Full Text Journal Articles by
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Self-reported Cannabis Use and Changes in Body Mass Index, CD4 T-Cell Counts, and HIV-1 RNA Suppression in Treated Persons with HIV.

James T Lee, Lauren A Saag, Aaron M Kipp, James Logan, Bryan E Shepherd, John R Koethe, Megan Turner, Sally Bebawy, Timothy R Sterling, Todd Hulgan,

Cannabis use is prevalent among HIV-positive persons, but evidence regarding the impact of cannabis in HIV-positive persons is limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of HIV-positive adults initiating their first antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen. A dedicated intake form assessed self-reported cannabis use in the preceding 7 days at each visit. ... Read more >>

AIDS Behav (AIDS and behavior)
[2020, 24(4):1275-1280]

Cited: 0 times

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Measuring child survival for the Millennium Development Goals in Africa: what have we learned and what more is needed to evaluate the Sustainable Development Goals?

Marie A Brault, Kasonde Mwinga, Aaron M Kipp, Stephen B Kennedy, Margaret Maimbolwa, Precious Moyo, Kenneth Ngure, Connie A Haley, Sten H Vermund,

Reducing child mortality is a key global health challenge. We examined reasons for greater or lesser success in meeting under-five mortality rate reductions, i.e. Millennium Development Goal #4, between 1990 and 2015 in Sub-Saharan Africa where child mortality remains high. We first examined factors associated with child mortality from all ... Read more >>

Glob Health Action (Global health action)
[2020, 13(1):1732668]

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1683. Empathy Scale Validation Among Expectant Seroconcordant Couples Enrolled in HIV Care and Treatment in Zambézia Province, Mozambique.

Daniel Sack, Caroline DeSchacht, Graves Erin, Kipp Aaron, Ezequiel Barreto, Sara Van Rompaey, Carolyn Audet,

AbstractBackgroundAmong patients enrolled in HIV care and treatment in rural Mozambique, 30% abandon treatment within a year. A cluster randomized controlled trial assessing the impact of couple-based vs. individual treatment for concordant couples on viral suppression (the HoPS+ trial) hypothesizes that harnessing family support will improve patient outcomes. Individuals with ... Read more >>

Open Forum Infect Dis (Open forum infectious diseases)
[2019, 6(Suppl 2):S616-S616]

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Trends and Disparities in Mortality and Progression to AIDS in the Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Era: Tennessee, 1996-2016.

Peter F Rebeiro, April C Pettit, Lindsey Sizemore, Samantha A Mathieson, Carolyn Wester, Aaron Kipp, Bryan E Shepherd, Timothy R Sterling,

Objectives. To use statewide surveillance data to examine trends and disparities in mortality and progression from HIV to AIDS comprehensively in Tennessee over the past 20 years.Methods. Individuals diagnosed with HIV in Tennessee from 1996 to 2016 were identified through the Tennessee Department of Health Enhanced HIV/AIDS Reporting System. Clinical ... Read more >>

Am J Public Health (American journal of public health)
[2019, 109(9):1266-1272]

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HIV Rapid Diagnostic Test Inventories in Zambézia Province, Mozambique: A Tale of 2 Test Kits.

Christopher C Wahlfeld, Amina Muicha, Paulo Harrison, Aaron M Kipp, Gael Claquin, Wilson P Silva, Ann F Green, C William Wester, Troy D Moon,

BACKGROUND:The first pillar of the UNAIDS 90-90-90 goal seeks to accurately identify persons living with HIV (PLHIV), a process that is predicated on facilities having the necessary HIV tests available to perform the task. In many rural settings, the identification of PLHIV is accomplished through a two-step process involving the ... Read more >>

Int J Health Policy Manag (International journal of health policy and management)
[2019, 8(5):292-299]

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Promoting progress in child survival across four African countries: the role of strong health governance and leadership in maternal, neonatal and child health.

Connie A Haley, Marie A Brault, Kasonde Mwinga, Teshome Desta, Kenneth Ngure, Stephen B Kennedy, Margaret Maimbolwa, Precious Moyo, Sten H Vermund, Aaron M Kipp, ,

Despite numerous international and national efforts, only 12 countries in the World Health Organization's African Region met the Millennium Development Goal #4 (MDG#4) to reduce under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Given the variability across sub-Saharan Africa, a four-country study was undertaken to examine barriers and facilitators of child survival ... Read more >>

Health Policy Plan (Health policy and planning)
[2019, 34(1):24-36]

Cited: 1 time

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Factors influencing rapid progress in child health in post-conflict Liberia: a mixed methods country case study on progress in child survival, 2000-2013.

Marie A Brault, Stephen B Kennedy, Connie A Haley, Adolphus T Clarke, Musu C Duworko, Phanuel Habimana, Sten H Vermund, Aaron M Kipp, Kasonde Mwinga,

OBJECTIVES:Only 12 countries in the WHO's African region met Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) to reduce under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Given the variability across the African region, a four-country mixed methods study was undertaken to examine barriers and facilitators of child survival prior to 2015. Liberia was ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2018, 8(10):e021879]

Cited: 3 times

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Partners-based HIV treatment for seroconcordant couples attending antenatal and postnatal care in rural Mozambique: A cluster randomized trial protocol.

Carolyn M Audet, Erin Graves, Ezequiel Barreto, Caroline De Schacht, Wu Gong, Bryan E Shepherd, Arifo Aboobacar, Lazaro Gonzalez-Calvo, Maria Fernanda Alvim, Muktar H Aliyu, Aaron M Kipp, Heather Jordan, K Rivet Amico, Matthew Diemer, Andrea Ciaranello, Caitlin Dugdale, Sten H Vermund, Sara Van Rompaey,

BACKGROUND:In resource-limited rural settings, scale-up of services to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV has not been as effective as in better resourced urban settings. In sub-Saharan Africa, women often require male partner approval to access and remain engaged in HIV care. Our study will evaluate a promising male engagement intervention ... Read more >>

Contemp Clin Trials (Contemporary clinical trials)
[2018, 71:63-69]

Cited: 0 times

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Effects of depression and anxiety on antiretroviral therapy adherence among newly diagnosed HIV-infected Chinese MSM.

Jun Tao, Han-Zhu Qian, Aaron M Kipp, Yuhua Ruan, Bryan E Shepherd, Kathy Rivet Amico, Yiming Shao, Hongyan Lu, Sten H Vermund,

Our objective was to explore the effect of depression and anxiety on adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among MSM with newly diagnosed HIV infections.We conducted a prospective study of Chinese MSM with newly diagnosed HIV infections.The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to measure depression and anxiety at baseline, ... Read more >>

AIDS (AIDS (London, England))
[2017, 31(3):401-406]

Cited: 12 times

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The introduction of new policies and strategies to reduce inequities and improve child health in Kenya: A country case study on progress in child survival, 2000-2013.

Marie A Brault, Kenneth Ngure, Connie A Haley, Stewart Kabaka, Kibet Sergon, Teshome Desta, Kasonde Mwinga, Sten H Vermund, Aaron M Kipp,

As of 2015, only 12 countries in the World Health Organization's AFRO region had met Millennium Development Goal #4 (MDG#4) to reduce under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Given the variability across the African region, a four-country study was undertaken to examine barriers and facilitators of child survival prior to ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2017, 12(8):e0181777]

Cited: 4 times

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Daily Marijuana Use is Associated with Missed Clinic Appointments Among HIV-Infected Persons Engaged in HIV Care.

Aaron M Kipp, Peter F Rebeiro, Bryan E Shepherd, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Megan Turner, Sally Bebawy, Timothy R Sterling, Todd Hulgan,

We assessed the association between marijuana use and retention in HIV care through a retrospective cohort study of patients engaged in care at a large HIV clinic in 2011 and 2012. Two different retention outcomes were assessed: not meeting the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) retention definition (≥2 provider visits ≥90 days ... Read more >>

AIDS Behav (AIDS and Behavior)
[2017, 21(7):1996-2004]

Cited: 9 times

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Improving access to child health services at the community level in Zambia: a country case study on progress in child survival, 2000-2013.

Aaron M Kipp, Margaret Maimbolwa, Marie A Brault, Penelope Kalesha-Masumbu, Mary Katepa-Bwalya, Phanuel Habimana, Sten H Vermund, Kasonde Mwinga, Connie A Haley,

Reductions in under-five mortality in Africa have not been sufficient to meet the Millennium Development Goal #4 (MDG#4) of reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds by 2015. Nevertheless, 12 African countries have met MDG#4. We undertook a four country study to examine barriers and facilitators of child survival prior to 2015, ... Read more >>

Health Policy Plan (Health policy and planning)
[2017, 32(5):603-612]

Cited: 4 times

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Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes Among HIV/TB-Coinfected Children in the International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) Network.

James G Carlucci, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Aaron M Kipp, Mary L Lindegren, Quy T Du, Lorna Renner, Gary Reubenson, John Ssali, Marcel Yotebieng, Anna M Mandalakas, Mary-Ann Davies, Marie Ballif, Lukas Fenner, April C Pettit, ,

INTRODUCTION:Management of tuberculosis (TB) is challenging in HIV/TB-coinfected children. The World Health Organization recommends nucleic acid amplification tests for TB diagnosis, a 4-drug regimen including ethambutol during intensive phase (IP) of treatment, and initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) within 8 weeks of TB diagnosis. We investigated TB treatment outcomes by ... Read more >>

J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. (Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999))
[2017, 75(2):156-163]

Cited: 9 times

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Impact of a critical health workforce shortage on child health in Zimbabwe: a country case study on progress in child survival, 2000-2013.

Connie A Haley, Sten H Vermund, Precious Moyo, Aaron M Kipp, Bernard Madzima, Trevor Kanyowa, Teshome Desta, Kasonde Mwinga, Marie A Brault,

Despite notable progress reducing global under-five mortality rates, insufficient progress in most sub-Saharan African nations has prevented the achievement of Millennium Development Goal four (MDG#4) to reduce under-five mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Country-level assessments of factors underlying why some African countries have not been able to achieve ... Read more >>

Health Policy Plan (Health policy and planning)
[2017, 32(5):613-624]

Cited: 5 times

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Impact of Depression and Anxiety on Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy Among Men Who Have Sex with Men with Newly Diagnosed HIV Infections in China.

Jun Tao, Sten H Vermund, Hongyan Lu, Yuhua Ruan, Bryan E Shepherd, Aaron M Kipp, K Rivet Amico, Xiangjun Zhang, Yiming Shao, Han-Zhu Qian,

Depression and anxiety are common among persons recently diagnosed with HIV infection. We examined whether depression or anxiety was associated with delayed initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among a prospective cohort of Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) who were newly diagnosed with HIV. The Hospital Anxiety and ... Read more >>

AIDS Patient Care STDS (AIDS patient care and STDs)
[2017, 31(2):96-104]

Cited: 16 times

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Relationship of Stigma and Depression Among Newly HIV-Diagnosed Chinese Men Who Have Sex with Men.

Jun Tao, Lijuan Wang, Aaron M Kipp, Han-Zhu Qian, Lu Yin, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao, Hongyan Lu, Sten H Vermund,

Little is known about the relationship between HIV stigma and depression among newly diagnosed HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM). We measured HIV-related stigma and current depression using standard scales among 367 Chinese MSM who had been diagnosed very recently with HIV infection, analyzing key associations with multivariable ... Read more >>

AIDS Behav (AIDS and Behavior)
[2017, 21(1):292-299]

Cited: 14 times

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High HIV prevalence and the internet as a source of HIV-related service information at a community-based organization in Peru: a cross-sectional study of men who have sex with men.

R Colby Passaro, Connie A Haley, Hugo Sanchez, Sten H Vermund, Aaron M Kipp,

The HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Peru (12.4 %) is 30 times higher than in the general adult population (0.4 %). It is critical for community-based organizations to understand how to provide HIV services to MSM while maximizing limited resources. This study describes the HIV prevalence ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC public health)
[2016, 16(1):871]

Cited: 3 times

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Subjective Ratings of Fatigue and Vigor in Adults With Hearing Loss Are Driven by Perceived Hearing Difficulties Not Degree of Hearing Loss.

Benjamin W Y Hornsby, Aaron M Kipp,

OBJECTIVES:Anecdotal reports and qualitative research suggests that fatigue is a common, but often overlooked, accompaniment of hearing loss which negatively affects quality of life. However, systematic research examining the relationship between hearing loss and fatigue is limited. In this study, the authors examined relationships between hearing loss and various domains ... Read more >>

Ear Hear (Ear and hearing)
[2016, 37(1):e1-10]

Cited: 11 times

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Factors associated with declining under-five mortality rates from 2000 to 2013: an ecological analysis of 46 African countries.

Aaron M Kipp, Meridith Blevins, Connie A Haley, Kasonde Mwinga, Phanuel Habimana, Bryan E Shepherd, Muktar H Aliyu, Tigest Ketsela, Sten H Vermund,

Inadequate overall progress has been made towards the 4th Millennium Development Goal of reducing under-five mortality rates by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Progress has been variable across African countries. We examined health, economic and social factors potentially associated with reductions in under-five mortality (U5M) from 2000 to 2013.Ecological analysis ... Read more >>

BMJ Open (BMJ open)
[2016, 6(1):e007675]

Cited: 9 times

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Re-validation of the Van Rie HIV/AIDS-related stigma scale for use with people living with HIV in the United States.

Aaron M Kipp, Carolyn M Audet, Valerie A Earnshaw, Jared Owens, Catherine C McGowan, Kenneth A Wallston,

There is little consensus about which of the many validated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) stigma scales should be regularly used, with few being re-validated in different contexts or evaluated for how they compare to other, existing HIV stigma scales. The purpose of this exploratory study was to re-validate the Van ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2015, 10(3):e0118836]

Cited: 9 times

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Helminth prevalence among adults in rural Kenya: a stool survey for soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis in Nyanza province.

Jonathan W Andereck, Aaron M Kipp, Michael Ondiek, Sten H Vermund,

BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) prevalence in children is high in rural southwestern Kenya, but adult prevalence data are scarce. A 2010 study of a village in Nyanza province found a pediatric STH prevalence of 44% using a direct stool-smear method. Adult STH prevalence and associated predictors was measured in the ... Read more >>

Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. (Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene)
[2014, 108(12):804-809]

Cited: 4 times

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HIV stigma as a barrier to retention in HIV care at a general hospital in Lima, Peru: a case-control study.

Carla Valenzuela, Cesar Ugarte-Gil, Jorge Paz, Juan Echevarria, Eduardo Gotuzzo, Sten H Vermund, Aaron M Kipp,

HIV stigma as a barrier to retention in HIV care has not been well-studied outside the United States. We conducted a case-control study in Lima, Peru to examine this issue. Cases were out-of-care for ≥12 months (n = 66) and controls were recruited from patients in active care presenting for a clinic visit ... Read more >>

AIDS Behav (AIDS and Behavior)
[2015, 19(2):235-245]

Cited: 19 times

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Impact of definitions of loss to follow-up on estimates of retention, disease progression, and mortality: application to an HIV program in Mozambique.

Bryan E Shepherd, Meridith Blevins, Lara M E Vaz, Troy D Moon, Aaron M Kipp, Eurico José, Ferreira G Ferreira, Sten H Vermund,

Patient retention is critical to the management of chronic diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); hence, accurate measures of loss to follow-up (LTF) are important. Many different LTF definitions have been proposed. In a cohort of 9,692 HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in Mozambique from 2006 to 2011, we ... Read more >>

Am. J. Epidemiol. (American journal of epidemiology)
[2013, 178(5):819-828]

Cited: 33 times

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Relationship between HIV stigma and self-isolation among people living with HIV in Tennessee.

Carolyn M Audet, Catherine C McGowan, Kenneth A Wallston, Aaron M Kipp,

HIV stigma is a contributing factor to poor patient outcomes. Although HIV stigma has been documented, its impact on patient well-being in the southern US is not well understood.Thirty-two adults participated in cognitive interviews after completing the Berger HIV or the Van Rie stigma scale. Participant responses were probed to ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2013, 8(8):e69564]

Cited: 26 times

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Heterogeneity in outcomes of treated HIV-positive patients in Europe and North America: relation with patient and cohort characteristics.

Margaret T May, Robert S Hogg, Amy C Justice, Bryan E Shepherd, Dominique Costagliola, Bruno Ledergerber, Rodolphe Thiébaut, M John Gill, Ole Kirk, Ard van Sighem, Michael S Saag, Gemma Navarro, Paz Sobrino-Vegas, Fiona Lampe, Suzanne Ingle, Jodie L Guest, Heidi M Crane, Antonella D'Arminio Monforte, Jörg J Vehreschild, Jonathan A C Sterne, ,

HIV cohort collaborations, which pool data from diverse patient cohorts, have provided key insights into outcomes of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the extent of, and reasons for, between-cohort heterogeneity in rates of AIDS and mortality are unclear.We obtained data on adult HIV-positive patients who started ART from 1998 without a ... Read more >>

Int J Epidemiol (International journal of epidemiology)
[2012, 41(6):1807-1820]

Cited: 27 times

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