Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Christian Mpody

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Association of Preoperative Pneumonia With Postsurgical Morbidity and Mortality in Children.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Christian Mpody, Stephen E Kirkby, Julie B Samora, Joseph D Tobias,

<h4>Background</h4>Pneumonia is a common lower respiratory tract infection (LRI) and the leading cause of pediatric hospitalization in the United States. Given its frequency, children with pneumonia may require surgery during their hospital course. This poses serious anesthetic and surgical challenges because preoperative pulmonary status is among the most important risk ... Read more >>

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, 132(5):1380-1388]

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Pediatric obesity and perioperative medicine.

Christian Mpody, Kwaku Owusu-Bediako, Vidya T Raman, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Purpose of review</h4>Childhood obesity is a public health emergency that has reached a pandemic level and imposed a massive economic burden on healthcare systems. Our objective was to provide an update on (1) challenges of obesity definition and classification in the perioperative setting, (2) challenges of perioperative patient positioning and ... Read more >>

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol (Current opinion in anaesthesiology)
[2021, 34(3):299-305]

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Moderating Effects of Race and Preoperative Comorbidity on Surgical Mortality in Infants.

Christian Mpody, Brittany L Willer, Peter C Minneci, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>We sought to investigate the risk of pediatric surgical mortality associated with the combined effects of key preoperative comorbidities and race.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective study that included infants who underwent inpatient surgical procedures between 2012 and 2017 and were entered into the NSQIP-P registry. We assessed additive moderation by estimating ... Read more >>

J Surg Res (The Journal of surgical research)
[2021, 264:435-443]

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Fasting Duration and Blood Pressure in Children: Comment.

Catherine Chen, Christian Mpody,

Anesthesiology (Anesthesiology)
[2021, 134(4):667-668]

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Prolonged Postoperative Mechanical Ventilation (PPMV) in children undergoing abdominal operations: An analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database.

Kristin N Partain, Christian Mpody, Brandon Rodgers, Brian Kenney, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation (PPMV) increases length of stay, hospitalization costs, and postoperative complications. Independent risk factors associated with PPMV are not well-known for children.<h4>Method</h4>We identified children (<18 years) in the ACS NSQIP-P database who underwent a general surgical abdominal operation. We excluded children with preoperative ventilator dependence and mortality ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Surg (Journal of pediatric surgery)
[2021, :]

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Race and major pulmonary complications following inpatient pediatric otolaryngology surgery.

Erica Sivak, Christian Mpody, Brittany L Willer, Joseph Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Compared to their white peers, black children are more likely to experience serious respiratory complications in the perioperative period. Whether a racial difference exists in the occurrence of late postoperative respiratory complications is largely unknown. Here, we evaluated a multi-institutional cohort of children who underwent various elective otolaryngology procedures to ... Read more >>

Paediatr Anaesth (Paediatric anaesthesia)
[2021, 31(4):444-451]

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The persistently high fertility of a North American population: A 25-year restudy of parity among the Ohio Amish.

Samson Wasao, Cory Anderson, Christian Mpody,

Why do the North American Amish maintain high fertility when surrounding populations have nearly all completed the demographic transition? Using the same theoretical predictors and methods as a 1996 <i>Population Studies</i> paper, we explore fertility changes, specifically changes in mean parity, between 1988 and 2015 among one sizeable Amish population ... Read more >>

Popul Stud (Camb) (Population studies)
[2021, :1-10]

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Racial Disparities in Failure to Rescue Following Unplanned Reoperation in Pediatric Surgery.

Brittany L Willer, Christian Mpody, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Failure to rescue (FTR) and unplanned reoperation following an index surgical procedure are key indicators of the quality of surgical care. Given that differences in unplanned reoperation and FTR rates among racial groups may contribute to persistent disparities in postsurgical outcomes, we sought to determine whether racial differences exist in ... Read more >>

Anesth Analg (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2021, 132(3):679-685]

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Primary Stroke and Failure-to-Rescue Following Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

Christian Mpody, Jerry Cui, Hamdy Awad, Sujatha Bhandary, Michael Essandoh, Ronald L Harter, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Objective</h4>To characterize the impact, on failure to rescue, of cerebrovascular accident as a first postoperative complication after thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (TEVAR).<h4>Design</h4>A retrospective cohort study using of National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participants User File.<h4>Setting</h4>United States hospitals taking part in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.<h4>Participants</h4>Patients >18 years, who ... Read more >>

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth (Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia)
[2020, :]

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Association of childhood asthma with postoperative pneumonia.

Amogha Krishna, Christian Mpody, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Bronchial asthma is the most pervasive chronic disease among children in the United States. Pneumonia, an acute pulmonary disorder, is also quite common, affecting individuals with chronic respiratory conditions. Despite the widespread recognition of bronchial asthma as a common, potentially life-threatening disease, its impact on the risk of serious pulmonary ... Read more >>

Paediatr Anaesth (Paediatric anaesthesia)
[2020, 30(11):1254-1260]

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Risk assessment of postoperative pneumonia among children undergoing otolaryngologic surgery: Derivation and validation of a preoperative risk profiling.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Christian Mpody, Kris R Jatana, Charles Elmaraghy, Joseph D Tobias,

<h4>Background</h4>Postoperative pneumonia is a serious complication because it may be associated with morbidity, mortality and substantially increased cost of surgical care. Risk of postoperative pneumonia varies across surgical specialties, although its incidence and risk factors in pediatric otolaryngology have not been comprehensively elucidated.<h4>Objective</h4>To identify factors associated with postoperative pneumonia and ... Read more >>

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol (International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology)
[2020, 139:110466]

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Synergistic effects of sepsis and prematurity on neonatal postoperative mortality.

Christian Mpody, Edward G Shepherd, Rajan K Thakkar, Olamide O Dairo, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Compared with term neonates, preterm babies are more likely to die from sepsis. However, the combined effects of sepsis and prematurity on neonatal postoperative mortality are largely unknown. Our objective was to quantify the proportion of neonatal postoperative mortality that is attributable to the synergistic effects of preoperative sepsis and ... Read more >>

Br J Anaesth (British journal of anaesthesia)
[2020, 125(6):1056-1063]

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Prognostic profiling of children with serious post-operative complications: A novel probability model for failure to rescue.

Christian Mpody, Jordan Arends, Jennifer H Aldrink, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<h4>Background</h4>Failure to rescue (FTR), mortality after a major postoperative complication, is a superior surgical quality metric compared to surgical mortality or complications rates alone. Our objective was to develop and validate a novel pediatric profiling to identify high-risk subjects among the subset of children who develop serious post-operative complications.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed ... Read more >>

J Pediatr Surg (Journal of pediatric surgery)
[2021, 56(2):207-212]

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Race, Postoperative Complications, and Death in Apparently Healthy Children.

Olubukola O Nafiu, Christian Mpody, Stephani S Kim, Joshua C Uffman, Joseph D Tobias,

<h4>Background</h4>That African American (AA) patients have poorer surgical outcomes compared with their white peers is established. The prevailing presumption is that these disparities operate within the context of a higher preoperative comorbidity burden among AA patients. Whether these racial differences in outcomes exist among apparently healthy children (traditionally expected to ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2020, 146(2):]

Cited: 2 times

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Association between depressive symptoms and adherence among adolescents living with HIV in the Republic of Congo: A cross sectional study.

Martin Herbas Ekat, Marcel Yotebieng, Valériane Leroy, Christian Mpody, Merlin Diafouka, Gilbert Loubaki, Dominique Mahambou- Nsondé, Bienvenu Rolland Ossibi Ibara, Charlotte Bernard, Caroline Sabin, Renaud Becquet,

The increasing availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) worldwide is yet to result in decreasing HIV-related mortality among adolescents (10-19 years old) living with HIV (ALHIV) in part because of poor adherence. the poor adherence might itself be due to high level of depression. We assess the prevalence of depressive symptomatology ... Read more >>

Medicine (Madr) (Medicine)
[2020, 99(35):e21606]

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Racial Differences in Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders among Pediatric Surgical Patients in the United States.

Christian Mpody, Lisa Humphrey, Stephani Kim, Joseph D Tobias, Olubukola O Nafiu,

<b><i>Background:</i></b> Very few studies have investigated the racial differences in do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders in children, and these studies are limited to oncological cases. We aim to characterize the racial difference in DNR orders among U.S. pediatric surgical patients. <b><i>Methods:</i></b> We retrospectively evaluated the mortality of all children who underwent an ... Read more >>

J Palliat Med (Journal of palliative medicine)
[2021, 24(1):71-76]

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Breastfeeding Support Offered at Delivery is Associated with Higher Prevalence of Exclusive Breastfeeding at 6 Weeks Postpartum Among HIV Exposed Infants: A Cross-Sectional Analysis.

Christian Mpody, Travis Reline, Noro Lantoniaina Rosa Ravelomanana, Bienvenu Kawende, Emile W Okitolonda, Frieda Behets, Marcel Yotebieng,

Objective HIV-exposed uninfected infants are almost twice as likely to die compared to infants born to HIV-uninfected women. HIV-exposed uninfected children whose mothers are on ART and who are breastfed have the lowest risk of dying by 24 months of age. Interventions to improve breastfeeding among HIV-infected mothers are needed. We ... Read more >>

Matern Child Health J (Maternal and child health journal)
[2019, 23(10):1308-1316]

Cited: 1 time

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HIV viral suppression among pregnant and breastfeeding women in routine care in the Kinshasa province: a baseline evaluation of participants in CQI-PMTCT study.

Marcel Yotebieng, Christian Mpody, Noro Lr Ravelomanana, Martine Tabala, Fathy Malongo, Bienvenu Kawende, Paul Ntangu, Frieda Behets, Emile Okitolonda, ,

INTRODUCTION:Published data on viral suppression among pregnant and breastfeeding women in routine care settings are scarce. Here, we report provincial estimates of undetectable and suppressed viral load among pregnant or breastfeeding women in HIV care in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and associated risk factors. METHODS:This cross-sectional study was ... Read more >>

J Int AIDS Soc (Journal of the International AIDS Society)
[2019, 22(9):e25376]

Cited: 3 times

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Achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets for pregnant and postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa: progress, gaps and research needs.

Lisa L Abuogi, John M Humphrey, Christian Mpody, Marcel Yotebieng, Pamela M Murnane, Kate Clouse, Lindah Otieno, Craig R Cohen, Kara Wools-Kaloustian,

The implementation of the 2013 World Health Organization Option B+ recommendations for HIV treatment during pregnancy has helped drive significant progress in achieving universal treatment for pregnant and postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Yet, critical research and implementation gaps exist in achieving the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets. To help guide ... Read more >>

J Virus Erad (Journal of virus eradication)
[2018, 4(Suppl 2):33-39]

Cited: 13 times

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Why Words Matter.

Jeanine Guidry, Carley Anderson, Priyanka Vachhani, Linsey Grove, Christian Mpody,

Am J Public Health (American journal of public health)
[2018, 108(3):321-323]

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Academic Literacy: Reaching Our Own.

Shreya Patel, Carley Anderson, Christian Mpody, Priyanka Vachhani, Jeanine Guidry, Linsey Grove,

Am J Public Health (American journal of public health)
[2018, 108(1):6]

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A Call for Submissions: AJPH Instagram Photo Contest.

Shreya Patel, Carley Anderson, Priyanka Vachhani, Jeanine Guidry, Linsey Grove, Christian Mpody,

Am J Public Health (American journal of public health)
[2017, 107(12):1902]

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