Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Bryan W Heckman

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The Public Health Gains Had Cigarette Companies Chosen to Sell Very Low Nicotine Cigarettes.

David T Levy, K Michael Cummings, Bryan W Heckman, Yameng Li, Zhe Yuan, Tracy T Smith, Rafael Meza,

INTRODUCTION:The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed lowering the nicotine content of cigarettes to a minimally addictive level to increase smoking cessation and reduce initiation. This study has two aims: (1) to determine when cigarette manufacturers had the technical capability to reduce cigarette nicotine content and (2) to ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

Cited: 0 times

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Pain Status as a Predictor of Smoking Cessation Initiation, Lapse, and Relapse.

Joseph W Ditre, Bryan W Heckman, Lisa R LaRowe, Jessica M Powers,

INTRODUCTION:Pain and cigarette smoking are highly prevalent and frequently co-occurring conditions that interact in the manner of a positive feedback loop. Despite initial evidence that smokers with co-occurring pain may experience greater difficulty quitting, we are unaware of previous research that has tested prospective associations between pain status and the ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

Cited: 0 times

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The Impact of E-liquid Propylene Glycol and Vegetable Glycerin Ratio on Ratings of Subjective Effects, Reinforcement Value, and Use in Current Smokers.

Tracy T Smith, Bryan W Heckman, Amy E Wahlquist, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter,

INTRODUCTION:Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) vary on a wide range of characteristics that may affect reinforcement value and use. One characteristic is the ratio of two solvents commonly used in most e-liquids: propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG). The goal of this study was to understand how PG/VG ratio ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(5):791-797]

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The Experimental Tobacco Marketplace: Demand and Substitutability as a Function of Cigarette Taxes and e-Liquid Subsidies.

Derek A Pope, Lindsey Poe, Jeffrey S Stein, Brent A Kaplan, William B DeHart, Alexandra M Mellis, Bryan W Heckman, Leonard H Epstein, Frank J Chaloupka, Warren K Bickel,

INTRODUCTION:The experimental tobacco marketplace (ETM) approximates real-world situations by estimating the effects of several, concurrently available products and policies on budgeted purchasing. Although the effects of increasing cigarette price on potentially less harmful substitutability are well documented, the effects of other, nuanced pricing policies remain speculative. This study used the ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(5):782-790]

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Costs of vaping: evidence from ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Kai-Wen Cheng, Ce Shang, Hye Myung Lee, Frank J Chaloupka, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Bryan W Heckman, Sara C Hitchman, Richard J O'Connor, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

STUDY OBJECTIVES:To compare the prices paid for nicotine vaping products (NVPs) and supplies among current NVP users to prices paid for cigarettes among current smokers. DATA:The 2016 International Tobacco Control Four Country Vaping and Smoking Survey (4CV1). Key measures included: (1) self-reported prices paid for reusable NVPs (eg, rechargeable devices ... Read more >>

Tob Control (Tobacco control)
[2020, :]

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Sex Differences in Subjective and Behavioral Responses to Stressful and Smoking Cues Presented in the Natural Environment of Smokers.

Rachel L Tomko, Michael E Saladin, Nathaniel L Baker, Erin A McClure, Matthew J Carpenter, Viswanathan R Ramakrishnan, Bryan W Heckman, Jennifer M Wray, Katherine T Foster, Stephen T Tiffany, Christopher L Metts, Kevin M Gray,

INTRODUCTION:Some evidence suggests that female smokers may show more context-dependent smoking and that males may show more stereotyped smoking (regardless of stress or cue exposure). The goal of this study was to characterize sex differences in response to stressful and smoking cues ecologically presented in daily life and variability in ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(1):81-88]

Cited: 1 time

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Impact of E-cigarette Sampling on Cigarette Dependence and Reinforcement Value.

Tracy T Smith, Amy E Wahlquist, Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter,

INTRODUCTION:E-cigarettes have risen in prevalence in recent years, and most public health experts agree they deliver fewer toxicants than combustible tobacco products such as cigarettes. Thus, it is important to understand how use of e-cigarettes by current smokers impacts dependence on combustible cigarettes. METHODS:The present study is a secondary analysis ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(2):297-301]

Cited: 1 time

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Behavioral Outcomes of Nicotine Reduction in Current Adult Smokers.

Tracy T Smith, Bryan W Heckman, Jennifer W Tidey, Suzanne M Colby, K Michael Cummings,

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2019, 21(Suppl 1):S125-S127]

Cited: 0 times

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Smokers with pain are more likely to report use of e-cigarettes and other nicotine products.

Jessica M Powers, Bryan W Heckman, Lisa R LaRowe, Joseph W Ditre,

Pain and tobacco cigarette smoking frequently co-occur, and smokers report using cigarettes to self-medicate pain. Despite the growing popularity of e-cigarettes and alternative nicotine products, no research has examined their use as a function of pain status. The goal of this study was to test cross-sectional relations between the presence ... Read more >>

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol (Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology)
[2020, 28(5):601-608]

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Pain characteristics and nicotine deprivation as predictors of performance during a laboratory paradigm of smoking cessation.

Jessica M Powers, Lisa R LaRowe, Bryan W Heckman, Joseph W Ditre,

Although smokers with co-occurring pain report expectations for experiencing greater nicotine withdrawal and difficulty quitting, limited work has examined the role of pain in cessation-related outcomes. The goal of this study was to examine clinically relevant pain characteristics (pain persistence, pain intensity, pain-related disability) as predictors of withdrawal and smoking ... Read more >>

Psychol Addict Behav (Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors)
[2020, 34(2):341-350]

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Rules about smoking and vaping in the home: findings from the 2016 International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Georges J Nahhas, David Braak, K Michael Cummings, Bryan W Heckman, Anthony J Alberg, Hua-Hie Yong, Geoffrey T Fong, Christian Boudreau, Sara C Hitchman, Ann McNeill,

AIMS:To examine rules about smoking and vaping in the home in relation to beliefs about the relative harm of second-hand vapor (SHV) compared with second-hand smoke (SHS) in four countries: Canada, United States, England and Australia. DESIGN:Data were available from 12 294 adults (18+) who participated in the 2016 (wave 1) ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:107-114]

Cited: 1 time

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Characteristics of nicotine vaping products used by participants in the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Richard J O'Connor, Brian V Fix, Ann McNeill, Maciej L Goniewicz, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Sara Hitchman, Ron Borland, David Hammond, David Levy, Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The regulatory environment for nicotine vaping products (NVPs) varies widely across countries and this will probably affect the devices used, nicotine content and usage, and hence the ability of NVPs to substitute for cigarettes. We aimed to describe the types of NVPs used by current vapers in four ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:15-23]

Cited: 4 times

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A new classification system for describing concurrent use of nicotine vaping products alongside cigarettes (so-called 'dual use'): findings from the ITC-4 Country Smoking and Vaping wave 1 Survey.

Ron Borland, Krista Murray, Shannon Gravely, Geoffrey T Fong, Mary E Thompson, Ann McNeill, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz, Hua-Hie Yong, David T Levy, Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings,

AIMS:To determine whether a simple combination of level of smoking and level of vaping results in a useful typology for characterizing smoking and vaping behaviours. METHODS:Cross-sectional data from adults (≥ 18 years) in the 2016 wave 1 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey in the United States (n = 2291), England (n = 3591), Australia ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:24-34]

Cited: 6 times

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Behavioral Economic Purchase Tasks to Estimate Demand for Novel Nicotine/tobacco Products and Prospectively Predict Future Use: Evidence From The Netherlands.

Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Georges J Nahas, Marc C Willemsen, Richard J O'Connor, Ron Borland, Alexander A Hirsch, Warren K Bickel, Matthew J Carpenter,

INTRODUCTION:The demand for alternative nicotine/tobacco products is not well established. This paper uses a behavioral economic approach to test whether smokers have differential demand for conventional factory-made, electronic, and very low nicotine content cigarettes (FMCs/ECs/VLNCs) and uses the prospective cohort design to test the predictive validity of demand indices on ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2019, 21(6):784-791]

Cited: 5 times

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Methods of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey, wave 1 (2016).

Mary E Thompson, Geoffrey T Fong, Christian Boudreau, Pete Driezen, Grace Li, Shannon Gravely, K Michael Cummings, Bryan W Heckman, Richard O'Connor, James F Thrasher, Georges Nahhas, Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, Ann McNeill, Sara C Hitchman, Anne C K Quah,

AIM:To describe the methods of the 2016 International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Smoking and Vaping (4CV) Survey, conducted in 2016 in Australia (AU), Canada (CA), England (EN) and the United States (US). METHODS:The respondents were cigarette smokers, former smokers (quit within the previous 2 years), and at-least-weekly vapers, aged 18 years ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:6-14]

Cited: 8 times

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Discussions between health professionals and smokers about nicotine vaping products: results from the 2016 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Shannon Gravely, James F Thrasher, K Michael Cummings, Janine Ouimet, Ann McNeill, Gang Meng, Eric N Lindblom, Ruth Loewen, Richard J O'Connor, Mary E Thompson, Sara C Hitchman, David Hammond, Bryan W Heckman, Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, Tara Elton-Marshall, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Coral Gartner, Geoffrey T Fong,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Debate exists about whether health professionals (HPs) should advise smokers to use nicotine vaping products (NVPs) to quit smoking. The objectives were to examine in four countries: (1) the prevalence of HP discussions and recommendations to use an NVP; (2) who initiated NVP discussions; (3) the type of ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:71-85]

Cited: 3 times

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Prices, use restrictions and electronic cigarette use-evidence from wave 1 (2016) US data of the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Kai-Wen Cheng, Frank J Chaloupka, Ce Shang, Anh Ngo, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Bryan W Heckman, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

AIMS:To determine if there are associations between changes in the explicit (i.e. price) and implicit (i.e. use restrictions in public places) costs of cigarettes and nicotine vaping products (NVPs) and their use patterns in the United States. METHODS:Data came from wave 1 (2016) US data of the ITC Four Country ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:115-122]

Cited: 1 time

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Multi-method assessment of distress tolerance and smoking-related factors among adult daily smokers.

Amanda R Mathew, Bryan W Heckman, Brett Froeliger, Michael E Saladin, Richard A Brown, Brian Hitsman, Matthew J Carpenter,

Although distress tolerance (DT) is associated with smoking lapse and relapse outcomes, few studies have conducted a rigorous assessment of DT across domain and method in the context of acute abstinence. In a human laboratory-based study of 106 adult daily smokers, we examined between multiple indices of DT and smoking ... Read more >>

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol (Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology)
[2019, 27(2):136-145]

Cited: 2 times

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Cannabis use among a nationally representative cross-sectional sample of smokers and non-smokers in the Netherlands: results from the 2015 ITC Netherlands Gold Magic Survey.

Brian Vincent Fix, Danielle Smith, Richard O'Connor, Bryan W Heckman, Marc C Willemsen, Michael Cummings, Geoffrey Fong,

OBJECTIVES:Existing evidence shows that co-occurring use of tobacco and cannabis is widespread. Patterns of co-use of tobacco and cannabis may change as more jurisdictions legalise medicinal and/or recreational cannabis sales. This analysis examined predictors of current cannabis use and characterised methods of consumption among smokers and non-smokers in a context ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2019, 9(3):E024497]

Cited: 0 times

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Where Do Vapers Buy Their Vaping Supplies? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) 4 Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

David C Braak, K Michael Cummings, Georges J Nahhas, Bryan W Heckman, Ron Borland, Geoffrey T Fong, David Hammond, Christian Boudreau, Ann McNeill, David T Levy, Ce Shang,

Aim: This study examines where vapers purchase their vaping refills in countries having different regulations over such devices, Canada (CA), the United States (US), England (EN), and Australia (AU). Methods: Data were available from 1899 current adult daily and weekly vapers who participated in the 2016 (Wave 1) International Tobacco ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2019, 16(3):]

Cited: 4 times

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The impact of vaping and regulatory environment on cigarette demand: behavioral economic perspective across four countries.

Bryan W Heckman, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland, Sara Hitchman, Richard J O'Connor, Warren K Bickel, Jeffrey S Stein, Hua-Hie Yong, Georges J Nahhas, Derek A Pope, Ce Shang, Kai-Wen Cheng, David T Levy, K Michael Cummings,

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Government regulations of nicotine vaping products (NVP) have evolved rapidly during the past decade. The impact of NVP regulatory environment and vaping on cigarette demand is unknown. The current study aims to investigate whether or not respondents' reported cigarette demand, as measured by a hypothetical cigarette purchase task, ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2019, 114 Suppl 1:123-133]

Cited: 1 time

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Longer duration of smoking abstinence is associated with waning cessation fatigue.

Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Jonathan J K Stoltman, Jennifer Dahne, Ron Borland, Geoffrey T Fong, Matthew J Carpenter,

BACKGROUND:Cessation fatigue, a construct theorized to reflect exhaustion of coping resources due to quitting smoking, has been found to predict relapse. This study examines the association between cessation fatigue and duration of abstinence among 1397 adult former smokers who participated in the 2016 International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Smoking ... Read more >>

Behav Res Ther (Behaviour research and therapy)
[2019, 115:12-18]

Cited: 0 times

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State Tobacco Policies as Predictors of Evidence-Based Cessation Method Usage: Results From a Large, Nationally Representative Dataset.

Jennifer Dahne, Amy E Wahlquist, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter,

Introduction:Evidence-based cessation methods including nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), non-NRT medications, quitlines, and behavioral treatments are underutilized by smokers attempting to quit. Although a number of studies have demonstrated a relationship between state-level tobacco policies (eg, taxation, appropriations) and cessation, whether such state-level factors influence likelihood of using an evidence-based treatment ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob. Res. (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2018, 20(11):1336-1343]

Cited: 1 time

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Does cessation fatigue predict smoking-cessation milestones? A longitudinal study of current and former smokers.

Bryan W Heckman, Jennifer Dahne, Lisa J Germeroth, Amanda R Mathew, Elizabeth J Santa Ana, Michael E Saladin, Matthew J Carpenter,

OBJECTIVE:Long-term abstinence can be undermined by cessation fatigue-an exhaustion of coping resources attributable to quitting smoking/staying quit. The current study examines the predictive validity of a Cessation Fatigue Scale (CFS; three subscales). Among current smokers, we hypothesized higher fatigue would predict longer latency to both quit initiation and achieving 7-day ... Read more >>

J Consult Clin Psychol (Journal of consulting and clinical psychology)
[2018, 86(11):903-914]

Cited: 1 time

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Delay discounting and e-cigarette use: An investigation in current, former, and never cigarette smokers.

Jeffrey S Stein, Bryan W Heckman, Derek A Pope, Elan S Perry, Geoffrey T Fong, K Michael Cummings, Warren K Bickel,

BACKGROUND:Cigarette smokers show greater delay discounting (devaluation of delayed consequences) than non-smokers, suggesting that rapid devaluation of the future contributes to tobacco use through a mechanism in which tobacco-related health consequences are too delayed to discourage smoking. However, little work has quantified delay discounting in relation to electronic cigarette (EC) ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2018, 191:165-173]

Cited: 2 times

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