Full Text Journal Articles by
Author David Hammond

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Changes in responses to nicotine vaping product warnings and leaflets in England compared with Canada, the US and Australia: findings from the 2016-2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Eve Violet Taylor, Katherine A East, Ann McNeill, Michael Cummings, James Thrasher, Geoffrey T Fong, Anne C K Quah, Máirtín McDermot, Grace Li, Ron Borland, David Hammond, Sarah Aleyan, Sara C Hitchman,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:In May 2017, black-and-white text nicotine addiction warning labels ('warnings') and health and safety leaflets ('leaflets') became mandatory for nicotine vaping products (NVPs) in England, in accordance with the European Union's Tobacco Products Directive. We compared changes over time in noticing warnings and leaflets, recall of warnings about ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Use as directed: do standard drink labels on alcohol containers help consumers drink (ir)responsibly? Real-world evidence from a quasi-experimental study in Yukon, Canada.

Nour Schoueri-Mychasiw, Ashini Weerasinghe, Tim Stockwell, Kate Vallance, David Hammond, Thomas K Greenfield, Jonathan McGavock, Erin Hobin,

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:This paper examines the impact of an alcohol labelling intervention on recall of and support for standard drink (SD) labels, estimating the number of SDs in alcohol containers, and intended and unintended use of SD labels. DESIGN AND METHODS:A quasi-experimental study was conducted in Canada where labels with ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Rev (Drug and alcohol review)
[2020, :]

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Correction to: Why public health matters today and tomorrow: the role of applied public health research.

Lindsay McLaren, Paula Braitstein, David Buckeridge, Damien Contandriopoulos, Maria I Creatore, Guy Faulkner, David Hammond, Steven J Hoffman, Yan Kestens, Scott Leatherdale, Jonathan McGavock, Wendy V Norman, Candace Nykiforuk, Valéry Ridde, Janet Smylie,

The article "Why public health matters today and tomorrow: the role of applied public health research," written by Lindsay McLaren et al., was originally published Online First without Open Access. ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2020, 111(5):812-813]

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The Association of E-cigarette Flavors With Satisfaction, Enjoyment, and Trying to Quit or Stay Abstinent From Smoking Among Regular Adult Vapers From Canada and the United States: Findings From the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, K Michael Cummings, David Hammond, Eric Lindblom, Danielle M Smith, Nadia Martin, Ruth Loewen, Ron Borland, Andrew Hyland, Mary E Thompson, Christian Boudreau, Karin Kasza, Janine Ouimet, Anne C K Quah, Richard J O'Connor, Geoffrey T Fong,

AIMS:This study examined whether nontobacco flavors are more commonly used by vapers (e-cigarette users) compared with tobacco flavor, described which flavors are most popular, and tested whether flavors are associated with: vaping satisfaction relative to smoking, level of enjoyment with vaping, reasons for using e-cigarettes, and making an attempt to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(10):1831-1841]

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Changes in Smoking and Vaping over 18 Months among Smokers and Recent Ex-Smokers: Longitudinal Findings from the 2016 and 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys.

Shannon Gravely, Gang Meng, K Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Ron Borland, David Hammond, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz, Karin A Kasza, Ann McNeill, Mary E Thompson, Sara C Hitchman, David T Levy, James F Thrasher, Anne C K Quah, Nadia Martin, Janine Ouimet, Christian Boudreau, Geoffrey T Fong,

This descriptive study of smokers (smoked at least monthly) and recent ex-smokers (quit for ≤2 years) examined transitions over an 18 month period in their smoking and vaping behaviors. Data are from Waves 1 (W1: 2016) and 2 (W2: 2018) of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, a ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(19):]

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How Does the Probability of Purchasing Moderately Sugary Beverages and 100% Fruit Juice Vary Across Sugar Tax Structures?

Rachel B Acton, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, David Hammond,

OBJECTIVE:Sugar-sweetened beverage taxes are increasingly used to discourage sugar intake; however, the impact on consumer preferences for particular products is largely unknown. This study explored the impact of two tax structures (tiered vs. nontiered and inclusive vs. exclusive of 100% fruit juice) on participants' probability of purchasing moderately sugary beverages ... Read more >>

Obesity (Silver Spring) (Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.))
[2020, :]

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Perceived relative harm of heated tobacco products (IQOS), e-cigarettes, and cigarettes among adults in Canada: Findings from the ITC Project.

Edward Sutanto, Connor R Miller, Danielle M Smith, Richard J O'Connor, Shannon Gravely, David Hammond, Andrew Hyland, Kenneth M Cummings, Anne C K Quah, Geoffrey T Fong, Thomas K Agar, Maciej L Goniewicz,

INTRODUCTION:Tobacco companies have introduced heated tobacco products (HTPs), such as IQOS, which may compete with e-cigarettes among smokers interested in switching to potentially reduced-risk products. Non-smokers may also start using IQOS if they believe this product is less harmful than other nicotine products. Smokers' and non-smokers' decisions may be driven ... Read more >>

Tob Induc Dis (Tobacco induced diseases)
[2020, 18:81]

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Demographics and distribution of new entrants to the optometry profession in Australia.

Jane F Duffy, Amanda G Douglass, David S Hammond, Craig A Woods,

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:An assessment of the total number, demographics and geographic distribution of new entrants to the optometry profession in Australia can assist planning for workforce requirements. BACKGROUND:Over the past decade, the number of registered optometrists in Australia has increased by 30.1 per cent, a rate that is greater than the ... Read more >>

Clin Exp Optom (Clinical & experimental optometry)
[2020, :]

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Cannabis health knowledge and risk perceptions among Canadian youth and young adults.

Cesar Leos-Toro, Geoffrey T Fong, Samantha B Meyer, David Hammond,

BACKGROUND:Although recreational cannabis is now legal in Canada, little empirical evidence exists regarding young Canadians' cannabis literacy, cannabis-related risk perceptions, and risk of different forms of cannabis or the effect that public health education may have on these perceptions. The present study sought to address these knowledge gaps to examine ... Read more >>

Harm Reduct J (Harm reduction journal)
[2020, 17(1):54]

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Changes in Prevalence of Vaping Among Youths in the United States, Canada, and England from 2017 to 2019.

David Hammond, Vicki L Rynard, Jessica L Reid,

JAMA Pediatr (JAMA pediatrics)
[2020, 174(8):797-800]

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Use of Online Food Delivery Services to Order Food Prepared Away-From-Home and Associated Sociodemographic Characteristics: A Cross-Sectional, Multi-Country Analysis.

Matthew Keeble, Jean Adams, Gary Sacks, Lana Vanderlee, Christine M White, David Hammond, Thomas Burgoine,

Online food delivery services like Just Eat and Grubhub facilitate online ordering and home delivery of food prepared away-from-home. It is poorly understood how these services are used and by whom. This study investigated the prevalence of online food delivery service use and sociodemographic characteristics of customers, in and across ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(14):]

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Consumer perceptions of 'legal' and 'illegal' cannabis in US states with legal cannabis sales.

Fathima Fataar, Samantha Goodman, Elle Wadsworth, David Hammond,

INTRODUCTION:In jurisdictions that have legalized recreational cannabis, perceptions of the 'legal' market may influence whether consumers transition from illegal retail sources. The current study examined consumer perceptions of legal versus illegal retail sources in 6 US states with legal retail sales as of 2018: Alaska, California, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon, and ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2021, 112:106563]

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E-cigarette Marketing Regulations and Youth Vaping: Cross-Sectional Surveys, 2017-2019.

David Hammond, Jessica L Reid, Robin Burkhalter, Vicki L Rynard,

BACKGROUND:Increased electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among young people is often attributed to industry marketing practices; however, the effectiveness of regulations that limit e-cigarette advertising and promotions has yet to be examined. New federal legislation that liberalized the Canadian e-cigarette market in May 2018, along with differences in provincial regulations, provides ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2020, 146(1):]

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Intentional weight gain efforts among young Canadian adults aged 17-32 years.

Carolyn Minnick, Amanda Raffoul, David Hammond, Sharon I Kirkpatrick,

Research related to body weight management often focuses on weight loss but attempts to gain weight may be common given societal ideals related to body shape and size. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence and correlates of intentional weight gain attempts and to characterize weight gain ... Read more >>

Eat Behav (Eating behaviors)
[2020, 38:101407]

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Communicating risks to drinkers: testing alcohol labels with a cancer warning and national drinking guidelines in Canada.

Erin Hobin, Simran Shokar, Kate Vallance, David Hammond, Jonathan McGavock, Thomas K Greenfield, Nour Schoueri-Mychasiw, Catherine Paradis, Tim Stockwell,

OBJECTIVE:To test whether alcohol labels with a cancer warning and national drinking guidelines are an effective tool for supporting more informed and safer alcohol consumption among drinkers. METHODS:Using a quasi-experimental design, pre-post surveys were conducted with 1647 cohort participants systematically selected in liquor stores in two matched sites in Canada ... Read more >>

Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
[2020, 111(5):716-725]

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Numeric and Traffic Light Calorie Labels on Cafeteria Menus: Noticing, Use, and Perceptions Among Young Adults

Kirsten Lee, David Hammond, Miriam Price, Erin Hobin, Michael Wallace, Dana Olstad, Leia Minaker, Sharon Kirkpatrick,

Abstract Objectives The objective of this study was to examine the impact of numeric versus interpretive calorie labelling on consumer noticing, use, and perceptions of labels. We hypothesized that due to their at-a-glance format, interpretive labels would outperform numeric labels. Methods Using a pre-post quasi-experimental controlled trial design, three campus ... Read more >>

Curr Dev Nutr (Current developments in nutrition)
[2020, 4(Suppl 2):1719-1719]

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The impact of a cartoon character on adults perceptions of Children's breakfast cereals: a randomized experiment.

Alejandra Contreras-Manzano, Alejandra Jáuregui, Claudia Nieto, Marissa G Hall, Jorge Vargas-Meza, James F Thrasher, Daniel Illescas-Zárate, Simón Barquera, David Hammond,

BACKGROUND:Cartoon characters on processed food packaging increase the perception of product preference among children, but their effect among adults has rarely been examined. We evaluated the effect of a cartoon character on breakfast cereals on beliefs about buying them for children, as well as whether demographic characteristics modified this effect. ... Read more >>

Nutr J (Nutrition journal)
[2020, 19(1):43]

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Association between time-weighted activity space-based exposures to fast food outlets and fast food consumption among young adults in urban Canada.

Bochu Liu, Michael Widener, Thomas Burgoine, David Hammond,

BACKGROUND:Despite increased attention on retail food environments and fast food consumption, results from previous studies have been inconsistent. Variation in measurement of exposure to retail food environments and the context of the built environment are possible reasons for inconsistencies. The purpose of the current study is to examine the association ... Read more >>

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act (The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity)
[2020, 17(1):62]

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Socio-demographic characteristics, diet and health among food insecure UK adults: cross-sectional analysis of the International Food Policy Study.

Amy Yau, Martin White, David Hammond, Christine White, Jean Adams,

OBJECTIVE:To estimate food insecurity (FI) prevalence among UK adults and investigate associations with socio-demographic characteristics, diet and health. DESIGN:Weighted cross-sectional survey data. FI was measured using the USDA Adult Food Security Survey Module. Data were analysed using adjusted logistic regression models. SETTING:United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS:2551 participants (aged 18-64 years); sub-sample (n ... Read more >>

Public Health Nutr (Public health nutrition)
[2020, 23(14):2602-2614]

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International differences in patterns of cannabis use among adult cigarette smokers: Findings from the 2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, Pete Driezen, Danielle M Smith, Ron Borland, Eric N Lindblom, David Hammond, Ann McNeill, Andrew Hyland, K Michael Cummings, Gary Chan, Mary E Thompson, Christian Boudreau, Nadia Martin, Janine Ouimet, Ruth Loewen, Anne C K Quah, Maciej L Goniewicz, James F Thrasher, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND:Although evidence shows that co-use of cigarettes and cannabis is common, there is little research examining if co-use patterns vary depending on the regulatory environment for cannabis. This study examined patterns of co-use and perceptions of relative harm among cigarette smokers in four countries with different histories, and at different ... Read more >>

Int. J. Drug Policy (The International journal on drug policy)
[2020, 79:102754]

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Testing the efficacy of and parents' preferences for nutrition labels on children's menus from a full-service chain restaurant: results of an online experiment.

Rachel J L Prowse, Kirsten M Lee, Emily Chen, Fei Zuo, David Hammond, Erin Hobin,

OBJECTIVE:Test the efficacy and perceived effectiveness of nutrition labels on children's menus from a full-service chain restaurant in an online study. DESIGN:Using a between-groups experiment, parents were randomised to view children's menus displaying one of five children's nutrition labelling conditions: (i) No Nutrition Information (control); (ii) Calories Only; (iii) Calories ... Read more >>

Public Health Nutr (Public health nutrition)
[2020, 23(10):1820-1831]

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Impact of sugar taxes and front-of-package nutrition labels on purchases of protein, calcium and fibre.

Rachel B Acton, David Hammond,

Taxes and front-of-package (FOP) labels can be effective interventions for reducing consumption of sugar, saturated fat, and sodium; however, few studies have examined their impact on intake of 'positive' nutrients. The current study explored the impact of sugar taxes and FOP labels on the protein, calcium and fibre density of ... Read more >>

Prev Med (Preventive medicine)
[2020, 136:106091]

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Availability, retail price and potency of legal and illegal cannabis in Canada after recreational cannabis legalisation.

Syed Mahamad, Elle Wadsworth, Vicki Rynard, Samantha Goodman, David Hammond,

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:There is little objective market data on the price or potency of legal and illegal cannabis products following recreational cannabis legalisation. DESIGN AND METHODS:In the 2 months post-legalisation in Canada (November-December 2018), legal and illegal cannabis retailers were identified from government lists and online directories. The store location, price ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Rev (Drug and alcohol review)
[2020, 39(4):337-346]

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Standard tetrahydrocannabinol units: an idea whose time has come.

David Hammond,

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2020, 115(7):1221-1222]

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Use of JUUL E-cigarettes Among Youth in the United States.

David Hammond, Olivia A Wackowski, Jessica L Reid, Richard J O'Connor,

INTRODUCTION:JUUL has emerged as the leading brand in a rapidly evolving electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) market. JUUL is distinctive for its novel nicotine delivery method that results in high nicotine concentrations, as well as its sleek, discreet design. This study examined national estimates of JUUL among youth in the United States, ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(5):827-832]

Cited: 7 times

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