Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Charlotte Rees

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The applicability of generalisability and bias to health professions education's research.

Lara Varpio, Bridget O'Brien, Charlotte E Rees, Lynn Monrouxe, Rola Ajjawi, Elise Paradis,

CONTEXT:Research in health professions education (HPE) spans an array of topics and draws from a diversity of research domains , which brings richness to our understanding of complex phenomena and challenges us to appreciate different approaches to studying them. To fully appreciate and benefit from this diversity, scholars in HPE ... Read more >>

Med Educ (Medical education)
[2020, :]

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Outcomes and survival following neoadjuvant chemotherapy versus neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for cancer of the esophagus: Inverse propensity score weighted analysis.

Philip H Pucher, Saqib A Rahman, Robert C Walker, Ben L Grace, Andrew Bateman, Tim Iveson, Andrew Jackson, Charlotte Rees, James P Byrne, Jamie J Kelly, Fergus Noble, Timothy J Underwood,

<h4>Background</h4>Esophageal cancer is increasingly common and carries a poor prognosis. The optimal treatment modality for locally advanced cancer is unknown, with current guidance recommending either neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CT) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery. There is a lack of adequately powered trials comparing CT against CRT. We retrospectively compared CT ... Read more >>

Eur J Surg Oncol (European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology)
[2020, 46(12):2248-2256]

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Leadership in intensive care: A review.

David J Brewster, Warwick W Butt, Lisi J Gordon, Charlotte E Rees,

An integrative review of the literature specific to leadership within the intensive care unit was planned to guide future research. Four databases were searched. Study selection was based on predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria and a quality check was done. Data extraction and synthesis involved developing a preliminary thematic coding ... Read more >>

Anaesth Intensive Care (Anaesthesia and intensive care)
[2020, 48(4):266-276]

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Doctors' identity transitions: Choosing to occupy a state of 'betwixt and between'.

Lisi Gordon, Charlotte E Rees, Divya Jindal-Snape,

CONTEXT:During transitions, doctors engage in identity work to adapt to changes in multiple domains. Accompanied by this are dynamic 'liminal' phases. Definitions of liminality denote a state of being 'betwixt and between' identities. From a social constructionist perspective, being betwixt and between professional identities may either involve a sense of ... Read more >>

Med Educ (Medical education)
[2020, 54(11):1006-1018]

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Re-visioning Academic Medicine Through a Constructionist Lens.

Charlotte E Rees, Paul E S Crampton, Lynn V Monrouxe,

Constructionism in academic medicine matters. It encourages educators and researchers to question taken-for-granted assumptions, paying close attention to socially and historically contingent meanings. In this Invited Commentary, the authors explain what constructionism is; examine its ontological, epistemological, and axiological underpinnings; and outline its common methodologies and methods. Although constructivism favors ... Read more >>

Acad Med (Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges)
[2020, 95(6):846-850]

Cited: 2 times

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Exploring the impact of education on preclinical medical students' tolerance of uncertainty: a qualitative longitudinal study.

Georgina C Stephens, Charlotte E Rees, Michelle D Lazarus,

Tolerance of uncertainty, a construct describing individuals' responses to perceived uncertainty, has relevancy across healthcare systems, yet little work explores the impact of education on medical students' tolerance of uncertainty. While debate remains as to whether tolerance of uncertainty is changeable or static, the prevailing conceptual healthcare tolerance of uncertainty ... Read more >>

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract (Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice)
[2020, :]

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An international study of trainee-trained transitions: Introducing the transition-to-trained-doctor (T3D) model.

Lisi Gordon, Pim W Teunissen, Divya Jindal-Snape, Joanna Bates, Charlotte E Rees, Michiel Westerman, Roona Sinha, Anne van Dijk,

Background: Throughout their careers, doctors and other healthcare professionals experience numerous transitions. When supporting transitions, opportunities for development and learning should be maximized, while stressors having negative impacts on well-being should be minimized. Building on our international data, this study aimed to develop a conceptual model of the trainee-trained transition ... Read more >>

Med Teach (Medical teacher)
[2020, 42(6):679-688]

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Systemic chemotherapy with or without cetuximab in patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis (New EPOC): long-term results of a multicentre, randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial.

John A Bridgewater, Siân A Pugh, Tom Maishman, Zina Eminton, Jane Mellor, Amy Whitehead, Louise Stanton, Michael Radford, Andrea Corkhill, Gareth O Griffiths, Stephen Falk, Juan W Valle, Derek O'Reilly, Ajith K Siriwardena, Joanne Hornbuckle, Myrddin Rees, Timothy J Iveson, Tamas Hickish, O James Garden, David Cunningham, Timothy S Maughan, John N Primrose, ,

<h4>Background</h4>The interim analysis of the multicentre New EPOC trial in patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis showed a significant reduction in progression-free survival in patients allocated to cetuximab plus chemotherapy compared with those given chemotherapy alone. The focus of the present analysis was to assess the effect on overall survival.<h4>Methods</h4>New ... Read more >>

Lancet Oncol (The Lancet. Oncology)
[2020, 21(3):398-411]

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When I say … quantification in qualitative research.

Lynn V Monrouxe, Charlotte E Rees,

Med Educ (Medical education)
[2020, 54(3):186-187]

Cited: 1 time

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3-month versus 6-month adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with high-risk stage II and III colorectal cancer: 3-year follow-up of the SCOT non-inferiority RCT.

Timothy Iveson, Kathleen A Boyd, Rachel S Kerr, Jose Robles-Zurita, Mark P Saunders, Andrew H Briggs, Jim Cassidy, Niels Henrik Hollander, Josep Tabernero, Andrew Haydon, Bengt Glimelius, Andrea Harkin, Karen Allan, John McQueen, Sarah Pearson, Ashita Waterston, Louise Medley, Charles Wilson, Richard Ellis, Sharadah Essapen, Amandeep S Dhadda, Mark Harrison, Stephen Falk, Sherif Raouf, Charlotte Rees, Rene K Olesen, David Propper, John Bridgewater, Ashraf Azzabi, David Farrugia, Andrew Webb, David Cunningham, Tamas Hickish, Andrew Weaver, Simon Gollins, Harpreet Wasan, James Paul,

<h4>Background</h4>Oxaliplatin and fluoropyrimidine chemotherapy administered over 6 months is the standard adjuvant regimen for patients with high-risk stage II or III colorectal cancer. However, the regimen is associated with cumulative toxicity, characterised by chronic and often irreversible neuropathy.<h4>Objectives</h4>To assess the efficacy of 3-month versus 6-month adjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal cancer ... Read more >>

Health Technol Assess (Health technology assessment (Winchester, England))
[2019, 23(64):1-88]

Cited: 3 times

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Supervision training in healthcare: a realist synthesis.

Charlotte E Rees, Sarah L Lee, Eve Huang, Charlotte Denniston, Vicki Edouard, Kirsty Pope, Keith Sutton, Susan Waller, Bernadette Ward, Claire Palermo,

Supervision matters: it serves educational, supportive and management functions. Despite a plethora of evidence on the effectiveness of supervision, scant evidence for the impact of supervision training exists. While three previous literature reviews have begun to examine the effectiveness of supervision training, they fail to explore the extent to which ... Read more >>

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract (Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice)
[2020, 25(3):523-561]

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Female victims and female perpetrators: medical students' narratives of gender dynamics and professionalism dilemmas.

Malissa K Shaw, Madawa Chandratilake, Ming-Jung Ho, Charlotte E Rees, Lynn V Monrouxe,

Medicine is a gendered discipline, in which women, both as patients and practitioners, have often held subordinate positions. The reproduction of dominant gender biases in the medical setting can negatively impact the professional development of medical students and the wellbeing of patients. In this analysis of medical students' narratives of ... Read more >>

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract (Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice)
[2020, 25(2):299-319]

Cited: 1 time

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Student dignity during work-integrated learning: a qualitative study exploring student and supervisors' perspectives.

Corinne Davis, Olivia A King, Allie Clemans, Jan Coles, Paul E S Crampton, Nicky Jacobs, Tui McKeown, Julia Morphet, Kate Seear, Charlotte E Rees,

While University students increasingly participate in work-integrated learning (WIL), their dignity is often violated during WIL. The current literature is limited in so far as it typically focuses on student perspectives within healthcare contexts and does not use the concept of 'dignity'. Instead, this study explored student and supervisor perspectives ... Read more >>

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract (Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice)
[2020, 25(1):149-172]

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Trainee doctors' experiences of common problems in the antibiotic prescribing process: an activity theory analysis of narrative data from UK hospitals.

Anu Kajamaa, Karen Mattick, Hazel Parker, Angelique Hilli, Charlotte Rees,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Prescribing antibiotics is an error-prone activity and one of the more challenging responsibilities for doctors in training. The nature and extent of challenges experienced by them at different stages of the antibiotic prescribing process are not well described, meaning that interventions may not target the most problematic areas.<h4>Objectives</h4>Our aim was ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2019, 9(6):e028733]

Cited: 1 time

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Supervision training interventions in the health and human services: realist synthesis protocol.

Sarah Lee, Charlotte Denniston, Vicki Edouard, Claire Palermo, Kirsty Pope, Keith Sutton, Susan Waller, Bernadette Ward, Charlotte Rees,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Supervision training aims to develop workplace supervisory competencies. Despite extensive supervision literature, including literature reviews, the processes through which supervision training interventions produce their effects, for whom and under what circumstances is not clearly delineated. The purpose of this study is to explain the effect of contextual factors on the ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2019, 9(5):e025777]

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Understanding the healthcare workplace learning culture through safety and dignity narratives: a UK qualitative study of multiple stakeholders' perspectives.

Sarah Sholl, Grit Scheffler, Lynn V Monrouxe, Charlotte Rees,

<h4>Objectives</h4>While studies at the undergraduate level have begun to explore healthcare students' safety and dignity dilemmas, none have explored such dilemmas with multiple stakeholders at the postgraduate level. The current study therefore explores the patient and staff safety and dignity narratives of multiple stakeholders to better understand the healthcare workplace ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2019, 9(5):e025615]

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How does Donor Dissection Influence Medical Students' Perceptions of Ethics? A Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Qualitative Study.

Georgina C Stephens, Charlotte E Rees, Michelle D Lazarus,

The contribution of donor dissection to modern anatomy pedagogy remains debated. While short-term anatomy knowledge gains from dissection are questionable, studies suggest that donor dissection may have other impacts on students including influencing medical students' professional development, though evidence for such is limited. To improve the understanding of how anatomy ... Read more >>

Anat Sci Educ (Anatomical sciences education)
[2019, 12(4):332-348]

Cited: 2 times

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Student and clinician identities: how are identities constructed in interprofessional narratives?

Charlotte E Rees, Fiona Kent, Paul E S Crampton,

<h4>Context</h4>Although the literature on professional identity formation in medical education is increasing, it is scant by comparison on student and clinician identities within interprofessional contexts. We therefore adopt a novel discursive approach to identities to explore how soon-to-become graduates and workplace-based clinicians construct their own and others' identities in interprofessional ... Read more >>

Med Educ (Medical education)
[2019, 53(8):808-823]

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Healthcare professionals' perceptions of learning communication in the healthcare workplace: an Australian interview study.

Charlotte Denniston, Elizabeth K Molloy, Chee Yan Ting, Qi Fei Lin, Charlotte E Rees,

<h4>Objectives</h4>The literature focuses on teaching communication skills in the 'classroom', with less focus on how such skills are informally learnt in the healthcare workplace. We grouped healthcare work based on the cure:care continuum to explore communication approaches based on work activities. This study asks: 1) How do healthcare professionals believe ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2019, 9(2):e025445]

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SCOT: a comparison of cost-effectiveness from a large randomised phase III trial of two durations of adjuvant Oxaliplatin combination chemotherapy for colorectal cancer.

José Robles-Zurita, Kathleen A Boyd, Andrew H Briggs, Timothy Iveson, Rachel S Kerr, Mark P Saunders, Jim Cassidy, Niels Henrik Hollander, Josep Tabernero, Eva Segelov, Bengt Glimelius, Andrea Harkin, Karen Allan, John McQueen, Sarah Pearson, Ashita Waterston, Louise Medley, Charles Wilson, Richard Ellis, Sharadah Essapen, Amandeep S Dhadda, Rob Hughes, Stephen Falk, Sherif Raouf, Charlotte Rees, Rene K Olesen, David Propper, John Bridgewater, Ashraf Azzabi, David Farrugia, Andrew Webb, David Cunningham, Tamas Hickish, Andrew Weaver, Simon Gollins, Harpreet S Wasan, James Paul,

<h4>Background</h4>The Short Course Oncology Therapy (SCOT) study is an international, multicentre, non-inferiority randomised controlled trial assessing the efficacy, toxicity, and cost-effectiveness of 3 months (3 M) versus the usually given 6 months (6 M) of adjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal cancer.<h4>Methods</h4>In total, 6088 patients with fully resected high-risk stage II or stage III ... Read more >>

Br J Cancer (British journal of cancer)
[2018, 119(11):1332-1338]

Cited: 2 times

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Professionalism lapses and hierarchies: A qualitative analysis of medical students' narrated acts of resistance.

Malissa Kay Shaw, Charlotte E Rees, Nina Bjerre Andersen, Lori Faye Black, Lynn V Monrouxe,

Resistance is classified as a reaction against confining social structures. During their education, medical students encounter traditional medical and interprofessional hierarchies as they learn to become doctors. These create a power disparity that may prevent their empowerment and ability to resist. Despite their subordinate position, students are not always powerless ... Read more >>

Soc Sci Med (Social science & medicine (1982))
[2018, 219:45-53]

Cited: 3 times

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New graduate doctors' preparedness for practice: a multistakeholder, multicentre narrative study.

Lynn V Monrouxe, Alison Bullock, Gerard Gormley, Kathrin Kaufhold, Narcie Kelly, Camille Emilie Roberts, Karen Mattick, Charlotte Rees,

<h4>Objective</h4>While previous studies have begun to explore newly graduated junior doctors' preparedness for practice, findings are largely based on simplistic survey data or perceptions of newly graduated junior doctors and their clinical supervisors alone. This study explores, in a deeper manner, multiple stakeholders' conceptualisations of what it means to be ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2018, 8(8):e023146]

Cited: 5 times

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What really matters for successful research environments? A realist synthesis.

Rola Ajjawi, Paul E S Crampton, Charlotte E Rees,

<h4>Context</h4>Research environments, or cultures, are thought to be the most influential predictors of research productivity. Although several narrative and systematic reviews have begun to identify the characteristics of research-favourable environments, these reviews have ignored the contextual complexities and multiplicity of environmental characteristics.<h4>Objectives</h4>The current synthesis adopts a realist approach to explore ... Read more >>

Med Educ (Medical education)
[2018, :]

Cited: 4 times

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Who are you and who do you want to be? Key considerations in developing professional identities in medicine.

Charlotte E Rees, Lynn V Monrouxe,

Med J Aust (The Medical journal of Australia)
[2018, 209(5):202-203]

Cited: 2 times

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Circulating biomarkers during treatment in patients with advanced biliary tract cancer receiving cediranib in the UK ABC-03 trial.

Alison C Backen, Andre Lopes, Harpreet Wasan, Daniel H Palmer, Marian Duggan, David Cunningham, Alan Anthoney, Pippa G Corrie, Srinivasan Madhusudan, Anthony Maraveyas, Paul J Ross, Justin S Waters, William P Steward, Charlotte Rees, Mairéad G McNamara, Sandy Beare, John A Bridgewater, Caroline Dive, Juan W Valle,

<h4>Background</h4>Advanced biliary tract cancer (ABC) has a poor prognosis. Cediranib, in addition to cisplatin/gemcitabine [CisGem], improved the response rate, but did not improve the progression-free survival (PFS) in the ABC-03 study. Minimally invasive biomarkers predictive of cediranib benefit may improve patient outcomes.<h4>Methods</h4>Changes in 15 circulating plasma angiogenesis or inflammatory-related proteins ... Read more >>

Br J Cancer (British journal of cancer)
[2018, 119(1):27-35]

Cited: 2 times

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