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Inhibitory Control Across Athletic Expertise and Its Relationship With Sport Performance.

Jack Hagyard, Jack Brimmell, Elizabeth J Edwards, Robert S Vaughan,

Inhibitory control may be vital in elite sport. The authors examined the link between athletic expertise, inhibitory control, and sport performance in a two-part quasi experiment. Inhibitory control was indexed using the Stop-Signal Task, athlete expertise was categorized on literary recommendations, and sport performance was assessed using athlete and coach ... Read more >>

J Sport Exerc Psychol (Journal of sport & exercise psychology)
[2021, :1-14]

Cited: 3 times

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Sustained Exposure to High Carbohydrate Availability Does Not Influence Iron-Regulatory Responses in Elite Endurance Athletes.

Alannah K A McKay, Peter Peeling, David B Pyne, Nicolin Tee, Marijke Welveart, Ida A Heikura, Avish P Sharma, Jamie Whitfield, Megan L Ross, Rachel P L van Swelm, Coby M Laarakkers, Louise M Burke,

This study implemented a 2-week high carbohydrate (CHO) diet intended to maximize CHO oxidation rates and examined the iron-regulatory response to a 26-km race walking effort. Twenty international-level, male race walkers were assigned to either a novel high CHO diet (MAX = 10 g/kg body mass CHO daily) inclusive of gut-training ... Read more >>

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab (International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism)
[2021, 31(2):101-108]

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Tibiofemoral Cartilage Contact Pressures in Athletes During Landing: A Dynamic Finite Element Study.

Deniz U Erbulut, Sara Sadeqi, Rodney Summers, Vijay K Goel,

Cartilage defects are common in the knee joint of active athletes and remain a problem as a strong risk factor for osteoarthritis. We hypothesized that landing during sport activities, implication for subfailure ACL loading, would generate greater contact pressures (CP) at the lateral knee compartment. The purpose of this study ... Read more >>

J Biomech Eng (Journal of biomechanical engineering)
[2021, 143(10):]

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GIOVANNI AND ABDON PAMICH – HISTORY AS DESTINY OR “EMPTY PLACE” IN RIJEKA MEDICAL HISTORIOGRAPHY

Marinko Lazzarich,

Medical history of the city of Rijeka is a rich treasure trove of events, celebrities and valuable innovations in the field of healthcare. The historical development of Rijeka was largely determined by her geopolitical position as a border town with a multicultural population, marked by strong conflicts of interest and numerous ... Read more >>

Acta Med Hist Adriat (Acta medico-historica adriatica : AMHA)
[2021, 18(2):291-316]

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Dog bites and attacks on athletes: lack of effective prevention mechanisms.

Muhamed Katica, Nadža Kapo, Nasreldin Hassan Ahmed, Anida Kapo-Gurda, Safet Kapo,

Athletes who train in public places in urban and rural areas are just as attacked and injured by dogs of known owners as they are by dogs with no owners, in a relatively equal proportion. The largest number of bites occurs in the summer, what makes up half of all ... Read more >>

Med Glas (Zenica) (Medicinski glasnik : official publication of the Medical Association of Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina)
[2021, 18(2):]

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Health Outcomes after Pregnancy in Elite Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Miranda L Kimber, Sarah Meyer, Tara-Leigh McHugh, Jane Thornton, Rshmi Khurana, Allison Sivak, Margie H Davenport,

<h4>Purpose</h4>This study aimed to evaluate postpartum maternal health and training outcomes of females who were competing or training as elite athletes before or during pregnancy.<h4>Methods</h4>Online databases were searched up to August 26, 2020. Studies of any design and language were eligible if they contained information on the relevant population (postpartum ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2021, 53(8):1739-1747]

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Severe knee injuries among karate athletes ranking towards the Tokyo Olympic Games: a retrospective study.

Laura Pérez-Martín, Dusana Augustovicova, Óscar Martínez-DE-Quel, Montassar Tabben, Rafael Arriaza,

<h4>Background</h4>Injury prevention strategies should be built upon data about the more frequent injuries in each specific sport. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the lifetime prevalence and characteristics of severe knee injuries among world-class karatekas.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective study based on a face-to-face survey was conducted. Participants were athletes who competed in ... Read more >>

J Sports Med Phys Fitness (The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness)
[2021, 61(8):1117-1124]

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Postural orientation, what to expect in youth athletes? A cohort study on data from the Malmö Youth Sport Study.

Sofia Ryman Augustsson, Jenny Nae, Magnus Karlsson, Tomas Peterson, Per Wollmer, Eva Ageberg,

<h4>Background</h4>Studies investigating postural orientation in uninjured youth athletes are scarce. Understanding how postural orientation during functional performance tests change with age in uninjured athletes has the potential to enhance awareness of changes in performance after injury and to set realistic goals for injured athletes. Thus, the aim of this study ... Read more >>

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil (BMC sports science, medicine & rehabilitation)
[2021, 13(1):76]

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An experimental exposure study revealing composite airway effects of physical exercise in a subzero environment.

Linda Eklund, Filip Schagatay, Ellen Tufvesson, Rita Sjöström, Lars Söderström, Helen G Hanstock, Thomas Sandström, Nikolai Stenfors,

Exposure to a cold climate is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality, but the specific mechanisms are largely unknown. People with cardiopulmonary disease and winter endurance athletes are particularly vulnerable. This study aimed to map multiple domains of airway responses to exercise in subzero temperature in healthy individuals.Thirty-one healthy ... Read more >>

Int J Circumpolar Health (International journal of circumpolar health)
[2021, 80(1):1897213]

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Athletes Drive Distinctive Trends of COVID-19 Infection in a College Campus Environment.

Austin T Hertel, Madison M Heeter, Olivia M Wirfel, Mara J Bestram, Steven A Mauro,

The COVID-19 pandemic forced most institutions of higher education to offer instruction and activities offsite, impacting millions of people. As universities consider resuming normal operations on campus, evidence-based guidance is needed to enhance safety protocols to reduce the spread of infectious disease in their campus environments. During the 2020/2021 academic ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2021, 18(14):]

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Knowledge of Triad and RED-S in Female Cross-Country Athletes and Support Staff.

Melissa T Lodge, Kathryn E Ackerman, Jessica Garay,

<h4>Context</h4>Female endurance athletes exhibit an increased risk of Female Athlete Triad (Triad) and Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S). Triad and RED-S are conditions that explore the health and performance consequences of low energy availability (LEA). Few studies to date have assessed the knowledge that athletes, coaches, and athletic trainers ... Read more >>

J Athl Train (Journal of athletic training)
[2021, :]

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Athletic Trainer-Reported Prevalence of Mental Health, Substance Use, and Barriers to Health in Secondary Schools.

J Beaupre, Sam W Meske, Meghan Buckley,

<h4>Context</h4>Where a person lives can have a significant impact on health. Limited access to health care, food insecurity, lack of affordable housing, and violence increases a person's likelihood for poor health. Athletic trainers can have an impact on identifying and improving the determinants of health that affect student-athletes.<h4>Objective</h4>To understand 1) ... Read more >>

J Athl Train (Journal of athletic training)
[2021, :]

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Implication of Blood Rheology and Pulmonary Hemodynamics on Exercise-Induced Hypoxemia at Sea Level and Altitude in Athletes.

Antoine Raberin, Elie Nader, Jorge Lopez Ayerbe, Patrick Mucci, Vincent Pialoux, Henri Meric, Philippe Connes, Fabienne Durand,

This study aimed to investigate the changes in blood viscosity, pulmonary hemodynamics, nitric oxide (NO) production, and maximal oxygen uptake (V˙O2max) during a maximal incremental test conducted in normoxia and during exposure to moderate altitude (2,400 m) in athletes exhibiting exercise-induced hypoxemia at sea level (EIH). Nine endurance athletes with EIH ... Read more >>

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab (International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism)
[2021, :1-9]

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Risk Factors for Non-Contact Lower-Limb Injury: A Retrospective Survey in Pediatric-Age Athletes.

Yanfei Guan, Shannon S D Bredin, Jack Taunton, Qinxian Jiang, Nana Wu, Yongfeng Li, Darren E R Warburton,

<h4>Background</h4>Risk factors for non-contact lower-limb injury in pediatric-age athletes and the effects of lateral dominance in sport (laterally vs. non-laterally dominant sports) on injury have not been investigated.<h4>Purpose</h4>To identify risk factors for non-contact lower-limb injury in pediatric-age athletes.<h4>Methods</h4>Parents and/or legal guardians of 2269 athletes aged between 6-17 years were recruited. ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2021, 10(14):]

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An Accessible, 16-Week Neck Strength Training Program Improves Head Kinematics Following Chest Perturbation in Young Soccer Athletes.

Enora Le Flao, Andrew W Pichardo, Sherwin Ganpatt, Dustin J Oranchuk,

<h4>Context</h4>Neck size and strength may be associated with head kinematics and concussion risks. However, there is a paucity of research examining neck strengthening and head kinematics in youths. In addition, neck training is likely lacking in youth sport due to a perceived inadequacy of equipment or time.<h4>Objective</h4>Examine neck training effects ... Read more >>

J Sport Rehabil (Journal of sport rehabilitation)
[2021, :1-8]

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Italians Are the Fastest 3000 m Open-Water Master Swimmers in the World.

Aldo Seffrin, Claudio A B Lira, Rodrigo L Vancini, Douglas A T Santos, Cathia Moser, Elias Villiger, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle, Lee Hill, Marilia S Andrade,

<h4>Background</h4>It is well known that athletes originating from a specific region or country can master specific sports disciplines (e.g., East-African runners in long-distance running). In addition, physical and athletic performance are the result of an interaction between genetic, environmental and epigenetic factors. However, little is known about on what determines ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2021, 18(14):]

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Efficacy of Hematoma Aspiration and Platelet-rich Plasma Muscle Injections for the Treatment of Hamstring Strains in Athletes.

Lukas M Trunz, Jeffrey E Landy, Christopher C Dodson, Steven B Cohen, Adam C Zoga, Johannes B Roedl,

<h4>Introduction</h4>The effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment on recovery in acute hamstring injuries is controversial. Previous study results are inconsistent, and a standardized therapeutic approach has not been established yet.<h4>Purpose</h4>To assess the treatment effect using a combination of hematoma aspiration and muscle strain PRP injection in partial hamstring muscle tears ... Read more >>

Med Sci Sports Exerc (Medicine and science in sports and exercise)
[2021, :]

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Exploring the Perceived Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic Social Distancing Measures on Athlete Wellbeing: A Qualitative Study Utilising Photo-Elicitation.

Lindsay Woodford, Lauren Bussey,

Countries all over the globe have implemented mandatory social distancing measures in an attempt to suppress and control the spread of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). This enforced period of isolation, disruption to normal training routines and competition cancellation, could be having an adverse effect on the mental health and wellbeing ... Read more >>

Front Psychol (Frontiers in psychology)
[2021, 12:624023]

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Sedentary behaviour, physical activity and cardiometabolic health in highly trained athletes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Wouter M A Franssen, Eva Vanbrabant, Eline Cuveele, Anna Ivanova, Gregor H L M Franssen, Bert O Eijnde,

Prolonged periods of sedentary time appear to increase the risk for the development of several chronic conditions and all-cause mortality, even when moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is taken into consideration. However, whether the beneficial health effects of MVPA in highly active individuals remain present when leisure time is spent sedentary ... Read more >>

Eur J Sport Sci (European journal of sport science)
[2021, :1-13]

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Use of Instagram to convey nutrition information to collegiate athletes.

Sarah Sharp, Melanie Tracy Burns, Jeanette Andrade,

<b>Background:</b> Nutrition professionals, who work with collegiate athletes, use Instagram to provide nutrition information. Although, limited focus is on the engagement of these athletes. The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate collegiate athletes' engagement, as indicated by the total number of likes received on posts, based on the ... Read more >>

J Am Coll Health (Journal of American college health : J of ACH)
[2021, :1-8]

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Epidemiology of NCAA Bone Stress Injuries: A Comparison of Athletes in Divisions I, II, and III.

Andrew Bratsman, Audrey Wassef, Christina R Wassef, Prathap Jayaram, J Bruce Mosely, Theodore B Shybut,

<h4>Background</h4>Bone stress injuries (BSIs) are a major source of functional impairment in athletes of all sports, with many risk factors, including athlete characteristics and type of sport. In National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletics, the stratification of programs into divisions with different characteristics and makeup has been identified as increasing ... Read more >>

Orthop J Sports Med (Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine)
[2021, 9(7):23259671211014496]

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Pro-Healthy Diet Properties and Its Determinants among Aging Masters Athletes.

Joanna Ratajczak, Urszula Czerniak, Dariusz Wieliński, Monika Ciekot-Sołtysiak, Jacek Zieliński, Piotr Gronek, Anna Demuth,

Qualitative dietary assessments are not common in aging athletes. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate diet quality and its determinants among aging masters athletes. Eighty-six participants of the 8th World Masters Indoor Athletics Championships were enrolled in the study (age range 36-65 years). Three subgroups were distinguished to represent countries ... Read more >>

Int J Environ Res Public Health (International journal of environmental research and public health)
[2021, 18(14):]

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Change-Event Steals "Athlete" from "College Athlete": Perceived Impact and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress.

Matthew J Garver, Aqualus M Gordon, Nicolas M Philipp, Matt R Huml, Amanda J Wakeman,

<h4>Introduction</h4>This research sought to establish the impact of the change-event of COVID-19 on college athletes and members of other campus groups (eg, marching band, eSports, Reserve Officers Training Corps). The specific purpose was to assess the perceived impact and impact on mental health (eg, depression, anxiety, and stress).<h4>Methods</h4>The survey battery ... Read more >>

J Multidiscip Healthc (Journal of multidisciplinary healthcare)
[2021, 14:1873-1882]

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Elite athletes with COVID-19 — Predictors of the course of disease

Jarosław Krzywański, Tomasz Mikulski, Hubert Krysztofiak, Andrzej Pokrywka, Marcel Młyńczak, Łukasz A. Małek, Dorota Kwiatkowska, Ernest Kuchar,

<h4>Objectives</h4> The aim of the study was to identify predictors determining the course of COVID-19 and antibody response in elite athletes. <h4>Design</h4> Observational study. <h4>Methods</h4> Routine medical screening with physical examination, resting ECG, and laboratory tests including antibody response was performed 12–68 days after the diagnosis of COVID-19 in 111 athletes ... Read more >>

J Sci Med Sport (Journal of science and medicine in sport)
[2021, :]

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Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on Behavior, Perception of Threat, Stress and Training Patterns of Olympic and Paralympic Athletes

María José Martínez-Patiño, Francisco Javier Blas Lopez, Michel Dubois, Eric Vilain, Juan Pedro Fuentes-García,

<h4>Objective: </h4> Analyze the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and its subsequent confinement on Olympic and Paralympic level athletes’ behaviors, perception of threat, stress, state of mind and training patterns. <h4>Methods: </h4> All variables were modulated by gender, academic training, and sport discipline on a population composed of 447 Olympic ... Read more >>

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