Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Charlotte Ward

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Determining the Agreement Between an Automated Respiratory Rate Counter and a Reference Standard for Detecting Symptoms of Pneumonia in Children: Protocol for a Cross-Sectional Study in Ethiopia.

Charlotte Ward, Kevin Baker, Sarah Marks, Dawit Getachew, Tedila Habte, Cindy McWhorter, Paul Labarre, Jonathan Howard-Brand, Nathan P Miller, Hayalnesh Tarekegn, Solomie Jebessa Deribessa, Max Petzold, Karin Kallander,

BACKGROUND:Acute respiratory infections (ARIs), primarily pneumonia, are the leading infectious cause of under-5 mortality worldwide. Manually counting respiratory rate (RR) for 60 seconds using an ARI timer is commonly practiced by community health workers to detect fast breathing, an important sign of pneumonia. However, correctly counting breaths manually and classifying ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(4):e16531]

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Automated Respiratory Rate Counter to Assess Children for Symptoms of Pneumonia: Protocol for Cross-Sectional Usability and Acceptability Studies in Ethiopia and Nepal.

Kevin Baker, Alice Maurel, Charlotte Ward, Dawit Getachew, Tedila Habte, Cindy McWhorter, Paul LaBarre, Jonas Karlström, Max Petzold, Karin Källander,

BACKGROUND:Manually counting a child's respiratory rate (RR) for 60 seconds using an acute respiratory infection timer is the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended method for detecting fast breathing as a sign of pneumonia. However, counting the RR is challenging and misclassification of an observed rate is common, often leading to ... Read more >>

JMIR Res Protoc (JMIR research protocols)
[2020, 9(3):e14405]

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Usability and acceptability of an automated respiratory rate counter to assess childhood pneumonia in Nepal.

Karin Källander, Charlotte Ward, Helen Smith, Radheshyam Bhattarai, Ashish Kc, Deepak Timsina, Bikash Lamichhane, Alice Maurel, Parashu Ram Shrestha, Sushil Baral, Cindy McWhorter, Paul LaBarre, Monica Anna de Cola, Kevin Baker,

AIM:Pneumonia is the leading cause of child death after the neonatal period, resulting from late care seeking and inappropriate treatment. Diagnosis involves counting respiratory rate (RR); however, RR counting remains challenging for health workers and miscounting, and misclassification of RR is common. We evaluated the usability of a new automated ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, 109(6):1207-1220]

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Usability and acceptability of an automated respiratory rate counter to assess children for symptoms of pneumonia: A cross-sectional study in Ethiopia.

Charlotte Ward, Kevin Baker, Helen Smith, Alice Maurel, Dawit Getachew, Tedila Habte, Cindy McWhorter, Paul LaBarre, Jonas Karlstrom, Jim Black, Quique Bassat, Agazi Ameha, Abraham Tariku, Max Petzold, Karin Källander,

AIM:Manually counting respiratory rate (RR) is commonly practiced by community health workers to detect fast breathing, an important sign of childhood pneumonia. Correctly counting and classifying breaths manually is challenging, often leading to inappropriate treatment. This study aimed to determine the usability of a new automated RR counter (ChARM) by health ... Read more >>

Acta Paediatr. (Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992))
[2020, 109(6):1196-1206]

Cited: 0 times

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Cost-effectiveness of a nurse-delivered, inpatient smoking cessation intervention.

Charlotte E Ward, Stephanie V Hall, Paul G Barnett, Neil Jordan, Sonia A Duffy,

Randomized controlled trials have shown that inpatient tobacco cessation interventions are highly efficacious and cost-effective. However, the degree to which smoking interventions implemented in nonrandomized, real-world practice settings are effective, and consequently, cost-effective, remains unclear. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a nurse-delivered, inpatient smoking cessation intervention, Tobacco Tactics, compared ... Read more >>

Transl Behav Med (Translational behavioral medicine)
[2019, :]

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A Review of Economic Evaluations of Erectile Dysfunction Therapies.

Michael E Rezaee, Charlotte E Ward, Eileen R Brandes, Ricardo M Munarriz, Martin S Gross,

INTRODUCTION:Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common and costly urologic condition with increasing prevalence as men age. Cost-effectiveness of ED therapies and whether cost-effectiveness varies for different populations of men remains underexplored. AIM:To review and summarize available published data on the economic evaluation of ED therapies and to identify gaps in ... Read more >>

Sex Med Rev (Sexual medicine reviews)
[2019, :]

Cited: 0 times

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Depression in Emergency Department Patients and Association With Health Care Utilization.

David G Beiser, Charlotte E Ward, Milkie Vu, Neda Laiteerapong, Robert D Gibbons,

BACKGROUND:Depression is one of the most common illnesses in the United States, with increased prevalence among people with lower socioeconomic status and chronic mental illness who often seek care in the emergency department (ED). We sought to estimate the rate and severity of major depressive disorder (MDD) in a nonpsychiatric ... Read more >>

Acad Emerg Med (Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine)
[2019, 26(8):878-888]

Cited: 1 time

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Brief report: Impact of healthcare quality on prostate specific antigen screening for the early detection of prostate cancer.

Michael E Rezaee, Charlotte E Ward, Einar F Sverrisson, Lawrence M Dagrosa,

With recent guidelines emphasizing patient values, patient preferences and shared decision-making in regards to prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening it is important for primary care providers and urologists to identify factors that influence men's decisions to undergo PSA screening. We sought to evaluate the impact of men's perceptions of healthcare ... Read more >>

Prev Med Rep (Preventive medicine reports)
[2019, 14:100838]

Cited: 0 times

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Social Factors and Patient Perceptions Associated With Preventable Hospital Readmissions.

Jocelyn Carter, Charlotte Ward, Anne Thorndike, Karen Donelan, Deborah J Wexler,

Background:Preventable hospital readmissions are costly and erode the quality of care delivery. Few efforts to incorporate the patient perspectives and social factors associated with readmission preventability exist. Objective:To identify patient perceptions and social barriers to care related to readmission. Methods:Prospective cohort study of 202 respondents readmitted within 30 days of ... Read more >>

J Patient Exp (Journal of patient experience)
[2020, 7(1):19-26]

Cited: 0 times

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Extraordinary virtual multidisciplinary team meetings - a novel forum for the coordinated care of patients with -complex conditions within a secondary care setting.

Stephen J Aston, Sophie Reade, Barbara Petersen, Charlotte Ward, Anthony Duffy, Emmanuel Nsutebu,

Multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings are increasingly regarded as best practice for the successful management of chronic disease. However, for patients with undiagnosed illnesses, multiple interacting comorbidities or other complex needs that fall outside the remit of disease-specific MDTs or the scope of expertise of individual clinicians, there is often no ... Read more >>

Future Healthc J (Future healthcare journal)
[2018, 5(3):218-223]

Cited: 0 times

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Comparative assessment of content overlap between written documentation and verbal communication: an observational study of resident sign-outs.

Joanna Abraham, Imade Ihianle, Charlotte E Ward, Vineet M Arora, Thomas G Kannampallil,

Objective:Effective sign-outs involve verbal communication supported by written or electronic documentation. We investigated the clinical content overlap between sign-out documentation and face-to-face verbal sign-out communication. Methods:We audio-recorded resident verbal sign-out communication and collected electronically completed ("written") sign-out documentation on 44 sign-outs in a General Medicine service. A content analysis framework ... Read more >>

JAMIA Open (JAMIA open)
[2018, 1(2):210-217]

Cited: 0 times

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Examining 30-day COPD readmissions through the emergency department.

Michael E Rezaee, Charlotte E Ward, Bonita Nuanez, Daniel A Rezaee, Jeffrey Ditkoff, Alexandra Halalau,

Thirty-day readmission in COPD is common and costly, but potentially preventable. The emergency department (ED) may be a setting for COPD readmission reduction efforts.To better understand COPD readmission through the ED, ascertain factors associated with 30-day readmission through the ED, and identify subgroups of patients with COPD for readmission reduction ... Read more >>

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis (International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
[2018, 13:109-120]

Cited: 2 times

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The association between patient experience factors and likelihood of 30-day readmission: a prospective cohort study.

Jocelyn Carter, Charlotte Ward, Deborah Wexler, Karen Donelan,

OBJECTIVE:Hospital care comprises nearly a third of US healthcare expenditures. Fifteen to 20 per cent of this spending is considered to be potentially preventable. Risk prediction models have suboptimal accuracy and typically exclude patient experience data. No studies have explored patient perceptions of the likelihood of readmission during index admission. ... Read more >>

BMJ Qual Saf (BMJ quality & safety)
[2018, 27(9):683-690]

Cited: 5 times

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Association between multiple chronic conditions and urolithiasis.

Michael E Rezaee, Charlotte E Ward, Martha Pollock, Sugandh D Shetty,

Given the risk factors for stone disease, it is possible that multiple chronic condition (MCC) patients are at increased risk of developing new, recurrent, or worsening urolithiasis. The purpose of our investigation was to evaluate the relationship between MCCs and urolithiasis.Retrospective cohort using outpatient claims data for all adult members ... Read more >>

Int Urol Nephrol (International urology and nephrology)
[2017, 49(8):1361-1367]

Cited: 3 times

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Sociodemographic predictors of variation in coverage of the national shingles vaccination programme in England, 2014/15.

Charlotte Ward, Lisa Byrne, Joanne M White, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Karen Tiley, Michael Edelstein,

In September 2013, England introduced a shingles vaccination programme to reduce incidence and severity of shingles in the elderly. This study aims to assess variation in vaccine coverage with regards to selected sociodemographic factors to inform activities for improving equity of the programme.Eligible 70year-olds were identified from a national vaccine ... Read more >>

Vaccine (Vaccine)
[2017, 35(18):2372-2378]

Cited: 6 times

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Urinary incontinence, but not fecal incontinence, is a risk factor for admission to aged residential care of older persons in New Zealand.

Philip J Schluter, Charlotte Ward, Edwin P Arnold, Richard Scrase, Hamish A Jamieson,

To determine if urinary incontinence (UI) and fecal incontinence (FI) were independent risk factors for aged resident care (ARC) admissions for older people, after controlling for confounders and applying apposite statistical methods.Since 2012, all community care recipients in New Zealand have undergone a standardized needs assessment using the Home Care ... Read more >>

Neurourol. Urodyn. (Neurourology and urodynamics)
[2017, 36(6):1588-1595]

Cited: 6 times

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Effectiveness and impact of a reduced infant schedule of 4CMenB vaccine against group B meningococcal disease in England: a national observational cohort study.

Sydel R Parikh, Nick J Andrews, Kazim Beebeejaun, Helen Campbell, Sonia Ribeiro, Charlotte Ward, Joanne M White, Ray Borrow, Mary E Ramsay, Shamez N Ladhani,

In September, 2015, the UK became the first country to introduce the multicomponent group B meningococcal (MenB) vaccine (4CMenB, Bexsero) into a publicly funded national immunisation programme. A reduced two-dose priming schedule was offered to infants at 2 months and 4 months, alongside an opportunistic catch-up for 3 month and ... Read more >>

Lancet (Lancet (London, England))
[2016, 388(10061):2775-2782]

Cited: 81 times

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Auditory Brainstem Implantation in Neurofibromatosis Type 2: Experience From the Manchester Programme.

Richard Thomas Ramsden, Simon Richard Mackenzie Freeman, Simon Kingsley Wickham Lloyd, Andrew Thomas King, Xin Shi, Charlotte Lucy Ward, Susan Mary Huson, Deborah Jane Mawman, Martin Paul O'Driscoll, Dafydd Gareth Evans, Scott Alexander Rutherford, ,

To describe the experience of auditory brainstem implantation (ABI) in patients with Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2).Retrospective case review.Tertiary referral centre.Implanted with a Cochlear ABI22 or ABI24M between 1994 and 2009 because of NF2 disease.Rehabilitative.Surgical complication rate; audiological outcomes.There were 50 primary ABI insertions in 49 patients, including 16 inserted at ... Read more >>

Otol. Neurotol. (Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology)
[2016, 37(9):1267-1274]

Cited: 7 times

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Prostate cancer screening practices and diagnoses in patients age 50 and older, Southeastern Michigan, pre/post 2012.

Michael E Rezaee, Charlotte E Ward, Brian D Odom, Martha Pollock,

Studies investigating the regional impact of the 2012 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation against the use of prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening for prostate cancer have been limited.A retrospective cohort study was conducted on men age 50years and older in Southeastern Michigan pre (n=3647) and post (n=3618) USPSTF ... Read more >>

Prev Med (Preventive medicine)
[2016, 82:73-76]

Cited: 5 times

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Clinical and molecular predictors of mortality in neurofibromatosis 2: a UK national analysis of 1192 patients.

Adam Hexter, Adrian Jones, Harry Joe, Laura Heap, Miriam J Smith, Andrew J Wallace, Dorothy Halliday, Allyson Parry, Amy Taylor, Lucy Raymond, Adam Shaw, Shazia Afridi, Rupert Obholzer, Patrick Axon, Andrew T King, , Jan M Friedman, D Gareth R Evans,

Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is an autosomal-dominant tumour predisposition syndrome characterised by bilateral vestibular schwannomas, considerable morbidity and reduced life expectancy. Although genotype-phenotype correlations are well established in NF2, little is known about effects of mutation type or location within the gene on mortality. Improvements in NF2 diagnosis and management have ... Read more >>

J. Med. Genet. (Journal of medical genetics)
[2015, 52(10):699-705]

Cited: 20 times

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Clinical and radiological guidance in managing facial nerve schwannomas.

Jayesh Doshi, Richard Heyes, Simon Richard Mackenzie Freeman, Gillian M Potter, Charlotte Lucy Ward, Scott Alexander Rutherford, Andrew Thomas King, Richard Thomas Ramsden, Simon Kingsley Wickham Lloyd,

To present a review of all patients diagnosed with a facial nerve schwannoma (FNS) managed in our center over almost two decades, and suggest guidelines for their classification and management.Retrospective case reviewTertiary referral centerTwenty-eight patients with a facial nerve schwannomaConservative or surgical management depending on clinical and radiological featuresPatient demographics, ... Read more >>

Otol. Neurotol. (Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology)
[2015, 36(5):892-895]

Cited: 4 times

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An interactive, all-payer, multidomain primary care performance dashboard.

Charlotte E Ward, Lisa Morella, Jeffrey M Ashburner, Steven J Atlas,

Engaging physicians and practice leaders through regular performance reporting is a key goal of patient-centered medical home improvement efforts. We developed and implemented an interactive, Web-based performance dashboard for primary care practices with input from provider focus groups. Adapting a business software application, individual physician and practice-level reports included information ... Read more >>

J Ambul Care Manage (The Journal of ambulatory care management)
[2014, 37(4):339-348]

Cited: 3 times

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Re-do microvascular decompression for recurrent trigeminal neuralgia.

Charlotte Ward, Carl Hardwidge,

Br J Neurosurg (British journal of neurosurgery)
[2010, 24(4):502]

Cited: 2 times

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The absence of the pro-antioxidant transcription factor Nrf2 exacerbates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

Delinda A Johnson, Sara Amirahmadi, Charlotte Ward, Zsuszanna Fabry, Jeffrey A Johnson,

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by peripheral activation of CD4(+) T cells that migrate into the central nervous system (CNS) and mount an autoimmune neuroinflammatory attack on myelin and oligodendrocytes. Secondary to these events, however equally destructive, is the generation of inflammatory-mediated reactive oxygen and nitrogen species ... Read more >>

Toxicol. Sci. (Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology)
[2010, 114(2):237-246]

Cited: 78 times

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Is there a role for hormone replacement therapy after breast cancer?

Kenny Kwan, Charlotte Ward, Jo Marsden,

Breast cancer is the most common female malignancy in the UK, with an overall lifetime risk of 1 in 9. Despite the high incidence, breast cancer mortality is decreasing. Approximately 40,000 women were diagnosed with breast cancer in England and Wales in 2000 but the majority will have normal or ... Read more >>

J Br Menopause Soc (The journal of the British Menopause Society)
[2005, 11(4):140-144]

Cited: 2 times

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