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Full Text Journal Articles about
Atelectasis

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Unresolved atelectasis in refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia: Predictive factors and the influence of corticosteroids and bronchoscopy lavage therapy

Shunying Zhao, Jianhua Liu, Jinrong Liu, Bei Wang, Yajing Liu, Chengsong Zhao, Fei Zhao, Jianzhong Zhang,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background Unresolved atelectasis occurs in some children with refractory mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP). The aim was to analyze factors predicting unresolved atelectasis in RMPP and the impact of corticosteroids and bronchoscopy lavage therapy (BLT) on developing atelectasis.Methods We retrospectively analyzed data for 230 pediatric RMPP from ... Read more >>

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Effect of regular alveolar recruitment on intraoperative atelectasis in paediatric patients ventilated in the prone position: a randomised controlled trial.

Young-Eun Jang, Sang-Hwan Ji, Eun-Hee Kim, Ji-Hyun Lee, Jin-Tae Kim, Hee-Soo Kim,

BACKGROUND:Desaturation frequently occurs in infants after general anaesthesia in the prone position. We aimed to evaluate the effect of regular alveolar recruitment in preventing atelectasis in infants and children after general anaesthesia in the prone position. METHODS:Children (<3 yr) undergoing general anaesthesia (>2 h) in the prone position were randomised ... Read more >>

Br J Anaesth (British journal of anaesthesia)
[2020, :]

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Inflammatory Activity in Atelectatic and Normally Aerated Regions During Early Acute Lung Injury.

Takuga Hinoshita, Gabriel Motta Ribeiro, Tilo Winkler, Nicolas de Prost, Mauro R Tucci, Eduardo Leite Vieira Costa, Tyler J Wellman, Soshi Hashimoto, Congli Zeng, Alysson R Carvalho, Marcos Francisco Vidal Melo,

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES:Pulmonary atelectasis presumably promotes and facilitates lung injury. However, data are limited on its direct and remote relation to inflammation. We aimed to assess regional 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-fluoro-D-glucose (18F-FDG) kinetics representative of inflammation in atelectatic and normally aerated regions in models of early lung injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We studied supine ... Read more >>

Acad Radiol (Academic radiology)
[2020, :]

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Expiratory Resistances Prevent Expiratory Diaphragm Contraction, Flow Limitation, and Lung Collapse.

Mariangela Pellegrini, Magni Gudmundsson, Reka Bencze, Monica Segelsjö, Filip Freden, Christian Rylander, Göran Hedenstierna, Anders S Larsson, Gaetano Perchiazzi,

RATIONALE:Tidal expiratory flow limitation (tidal-EFL) is not completely avoidable by applying positive end-expiratory pressure and may cause respiratory and hemodynamic complications in ventilated patients with lungs prone to collapse. During spontaneous breathing, expiratory diaphragmatic contraction counteracts tidal-EFL. We hypothesized that during both spontaneous breathing and controlled mechanical ventilation, external expiratory ... Read more >>

Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine)
[2020, :]

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Relationship between a High-inspired Oxygen Concentration and Dorsal Atelectasis in High-energy Trauma Patients.

Kenzo Ishii, Hiroshi Morimatsu, Kazumi Ono, Koji Miyasho,

We performed a retrospective cohort study of 911 high-energy trauma patients who underwent chest CT scans at least twice after admission. We hypothesized that in high-energy trauma patients, a high-inspired oxygen concentration delivered after admission results in dorsal atelectasis. The study's primary outcome was dorsal atelectasis formation diagnosed based on ... Read more >>

Acta Med. Okayama (Acta medica Okayama)
[2020, 74(1):17-26]

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Combined Thoracoscopic Surgical Stapling and Endobronchial Valve Placement For Lung Volume Reduction With Incomplete Lobar Fissures: An Experimental Pilot Animal Study.

Adnan Majid, Fayez Kheir, Daniel Alape, Alex Chee, Mihir Parikh, Lauri DeVore, Alexis Agnew, Sidhu Gangadharan,

BACKGROUND:In patients with severe emphysema and complete fissures, bronchoscopic lung volume reduction with valves reduces target lobe volume providing improvement in respiratory symptoms, lung function, quality of life, and exercise capacity. It is estimated that up to 88% of patients with emphysema have at least 1 incomplete interlobar fissure. The ... Read more >>

J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol (Journal of bronchology & interventional pulmonology)
[2020, 27(2):128-134]

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Positive End-Expiratory Pressure During Anesthesia for Prevention of Postoperative Pulmonary Complications: A Meta-analysis With Trial Sequential Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Pengcheng Zhang, Lingmin Wu, Xuan Shi, Huanping Zhou, Meiyun Liu, Yuanli Chen, Xin Lv,

BACKGROUND:Whether intraoperative positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can reduce the risk of postoperative pulmonary complications remains controversial. We performed a systematic review of currently available literature to investigate whether intraoperative PEEP decreases pulmonary complications in anesthetized patients undergoing surgery. METHODS:We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify randomized controlled ... Read more >>

Anesth. Analg. (Anesthesia and analgesia)
[2020, 130(4):879-889]

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Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Arising from the Lesion of Chronic Lobar Atelectasis.

Naoko Fujita, Masaru Ando, Akihiko Goto, Masanori Sakata, Masao Ogata, Yuko Usagawa, Hiroki Yoshikawa, Mari Yamasue, Kosaku Komiya, Kenji Umeki, Shin-Ichi Nureki, Jun-Ichi Kadota,

Pulmonary lymphoma is rare, accounting for < 1% of primary lung cancers. Most primary pulmonary lymphomas (PPL) are low-grade mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-type, and among PPL, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is extremely rare. In contrast, there has been an increase in the incidence of DLBCL among patients with autoimmune ... Read more >>

Tohoku J. Exp. Med. (The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine)
[2020, 250(2):129-135]

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Effect of an ultrasound-guided lung recruitment manoeuvre on postoperative atelectasis in children: A randomised controlled trial.

Ji-Hyun Lee, Seungeun Choi, Sang-Hwan Ji, Young-Eun Jang, Eun-Hee Kim, Hee-Soo Kim, Jin-Tae Kim,

BACKGROUND:Ultrasound-guided alveolar recruitment, regardless of the technique, could be more effective because it facilitates real-time monitoring of the expansion of collapsed alveoli. OBJECTIVES:To evaluate and compare the effects of an ultrasound-guided lung recruitment manoeuvre with those of a conventional recruitment manoeuvre on the occurrence of postoperative atelectasis and clinical outcomes ... Read more >>

Eur J Anaesthesiol (European journal of anaesthesiology)
[2020, :]

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False-Positive 18F-FDG and 18F-Fluorothymidine Uptake in a Patient With Round Atelectasis.

Takashi Norikane, Yuka Yamamoto, Katsuya Mitamura, Ryosuke Tani, Yoshihiro Nishiyama,

A 64-year-old man with no significant medical history demonstrated a right lower lobe opacity on routine chest radiography. Transaxial CT showed a round, well-circumscribed, pleural mass with comet-tail sign in the right lower lobe and pleural thickening with pleural effusion. F-FDG PET/CT showed hypermetabolic activity in the mass (SUVmax 9.61). ... Read more >>

Clin Nucl Med (Clinical nuclear medicine)
[2020, 45(3):e158-e159]

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Lung ultrasound evaluation of incremental PEEP recruitment maneuver in children undergoing cardiac surgery.

Liping Sun, Lei Wu, Kan Zhang, Ruizhen Tan, Jie Bai, Mazhong Zhang, Jijian Zheng,

AIM:To explore the effect of incremental positive end-expiratory pressure recruitment maneuver (iPEEPRM) in children with congenital heart diseases (CHDs) using lung ultrasound. METHODS:Thirty-six children aged 3 months to 5 years scheduled for cardiac surgery participated. iPEEPRM was performed with PEEP stepwise increase (0-5-10-15 cmH2 O) and decrease at the same rate ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Pulmonol. (Pediatric pulmonology)
[2020, :]

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Nomogram for Prediction of Bronchial Mucus Plugs in Children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia.

Xuefeng Xu, Huiwen Li, Yuanjian Sheng, Lei Wu, Danli Wang, Lingyue Liu, Yu Tong, Zhimin Chen,

The presence of bronchial mucus plugs (BMP) in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) results in delayed clinical and radiographic resolution and long-standing pulmonary sequelae. The predictive factors associated with BMP formation remains poorly defined. Nomograms to predict BMP presence in children with MPP were proposed using a cohort of ... Read more >>

Sci Rep (Scientific reports)
[2020, 10(1):4579]

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A case of acute unilateral maxillary atelectasis following endoscopic pituitary surgery.

Joyce P K Ho, Darren Rom, Eugene Wong, Narinder P Singh,

INTRODUCTION:Chronic maxillary atelectasis (CMA) is traditionally described as a rare, acquired condition of persistent and progressive antral wall collapse causing a reduction in maxillary sinus volume. In a handful of cases, CMA has been identified in patients with previously normal computed tomography (CT) imaging. However, maxillary atelectasis occurring rapidly after ... Read more >>

Int J Surg Case Rep (International journal of surgery case reports)
[2020, 66:394-397]

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Mechanical Ventilation Redistributes Blood to Poorly Ventilated Areas in Experimental Lung Injury.

John N Cronin, Douglas C Crockett, Andrew D Farmery, Göran Hedenstierna, Anders Larsson, Luigi Camporota, Federico Formenti,

OBJECTIVES:Determine the intra-tidal regional gas and blood volume distributions at different levels of atelectasis in experimental lung injury. Test the hypotheses that pulmonary aeration and blood volume matching is reduced during inspiration in the setting of minimal tidal recruitment/derecruitment and that this mismatching is an important determinant of hypoxemia. DESIGN:Preclinical ... Read more >>

Crit. Care Med. (Critical care medicine)
[2020, 48(3):e200-e208]

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Higher age and obesity limit atelectasis formation during anaesthesia: an analysis of computed tomography data in 243 subjects.

Göran Hedenstierna, Leif Tokics, Henrik Reinius, Hans U Rothen, Erland Östberg, John Öhrvik,

BACKGROUND:General anaesthesia is increasingly common in elderly and obese patients. Greater age and body mass index (BMI) worsen gas exchange. We assessed whether this is related to increasing atelectasis during general anaesthesia. METHODS:This primary analysis included pooled data from previously published studies of 243 subjects aged 18-78 yr, with BMI of ... Read more >>

Br J Anaesth (British journal of anaesthesia)
[2020, 124(3):336-344]

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[Diagnosis and treatment value of bedside pulmonary ultrasound for atelectasis in patients after cardiac surgery].

J Wang, H Y Zhou, Y Du, F F Cao, Y H Zhang, H T Zhang,

Objective: To investigate the value of bedside pulmonary ultrasound in the diagnosis and treatment of atelectasis in patients after cardiac surgery. Methods: A total of 45 patients developed respiratory failure within 1 week after cardiovascular surgery from April 2017 to April 2018 were enrolled in this study. Among them, 27 ... Read more >>

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Zhonghua yi xue za zhi)
[2020, 100(3):220-224]

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Not all abolished lung sliding are pneumothorax: the case of a particular lung atelectasis.

A Boccatonda, G Primomo, G Cocco, D D'Ardes, S Marinari, M Montanari, F Giostra, C Schiavone,

INTRODUCTION:Lung ultrasound (LUS) is expanding from the field of emergency medicine, also to the pneumological specialist field, becoming part of the diagnostic procedure of lung consolidation. CASE PRESENTATION:A 78-year-old male was admitted to our emergency department for exertional dyspnea. LUS was performed, thus showing at right hemitorax air interface, A ... Read more >>

J Ultrasound (Journal of ultrasound)
[2020, :]

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Understanding Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia: Experience From a Mediterranean Diagnostic Reference Centre.

Miguel Armengot-Carceller, Ana Reula, Manuel Mata-Roig, Jordi Pérez-Panadés, Lara Milian-Medina, Carmen Carda-Batalla,

BACKGROUND:Due to the lack of a gold standard diagnostic test, reference centres with experienced personnel and costly procedures are needed for primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) diagnostics. Diagnostic flowcharts always start with clinical symptoms. Therefore, the aim of this work is to define differential clinical criteria so that only patients clinically ... Read more >>

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2020, 9(3):]

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Early Diagnosis of Left Pulmonary Artery Sling During First Week of Life in a Term Baby Boy: A Case Report.

Dima Kayal, Samer Minkara, Faissal Tleiss,

Pulmonary artery sling is a rare cause of neonatal respiratory distress. Most patients with pulmonary artery sling present in early infancy with stridor and signs of respiratory distress. Diagnosis of pulmonary artery sling, like other vascular ring anomalies, can be made using various imaging modalities, and management encompasses urgent surgical ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e6889]

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Metastatic lung cancer presenting as thoracic empyema. A Case report.

Andrea Leporati, Federico Raveglia, Ugo Cioffi, Matilde De Simone, Filippo Ghelma, Alessandro Baisi,

Increased cancer risk in patients with inflammatory and infectious diseases has been reported in many studies and lung cancer-associated empyema in <0.3% patients. We present a patient with empyema in whom the final diagnosis was metastatic lung adenocarcinoma. Purulent pleural fluid obtained by drainage or thoracentesis must always been examined ... Read more >>

Clin Case Rep (Clinical Case Reports)
[2020, 8(3):484-486]

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Chest Physiotherapy in Acute Muco-obstructive Lung Disease.

Ramandeep Kaur, Bhagwan Dass, Abutaleb A Ejaz, Amardeep Singh,

Acute mucus plugging is a pulmonary emergency associated with increased mortality and often requires rapid bronchoscopic intervention which may not be readily available in all centers. Furthermore, the role and efficacy of alternate conventional measures such as mechanical percussive therapies are uncertain. Herein, we present a patient who rapidly progressed to ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e7056]

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COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY LUNG VOLUME DIFFERS BETWEEN VERTICAL AND INVERTED POSITIONING FOR EGYPTIAN FRUIT BATS (ROUSETTUS AEGYPTIACUS).

Eric T Hostnik, Michael J Adkesson, Marina Ivančić,

This prospective study characterizes the impact of positioning on the pulmonary volume and pulmonary atelectasis in Egyptian fruit bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus). The soft tissue appearance of atelectactic pulmonary parenchyma can obscure or mask pulmonary pathology. Soft tissue within healthy lung parenchyma caused by atelectasis can efface the margins of pathology, ... Read more >>

J. Zoo Wildl. Med. (Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians)
[2020, 50(4):897-902]

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Characteristics of pleural effusion in IgG4-related pleuritis.

Zenya Saito, Masahiro Yoshida, Ayako Kojima, Kentaro Tamura, Kazuyoshi Kuwano,

Here we describe the case of a 78-year-old man with respiratory failure and right pleural effusion. Computed tomography showed right pleural effusion with pleural calcification, tumor-like shadows induced by passive atelectasis, and enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. Positron emission tomography showed right pleural thickening, rounded atelectasis, and enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes, ... Read more >>

Respir Med Case Rep (Respiratory medicine case reports)
[2020, 29:101019]

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Performance of Qure.ai automatic classifiers against a large annotated database of patients with diverse forms of tuberculosis.

Eric Engle, Andrei Gabrielian, Alyssa Long, Darrell E Hurt, Alex Rosenthal,

Availability of trained radiologists for fast processing of CXRs in regions burdened with tuberculosis always has been a challenge, affecting both timely diagnosis and patient monitoring. The paucity of annotated images of lungs of TB patients hampers attempts to apply data-oriented algorithms for research and clinical practices. The TB Portals ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(1):e0224445]

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Electrophysiological and inner ear MRI findings in patients with bilateral vestibulopathy.

Michael Eliezer, Charlotte Hautefort, Christian Van Nechel, Ulla Duquesne, Jean-Pierre Guichard, Philippe Herman, Romain Kania, Emmanuel Houdart, Arnaud Attyé, Michel Toupet,

PURPOSE:Bilateral vestibulopathy (BV) is an uncommon disorder and the etiology remained idiopathic in most cases. Delayed 3D-FLAIR sequences have provided new insights into various inner ear diseases, allowing the evaluation of the endolymphatic space and the permeability of the blood-labyrinthine barrier (BLB). The aim of this study was to assess ... Read more >>

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
[2020, :]

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