Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Ce Shang

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Price, income and affordability as the determinants of tobacco consumption: A practitioner's guide to tobacco taxation.

Nigar Nargis, Michal Stoklosa, Ce Shang, Jeffrey Drope,

INTRODUCTION:Tobacco product prices and consumers' income are the two major economic determinants of tobacco demand. The affordability of tobacco products is dependent on the price of tobacco products relative to consumer income. Increase in tobacco tax is expected to lead to higher price, lower affordability and reduce consumption. Price elasticity ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

Cited: 0 times

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Research on Youth and Young Adult Tobacco Use, 2013-2018, From the Food and Drug Administration-National Institutes of Health Tobacco Centers of Regulatory Science.

Cheryl L Perry, MeLisa R Creamer, Benjamin W Chaffee, Jennifer B Unger, Erin L Sutfin, Grace Kong, Ce Shang, Stephanie L Clendennen, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Mary Ann Pentz,

The Tobacco Regulatory Science Program is a collaborative research effort between the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In 2013, the NIH funded 14 Tobacco Centers of Regulatory Science (TCORS), which serve as partners in establishing research, training, and professional development programs to guide ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(7):1063-1076]

Cited: 3 times

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The harmonizing effect of Smart Snacks on the association between state snack laws and high school students' fruit and vegetable consumption, United States-2005-2017.

Jamie F Chriqui, Wanting Lin, Julien Leider, Ce Shang, Frank M Perna,

Despite national guidelines recommending daily fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, intake of FV among adolescents is low. Over the past 10-15 years, state and federal laws have reduced the availability of junk foods in schools. This study examined the association between state snack laws and high school (HS) student FV consumption. ... Read more >>

Prev Med (Preventive medicine)
[2020, 139:106093]

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The pass-through of alcohol excise taxes to prices in OECD countries.

Ce Shang, Anh Ngo, Frank J Chaloupka,

Tax pass-through rates to prices measure how much prices increase when taxes are increased by one unit, which will in turn determine the effectiveness of taxation policies in reducing substance use. Using longitudinal data of alcohol prices and excise taxes from 27 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries ... Read more >>

Eur J Health Econ (The European journal of health economics : HEPAC : health economics in prevention and care)
[2020, 21(6):855-867]

Cited: 1 time

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Cross-sectional associations between angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use and cancer diagnosis in US adults.

Lee Smith, Christopher Parris, Nicola Veronese, Ce Shang, Guillermo F López-Sánchez, Louis Jacob, Ai Koyanagi, Alessia Nottegar, Sarah E Jackson, Tobias Raupach, Igor Grabovac, Scott Crichton, Fiona Dempsey, Lin Yang,

The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor use and cancer incidence (overall, and breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers specifically) in a large representative sample of US adults. Cross-sectional data on cancer diagnosis, timing of cancer diagnosis, ACE inhibitor use, and other ... Read more >>

Clin. Exp. Med. (Clinical and experimental medicine)
[2020, 20(3):409-416]

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Costs of vaping: evidence from ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Kai-Wen Cheng, Ce Shang, Hye Myung Lee, Frank J Chaloupka, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Bryan W Heckman, Sara C Hitchman, Richard J O'Connor, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:To compare the prices paid for nicotine vaping products (NVPs) and supplies among current NVP users to prices paid for cigarettes among current smokers. DATA:The 2016 International Tobacco Control Four Country Vaping and Smoking Survey (4CV1). Key measures included: (1) self-reported prices paid for reusable NVPs (eg, rechargeable devices ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Chocolate Consumption and Indicators of Adiposity in US Adults.

Lee Smith, Igor Grabovac, Sarah E Jackson, Nicola Veronese, Ce Shang, Guillermo F López-Sánchez, Felipe B Schuch, Ai Koyanagi, Louis Jacob, Pinar Soysal, Lin Yang, Xiangzhu Zhu,

PURPOSE:The purpose of this research is to investigate the association between consumption of chocolate and measures of adiposity in a large, representative sample of US adults. METHODS:Cross-sectional data from 13,626 nondiabetic adults (≥20 years) participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey study were aggregated using 5 study cycles ... Read more >>

Am J Med (The American journal of medicine)
[2020, 133(9):1082-1087]

Cited: 0 times

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E-cigarette Product Preferences among Adult Smokers: A Discrete Choice Experiment.

Ce Shang, Scott R Weaver, Justin S White, Jidong Huang, James Nonnemaker, Kai-Wen Cheng, Frank J Chaloupka,

Objectives:In this study, we used a discrete choice experiment (DCE) conducted August-October 2017 to examine electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) product preferences in a national sample of adult smokers (N = 1154) who were also using ENDS or had not ruled out future use. Methods:The DCE evaluated 5 ENDS attributes: ... Read more >>

Tob Regul Sci (Tobacco regulatory science)
[2020, 6(1):66-80]

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The Association Between State Physical Education Laws and Student Physical Activity.

Wanting Lin, Julien Leider, Ce Shang, Erin Hennessy, Frank M Perna, Jamie F Chriqui,

INTRODUCTION:This study examined the association between state physical education time requirements and physical activity and physical education outcomes among high school students. METHODS:State physical education time requirement laws for 2004-2016 from the Classification of Laws Associated with School Students database were linked with 2005-2017 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey data ... Read more >>

Am J Prev Med (American journal of preventive medicine)
[2020, 58(3):436-445]

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The impacts of potency, warning messages, and price on preferences for Cannabis flower products.

Yuyan Shi, Ying Cao, Ce Shang, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula,

BACKGROUND:Recreational cannabis has been legalized in 11 states and Washington DC in the US. However, little is known about individual preferences for legal cannabis products. This study estimated the impacts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), warning messages, and price on preferences for cannabis flowers. METHODS:A cross-sectional online survey with discrete ... Read more >>

Int J Drug Policy (The International journal on drug policy)
[2019, 74:1-10]

Cited: 1 time

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State-Level Affordability of Factory-Made Cigarettes among Current US Smokers: Findings from the ITC US Survey, 2003-2015.

Pete Driezen, Nigar Nargis, Mary E Thompson, K Michael Cummings, Geoffrey T Fong, Frank J Chaloupka, Ce Shang, Kai-Wen Cheng,

Cigarette affordability measures the price smokers pay for cigarettes in relation to their incomes. Affordability can be measured using the relative income price of cigarettes (RIP), or the price smokers pay to purchase 100 packs of 20 cigarettes divided by their per capita household income. Using longitudinal data from 7046 ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2019, 16(13):]

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Analysis of Gender Differences in the Impact of Taxation and Taxation Structure on Cigarette Consumption in 17 ITC Countries.

Anh Ngo, Geoffrey T Fong, Lorraine V Craig, Ce Shang,

Although increasing taxes has been established as the most effective tobacco control policy, it is not clear whether these policies reduce cigarette consumption equally among women and men. In this study, we examine whether the association between taxation/taxation structure and cigarette consumption differs by gender. The data is from the ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2019, 16(7):]

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An Economic Analysis of the Pre-Deeming US Market for Nicotine Vaping Products.

David T Levy, Eric N Lindblom, David T Sweanor, Frank Chaloupka, Richard J O'Connor, Ce Shang, Thomas Palley, Geoffrey T Fong, K Michael Cummings, Maciej L Goniewicz, Ron Borland,

Objectives:Public health policies are often enacted without adequate consideration of the existing market structure or their impacts on that market structure. This paper provides context for the potential impact of regulations on nicotine vaping products (NVP) use by providing a structural analysis of competition in the US NVP market before ... Read more >>

Tob Regul Sci (Tobacco regulatory science)
[2019, 5(2):169-181]

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Localization and Anderson delocalization of light in fractional dimensions with a quasi-periodic lattice.

Changming Huang, Ce Shang, Jing Li, Liangwei Dong, Fangwei Ye,

We address the properties of wavepacket localization-delocalization transition (LDT) in fractional dimensions with a quasi-periodic lattice. The LDT point, which is generally determined by the competition between two sub-lattices comprising the quasi-periodic lattice, turns out to be inversely proportional to the Lévy index. Surprisingly, we find that, in the presence ... Read more >>

Opt Express (Optics express)
[2019, 27(5):6259-6267]

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Where Do Vapers Buy Their Vaping Supplies? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) 4 Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

David C Braak, K Michael Cummings, Georges J Nahhas, Bryan W Heckman, Ron Borland, Geoffrey T Fong, David Hammond, Christian Boudreau, Ann McNeill, David T Levy, Ce Shang,

Aim: This study examines where vapers purchase their vaping refills in countries having different regulations over such devices, Canada (CA), the United States (US), England (EN), and Australia (AU). Methods: Data were available from 1899 current adult daily and weekly vapers who participated in the 2016 (Wave 1) International Tobacco ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2019, 16(3):]

Cited: 4 times

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Prices, use restrictions and electronic cigarette use-evidence from wave 1 (2016) US data of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Kai-Wen Cheng, Frank J Chaloupka, Ce Shang, Anh Ngo, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Bryan W Heckman, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

AIMS:To determine if there are associations between changes in the explicit (i.e. price) and implicit (i.e. use restrictions in public places) costs of cigarettes and nicotine vaping products (NVPs) and their use patterns in the United States. METHODS:Data came from wave 1 (2016) US data of the ITC Four Country ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:115-122]

Cited: 1 time

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Retinoid X Receptor Alpha Nitro-ligand Z-10 and Its Optimized Derivative Z-36 Reduce β-Amyloid Plaques in Alzheimer's Disease Mouse Model.

Gaoang Ren, Wei Bao, Zhiping Zeng, Weidong Zhang, Ce Shang, Maosi Wang, Ying Su, Xiao-Kun Zhang, Hu Zhou,

Bexarotene, an agonist of retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRα), has been shown to increase the expression of apoE, ABCA1, and ABCG1 by activating RXR/LXR and RXR/PPAR heterodimers, resulting in amyloid β (Aβ)-protein clearance in the brain of an Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model and reversal of mouse cognitive deficits. Nitrostyrene ... Read more >>

Mol. Pharm. (Molecular pharmaceutics)
[2019, 16(2):480-488]

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The association between excise tax structures and the price variability of alcoholic beverages in the United States.

Ce Shang, Xuening Wang, Frank J Chaloupka,

Recent tobacco taxation research suggests that excise tax structure plays an important role in the effectiveness of increasing taxes in reducing consumption. However, evidence on excise tax structures of alcoholic beverages is scarce. We linked price variability measures for beer, wine, and liquor in the US derived using Economist Intelligence ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2018, 13(12):e0208509]

Cited: 1 time

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The US Cigarette Industry: An Economic and Marketing Perspective.

David Levy, Frank Chaloupka, Eric N Lindblom, David T Sweanor, Richard J O'Connor, Ce Shang, Ron Borland,

Objectives:Tobacco company conduct has been a central concern in tobacco control. Nevertheless, the public health community has not taken full advantage of the large economics and marketing literature on market competition in the cigarette industry. Methods:We conducted an unstructured narrative review of the economics and marketing literature using an antitrust ... Read more >>

Tob Regul Sci (Tobacco regulatory science)
[2019, 5(2):156-168]

Cited: 0 times

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The impact of vaping and regulatory environment on cigarette demand: behavioral economic perspective across four countries.

Bryan W Heckman, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Sara Hitchman, Richard J O'Connor, Warren K Bickel, Jeffrey S Stein, Hua-Hie Yong, Georges J Nahhas, Derek A Pope, Ce Shang, Kai-Wen Cheng, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Government regulations of nicotine vaping products (NVP) have evolved rapidly during the past decade. The impact of NVP regulatory environment and vaping on cigarette demand is unknown. The current study aims to investigate whether or not respondents' reported cigarette demand, as measured by a hypothetical cigarette purchase task, ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:123-133]

Cited: 1 time

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The association between cigarette affordability and consumption: An update.

Yanyun He, Ce Shang, Frank J Chaloupka,

OBJECTIVES:This study calculates cigarette affordability for 78 countries worldwide from 2001 to 2014 using the Relative Income Price (RIP) ratio defined as the percentage of per capita GDP required to purchase 100 packs of cigarettes using the lowest price from Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) database, examine the association between cigarette ... Read more >>

PLoS One (PloS one)
[2018, 13(12):e0200665]

Cited: 5 times

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Tobacco taxation, illegal cigarette supply and geography: findings from the ITC Uruguay Surveys.

Dardo Curti, Ce Shang, Frank J Chaloupka, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND:In Uruguay, real tobacco taxes increased significantly during 2005-2010 and 2014-2017 and decreased during 2010-2014. The effects of these tax changes on illegal and legal cigarette usage differed significantly when we compared cities in the middle and south of the country with cities on the border. OBJECTIVE:This paper analyses whether ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2019, 28(Suppl 1):s53-s60]

Cited: 1 time

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Association between tobacco prices and smoking onset: evidence from the TCP India Survey.

Ce Shang, Frank J Chaloupka, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND:Tobacco use is prevalent among youth and adults in India. However, direct evidence on how increasing taxes or prices affect tobacco use onset is scarce. OBJECTIVE:To analyse the associations between cigarette and bidi prices and smoking onset in India, and how these associations differ by socioeconomic status. METHODOLOGY:The Wave 1 ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2019, 28(Suppl 1):s3-s8]

Cited: 1 time

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The Association Between State Value-Added Taxes and Tobacco Use in India-Evidence From GATS and TCP India Survey.

Ce Shang, Frank J Chaloupka, Geoffrey T Fong, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar,

Introduction:State value-added taxes (VAT) on tobacco products have been increased significantly in recent years in India. Evidence on how these VATs were associated with smoking is highly needed. Methods:State bidi and cigarette VAT rates were linked to Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) India 2009-2010 and Tobacco Control Policy (TCP) India ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2018, 20(11):1344-1352]

Cited: 3 times

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A review of the design methods of complex topology structures for 3D printing.

Jiawei Feng, Jianzhong Fu, Zhiwei Lin, Ce Shang, Bin Li,

As a matter of fact, most natural structures are complex topology structures with intricate holes or irregular surface morphology. These structures can be used as lightweight infill, porous scaffold, energy absorber or micro-reactor. With the rapid advancement of 3D printing, the complex topology structures can now be efficiently and accurately ... Read more >>

(Visual computing for industry, biomedicine, and art)
[2018, 1(1):5]

Cited: 0 times

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