Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Carlos V R Brown

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Evaluation and management of traumatic pneumothorax: A Western Trauma Association critical decisions algorithm.

Marc de Moya, Karen J Brasel, Carlos V R Brown, Jennifer L Hartwell, Kenji Inaba, Eric J Ley, Ernest E Moore, Kimberly A Peck, Anne G Rizzo, Nelson G Rosen, Jason Sperry, Jordan A Weinberg, Matthew J Martin,

<h4>Abstract</h4>This is a recommended algorithm of the Western Trauma Association for the management of a traumatic pneumothorax. The current algorithm and recommendations are based on available published prospective cohort, observational, and retrospective studies and the expert opinion of the Western Trauma Association members. The algorithm and accompanying text represents a ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2022, 92(1):103-107]

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Nutrition therapy in the critically injured adult patient: A Western Trauma Association critical decisions algorithm.

Jennifer L Hartwell, Kimberly A Peck, Eric J Ley, Carlos V R Brown, Ernest E Moore, Jason L Sperry, Anne G Rizzo, Nelson G Rosen, Karen J Brasel, Jordan A Weinberg, Marc A de Moya, Kenji Inaba, Ann Cotton, Matthew J Martin,

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2021, 91(5):909-915]

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Response to letter to the editor: Hemodynamic effects of trauma rapid sequence intubation induction agents are not only related to the medication used.

Emily Leede, Carlos V R Brown,

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2021, 91(3):e79-e80]

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A multicenter investigation of the hemodynamic effects of induction agents for trauma rapid sequence intubation.

Emily Leede, James Kempema, Chad Wilson, Alejandro J Rios Tovar, Alan Cook, Erin Fox, Justin Regner, Robyn Richmond, Matt Carrick, Carlos V R Brown, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Several options exist for induction agents during rapid sequence intubation (RSI) in trauma patients, including etomidate, ketamine, and propofol. These drugs have reported variable hemodynamic effects (hypotension with propofol and sympathomimetic effects with ketamine) that could affect trauma resuscitations. The purpose of this study was to compare the hemodynamic effects ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2021, 90(6):1009-1013]

Cited: 2 times

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Cerebrospinal Fluid Cultures in Traumatic Brain Injury: Is It Worth It? A Two-Center Study.

Navpreet K Dhillon, Saad Sahi, Galinos Barmparas, Nikhil T Linaval, Ting Lung Lin, Shouri Lahiri, Carlos V R Brown, Eric J Ley,

<b><i>Background:</i></b> Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently develop leukocytosis, fever, and tachycardia that may lead to extensive medical investigations to rule out an infectious process. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is often acquired during this workup, however, the utility of this practice has not been studied previously. We hypothesized that CSF ... Read more >>

Surg Infect (Larchmt) (Surgical infections)
[2021, 22(9):923-927]

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Chest and Pelvis X-Rays as a Screening Tool for Abdominal Injury in Geriatric Blunt Trauma Patients.

Emily Leede, Tatiana C P Cardenas, Brent J Emigh, Lawrence H Brown, Pedro G Teixeira, Marc D Trust, Ben Coopwood, Jayson Aydelotte, Sadia Ali, Carlos V R Brown,

<h4>Background</h4>This study evaluates the utility of chest (CXR) and pelvis (PXR) X-ray, as adjuncts to the primary survey, in screening geriatric blunt trauma (GBT) patients for abdominal injury or need for laparotomy.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective analysis of patients 65-89 years in the 2014 National Trauma Data Bank. X-ray injuries were identified ... Read more >>

Am Surg (The American surgeon)
[2021, :3134821998665]

Cited: 0 times

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Risk scoring models fail to predict pulmonary embolism in trauma patients.

Frank R Buchanan, Emily Leede, Lawrence H Brown, Pedro G Teixeira, Jayson D Aydelotte, Tatiana C Cardenas, Thomas B Coopwood, Marc D Trust, Sadia Ali, Carlos V R Brown,

<h4>Background</h4>We aimed to identify risk factors and risk scoring models to help identify post-traumatic pulmonary embolisms (PE).<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective review (2014-2019) of all adult trauma patients admitted to our Level I trauma center that received a CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) for a suspected PE. A systematic literature search found ... Read more >>

Am J Surg (American journal of surgery)
[2021, 222(4):855-860]

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Does preoperative magnetic resonance imaging alter the surgical plan in patients with acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury?

Frank R Buchanan, Vincent Y Wang, Jordan P Amadio, Juan R Ortega-Barnett, Lawrence H Brown, Pedro G Teixeira, Jayson D Aydelotte, Emily Leede, Sadia Ali, Carlos V R Brown,

<h4>Background</h4>Whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) adds value to surgical planning for patients with acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (ATCSCI) remains controversial. In this study, we compared surgeons' operative planning decisions with and without preoperative MRI. We had two hypotheses: (1) the surgical plan for ATCSCI would not change substantially ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2021, 90(1):157-162]

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Platelet Dysfunction after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review.

Christina M Riojas, Michael L Ekaney, Samuel W Ross, Kyle W Cunningham, Elisa J Furay, Carlos V R Brown, Susan L Evans,

Coagulopathy is a known sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Platelet dysfunction has been identified as one of several etiologies of coagulopathy following TBI and has been associated with poor outcomes. Regardless of whether the platelet dysfunction occurs as a direct consequence ... Read more >>

J Neurotrauma (Journal of neurotrauma)
[2021, 38(7):819-829]

Cited: 3 times

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A Prospective Study of Family Satisfaction Changes After Tracheostomy Placement in Trauma Patients.

Marc D Trust, Sabino Lara, Jonathan Hecht, Pedro G Teixeira, Ben Coopwood, Jayson Aydelotte, Tatiana C P Cardenas, Erin Guerra, Sadia Ali, Carlos V R Brown,

<h4>Background</h4>Tracheostomy is a commonly performed procedure in surgical intensive care units. Although the indications and benefits of this procedure are well known, little has been studied in the adult surgical/trauma population about patient family satisfaction after tracheostomy placement.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>We performed a prospective study at our academic level I trauma ... Read more >>

Am Surg (The American surgeon)
[2021, 87(6):961-964]

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Modifiable factors to improve work-life balance for trauma surgeons.

Carlos V R Brown, Bellal A Joseph, Kimberly Davis, Gregory J Jurkovich,

<h4>Introduction</h4>A balance between work and life outside of work can be difficult for practicing physicians to achieve, especially for trauma surgeons. Work-life balance (WLB) has been associated with burnout and career changes. The specific aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with WLB for trauma surgeons. We hypothesized ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2021, 90(1):122-128]

Cited: 2 times

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Corrigendum to "Fatal crashes in the 5 years after recreational marijuana legalization in Colorado and Washington" [Accid. Anal. Prev. 132 (2019) 105284].

Jayson D Aydelotte, Alexandra L Mardock, Christine A Mancheski, Shariq M Quamar, Pedro G Teixeira, Carlos V R Brown, Lawrence H Brown,

Accid Anal Prev (Accident; analysis and prevention)
[2021, 151:105757]

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Western Trauma Association critical decisions in trauma: airway management in adult trauma patients.

Carlos V R Brown, Kenji Inaba, David V Shatz, Ernest E Moore, David Ciesla, Jack A Sava, Hasan B Alam, Karen Brasel, Gary Vercruysse, Jason L Sperry, Anne G Rizzo, Matthew Martin,

Trauma Surg Acute Care Open (Trauma surgery & acute care open)
[2020, 5(1):e000539]

Cited: 0 times

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Updated guidelines to reduce venous thromboembolism in trauma patients: A Western Trauma Association critical decisions algorithm.

Eric J Ley, Carlos V R Brown, Ernest E Moore, Jack A Sava, Kimberly Peck, David J Ciesla, Jason L Sperry, Anne G Rizzo, Nelson G Rosen, Karen J Brasel, Rosemary Kozar, Kenji Inaba, Matthew J Martin,

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2020, 89(5):971-981]

Cited: 5 times

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Penetrating Injuries from "Less Lethal" Beanbag Munitions.

Kristofor A Olson, Laura E Haselden, R Daniel Zaunbrecher, Adam Weinfeld, Lawrence H Brown, Jason A Bradley, Tatiana C P Cardenas, Marc D Trust, Ben Coopwood, Pedro G Teixeira, Carlos V R Brown, Jayson D Aydelotte,

N Engl J Med (The New England journal of medicine)
[2020, 383(11):1081-1083]

Cited: 4 times

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Risk Factors for Failure of Splenic Angioembolization: A Multicenter Study of Level I Trauma Centers.

Brittany Bankhead-Kendall, Pedro Teixeira, Tashinga Musonza, Tim Donahue, Justin Regner, Kelly Harrell, Carlos V R Brown, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Angioembolization (AE) is an adjunct to nonoperative management (NOM) of splenic injuries. We hypothesize that failure of AE is associated with blood transfusion, grade of injury, and technique of AE.<h4>Methods</h4>We performed a retrospective (2010-2017) multicenter study (nine Level I trauma centers) of adult trauma patients with splenic injuries who underwent ... Read more >>

J Surg Res (The Journal of surgical research)
[2021, 257:227-231]

Cited: 0 times

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Western Trauma Association critical decisions in trauma: Cervical spine clearance in trauma patients.

David J Ciesla, David V Shatz, Ernest E Moore, Jack Sava, Matthew J Martin, Carlos V R Brown, Hasan B Alam, Gary A Vercruysse, Karen J Brasel, Kenji Inaba, ,

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2020, 88(2):352-354]

Cited: 1 time

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Concomitant bladder and rectal injuries: Results from the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Multicenter Rectal Injury Study Group.

E Charles Osterberg, Jacob Veith, Carlos V R Brown, John P Sharpe, Tashinga Musonza, John B Holcomb, Eric Bui, Brandon Bruns, H Andrew Hopper, Michael Truitt, Clay Cothren Burlew, Morgan Schellenberg, Jack Sava, Jon Van Horn, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Combined traumatic injuries to the rectum and bladder are rare. We hypothesized that the combination of bladder and rectal injures would have worse outcomes than rectal injury alone.<h4>Methods</h4>This is an American Association for the Surgery of Trauma multi-institutional retrospective study from 2004 to 2015 traumatic rectal injury patients who were ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2020, 88(2):286-291]

Cited: 2 times

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Western Trauma Association critical decisions in trauma: Management of intracranial hypertension in patients with severe traumatic brain injuries.

Hasan B Alam, Gary Vercruysse, Matthew Martin, Carlos V R Brown, Karen Brasel, Ernest E Moore, Jack Sava, David Ciesla, Kenji Inaba, ,

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2020, 88(2):345-351]

Cited: 0 times

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Desmopressin is a transfusion sparing option to reverse platelet dysfunction in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

Elisa J Furay, Mitch J Daley, Praveen Satarasinghe, Sabino Lara, Jayson D Aydelotte, Pedro G Teixeira, Thomas B Coopwood, Sadia Ali, Carlos V R Brown,

<h4>Background</h4>Platelet dysfunction (PD) is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). Platelet transfusions (PLTs) have been shown to be an effective treatment strategy to reverse platelet inhibition. Their use is contingent on availability and may be associated with increased cost and transfusion-related complications, making ... Read more >>

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2020, 88(1):80-86]

Cited: 3 times

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Evaluation and management of abdominal gunshot wounds: A Western Trauma Association critical decisions algorithm.

Matthew J Martin, Carlos V R Brown, David V Shatz, Hasan Alam, Karen Brasel, Carl J Hauser, Marc de Moya, Ernest E Moore, Gary Vercruysse, Kenji Inaba,

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2019, 87(5):1220-1227]

Cited: 2 times

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Western Trauma Association critical decisions in trauma: Management of the open abdomen after damage control surgery.

Jack Sava, Hasan B Alam, Gary Vercruysse, Matthew Martin, Carlos V R Brown, Karen Brasel, Ernest E Moore, David Ciesla, Kenji Inaba, ,

J Trauma Acute Care Surg (The journal of trauma and acute care surgery)
[2019, 87(5):1232-1238]

Cited: 1 time

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Rectal Injury After Foreign Body Insertion: Secondary Analysis From the AAST Contemporary Management of Rectal Injuries Study Group.

Morgan Schellenberg, Carlos V R Brown, Marc D Trust, John P Sharpe, Tashinga Musonza, John Holcomb, Eric Bui, Brandon Bruns, H Andrew Hopper, Michael S Truitt, Clay C Burlew, Kenji Inaba, Jack Sava, John Vanhorn, Brian Eastridge, Alisa M Cross, Richard Vasak, Gary Vercuysse, Eleanor E Curtis, James Haan, Raul Coimbra, Phillip Bohan, Stephen Gale, Peter G Bendix, ,

BACKGROUND:Retained rectal foreign bodies are a common but incompletely studied problem. This study defined the epidemiology, injury severity, and outcomes after rectal injuries following foreign body insertion. METHODS:Twenty-two level I trauma centers retrospectively identified all patients sustaining a rectal injury in this AAST multi-institutional trial (2005-2014). Only patients injured by ... Read more >>

J Surg Res (The Journal of surgical research)
[2020, 247:541-546]

Cited: 3 times

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Rib Fractures and Mortality: Breaking the Causal Relationship.

Brittany Bankhead-Kendall, Sepeadeh Radpour, Kevin Luftman, Erin Guerra, Sadia Ali, Christopher Getto, Carlos V R Brown,

Rib fractures have long been considered as a major contributor to mortality in the blunt trauma patient. We hypothesized that rib fractures can be an excellent predictor of mortality, but rarely contribute to cause death. We performed a retrospective study (2008-2015) of blunt trauma patients admitted to our urban, Level ... Read more >>

Am Surg (The American surgeon)
[2019, 85(11):1224-1227]

Cited: 1 time

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Decreasing failed extubations with the implementation of an extubation checklist.

Melanie Bobbs, Marc D Trust, Pedro Teixeira, Ben Coopwood, Jayson Aydelotte, Irene Tabas, Sadia Ali, Carlos V R Brown,

BACKGROUND:Failed extubation has been shown to increase ICU stay, transfers to rehabilitation facilities, and mortality. The purpose of this study was to assess the differences in rates of failed extubation before and after implementation of an extubation checklist. METHODS:We performed a retrospective study from January 2013-April 2017 on adult trauma ... Read more >>

Am J Surg (American journal of surgery)
[2019, 217(6):1072-1075]

Cited: 1 time

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