Full Text Journal Articles by
Author David T Levy

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Exclusive, Dual, and Polytobacco Use Among US Adults by Sociodemographic Factors: Results From 3 Nationally Representative Surveys.

Jana L Hirschtick, Delvon T Mattingly, Beomyoung Cho, Luis Zavala Arciniega, David T Levy, Luz Maria Sanchez-Romero, Jihyoun Jeon, Stephanie R Land, Ritesh Mistry, Rafael Meza, Nancy L Fleischer,

PURPOSE:To provide tobacco product use patterns for US adults by sociodemographic group. DESIGN:A secondary analysis of Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (2014-15), National Health Interview Survey (2015), and Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (2015-16). SETTING:United States. SAMPLE:Three nationally representative samples of adults (N = 28,070-155,067). MEASURES:All ... Read more >>

Am J Health Promot (American journal of health promotion : AJHP)
[2020, :890117120964065]

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Changes in Smoking and Vaping over 18 Months among Smokers and Recent Ex-Smokers: Longitudinal Findings from the 2016 and 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Shannon Gravely, Gang Meng, K Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Ron Borland, David Hammond, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz, Karin A Kasza, Ann McNeill, Mary E Thompson, Sara C Hitchman, David T Levy, James F Thrasher, Anne C K Quah, Nadia Martin, Janine Ouimet, Christian Boudreau, Geoffrey T Fong,

This descriptive study of smokers (smoked at least monthly) and recent ex-smokers (quit for ≤2 years) examined transitions over an 18 month period in their smoking and vaping behaviors. Data are from Waves 1 (W1: 2016) and 2 (W2: 2018) of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, a ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(19):]

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Tobacco Taxation and Its Prospective Impact on Disparities in Smoking Initiation and Progression Among Young Adults.

Michael J Parks, Megan E Patrick, David T Levy, James F Thrasher, Michael R Elliott, Nancy L Fleischer,

PURPOSE:Limited research exists on tobacco taxes and cigarette smoking initiation and progression, particularly across different sociodemographic groups in young adulthood. This project examines how cigarette pack price in late adolescence prospectively relates to smoking initiation and progression by 21 years of age, focusing on differences across demographics. METHODS:Data are from ... Read more >>

J Adolesc Health (The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Patterns of e-cigarette use and subsequent cigarette smoking cessation over two years (2013/2014 to 2015/2016) in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study.

Allison Glasser, Mahathi Vojjala, Jennifer Cantrell, David T Levy, Daniel P Giovenco, David Abrams, Raymond Niaura,

BACKGROUND:Understanding the population impact of e-cigarettes requires determining their effect on cigarette smoking cessation. METHODS:Using the U.S. Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) cohort, we examined smoking cessation among adult current cigarette smokers at Wave 1 with follow-up data at Waves 2 and 3 (n=9,724). RESULTS:By Wave 3 (2015/2016), ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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England SimSmoke: The Impact of Nicotine Vaping on Smoking Prevalence and Smoking-Attributable Deaths in England.

David T Levy, Luz María Sánchez-Romero, Yameng Li, Zhe Yuan, Nargiz Travis, Martin J Jarvis, Jamie Brown, Ann McNeill,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:While the use of nicotine vaping products (NVPs) is widespread, their impact on smoking prevalence is controversial. This study considered the potential impact of NVPs on smoking prevalence in England. DESIGN:Indirect simulation model. The England SimSmoke model is validated through 2012, before NVP use became more widely used ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2020, :]

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The actual and anticipated effects of a menthol cigarette ban: a scoping review.

Christopher J Cadham, Luz Maria Sanchez-Romero, Nancy L Fleischer, Ritesh Mistry, Jana L Hirschtick, Rafael Meza, David T Levy,

BACKGROUND:The United States (US) Food and Drug Administration (FDA), under the 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, banned characterizing flavors in cigarettes; however, mentholated tobacco products were exempt. Since 2009, over 20 US jurisdictions and numerous countries around the world have extended this restriction to menthol. Currently, the ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2020, 20(1):1055]

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An Analysis of the FTC's Attempt to Stop the Altria-Juul Labs Deal.

David T Levy, Clifford E Douglas, Luz Maria Sanchez-Romero, K Michael Cummings, David T Sweanor,

On 20 December 2018, Altria, the largest US cigarette company, announced an offer for a 35% share of the large and rapidly growing vaping product company, Juul Labs. On 2 April, 2020, the Federal Trade Commission issued a complaint that the deal was anticompetitive and should be voided. This paper ... Read more >>

Tob Regul Sci (Tobacco regulatory science)
[2020, 6(4):302-305]

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The Public Health Gains Had Cigarette Companies Chosen to Sell Very Low Nicotine Cigarettes.

David T Levy, K Michael Cummings, Bryan W Heckman, Yameng Li, Zhe Yuan, Tracy T Smith, Rafael Meza,

INTRODUCTION:The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed lowering the nicotine content of cigarettes to a minimally addictive level to increase smoking cessation and reduce initiation. This study has two aims: (1) to determine when cigarette manufacturers had the technical capability to reduce cigarette nicotine content and (2) to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Tobacco 21 Laws in Europe: A Policy Whose Time Has Come.

David T Levy, Rafael Meza,

INTRODUCTION:A 21 tobacco age of sale has been proposed for European nations. METHODS:We briefly review past studies of underage purchase policies and their enforcement. RESULTS:Past evaluations and modeling studies indicate important public health gains from 21 tobacco age of sale laws. However, further attention should be given to issues of ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(7):1250-1251]

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Potential Impact of Cessation Interventions at the Point of Lung Cancer Screening on Lung Cancer and Overall Mortality in the United States.

Pianpian Cao, Jihyoun Jeon, David T Levy, Jinani C Jayasekera, Christopher J Cadham, Jeanne S Mandelblatt, Kathryn L Taylor, Rafael Meza,

INTRODUCTION:Annual lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography is recommended for adults aged 55 to 80 years with a greater than or equal to 30 pack-year smoking history who currently smoke or quit within the past 15 years. The 50% who are current smokers should be offered cessation interventions, but ... Read more >>

J Thorac Oncol (Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer)
[2020, 15(7):1160-1169]

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Taxation reduces smoking but may not reduce smoking disparities in youth.

Nancy L Fleischer, J Travis Donahoe, M Chandler McLeod, James F Thrasher, David T Levy, Michael R Elliott, Rafael Meza, Megan E Patrick,

OBJECTIVE:This study examines the extent to which cigarette taxes affect smoking behaviour and disparities in smoking among adolescents by gender, socioeconomic status (SES) and race/ethnicity. METHODS:We used US nationally representative, repeated cross-sectional data from the 2005 to 2016 Monitoring the Future study to evaluate the relationship between state cigarette taxes ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Are e-cigarettes reviving the popularity of conventional smoking among Taiwanese male adolescents? A time-trend population-based analysis for 2004-2017.

Wayne Gao, Mattia Sanna, Enkhzaya Chuluunbaatar, Min-Kuang Tsai, David T Levy, Chi Pang Wen,

INTRODUCTION:In Taiwan, national tobacco use surveys show that e-cigarette use has increased since 2014 among youth, while, at the same time, conventional cigarette smoking has continuously decreased. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the increased popularity of e-cigarettes has undermined this favourable declining trend for cigarette smoking. ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Costs of vaping: evidence from ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Kai-Wen Cheng, Ce Shang, Hye Myung Lee, Frank J Chaloupka, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Bryan W Heckman, Sara C Hitchman, Richard J O'Connor, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:To compare the prices paid for nicotine vaping products (NVPs) and supplies among current NVP users to prices paid for cigarettes among current smokers. DATA:The 2016 International Tobacco Control Four Country Vaping and Smoking Survey (4CV1). Key measures included: (1) self-reported prices paid for reusable NVPs (eg, rechargeable devices ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Smoking trends in Mexico, 2002-2016: before and after the ratification of the WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

Luis Zavala-Arciniega, Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, David T Levy, Yan Kwan Lau, Rafael Meza, Daniela Sarahí Gutiérrez-Torres, Edna Arillo-Santillán, Nancy L Fleischer, James Thrasher,

INTRODUCTION:Mexico was the first Latin American country to ratify the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in 2004, after which it implemented some key FCTC policies (e.g., taxes, smoke-free, pictorial warnings and ad bans). This study assessed trends in the prevalence of current, daily and non-daily smoking in Mexico before ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Altria-Juul Labs deal: why did it occur and what does it mean for the US nicotine delivery product market.

David T Levy, David Sweanor, Luz Maria Sanchez-Romero, Richard O'Connor, Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz, Ron Borland,

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2019, :]

Cited: 1 time

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The Minnesota SimSmoke Tobacco Control Policy Model of Smokeless Tobacco and Cigarette Use.

David T Levy, Zhe Yuan, Yameng Li, Ann W St Claire, Barbara A Schillo,

INTRODUCTION:A previous Minnesota SimSmoke tobacco control policy model is extended to more recent years and to include smokeless tobacco use. METHODS:Using data from the 1993 Tobacco Use Supplement and information on state policies, the Minnesota SimSmoke model was updated and extended to incorporate smokeless tobacco (both exclusive and dual use) ... Read more >>

Am J Prev Med (American journal of preventive medicine)
[2019, 57(4):e103-e115]

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An Examination of the Variation in Estimates of E-Cigarette Prevalence among U.S. Adults.

David T Levy, Zhe Yuan, Yameng Li, Darren Mays, Luz Maria Sanchez-Romero,

Introduction: Accurate estimates of e-cigarette use are needed to gauge its impact on public health. We compared the results of online and traditional, large scale surveys and provide additional estimates from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) survey, with the aim of assessing the extent of variation in ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2019, 16(17):]

Cited: 2 times

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Smoke-Free Policies and Smoking Cessation in the United States, 2003-2015.

Andrea R Titus, Lucie Kalousova, Rafael Meza, David T Levy, James F Thrasher, Michael R Elliott, Paula M Lantz, Nancy L Fleischer,

(1) Background: Smoking restrictions have been shown to be associated with reduced smoking, but there are a number of gaps in the literature surrounding the relationship between smoke-free policies and cessation, including the extent to which this association may be modified by sociodemographic characteristics. (2) Methods: We analyzed data from ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2019, 16(17):]

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Impact of nations meeting the MPOWER targets between 2014 and 2016: an update.

David T Levy, Yameng Li, Zhe Yuan,

OBJECTIVE:Since the WHO released the Monitoring tobacco use and tobacco control policies; Protecting from the dangers of tobacco smoke; Offering help to quit tobacco; Warning the public about the dangers; Enforcing bans on advertising, promotion and sponsorship; and Raising tobacco taxes (MPOWER) policy package to assist nations with implementing the ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, 29(2):231-233]

Cited: 2 times

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Potential impact of strong tobacco-control policies in 11 newly independent states.

David T Levy, Jeffrey Levy, Kristina Mauer-Stender,

OBJECTIVE:While some countries of the WHO European Region are global leaders in tobacco control, the Newly Independent States (NIS) have the highest tobacco-smoking prevalence globally and a relatively low overall level of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) implementation. An abridged version of the SimSmoke tobacco control ... Read more >>

Cent. Eur. J. Public Health (Central European journal of public health)
[2019, 27(2):115-126]

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An Economic Analysis of the Pre-Deeming US Market for Nicotine Vaping Products.

David T Levy, Eric N Lindblom, David T Sweanor, Frank Chaloupka, Richard J O'Connor, Ce Shang, Thomas Palley, Geoffrey T Fong, K Michael Cummings, Maciej L Goniewicz, Ron Borland,

Objectives:Public health policies are often enacted without adequate consideration of the existing market structure or their impacts on that market structure. This paper provides context for the potential impact of regulations on nicotine vaping products (NVP) use by providing a structural analysis of competition in the US NVP market before ... Read more >>

Tob Regul Sci (Tobacco regulatory science)
[2019, 5(2):169-181]

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Prices, use restrictions and electronic cigarette use-evidence from wave 1 (2016) US data of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Kai-Wen Cheng, Frank J Chaloupka, Ce Shang, Anh Ngo, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Bryan W Heckman, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

AIMS:To determine if there are associations between changes in the explicit (i.e. price) and implicit (i.e. use restrictions in public places) costs of cigarettes and nicotine vaping products (NVPs) and their use patterns in the United States. METHODS:Data came from wave 1 (2016) US data of the ITC Four Country ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:115-122]

Cited: 1 time

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Where Do Vapers Buy Their Vaping Supplies? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) 4 Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

David C Braak, K Michael Cummings, Georges J Nahhas, Bryan W Heckman, Ron Borland, Geoffrey T Fong, David Hammond, Christian Boudreau, Ann McNeill, David T Levy, Ce Shang,

Aim: This study examines where vapers purchase their vaping refills in countries having different regulations over such devices, Canada (CA), the United States (US), England (EN), and Australia (AU). Methods: Data were available from 1899 current adult daily and weekly vapers who participated in the 2016 (Wave 1) International Tobacco ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2019, 16(3):]

Cited: 4 times

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A new classification system for describing concurrent use of nicotine vaping products alongside cigarettes (so-called 'dual use'): findings from the ITC-4 Country Smoking and Vaping wave 1 Survey.

Ron Borland, Krista Murray, Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T Fong, Mary E Thompson, Ann McNeill, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz, Hua-Hie Yong, David T Levy, Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings,

AIMS:To determine whether a simple combination of level of smoking and level of vaping results in a useful typology for characterizing smoking and vaping behaviours. METHODS:Cross-sectional data from adults (≥ 18 years) in the 2016 wave 1 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey in the United States (n = 2291), England (n = 3591), Australia ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:24-34]

Cited: 6 times

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The impact of vaping and regulatory environment on cigarette demand: behavioral economic perspective across four countries.

Bryan W Heckman, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Sara Hitchman, Richard J O'Connor, Warren K Bickel, Jeffrey S Stein, Hua-Hie Yong, Georges J Nahhas, Derek A Pope, Ce Shang, Kai-Wen Cheng, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Government regulations of nicotine vaping products (NVP) have evolved rapidly during the past decade. The impact of NVP regulatory environment and vaping on cigarette demand is unknown. The current study aims to investigate whether or not respondents' reported cigarette demand, as measured by a hypothetical cigarette purchase task, ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:123-133]

Cited: 1 time

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