Full Text Journal Articles by
Author Adam M Leventhal

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Facets of Impulsivity in Relation to Diet Quality and Physical Activity in Adolescence.

Kathryn E Smith, Jason M Lavender, Adam M Leventhal, Tyler B Mason,

Although the construct of impulsivity has generally been found to be associated with obesity and health behaviors in adults, research among adolescents is more limited and studies have yet to elucidate which facets of impulsivity may be most salient with regard to different eating and physical activity behaviors. Therefore, the ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2021, 18(2):]

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Social facilitation of alcohol subjective effects in adolescents: Associations with subsequent alcohol use.

Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Junhan Cho, Matthew D Stone, Dayoung Bae, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Raina D Pang, Adam M Leventhal,

<h4>Rationale</h4>Laboratory research in adults indicates that alcohol-related subjective effects are enhanced under some social conditions. However, it is unknown whether this "social facilitation" of alcohol effects occurs in adolescents and is associated with alcohol use in the natural ecology.<h4>Objectives</h4>We examined associations of social facilitation of alcohol-related subjective effects with subsequent ... Read more >>

Psychopharmacology (Berl) (Psychopharmacology)
[2021, :]

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Effect of Exposure to e-Cigarettes With Salt vs Free-Base Nicotine on the Appeal and Sensory Experience of Vaping: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Adam M Leventhal, Danielle R Madden, Natalia Peraza, Sara J Schiff, Lucas Lebovitz, Lauren Whitted, Jessica Barrington-Trimis, Tyler B Mason, Marissa K Anderson, Alayna P Tackett,

<h4>Importance</h4>Alkaline free-base nicotine is bitter and a respiratory irritant. High-nicotine electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) products contain acid additives that change nicotine from a free-base to a protonated salt chemical form, which could improve the sensory experience of vaping, particularly among never smokers unaccustomed to inhaling free-base nicotine.<h4>Objective</h4>To determine whether exposure to ... Read more >>

JAMA Netw Open (JAMA network open)
[2021, 4(1):e2032757]

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Intention to Quit Vaping Among United States Adolescents.

Tracy T Smith, Georges J Nahhas, Matthew J Carpenter, Lindsay M Squeglia, Vanessa A Diaz, Adam M Leventhal, Jennifer Dahne,

JAMA Pediatr (JAMA pediatrics)
[2021, 175(1):97-99]

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The impact of flavored ENDS use among adolescents on daily use occasions and number of puffs, and next day intentions and willingness to vape.

Melissa H Abadi, Sharon Lipperman-Kreda, Stephen R Shamblen, Kirsten Thompson, Joel W Grube, Adam M Leventhal, Winnie Luseno, Camila Aramburu,

<h4>Background</h4>The FDA's policies restricting sale of sweet flavored cartridge-based and disposable electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) comprise important steps toward curbing adolescent ENDS use. However, additional evidence is needed about the contribution of specific flavors to adolescents' ENDS use. This study investigated the effects of flavor use on same day ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2021, 114:106773]

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Association of Political Party Affiliation With Physical Distancing Among Young Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Adam M Leventhal, Hongying Dai, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Rob McConnell, Jennifer B Unger, Steve Sussman, Junhan Cho,

JAMA Intern Med (JAMA internal medicine)
[2020, :]

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Temporal networks of tobacco withdrawal symptoms during smoking cessation treatment.

David M Lydon-Staley, Adam M Leventhal, Megan E Piper, Robert A Schnoll, Danielle S Bassett,

A recently developed network perspective on tobacco withdrawal posits that withdrawal symptoms causally influence one another across time, rather than simply being indicators of a latent syndrome. Evidence supporting a network perspective would shift the focus of tobacco withdrawal research and intervention toward studying and treating individual withdrawal symptoms and ... Read more >>

J Abnorm Psychol (Journal of abnormal psychology)
[2021, 130(1):89-101]

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Assessment of Nicotine and Cannabis Vaping and Respiratory Symptoms in Young Adults.

Jessica L Braymiller, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Adam M Leventhal, Talat Islam, Afton Kechter, Evan A Krueger, Junhan Cho, Isabella Lanza, Jennifer B Unger, Rob McConnell,

<h4>Importance</h4>Rates of e-cigarette use (ie, nicotine vaping) and cannabis vaping continue to increase among youth and young adults. However, the association of nicotine and cannabis vaping with independent respiratory health outcomes has not been well studied.<h4>Objective</h4>To investigate associations of nicotine and cannabis vaping with bronchitic symptoms, wheeze, and shortness of ... Read more >>

JAMA Netw Open (JAMA network open)
[2020, 3(12):e2030189]

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Longitudinal Prospective Association between Hedonic Hunger and Unhealthy Food and Drink Intake in Adolescents.

Tyler B Mason, Kathryn E Smith, Jason M Lavender, Adam M Leventhal,

Hedonic hunger (i.e., extreme responsiveness to food) has been associated with obesity and poor diet, but findings in the existing literature have primarily been cross-sectional. The current study examined hedonic hunger as a prospective predictor of the longitudinal trajectory of unhealthy food and drink intake across adolescence. Ninth grade students ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(24):]

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Young adult perspectives on their respiratory health symptoms since vaping.

Afton Kechter, Sara J Schiff, Kelsey A Simpson, Rachel C Ceasar, Jessica L Braymiller, Rob McConnell, Adam M Leventhal, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis,

Vaping among young adults (YA) has been associated with adverse respiratory health outcomes. However, key gaps remain in the literature including perspectives from YA vapers on perceived respiratory health symptoms since vaping, how they describe those symptoms and related experiences, and factors to which they attribute their respiratory health symptoms. ... Read more >>

Subst Abus (Substance abuse)
[2020, :1-13]

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Eating to Cope With the COVID-19 Pandemic and Body Weight Change in Young Adults.

Tyler B Mason, Jessica Barrington-Trimis, Adam M Leventhal,

<h4>Purpose</h4>Life disruptions caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic are particularly salient for young adults. Some young adults may engage in unhealthy eating practices to cope with social distancing and isolation during the pandemic, which could increase incidental weight gain. The purpose of this study was to examine the association ... Read more >>

J Adolesc Health (The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine)
[2020, :]

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Prevalence of Young Adult Vaping, Substance Vaped, and Purchase Location Across 5 Categories of Vaping Devices.

Sam N Cwalina, Jessica L Braymiller, Adam M Leventhal, Jennifer B Unger, Rob McConnell, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis,

<h4>Background</h4>The rapidly evolving landscape of vaping devices has complicated analyses of use patterns among youth and young adults. The current study describes the prevalence of use, substances vaped, and purchasing behaviors across five different vaping device categories.<h4>Methods</h4>Participants (n=2505; mean age=19.2, SD=0.46) from a cohort in the Los Angeles area completed ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, :]

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Mental Health and the Association between Asthma and E-cigarette Use among Young Adults in The United States: A Mediation Analysis.

Abdullah M M Alanazi, Mohammed M Alqahtani, Gregory Pavela, Eric W Ford, Adam M Leventhal, Peter S Hendricks,

<h4>Background</h4>Asthma is associated with a greater likelihood of e-cigarette use among young adults, which may increase the risk of pulmonary complications. Because substance use trajectories emerge in early adulthood, it is important to identify factors that may be important in addressing this new public health threat. One such factor may ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2020, 17(23):]

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Trajectories of Nicotine and Cannabis Vaping and Polyuse From Adolescence to Young Adulthood.

H Isabella Lanza, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Rob McConnell, Junhan Cho, Jessica L Braymiller, Evan A Krueger, Adam M Leventhal,

<h4>Importance</h4>Little is known about cannabis vaping trajectories across adolescence and young adulthood or the co-occurrence with nicotine vaping.<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate nicotine vaping and cannabis vaping trajectories from late adolescence to young adulthood (≥18 years of age) and the extent of polysubstance vaping.<h4>Design, setting, and participants</h4>In this prospective cohort study, 5 surveys ... Read more >>

JAMA Netw Open (JAMA network open)
[2020, 3(10):e2019181]

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Trends in the Age of Cigarette Smoking Initiation Among Young Adults in the US From 2002 to 2018.

Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Jessica L Braymiller, Jennifer B Unger, Rob McConnell, Andrew Stokes, Adam M Leventhal, James D Sargent, Jonathan M Samet, Renee D Goodwin,

<h4>Importance</h4>Success in reducing the prevalence of adolescent smoking could reflect complete prevention of smoking initiation or a shift in the age of cigarette smoking initiation from adolescence into early adulthood.<h4>Objective</h4>To assess trends in early adult (ages 18-23 years) vs adolescent (age <18 years) cigarette smoking initiation and transition to daily ... Read more >>

JAMA Netw Open (JAMA network open)
[2020, 3(10):e2019022]

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Sexual minority tobacco use disparities across adolescence and the transition to young adulthood.

Evan A Krueger, Jessica L Braymiller, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Junhan Cho, Rob S McConnell, Adam M Leventhal,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Sexual minority (SM; e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual) youth are disproportionately more likely to use tobacco than non-SM youth, yet there exist several critical gaps in knowledge. This study assessed (a) the timing of SM tobacco use disparities (e.g., during adolescence or early adulthood), (b) whether disparities generalize across different tobacco ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, 217:108298]

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Social determinants of alcohol and cigarette use by race/ethnicity: Can we ignore measurement issues?

Hector I Lopez-Vergara, Robert Rosales, Taneisha S Scheuermann, Nikki L Nollen, Adam M Leventhal, Jasjit S Ahluwalia,

Psychometric critiques of cross-cultural research emphasize testing whether instruments measure the same construct across cultural groups. We tested for measurement invariance (by race/ethnicity) of instruments used to evaluate the relationship between alcohol and tobacco use with perceived discrimination and socioeconomic status (SES). Tests of psychometric equivalence across race/ethnicity focused on: ... Read more >>

Psychol Assess (Psychological assessment)
[2020, 32(11):1075-1086]

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Young adult e-cigarette use: A latent class analysis of device and flavor use, 2018-2019.

H Isabella Lanza, Adam M Leventhal, Junhan Cho, Jessica L Braymiller, Evan A Krueger, Rob McConnell, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis,

<h4>Objective</h4>The myriad of e-cigarette devices and flavors used by young adults (YAs) complicates identification of the particular e-cigarette products that are associated with more frequent tobacco use and merit consideration for regulation. The current study used latent class analysis to identify distinct patterns of e-cigarette device and flavor use and ... Read more >>

Drug Alcohol Depend (Drug and alcohol dependence)
[2020, 216:108258]

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Association of frequency of perceived exposure to discrimination with tobacco withdrawal symptoms and smoking lapse behavior in African Americans.

Mariel S Bello, Madalyn M Liautaud, Julianne T De La Cerda, Raina D Pang, Lara A Ray, Jasjit A Ahluwalia, Adam M Leventhal,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>Frequent experiences of discrimination could increase vulnerability to tobacco withdrawal and smoking lapse in populations subject to tobacco-related health disparities. This laboratory study (2013-17) examined whether individual differences in perceived exposure to discrimination in one's daily life predicted tobacco withdrawal symptoms and smoking lapse behavior following acute tobacco ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2020, :]

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Prevalence of Flavored e-Cigarette Use Among Subpopulations of Adults in the United States.

Adam M Leventhal, Hongying Dai,

BACKGROUND:Evidence of U.S. adult flavored e-cigarette use prevalence stratified by age, smoking status, and purpose for vaping (i.e., quitting smoking, to use when/where smoking is not allowed) can inform policies that reduce the tobacco-related cancer burden. METHOD:Current flavored e-cigarette use (use >1 non-tobacco flavors) prevalence estimates were compared across subpopulation ... Read more >>

J Natl Cancer Inst (Journal of the National Cancer Institute)
[2020, :]

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Flavor and Nicotine Effects on E-cigarette Appeal in Young Adults: Moderation by Reason for Vaping.

Adam M Leventhal, Tyler B Mason, Sam N Cwalina, Lauren Whitted, Marissa Anderson, Carly Callahan,

<b>Objectives:</b> Effective regulations that reduce nicotine vaping among young adult dual (combustible and e-cigarette) users may differ depending on whether e-cigarettes are used for helping with smoking cessation. This laboratory experiment examined flavor and nicotine effects on e-cigarette product appeal among young adult dual users, stratified by reported use of ... Read more >>

Am J Health Behav (American journal of health behavior)
[2020, 44(5):732-743]

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Association between e-cigarette use and future combustible cigarette use: Evidence from a prospective cohort of youth and young adults, 2017-2019.

Elizabeth C Hair, Alexis A Barton, Siobhan N Perks, Jennifer Kreslake, Haijun Xiao, Lindsay Pitzer, Adam M Leventhal, Donna M Vallone,

<h4>Introduction</h4>A surge in popularity of e-cigarettes prompts concern given the association between e-cigarettes and future cigarette use. However, much of the evidence for this association comes from early, less efficient, and lower nicotine e-cigarettes than are available and widely used now. The goal of this study was to examine the ... Read more >>

Addict Behav (Addictive behaviors)
[2021, 112:106593]

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Blunt and Non-Blunt Cannabis Use and Risk of Subsequent Combustible Tobacco Product Use Among Adolescents.

Margaret E Mayer, Grace Kong, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Rob McConnell, Adam M Leventhal, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin,

<b>Introduction: </b>Cannabis-including blunts (cannabis rolled in tobacco-containing cigar casing) -is commonly the first substance used among adolescents and may increase the likelihood of subsequent initiation of combustible tobacco products.<br><br><b>Aims and methods: </b>Data were pooled from two prospective studies of adolescents in California and Connecticut (total N = 4594). Logistic regression ... Read more >>

Nicotine Tob Res (Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco)
[2020, 22(8):1409-1413]

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Characterizing the predictive validity of measures of susceptibility to future use of combustible, vaporized and edible cannabis products in adolescent never-users.

Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Dayoung Bae, Sara Schiff, Jordan Davis, Jennifer B Unger, Adam M Leventhal,

<h4>Background and aims</h4>The construct of susceptibility to substance use initiation (i.e. cognitive proclivity to future use) is critical for prevention efforts in adolescent populations. This study aimed to provide empirical evidence for the validity of the susceptibility construct for different cannabis products (i.e. combustible, edible or vaporized cannabis), and evaluate ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2020, 115(12):2339-2348]

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Developmental patterns of tobacco product and cannabis use initiation in high school.

Junhan Cho, Nicholas I Goldenson, Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Raina D Pang, Adam M Leventhal,

<h4>Aims</h4>To identify prototypical developmental patterns of tobacco product and cannabis use and co-use initiation during adolescence, and determine risk factors for and consequences of these initiation patterns.<h4>Design</h4>Prospective repeated-measures cohort with eight semi-annual assessments during high school. Multiple-event process survival mixture modeling identified latent initiation classes with distinct patterns of variation ... Read more >>

Addiction (Addiction (Abingdon, England))
[2020, :]

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