Full Text Journal Articles by
Author A Twomey

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Carcass and efficiency metrics of beef cattle differ by whether the calf was born in a dairy or a beef herd.

Alan J Twomey, Siobhán C Ring, Noirin McHugh, Donagh P Berry,

Beef originates from the progeny of either dairy or beef dams. The objective of the present study was to identify contributing factors to the differences in the carcass merit of progeny from both dam types. This goal was achieved using slaughter records from 16,414 bucket-reared dairy animals (DXD), 5,407 bucket-reared ... Read more >>

J Anim Sci (Journal of animal science)
[2020, 98(11):]

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Validation of a beef cattle maternal breeding objective based on a cross-sectional analysis of a large national cattle database.

Alan J Twomey, Andrew R Cromie, Noirin McHugh, Donagh P Berry,

Despite the importance of validating any technology prior to recommendation for use, few studies exist in the scientific literature which have demonstrated the superior performance of high-ranking animals in a given total merit index; this is especially true for maternal cattle selection indexes. The objective of the present study was ... Read more >>

J Anim Sci (Journal of animal science)
[2020, 98(11):]

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Synthesising wave attenuation for seagrass: Drag coefficient as a unifying indicator.

Alice J Twomey, Katherine R O'Brien, David P Callaghan, Megan I Saunders,

An estimated 100 million people inhabit coastal areas at risk from flooding and erosion due to climate change. Seagrass meadows, like other coastal ecosystems, attenuate waves. Due to inconsistencies in how wave attenuation is measured results cannot be directly compared. We synthesised data from laboratory and field experiments of seagrass-wave ... Read more >>

Mar Pollut Bull (Marine pollution bulletin)
[2020, 160:111661]

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The effect of a pre- and post-operative exercise programme versus standard care on physical fitness of patients with oesophageal and gastric cancer undergoing neoadjuvant treatment prior to surgery (The PERIOP-OG Trial): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Roisin Tully, Lisa Loughney, Jarlath Bolger, Jan Sorensen, Oliver McAnena, Chris G Collins, Paul A Carroll, Mayilone Arumugasamy, Tomas J Murphy, William B Robb, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Advances in peri-operative oncological treatment, surgery and peri-operative care have improved survival for patients with oesophagogastric cancers. Neoadjuvant cancer treatment (NCT) reduces physical fitness, which may reduce both compliance and tolerance of NCT as well as compromising post-operative outcomes. This is particularly detrimental in a patient group where malnutrition is ... Read more >>

Trials (Trials)
[2020, 21(1):638]

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The Neonatal Early Onset Sepsis Calculator; in Clinical Practice.

L Loughlin, S Knowles, A Twomey, J F A Murphy,

Aims To determine the impact of applying the Neonatal Early Onset Sepsis Calculator (NEOSC) to clinical practice. We evaluated this multivariable risk prediction model, used in the assessment of infants >35 weeks GA, at risk of neonatal sepsis. Methods A retrospective, cohort study comparing the rates of blood culture use ... Read more >>

Ir Med J (Irish medical journal)
[2020, 113(4):57]

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Choice of artificial insemination beef bulls used to mate with female dairy cattle.

D P Berry, S C Ring, A J Twomey, R D Evans,

Understanding the preferences of dairy cattle producers when selecting beef bulls for mating can help inform beef breeding programs as well as provide default parameters in mating advice systems. The objective of the present study was to characterize the genetic merit of beef artificial insemination (AI) bulls used in dairy ... Read more >>

J Dairy Sci (Journal of dairy science)
[2020, 103(2):1701-1710]

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Controlled Trial of Two Incremental Milk-Feeding Rates in Preterm Infants.

Jon Dorling, Jane Abbott, Janet Berrington, Beth Bosiak, Ursula Bowler, Elaine Boyle, Nicholas Embleton, Oliver Hewer, Samantha Johnson, Edmund Juszczak, Alison Leaf, Louise Linsell, Kenny McCormick, William McGuire, Omar Omar, Christopher Partlett, Mehali Patel, Tracy Roberts, Ben Stenson, John Townend, ,

<h4>Background</h4>Observational data have shown that slow advancement of enteral feeding volumes in preterm infants is associated with a reduced risk of necrotizing enterocolitis but an increased risk of late-onset sepsis. However, data from randomized trials are limited.<h4>Methods</h4>We randomly assigned very preterm or very-low-birth-weight infants to daily milk increments of 30 ... Read more >>

N Engl J Med (The New England journal of medicine)
[2019, 381(15):1434-1443]

Cited: 6 times

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Genome-wide association study of endo-parasite phenotypes using imputed whole-genome sequence data in dairy and beef cattle.

Alan J Twomey, Donagh P Berry, Ross D Evans, Michael L Doherty, David A Graham, Deirdre C Purfield,

<h4>Background</h4>Quantitative genetic studies suggest the existence of variation at the genome level that affects the ability of cattle to resist to parasitic diseases. The objective of the current study was to identify regions of the bovine genome that are associated with resistance to endo-parasites.<h4>Methods</h4>Individual cattle records were available for Fasciola ... Read more >>

Genet Sel Evol (Genetics, selection, evolution : GSE)
[2019, 51(1):15]

Cited: 1 time

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Genetic selection for hoof health traits and cow mobility scores can accelerate the rate of genetic gain in producer-scored lameness in dairy cows.

S C Ring, A J Twomey, N Byrne, M M Kelleher, T Pabiou, M L Doherty, D P Berry,

Cattle breeding programs that strive to reduce the animal-level incidence of lameness are often hindered by the availability of informative phenotypes. As a result, indicator traits of lameness (i.e., hoof health and morphological conformation scores) can be used to improve the accuracy of selection and subsequent genetic gain. Therefore, the ... Read more >>

J Dairy Sci (Journal of dairy science)
[2018, 101(11):10034-10047]

Cited: 2 times

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Genetic correlations between endo-parasite phenotypes and economically important traits in dairy and beef cattle.

Alan J Twomey, Rebecca I Carroll, Michael L Doherty, Noel Byrne, David A Graham, Riona G Sayers, Astrid Blom, Donagh P Berry,

Parasitic diseases have economic consequences in cattle production systems. Although breeding for parasite resistance can complement current control practices to reduce the prevalence globally, there is little knowledge of the implications of such a strategy on other performance traits. Records on individual animal antibody responses to Fasciola hepatica, Ostertagia ostertagi, ... Read more >>

J Anim Sci (Journal of animal science)
[2018, 96(2):407-421]

Cited: 4 times

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Client personal recovery and recovery orientation of an Irish suicide intervention charity.

C Conway, P W G Surgenor, T B Thekiso, A Moore, A Campion, A Twomey, G Rush,

BACKGROUND:Recovery is a key goal for individuals, and services' recovery orientation can facilitate this process. The independent mental health sector is increasingly important in Ireland, particularly in counselling and suicide prevention. We aimed to evaluate Pieta House as a recovery-oriented service through clients' self-rated recovery; and clients' and therapists' evaluation ... Read more >>

Ir J Psychol Med (Irish journal of psychological medicine)
[2018, 35(2):113-120]

Cited: 0 times

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Little genetic variability in resilience among cattle exists for a range of performance traits across herds in Ireland differing in Fasciola hepatica prevalence.

Alan J Twomey, David A Graham, Michael L Doherty, Astrid Blom, Donagh P Berry,

It is anticipated that in the future, livestock will be exposed to a greater risk of infection from parasitic diseases. Therefore, future breeding strategies for livestock, which are generally long-term strategies for change, should target animals adaptable to environments with a high parasitic load. Covariance components were estimated in the ... Read more >>

J Anim Sci (Journal of animal science)
[2018, 96(6):2099-2112]

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2% chlorhexidine-70% isopropyl alcohol versus 10% povidone-iodine for insertion site cleaning before central line insertion in preterm infants: a randomised trial.

Emily A Kieran, Anne O'Sullivan, Jan Miletin, Anne R Twomey, Susan J Knowles, Colm Patrick Finbarr O'Donnell,

To determine whether 2% chlorhexidine gluconate-70% isopropyl alcohol (CHX-IA) is superior to 10% aqueous povidone-iodine (PI) in preventing catheter-related blood stream infection (CR-BSI) when used to clean insertion sites before placing central venous catheters (CVCs) in preterm infants.Randomised controlled trial.Two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).Infants <31 weeks' gestation who had ... Read more >>

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed (Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition)
[2018, 103(2):F101-F106]

Cited: 8 times

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This is dental care for the elderly: Ireland 2016.

Anne Twomey,

J Ir Dent Assoc (Journal of the Irish Dental Association)
[2016, 62(6):332-333]

Cited: 0 times

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Genetic parameters for both a liver damage phenotype caused by and antibody response to phenotype in dairy and beef cattle.

A J Twomey, R G Sayers, R I Carroll, N Byrne, E O' Brien, M L Doherty, J C McClure, D A Graham, D P Berry,

is a helminth parasite of economic importance to the global cattle industry, with documented high international herd prevalence. The objective of the present study was to generate the first published genetic parameter estimates for liver damage caused by as well as antibody response to in cattle. Abattoir data on the ... Read more >>

J Anim Sci (Journal of animal science)
[2016, 94(10):4109-4119]

Cited: 8 times

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Standardised versus Individualised Parenteral Nutrition. Further Food for Thought.

R McCarthy, R Segurado, M Crealey, A Twomey,

Parenteral Nutrition may be prescribed as a standard PN (SPN) formulation or as an individualised PN (IPN) formulation. SPN may have advantages in terms of rapid availability, less prescription errors, decreased risk of infection and cost savings but IPN, specifically tailored to an infants needs, may achieve better outcomes in ... Read more >>

Ir Med J (Irish medical journal)
[2016, 109(4):386]

Cited: 1 time

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A matter of record.

Anne Twomey,

J Ir Dent Assoc (Journal of the Irish Dental Association)
[2016, 62(1):25]

Cited: 0 times

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Gentamicin Dosing in Therapeutic Hypothermia; a Quality Improvement Initiative.

L Whitla, D Fitzgerald, A Twomey, S Knowles, J F A Murphy,

Ir Med J (Irish medical journal)
[2016, 109(1):348]

Cited: 0 times

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Dentists united on issue of child oral health.

Anne Twomey,

J Ir Dent Assoc (Journal of the Irish Dental Association)
[2015, 61(6):275]

Cited: 0 times

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Health matters.

Anne Twomey,

J Ir Dent Assoc (Journal of the Irish Dental Association)
[2015, 61(5):223]

Cited: 0 times

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Good governance.

Anne Twomey,

J Ir Dent Assoc (Journal of the Irish Dental Association)
[2015, 61(4):163]

Cited: 0 times

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Neutrophil and monocyte toll-like receptor 4, CD11b and reactive oxygen intermediates, and neuroimaging outcomes in preterm infants.

Fiona M O'Hare, William Watson, Amanda O'Neill, Tim Grant, Chike Onwuneme, Veronica Donoghue, Eoghan Mooney, Paul Downey, John Murphy, Anne Twomey, Eleanor J Molloy,

<h4>Background</h4>Activated leukocytes and infection are implicated in neonatal brain injury. Leukocyte surface receptors are increased in stroke models and may be targets for future adjunctive therapies.<h4>Methods</h4>Serial blood samples were analyzed from preterm infants (n = 51; <32 wk gestation) on days 0, 1, 2, and 7 of life. Monocyte and neutrophil ... Read more >>

Pediatr Res (Pediatric research)
[2015, 78(1):82-90]

Cited: 7 times

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The Association of Vitamin D Status with Acute Respiratory Morbidity in Preterm Infants.

Chike Onwuneme, Fidelma Martin, Roberta McCarthy, Aoife Carroll, Ricardo Segurado, John Murphy, Anne Twomey, Nuala Murphy, Mark Kilbane, Malachi McKenna, Eleanor Molloy,

<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels and outcomes in preterm infants (<32 weeks gestation).<h4>Study design</h4>Serum 25OHD was measured in mothers and their infants within 24 hours of birth, before the start of enteral vitamin D supplementation, and at discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit. We ... Read more >>

J Pediatr (The Journal of pediatrics)
[2015, 166(5):1175-1180.e1]

Cited: 25 times

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A randomized trial of exothermic mattresses for preterm newborns in polyethylene bags.

Lisa K McCarthy, Eleanor J Molloy, Anne R Twomey, John F A Murphy, Colm P F O'Donnell,

<h4>Background and objective</h4>Hypothermia on admission to the NICU is associated with increased mortality in preterm infants. Many newborns are hypothermic on admission despite using polyethylene bags (PBs). Using exothermic mattresses (EMs) in addition to PBs may reduce hypothermia but increase hyperthermia. We wished to determine whether placing preterm newborns in ... Read more >>

Pediatrics (Pediatrics)
[2013, 132(1):e135-41]

Cited: 20 times

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A trial comparing noninvasive ventilation strategies in preterm infants.

Haresh Kirpalani, David Millar, Brigitte Lemyre, Bradley A Yoder, Aaron Chiu, Robin S Roberts, ,

<h4>Background</h4>To reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely-low-birth-weight infants, clinicians attempt to minimize the use of endotracheal intubation by the early introduction of less invasive forms of positive airway pressure.<h4>Methods</h4>We randomly assigned 1009 infants with a birth weight of less than 1000 g and a gestational age of less ... Read more >>

N Engl J Med (The New England journal of medicine)
[2013, 369(7):611-620]

Cited: 66 times

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