studies in humans to support these findings. The objectives of this randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel-arm trial were to test if pioglitazone stimulates in vivo adipogenesis in ... Read more >>

Diabetologia (Diabetologia)
[2021, 64(1):159-167]

Cited: 2 times

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Effect of conjugated estrogens and bazedoxifene on glucose, energy and lipid metabolism in obese postmenopausal women.

Kara L Marlatt, Dragana Lovre, Robbie A Beyl, Chandra R Tate, Evelyn K Hayes, Charles F Burant, Eric Ravussin, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis,

<h4>Objective</h4>Combining conjugated estrogens (CE) with the selective estrogen receptor modulator bazedoxifene (BZA) is a novel, orally administered menopausal therapy. We investigated the effect of CE/BZA on insulin sensitivity, energy metabolism, and serum metabolome in postmenopausal women with obesity.<h4>Design</h4>Randomized, double-blind, crossover pilot trial with washout was conducted at Pennington Biomedical Research ... Read more >>

Eur J Endocrinol (European journal of endocrinology)
[2020, 183(4):439-452]

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Energy Expenditure and Macronutrient Oxidation in Response to an Individualized Nonshivering Cooling Protocol.

Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Juan M A Alcantara, Francisco M Acosta, Borja Martinez-Tellez, Francisco J Amaro-Gahete, Elisa Merchan-Ramirez, Marie Löf, Idoia Labayen, Eric Ravussin, Jonatan R Ruiz,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study aimed to describe the energy expenditure (EE) and macronutrient oxidation response to an individualized nonshivering cold exposure in young healthy adults.<h4>Methods</h4>Two different groups of 44 (study 1: 22.1  [SD 2.1] years old, 25.6  [SD 5.2] kg/m<sup>2</sup> , 34% men) and 13 young healthy adults (study 2: 25.6  [SD 3.0] years old, ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2020, 28(11):2175-2183]

Cited: 0 times

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A Novel Approach to Assess Metabolic Flexibility Overnight in a Whole-Body Room Calorimeter.

David H McDougal, Kara L Marlatt, Robbie A Beyl, Leanne M Redman, Eric Ravussin,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study aimed to investigate a novel approach for determining the effects of energy-standardized dinner meals (high-fat and low-fat) on respiratory exchange ratio (RER) dynamics and metabolic flexibility.<h4>Methods</h4>Using a randomized crossover study design, energy expenditure, RER, and macronutrient oxidation rates were assessed in response to a single dinner meal during ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2020, 28(11):2073-2077]

Cited: 0 times

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Room Indirect Calorimetry Operating and Reporting Standards (RICORS 1.0): A Guide to Conducting and Reporting Human Whole-Room Calorimeter Studies.

Kong Y Chen, Steve Smith, Eric Ravussin, Jonathan Krakoff, Guy Plasqui, Shigeho Tanaka, Peter Murgatroyd, Robert Brychta, Christopher Bock, Elvis Carnero, Paul Schoffelen, Yoichi Hatamoto, Corey Rynders, Edward L Melanson,

Whole-room indirect calorimeters have been used to study human metabolism for more than a century. These studies have contributed substantial knowledge to the assessment of nutritional needs and the regulation of energy expenditure and substrate oxidation in humans. However, comparing results from studies conducted at different sites is challenging because ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2020, 28(9):1613-1625]

Cited: 3 times

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Molecular correlates of MRS-based 31 phosphocreatine muscle resynthesis rate in healthy adults.

Moses M Darpolor, Maninder Singh, Jeffrey Covington, Sebastian Hanet, Eric Ravussin, Owen T Carmichael,

Dynamic phosphorus MRS (<sup>31</sup> P-MRS) is a method used for in vivo studies of skeletal muscle energetics including measurements of phosphocreatine (PCr) resynthesis rate during recovery of submaximal exercise. However, the molecular events associated with the PCr resynthesis rate are still under debate. We assessed vastus lateralis PCr resynthesis rate ... Read more >>

NMR Biomed (NMR in biomedicine)
[2021, 34(1):e4402]

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Assessment of energy expenditure: are calories measured differently for different diets?

Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Eric Ravussin,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>The prevalence and burden of obesity has reached alarming levels. The assessment of human energy expenditure enables the identification of obesity-prone and obesity-resistant individuals and helps to explain the short and long-term success of weight loss treatments. In this review, we describe the state-of-the-art methods used in the ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care (Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care)
[2020, 23(5):312-318]

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Effect of 2 years of calorie restriction on liver biomarkers: results from the CALERIE phase 2 randomized controlled trial.

James L Dorling, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman, Manju Bhapkar, Kim M Huffman, Susan B Racette, Sai K Das, John W Apolzan, William E Kraus, Christoph Höchsmann, Corby K Martin, ,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Calorie restriction (CR) is an effective treatment for obesity-related liver and metabolic disease. However, CR studies in individuals without obesity are needed to see if CR could delay disease onset. Liver biomarkers indicate hepatic health and are linked to cardiometabolic disease. Our aim was to examine the effects of a ... Read more >>

Eur J Nutr (European journal of nutrition)
[2021, 60(3):1633-1643]

Cited: 1 time

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What Should I Eat and Why? The Environmental, Genetic, and Behavioral Determinants of Food Choice: Summary from a Pennington Scientific Symposium.

Emily Qualls-Creekmore, Kara L Marlatt, Esther Aarts, Annadora Bruce-Keller, Tim S Church, Karine Clément, Jennifer O Fisher, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Christopher D Morrison, Helen E Raybould, Donna H Ryan, Philip R Schauer, Alan C Spector, Maartje S Spetter, Garret D Stuber, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud, Eric Ravussin,

This review details the proceedings of a Pennington Biomedical scientific symposium titled, "What Should I Eat and Why? The Environmental, Genetic, and Behavioral Determinants of Food Choice." The symposium was designed to review the literature about energy homeostasis, particularly related to food choice and feeding behaviors, from psychology to physiology. ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2020, 28(8):1386-1396]

Cited: 1 time

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Molecular Transducers of Physical Activity Consortium (MoTrPAC): Mapping the Dynamic Responses to Exercise.

James A Sanford, Christopher D Nogiec, Malene E Lindholm, Joshua N Adkins, David Amar, Surendra Dasari, Jonelle K Drugan, Facundo M Fernández, Shlomit Radom-Aizik, Simon Schenk, Michael P Snyder, Russell P Tracy, Patrick Vanderboom, Scott Trappe, Martin J Walsh, ,

Exercise provides a robust physiological stimulus that evokes cross-talk among multiple tissues that when repeated regularly (i.e., training) improves physiological capacity, benefits numerous organ systems, and decreases the risk for premature mortality. However, a gap remains in identifying the detailed molecular signals induced by exercise that benefits health and prevents ... Read more >>

Cell (Cell)
[2020, 181(7):1464-1474]

Cited: 20 times

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SUN-582 Effect of the Combination of Conjugated Estrogens and Bazedoxifene on Muscle and Serum Lipidome in Obese Postmenopausal Women: A Placebo-Controlled Randomized Pilot Trial

Dragana Lovre, Kara Marlatt, Robbie A Beyl, Charles F Burant, Eric Ravussin, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis,

Abstract Background and Objectives: Menopause is characterized by estrogen deficiency and predisposes women to weight gain and metabolic disturbances including lipid abnormalities. Orally-administered estrogens increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides (TG) cholesterol and decreases low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. The increase in serum TGs is not well understood. The objective ... Read more >>

J Endocr Soc (Journal of the Endocrine Society)
[2020, 4(Suppl 1):]

Cited: 0 times

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Ketogenic Diets Alter the Gut Microbiome Resulting in Decreased Intestinal Th17 Cells.

Qi Yan Ang, Margaret Alexander, John C Newman, Yuan Tian, Jingwei Cai, Vaibhav Upadhyay, Jessie A Turnbaugh, Eric Verdin, Kevin D Hall, Rudolph L Leibel, Eric Ravussin, Michael Rosenbaum, Andrew D Patterson, Peter J Turnbaugh,

Very low-carbohydrate, high-fat ketogenic diets (KDs) induce a pronounced shift in metabolic fuel utilization that elevates circulating ketone bodies; however, the consequences of these compounds for host-microbiome interactions remain unknown. Here, we show that KDs alter the human and mouse gut microbiota in a manner distinct from high-fat diets (HFDs). ... Read more >>

Cell (Cell)
[2020, 181(6):1263-1275.e16]

Cited: 40 times

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