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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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Social isolation and exclusion: the parents' experience of caring for children with rare neurodevelopmental disorders.

Genevieve Currie, Joanna Szabo,

Purpose: The experiences of parents caring for the complex care needs of children with rare neurodevelopmental disorders are not well understood. Parents struggle to meet their children's medical, behavioural, and social needs within and across health, social, and family systems. The purpose of this study was to explore the parents' ... Read more >>

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being (International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being)
[2020, 15(1):1725362]

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School personnel and community members' perspectives in implementing PAX good behaviour game in first nations grade 1 classrooms.

Ellie M Jack, Mariette J Chartier, Gia Ly, Janique Fortier, Nora Murdock, Brooke Cochrane, Jonathon Weenusk, Roberta L Woodgate, Gary Munro, Jitender Sareen,

First Nations peoples in Canada have a history of poor mental health outcomes, as the result of colonisation and the legacy of residential schools. The PAX Good Behaviour Game (PAX-GBG) is a school-based intervention shown to improve student behaviour, academic outcomes, and reduce suicidal thoughts and actions. This study examines ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2020, 79(1):1735052]

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Synaptic development of layer V pyramidal neurons in the prenatal human prefrontal neocortex: a Neurolucida-aided Golgi study.

Li-Xin He, Lily Wan, Wei Xiang, Jian-Ming Li, An-Hua Pan, Da-Hua Lu,

The prefrontal neocortex is involved in many high cognitive functions in humans. Deficits in neuronal and neurocircuitry development in this part of the cerebrum have been associated with various neuropsychiatric disorders in adolescents and adults. There are currently little available data regarding prenatal dendrite and spine formation on projecting neurons ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(8):1490-1495]

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Comparative meta-analyses of brain structural and functional abnormalities during cognitive control in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder.

Steve Lukito, Luke Norman, Christina Carlisi, Joaquim Radua, Heledd Hart, Emily Simonoff, Katya Rubia,

BACKGROUND:People with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have abnormalities in frontal, temporal, parietal and striato-thalamic networks. It is unclear to what extent these abnormalities are distinctive or shared. This comparative meta-analysis aimed to identify the most consistent disorder-differentiating and shared structural and functional abnormalities. METHODS:Systematic literature search ... Read more >>

Psychol Med (Psychological medicine)
[2020, :1-26]

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Decision-Making Deficits in Adolescent Boys with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): an Experimental Assessment of Associated Mechanisms.

Tycho J Dekkers, Hilde M Huizenga, Arne Popma, Anika Bexkens, Jacqueline N Zadelaar, Brenda R J Jansen,

Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) demonstrate increased levels of real-life risk-taking behavior like substance abuse and reckless behavior in traffic, which potentially originates in decision-making deficits. Using experimental gambling tasks, the current study investigated three potential underlying mechanisms: (1) risky vs. suboptimal decision making, (2) the complexity of decision-making strategies ... Read more >>

J Abnorm Child Psychol (Journal of abnormal child psychology)
[2020, 48(4):495-510]

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Factors Relating to the Presence and Modifiability of Self-Perceptual Bias Among Children with ADHD.

Caroline P Martin, Erin K Shoulberg, Betsy Hoza, Aaron Vaughn, Daniel A Waschbusch,

Past research raises concerns about whether the presence of self-perceptual biases among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) interferes with accurate assessment and/or diminishes treatment response. Yet, it remains unclear whether self-perceptual bias is a construct that can be modified. The current study examines individual differences in how children with ADHD ... Read more >>

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev (Child psychiatry and human development)
[2020, 51(2):281-293]

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Types of Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Replication Analysis.

Frederick W Reimherr, Michael Roesler, Barrie K Marchant, Thomas E Gift, Wolfgang Retz, Florence Philipp-Wiegmann, Matthew L Reimherr,

OBJECTIVE:Research supports the importance of emotional symptoms in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which are not reflected in the DSM-5 or ICD-10 criteria. The Wender-Reimherr Adult Attention Deficit Disorder Scale (WRAADDS) assesses these symptoms, plus inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. This scale allowed us to divide adult ADHD into 2 subtypes ... Read more >>

J Clin Psychiatry (The Journal of clinical psychiatry)
[2020, 81(2):]

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Toxoplasma gondii infection and risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Tooran Nayeri, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zahra Hosseininejad, Afsaneh Amouei, Ahmad Daryani,

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii), as an opportunistic neurotropic parasite of the Apicomplexa family, was firstly described in 1908. As attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders in children and adolescents and often persists into adulthood, the purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to ... Read more >>

Pathog Glob Health (Pathogens and global health)
[2020, :1-10]

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An Examination of Relations Among Working Memory, ADHD Symptoms, and Emotion Regulation.

Nicole B Groves, Michael J Kofler, Erica L Wells, Taylor N Day, Elizabeth S M Chan,

Emotion regulation difficulties are present in many, if not most, children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and confer risk for a host of adverse outcomes. Little is known, however, regarding the neurocognitive and behavioral mechanisms that underlie these difficulties. A well-characterized, clinically evaluated sample of 145 children ages 8-13 years (M = 10.33, SD = 1.47; ... Read more >>

J Abnorm Child Psychol (Journal of abnormal child psychology)
[2020, 48(4):525-537]

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The Improvement of Individually Defined Problem Behaviors During a Telephone-Assisted Self-Help Intervention for Parents of Pharmacologically Treated Children with ADHD.

Christina Dose, Friederike Waschau, Elena von Wirth, Manfred Döpfner,

Background: This study examined change in individually defined problem behaviors during a telephone-assisted self-help (TASH) intervention for parents of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: Parents of children with ADHD and functional impairment despite methylphenidate treatment participated in a 12-month TASH intervention (8 self-help booklets plus up to 14 counseling ... Read more >>

Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother (Zeitschrift fur Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie)
[2020, :1-9]

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Clinical Subtypes in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder According to Their Child Behavior Checklist Profile.

Daisuke Katsuki, Hiroshi Yamashita, Kenichi Yamane, Shigenobu Kanba, Keiko Yoshida,

This study sought to identify subgroups of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) defined by specific patterns of emotional and behavioral symptoms according to the parent-rated Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Our clinical sample comprised 314 children (aged 4 to 15 years) diagnosed with ADHD according to the DSM-5. In addition, comorbid psychiatric disorders, ... Read more >>

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev (Child psychiatry and human development)
[2020, :]

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Overt planning behaviors during writing in school-age children with autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Matthew Carl Zajic, Emily Jane Solari, Nancy Susan McIntyre, Lindsay Lerro, Peter Clive Mundy,

BACKGROUND:The planning behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during writing remain overlooked. Targeted examination of planning behaviors may help to better understand their heterogeneous writing skills. AIMS:This study examined overt planning behaviors of three groups of school-age children (ASD, ADHD, and typically developing [TD]) ... Read more >>

Res Dev Disabil (Research in developmental disabilities)
[2020, 100:103631]

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Sensory processing related to attention in children with ASD, ADHD, or typical development: results from the ELENA cohort.

Florine Dellapiazza, Cécile Michelon, Christelle Vernhet, Filippo Muratori, Nathalie Blanc, Marie-Christine Picot, Amaria Baghdadli, ,

Autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are early neurodevelopmental conditions that share clinical characteristics, raising important issues in clinical diagnosis. We aimed to compare (1) sensory processing in four groups of children: ASD alone, ASD + ADHD, ADHD alone, and typical development (TD) and (2) the association between sensory processing ... Read more >>

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry (European child & adolescent psychiatry)
[2020, :]

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Executive functioning and emotion recognition in youth with Oppositional Defiant Disorder and/or Conduct Disorder.

Renee Kleine Deters, Jilly Naaijen, Mireia Rosa, Pascal M Aggensteiner, Tobias Banaschewski, Melanie C Saam, Ulrike Me Schulze, Arjun Sethi, Michael C Craig, Ilyas Sagar-Ouriaghli, Paramala Santosh, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, María José Penzol, Celso Arango, Julia E Werhahn, Daniel Brandeis, Barbara Franke, Jeffrey Glennon, Jan K Buitelaar, Pieter J Hoekstra, Andrea Dietrich,

Objectives: Executive functioning and emotion recognition may be impaired in disruptive youth, yet findings in oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) are inconsistent. We examined these functions related to ODD and CD, accounting for comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and internalizing symptoms.Methods: We compared executive functioning (visual working memory, ... Read more >>

World J. Biol. Psychiatry (The world journal of biological psychiatry : the official journal of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry)
[2020, :1-39]

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Neurofeedback and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) in Children: Rating the Evidence and Proposed Guidelines.

Martijn Arns, C Richard Clark, Mark Trullinger, Roger deBeus, Martha Mack, Michelle Aniftos,

Stimulant medication and behaviour therapy are the most often applied and accepted treatments for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD). Here we explore where the non-pharmacological clinical intervention known as neurofeedback (NFB), fits on the continuum of empirically supported treatments, using standard protocols. In this quantitative review we utilized an updated and stricter version ... Read more >>

Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback (Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback)
[2020, :]

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Impact of sleep restriction on affective functioning in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Stephen P Becker, Leanne Tamm, Jeffery N Epstein, Dean W Beebe,

BACKGROUND:Shortened sleep and affective disturbances are both prevalent in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), yet the causal link between these domains has not been examined. This study investigated whether shortened sleep duration is causally linked to affective functioning in adolescents with ADHD. METHODS:Participants were 48 adolescents (75% male) aged 14-17 years ... Read more >>

J Child Psychol Psychiatry (Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines)
[2020, :]

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Investigating the Gut Microbiota Composition of Individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Association with Symptoms.

Joanna Szopinska-Tokov, Sarita Dam, Jilly Naaijen, Prokopis Konstanti, Nanda Rommelse, Clara Belzer, Jan Buitelaar, Barbara Franke, Esther Aarts, Alejandro Arias Vasquez,

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder. Given the growing evidence of gut microbiota being involved in psychiatric (including neurodevelopmental) disorders, we aimed to identify differences in gut microbiota composition between participants with ADHD and controls and to investigate the role of the microbiota in inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. Fecal ... Read more >>

Microorganisms (Microorganisms)
[2020, 8(3):]

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Maternal Iodine Status During Pregnancy Is Not Consistently Associated with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or Autistic Traits in Children.

Deborah Levie, Sarah C Bath, Mònica Guxens, Tim Im Korevaar, Mariana Dineva, Eduardo Fano, Jesús M Ibarluzea, Sabrina Llop, Mario Murcia, Margaret P Rayman, Jordi Sunyer, Robin P Peeters, Henning Tiemeier,

BACKGROUND:Severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy can cause intellectual disability, presumably through inadequate placental transfer of maternal thyroid hormone to the fetus. The association between mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency and child neurodevelopmental problems is not well understood. OBJECTIVES:We investigated the association of maternal iodine status during pregnancy with child attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ... Read more >>

J. Nutr. (The Journal of nutrition)
[2020, :]

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Primary Care Management of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Appears More Assertive Following Brief Psychiatric Intervention Compared with Single Session Consultation.

Carol M Rockhill, L Lee Carlisle, Pingping Qu, Ann Vander Stoep, William French, Chuan Zhou, Kathleen Myers,

Objectives: We examined primary care providers' (PCPs') management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during and following families' participation in two arms of the Children's ADHD Telemental Health Treatment Study. We hypothesized that more intensive treatment during the trial would show an "after-effect" with more assertive PCPs' management during short term follow-up. ... Read more >>

J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol (Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology)
[2020, :]

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Development and evaluation of an online education tool on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder for General Practitioners: the important contribution of co-production

Blandine French, David Daley, Elvira Perez-Vallejos, Kapil Sayal, Charlotte Hall,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is underdiagnosed in the UK and the assessment and diagnosis pathway often involves a general practitioner (GP) referral to secondary care services. GPs’ levels of knowledge and understanding about ADHD is often a significant barrier in patients accessing care. The ... Read more >>

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The Development and Validation of DSM 5-Based AIIMS-Modified INDT ADHD Tool for Diagnosis of ADHD: A Diagnostic Test Evaluation Study.

Sheffali Gulati, Lokesh Saini, Jaya Shankar Kaushik, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, N K Arora, Ravindra M Pandey, Rajesh Sagar, Savita Sapra, Shobha Sharma, Vinod K Paul,

Background:The current study was planned at a tertiary centre in northern India to develop and validate a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 (DSM-5)-based diagnostic tool and design a severity score for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children aged 6-18 years. An existing DSM-IV-based tool, INDT (International Clinical Epidemiology Network [INCLEN] ... Read more >>

Neurol India (Neurology India)
[2020, :]

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The influence of mindfulness meditation on inattention and physiological markers of stress on students with learning disabilities and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Ranit Gabriely, Ricardo Tarrasch, Maria Velicki, Zehava Ovadia-Blechman,

BACKGROUND:Over recent decades, the number of students diagnosed with learning disabilities and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorders has substantially increased. These students face various challenges and experience stress when receiving higher education. AIMS:The purpose of this study was to compare two non-pharmacological interventions: mindfulness and device-guided slow breathing, with a control ... Read more >>

Res Dev Disabil (Research in developmental disabilities)
[2020, 100:103630]

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Novel Phenethylamines and Their Potential Interactions With Prescription Drugs: A Systematic Critical Review.

Funda Inan, Tibor M Brunt, Ramon R Contrucci, Laura Hondebrink, Eric J F Franssen,

BACKGROUND:The novel phenethylamines 4-fluoroamphetamine (4-FA) and 2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenethylamine (2C-B) fall in the top 10 most used new psychoactive substances (NPSs) among high-risk substance users. Various phenethylamines and NPS are also highly used in populations with mental disorders, depression, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Moreover, NPS use is highly prevalent among ... Read more >>

Ther Drug Monit (Therapeutic drug monitoring)
[2020, 42(2):271-281]

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Emotion dysregulation in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analysis.

Ashkan Beheshti, Mira-Lynn Chavanon, Hanna Christiansen,

BACKGROUND:Emotional symptoms are increasingly considered a core feature of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We aimed to quantify the evidence of emotional dysregulation and its respective facets in individuals with adult ADHD compared to healthy controls using meta-analysis. METHODS:Two electronic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO) were reviewed to identify studies. Studies were eligible ... Read more >>

BMC Psychiatry (BMC Psychiatry)
[2020, 20(1):120]

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Binge-eating disorder, anorexia nervosa, and constitutional thinness differ in their associations with anthropometric and psychiatric polygenic scores

Christopher Hübel, Mohamed Abdulkadir, Moritz Herle, Ruth J.F. Loos, Gerome Breen, Cynthia Bulik, Nadia Micali,

Genome-wide association studies have identified multiple genetic regions associated with anorexia nervosa-an eating disorder characterised by extremely low body fat, low fat-free mass, and related behaviours and cognitions, such as restrictive eating and body dissatisfaction. Relatively few or no genome-wide studies of other eating disorders, such as bulimia nervosa and ... Read more >>

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